Albanian Superliga

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Albanian Superliga
Logo of the Albanian Superliga
Country Albania
Confederation UEFA
Founded 6 June 1930
Number of teams 10 (from 2014–15)
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to First Division
Domestic cup(s) Albanian Cup
Albanian Supercup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Skënderbeu (7th title)
(2016–17)
Most championships Tirana (24 titles)
TV partners SuperSport & RTSH
Website FSHF.org
2016–17 Albanian Superliga

The Albanian Superliga (Albanian: Kategoria Superiore) is a professional league for men's association football clubs. At the top of the Albanian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 10 clubs, and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Albanian First Division. Seasons run from August to May, with teams playing 36 matches each (playing each team in the league four times, twice at home and twice away).

The competition was founded in 1930 as the Albanian National Championship during the reign of King Zog, shortly after the creation of the Albanian Football Association. Since 1930, 43 clubs have competed in recognized competitions, while only eight clubs have won the title: KF Tirana (24), Dinamo Tirana (18), Partizani Tirana (15), Vllaznia Shkodër (9), Skënderbeu Korçë (7), KF Elbasani (1), Flamurtari Vlorë (1) and Teuta Durrës (1). The current champions are Skënderbeu Korçë, who won their sixth consecutive title in 2015–16.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Football was first introduced to Albania by an English-Maltese priest named Gut Ruter, who visited the Saverian college in Shkodër in 1908. The first football club in Albania was Indipendenca, founded in Shkodër in 1912 by Palokë Nika.[1] The first 90-minute game to be played with two 45 minute halves took place in October 1913 between Indipendenca Shkodër and the occupying Austro-Hungarian Imperial Navy. The game is considered to be the first international game to be played in Albania, and it ended in a 2–1 loss for Indipendenca, with the captain and founder of the club Palokë Nika scoring the only goal for the Albanians.[1][2]

1911 Fier Fair Football Tournament[edit]

In 2012 historians discovered that a football tournament had taken place in Albania in 1911, some 19 years before the establishment of the Albanian National Championship and the Albanian Football Association. The Fier Fair Football Tournament (Albanian: Turneu Futbollistik i Panairit të Fierit) took place in Rahije, Fier while Albania was still under the administration of the Ottoman Empire and it consisted of 8 teams which were Tirana, Elbasani, Kavaja, Berati, Peqini, Vlora, Fieri and Lushnja. Tirana won the tournament after defeating Peqini 6–1 in the final. The tournament is not officially recognised by the Albanian Football Association or UEFA. The Albanian Football Association did not organise the tournament as the organisation was not formed until 1930.[3]

World War II championships[edit]

Albania was invaded by Italy in April 1939 and World War II soon broke out, meaning the Albanian Football Association, much like the other organisations in the country, ceased operating. Despite the war, three championships were held between 1939 and 1942, with Tirana winning the championships in 1939 and 1942 and Shkodra winning in 1940. Despite calls to recognise these championships, the Albanian Football Association maintains the position that the championships were not organised by them and cannot be formally recognised.[4][5][6]

Competition format[edit]

Since the 2014–15 Albanian Superliga, the league consists of 10 clubs, who face each other four times in a conventional round-robin tournament for a total of 36 matches. At the end of the season, the two lowest-placed teams are relegated to Albanian First Division while two highest-placed teams of Albanian First Division are promoted in their place. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head record, then goal difference, and then goals scored.

Clubs[edit]

2016–17 season[edit]

The following teams are competing in the Superliga during the 2016–17 season.[7]

List of seasons[edit]

A list of champions, runners-up and top scorers is provided below:[8][9][10]

Seasons Champions Runners-up[9] Top scorers[11] Goals
1930 SK Tirana Skënderbeu Korçë
1931 SK Tirana Teuta Durrës Teli Samsuri (KF Skënderbeu) 9
1932 SK Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër
1933 Skënderbeu Korçë Vllaznia Shkodër Servet Tefik Agai (KF Skënderbeu) 7
1934 SK Tirana Skënderbeu Korçë Mark Gurashi (SK Tirana) 12
1935
Not Held
1936 SK Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Riza Lushta (SK Tirana) 11
1937 SK Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Riza Lushta (SK Tirana) 25
1938
Not Held
1939 SK Tirana (unofficial tournament)
1940 Vllaznia Shkodër (unofficial tournament)
1941
Not Held
1942 SK Tirana (unofficial tournament)
1943
Not Held
1944
Not Held
1945 Vllaznia Shkodër SK Tirana Loro Boriçi (Vllaznia) 11
1946 Vllaznia Shkodër Flamurtari Vlorë Xhevdet Shaqiri (Vllaznia) 11
1947 Partizani Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Hamdi Bakalli (Partizani) 7
1948 Partizani Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Tish Daija (Flamurtari) / Zihni Gjinali (Partizani) 11
1949 Partizani Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Zihni Gjinali (Partizani) 14
1950 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) ?
1951 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 59
1952 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 17
1953 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 9
1954 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 13
1955 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) / Skënder Jareci (Dinamo) 23
1956 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Refik Resmja (Partizani) 17
1957 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Niko Bespalla (Teuta) 15
1958 Partizani Tirana Besa Kavajë Skënder Jareci (Dinamo) 14
1959 Partizani Tirana SK Tirana Stavri Lubonja (Dinamo) 11
1960 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Skënder Jareci (Dinamo) 16
1961 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Panajot Pano (Partizani) 17
1962–63 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Robert Jashari (Partizani) 18
1963–64 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Robert Jashari (Partizani) 9
1964–65 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Robert Jashari (Partizani) 14
1965–66 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Sajmir Dauti (Dinamo) 13
1966–67 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Medin Zhega (Dinamo) 19
1968 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Skënder Hyka (KF Tirana) 19
1969–70 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Panajot Pano (Partizani) 17
1970–71 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 19
1971–72 Vllaznia Shkodër KF Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 17
1972–73 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 12
1973–74 Vllaznia Shkodër Partizani Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 19
1974–75 Dinamo Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 17
1975–76 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Ilir Përnaska (Dinamo) 18
1976–77 Dinamo Tirana Skënderbeu Korçë Agim Murati (Partizani) 12
1977–78 Vllaznia Shkodër Luftëtari Gjirokastër Agim Murati (Partizani) 14
1978–79 Partizani Tirana KF Tirana Agim Murati (Partizani) / Petrit Dibra (KF Tirana) 14
1979–80 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Përparim Kovaçi (Tomori) 18
1980–81 Partizani Tirana Dinamo Tirana Dashnor Bajaziti (Besa) 12
1981–82 KF Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Vasil Ruci (Flamurtari) 12
1982–83 Vllaznia Shkodër Partizani Tirana Dashnor Bajaziti (Besa) 16
1983–84 Elbasani KF Tirana Vasil Ruci (Flamurtari) 12
1984–85 17 Nëntori Dinamo Tirana Faslli Fakja (Vllaznia) / Arben Minga (KF Tirana) 13
1985–86 Dinamo Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Kujtim Majaci (Apolonia) 20
1986–87 Partizani Tirana Flamurtari Vlorë Arben Arbëri (Tomori) 14
1987–88 17 Nëntori Flamurtari Vlorë Agustin Kola (KF Tirana) 18
1988–89 17 Nëntori Partizani Tirana Agustin Kola (KF Tirana) 19
1989–90 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Kujtim Majaci (Apolonia) 19
1990–91 Flamurtari Vlorë Partizani Tirana Kliton Bozgo (Tomori) 29
1991–92 Vllaznia Shkodër Partizani Tirana Edmir Bilali (Vllaznia) 21
1992–93 Partizani Tirana Teuta Durrës Edmond Dosti (Partizani) 20
1993–94 Teuta Durrës KF Tirana Edi Martini (Vllaznia) 14
1994–95 KF Tirana Teuta Durrës Arben Shehu (Luftëtari) 21
1995–96 KF Tirana Teuta Durrës Altin Çuko (Tomori) & (Laçi) 21
1996–97 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Viktor Paço (Flamurtari) 14
1997–98 Vllaznia Shkodër KF Tirana Dorian Bubeqi (Shkumbini) 26
1998–99 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Artan Bano (KS Lushnja) 22
1999–00 KF Tirana Tomori Berat Klodian Arbëri (Tomori) 18
2000–01 Vllaznia Shkodër KF Tirana Indrit Fortuzi (KF Tirana) 31
2001–02 Dinamo Tirana KF Tirana Indrit Fortuzi (KF Tirana) 24
2002–03 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Mahir Halili (KF Tirana) 20
2003–04 KF Tirana Dinamo Tirana Vioresin Sinani (Vllaznia) 36
2004–05 KF Tirana Elbasani Dorian Bylykbashi (Partizani) 24
2005–06 Elbasani KF Tirana Hamdi Salihi (KF Tirana) 29
2006–07 KF Tirana Teuta Durrës Vioresin Sinani (KF Tirana) 23
2007–08 Dinamo Tirana Partizani Tirana Vioresin Sinani (Vllaznia) 20
2008–09 KF Tirana Vllaznia Shkodër Migen Memelli (KF Tirana) 23
2009–10 Dinamo Tirana Besa Kavajë Daniel Xhafa (Besa) 18
2010–11 Skënderbeu Korçë Flamurtari Vlorë Daniel Xhafa (Flamurtari) 19
2011–12 Skënderbeu Korçë Teuta Durrës Roland Dervishi (Shkumbini) 20
2012–13 Skënderbeu Korçë Kukësi Migen Memelli (Flamurtari) 19
2013–14 Skënderbeu Korçë Kukësi Pero Pejić (Skënderbeu) 20
2014–15 Skënderbeu Korçë Kukësi Pero Pejić (FK Kukësi) 31
2015–16 Skënderbeu Korçë Partizani Tirana Hamdi Salihi (Skënderbeu Korçë) 27

Notes:

  • From 1958 to 1991, KF Tirana and KS Elbasani were named respectively 17 Nëntori Tirana and Labinoti Elbasani.

Most titles[edit]

A list of clubs in order of most titles won is provided in the following table:[8]

Club Winners Winning seasons
SK Tirana
24
1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1968, 1969–70, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2008–09
Dinamo Tiranë
18
1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1960, 1966–67, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1989–90, 2001–02, 2007–08, 2009–10
Partizani Tiranë
15
1947, 1948, 1949, 1954, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1970–71, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1986–87, 1992–93,
Vllaznia Shkodër
9
1945, 1946, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1977–78, 1982–83, 1991–92, 1997–98, 2000–01
Skënderbeu Korçë
7
1933, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16
SK Elbasani
2
1983–84, 2005–06
Flamurtari Vlorë
1
1990–91
Teuta Durrës
1
1993–94


Consecutive[edit]

UEFA Rankings[edit]

Current rankings (2016–17)[edit]

UEFA Country Ranking for league participation in 2016–17 European football season (Previous year rank in italics).

History of rankings[edit]

Below is a historical list of Albanian rankings and country coefficient.

Year Position Change Coefficient Teams
2011[12]
44
0
0.875
4
2012[13]
44
0
0.875
4
2013[14]
43
Green-Up-Arrow.svg
0.750
4
2014[15]
40
Green-Up-Arrow.svg
2.000
4
2015[16]
42
RedDownArrow.svg
0.875
4
2016[17]
39
Green-Up-Arrow.svg
2.125
4
2017[18]
38
Green-Up-Arrow.svg
0.750
4

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gjergj Kola. "Palokë Nika – personazhi historik i sportit Shqiptar" (in Albanian). Shkodra Sport. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  2. ^ "Një historik i shkurtër i futbollit në Shkodër" (in Albanian). Vllaznia.al. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  3. ^ Sport Ekspres, 14 February 2012, page 7 Archived 26 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ RSSSF
  5. ^ http://www.giovanniarmillotta.it/albania/calcio/trekampionate.html
  6. ^ AFA's General Assembly: War championships are not legitimate Archived 20 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Albania Superliga: Summary". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  8. ^ a b http://rsssf.com/tablesa/albachamp.html
  9. ^ a b "Albanian Superliga: Archive". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "Albanian 1st league". 
  11. ^ (Italian)"Albania – I capocannonieri del campionato". Calcio Mondiale Web. [dead link]
  12. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2011". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  13. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2012". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  14. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2013". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  15. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2014". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  16. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2015". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  17. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2016". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  18. ^ Bert Kassies. "UEFA Country Ranking 2017". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 

External links[edit]