List of Canadian provinces and territories by population

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Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories. The majority of Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the Canada–US border. Its four largest provinces by area (Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta) are also its most populous; together they account for 86% of the country's population. The territories (the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon) account for over a third of Canada's area but are home to only 0.3% of its population, which skews the national population density value.

Canada's population grew by 5.9% between the 2006 and 2011 censuses.[1] All territories and provinces, excluding the Northwest Territories, increased in population from 2006 to 2011. In terms of percent change, the fastest-growing province or territory was Yukon with an increase of 11.6% between 2006 and 2011, followed by Alberta with 10.8% growth. The Northwest Territories experienced a net loss of two people between 2006 and 2011.

Canada's population has increased every year since Confederation in 1867 (see List of population of Canada by years).

Listing[edit]

Rank Name[1] Population,
2011 Census
Growth,
2006–11
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
(per km2
House of
Commons
seats
2016 population
(Q1 est.)[2]
Total Proportion Total Proportion Total Proportion
1  Ontario 12,851,821 38.4% 5.7% 908,607.67 14.1 121 35.8% 13,873,933 38.5%
2  Quebec 7,903,001 23.6% 4.7% 1,356,547.02 5.8 78 23.1% 8,294,656 23.0%
3  British Columbia 4,400,057 13.1% 7.0% 922,509.29 4.8 42 12.4% 4,707,021 13.1%
4  Alberta 3,645,257 10.9% 10.8% 640,081.87 5.7 34 10.0% 4,231,959 11.7%
5  Manitoba 1,208,268 3.6% 5.2% 552,329.52 2.2 14 4.1% 1,303,896 3.6%
6  Saskatchewan 1,033,381 3.1% 6.7% 588,239.21 1.8 14 4.1% 1,142,570 3.2%
7  Nova Scotia 921,727 2.8% 0.9% 52,939.44 17.4 11 3.3% 945,824 2.6%
8  New Brunswick 751,171 2.2% 2.9% 71,377.18 10.5 10 3.0% 754,735 2.1%
9  Newfoundland and Labrador 514,536 1.5% 1.8% 370,510.76 1.4 7 2.1% 528,336 1.5%
10  Prince Edward Island 140,204 0.42% 3.2% 5,685.73 24.7 4 1.2% 146,933 0.41%
11  Northwest Territories 41,462 0.12% −0.005% 1,143,793.47 0.04 1 0.3% 44,291 0.12%
12  Yukon 33,897 0.10% 11.6% 474,712.64 0.07 1 0.3% 37,193 0.10%
13  Nunavut 31,906 0.10% 8.3% 1,877,787.62 0.02 1 0.3% 37,174 0.10%
Total  Canada 33,476,688 100% 5.9% 8,965,121.42 3.7 338 100% 36,048,521 100%
Breakdown of Canada's population from the 2011 census by province/territory
Bar chart of the populations of Canadian provinces/territories via the 2011 census

See also[edit]

References[edit]