List of Chinese aircraft engines

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Aircraft engines produced by the People's Republic of China.

Abbreviations[edit]

Abbreviations Chinese Pinyin English Name
HS HuoSai Piston engine
WJ WoJiang Turboprop
WP WoPen Turbojet
WS WoShan Turbofan
WZ WoZhou Turboshaft

Piston engines[edit]

Designation Power Output Used by Remarks
Zhuzhou HS-5 Nanchang Y-5 A version of the Shvetsov ASh-62, which itself was a modified version of the Wright R-1820. Built by the Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory (ZEF), which is now the South Motive Power and Machinery Complex (SMPMC).[1]
Zhuzhou HS-6 Nanchang CJ-6, Harbin Y-11 Originally a copy of the Soviet Ivchenko AI-14R engine. Built by the Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory (ZEF). Chinese development resulted in many variants (-6A, -6B, -6C, -6D, -6E, -6K).[1]
Dongan HS-7 1,268 kW (1,700 hp) Harbin Z-5 A modified version of the Soviet Shvetsov ASh-82V, which originated in the Wright R-1820. Built by Dongan Engine Manufacturing Company (aka Harbin Engine Factory). [2] [3]
Dongan HS-8 1,380 kW (1,850 hp) A modified version of the Dongan HS-7 which "combined the main body and supercharger of the HS-7 with the reduction gear and propeller drive of the Shvetsov ASh-82T". Built by Dongan Engine Manufacturing Company (aka Harbin Engine Factory). [4]

Turboprop engines[edit]

Designation Power Output Used by Remarks
Dongan WJ-5 2,162 kW (2,900 shp) Xian Y-7 A Turboprop engine based on the Ivchenko AI-24, built by the Dongan Engine Manufacturing Company (aka Harbin Engine Factory) in several variants.[2]
WJ-6 3,170 kW (4,250 hp) Shaanxi Y-8, AVIC TA-600 Turboprop engine; a license-built copy of the Ivchenko AI-20.

Turboshaft engines[edit]

Designation Power Output Used by Remarks
Dongan WZ-5 Harbin Z-6 Turboshaft version of the Dongan WJ-5, program was cancelled.
Changzhou WZ-6 Changhe Z-8 Turboshaft engine. License-built copy of the Turbomeca Turmo.
Zhuzhou WZ-8 Harbin Z-9 Originally license-built copies of the Turbomeca Arriel turboshaft, many modified variants of this engine were made.[1]
Zhuzhou WZ-9 1,000 kW (1,350 shp) CAIC WZ-10 New turboshaft engine under development for the Z-10 helicopter.[1]
WZ-10 1,800 kW (2,414 shp) Harbin Z-20 Turboshaft engine. May power WZ-10.
WZ-16 1,243 kW (1,667 hp) take-off
1,137 kW (1,525 hp) continuous
CAIC Z-10, Avicopter Z-15 New turboshaft engine under development for the Z-10 and Z-15 helicopter based on Turbomeca Ardidan 3.[3]

Turbojet engines[edit]

Designation Thrust Used by Remarks
Shenyang PF-1 Shenyang JJ-1 A small turbojet engine based on the WP-5, which was a copy of the Soviet Klimov VK-1F.
WP-5 Shenyang J-5, Harbin H-5 A licensed copy of Soviet Klimov VK-1 turbojet, which was derived from the Rolls-Royce Nene engine. Built at the Shenyang Liming Aircraft Engine Company.[4]
WP-5D 26.5 kN Shenyang JJ-5 trainer Produced by Xi'an (XAE)
Shenyang WP-6 Shenyang J-6, Nanchang Q-5 Based on the Soviet Tumansky R-9BF-811 jet engine
Shenyang WP-6A 29.42/36.78 kN Shenyang J-6 I, Nanchang Q-5 Improved WP-6
Shenyang WP-6Z Nanchang J-12 Lightweight fighter (cancelled)
Shenyang WP-7 43.15 kN Based on the Soviet Tumansky R-11-300 afterburning turbojet. Many upgrades and new variants have been developed from the basic engine.
WP-8 93.2 kN Xian H-6 Based on the Mikulin AM-3M-500 turbojet [5]
WP-9 Shanghai Y-10 (cancelled) Based on the Pratt & Whitney JT3C, cancelled
WP-10
CAREC WP-11 Beijing WZ-5, HY-4 anti-ship missile Small turbojet engine made by China National Aero-Engine Corporation (CAREC). Similar to the Turboméca Marboré.
WP-12
Guizhou WP-13 39.9/63.7 kN Chengdu J-7 A Chinese engine based on the Tumansky R-13-300 turbojet. Several variants were made.[5]
WP-13A 44.1/66.7 kN
WP-13A-II 42.7/65.9 kN [6][7] J-8-II Produced by Liming Aircraft Engine Company
WP-13F 44.1/66.7 kN Chengdu J-7, JL-9
Shenyang WP-14 Kunlun ~75 kN with afterburn Shenyang J-8III Indigenous Chinese turbojet engine developed by Shenyang Aeroengine Research Institute.[6]
WP-14C Kunlun-3 Chengdu J-7, Shenyang J-8T, Guizhou JL-9 An improved WP-14 Kunlun
WP-15 Shenyang J-13 turbojet

Turbofan engines[edit]

Designation Thrust Used by Remarks
Shenyang WS-5 Cancelled
Shenyang WS-6 Chengdu J-9, Shenyang J-13, Nanchang Q-6 Cancelled[7]
Shenyang WS-6A Cancelled
Shanghai WS-8 80 kN Shanghai Y-10 Cancelled[8]
Xian WS-9 Qinling 91.2 kN Xian JH-7 Licensed version of Rolls-Royce Spey RB.168 Mk 202
Xian WS-9 Qinling-2 9,325+ kg Improved version of the WS-9; comparable to the French SNECMA M53-P2
WS-10A Taihang 13,200 kg Chengdu J-10, Shenyang J-11 Indigenous T/W: 7.5 replacement for Saturn AL-31 and AL-31F; possibly used to power new Chengdu J-20 fighters[9]
WS-10G Taihang 15,810 kg Chengdu J-20 Modified Taihang with T/W: 9, possibly used to power new J-20 fighters [10]
WS-11 16.87 kN Hongdu L-11 Licensed version of the AI-25TLK
WS-12 Tianshan Cancelled
WS-12B Tianshan Xian JH-7B Heavier, improved WS-12
WS-12C Tianshan 8,000 kg Regional narrow-body jetliner ARJ21
WS-13 Taishan 86.37 kN JF-17 FBC-1 Indigenous T/W: 7.8 upgrade for RD-93
WS-13A Taishan 100 kN ARJ21 High-bypass turbofan.[11]
WS-15 Emei 18,350 kg J-20 Described by Russian sources as the "18-ton" thrust, T/W: 9-10 project possibly used to power new J-20 fighters.[12]
WS-17 JF-17
WS-18 12,000 kg H-6K, Y-20 Developed as a replacement for the Soloviev D-30KP-2[13]
SF-A 12,000 kg Y-20, C919 A high-bypass turbofan derived from the WS-10A core to power the Y-20 strategic airlifter and C919 narrow-body jetliner.
CJ-1000A 13,000 kg Y-20, C919 A high-bypass turbofan derived from the WS-20 to power the Y-20 strategic airlifter and C919 narrow-body jetliner.
CJ-2000 35,000 kg Wide-body jetliner C929 A high-bypass turbofan.[14]
CJ-500 8,000 kg Regional narrow-body jetliner ARJ21 Medium Thrust-Turbofan[15]
Minshan 4,000-5,000 kg HAIG L-15 Medium Thrust-Turbofan[16]
Jiuzhai 1,000 kg Medium Thrust-Turbofan[17]

Designation : WS - 20 Thrust : 12, 000 - 14, 000 kg/f (120 - 140 kN) (26, 000 - 31, 000 lbs/f) Used by: Xian Y - 20, upgraded Il-76/ IL-78

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jane's Aero-Engines. SMPMC - South Motive Power and Machinery Complex.
  2. ^ Janes Aero Engines. DEMC WJ5.
  3. ^ Ardiden 3C designated as WZ-16
  4. ^ Jane's Aero Engines. LM - Liming Engine Manufacturing Corporation
  5. ^ Jane's Aero Engines. LMC WP13.
  6. ^ Jane's Aero Engines. SARI Kunlun.
  7. ^ Jane's Aero Engines. LM WS6
  8. ^ Jane's Aero Engines. SAE Shanghai Aeroengine Manufacturing Corporation (formerly SAMP - Shanghai Aero-Engine Manufacturing Plant)
  9. ^ Jane's Aero Engines. LM WS10A Tai Hang
  10. ^ same
  11. ^ 中国涡扇系列 WS13
  12. ^ http://www.strategycenter.net/research/pubID.219/pub_detail.asp
  13. ^ China is developing WS-18 for H-6K Bomber
  14. ^ "曝中國正研寬體大飛機C929 發動機由俄研製". 
  15. ^ "中國商用發動機公司曝中國正研窄體飛機ARJ-21發動機及未來發動機計劃". 
  16. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/56563/china-continues-to-depend-on-ukrainian-aero-engines
  17. ^ http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2012-11/15/content_15929688.htm