List of VFL/AFL and AFL Women's players of Indigenous Australian descent

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Shaun Burgoyne is the current record-holder of most games played by an Indigenous player with 376 games for Port Adelaide and Hawthorn

Since the Victorian Football League (VFL), which is now known as the Australian Football League (AFL), was formed in 1897, there have been 178 known players of Indigenous Australian heritage that have played in a senior VFL/AFL match, and 11 known players of Indigenous descent have played in the AFL Women's since the inaugural season in 2017. A senior VFL/AFL or AFL Women's match is an Australian rules football match between two clubs that are, or have been in the past, members of the VFL/AFL or of the AFL Women's. A senior VFL/AFL or AFL Women's match is played under the laws of Australian football, and includes regular season matches, as well as finals series matches. It does not include pre-season matches, interstate matches or international rules football matches. The list is arranged in alphabetical order by surname.

The first recognised Indigenous Australian player to play in a senior VFL/AFL match was Joe Johnson who played 55 games for Fitzroy from 1904 to 1906, and was a member of Fitzroy's dual premiership-winning sides of 1904 and 1905. Gavin Wanganeen (Essendon and Port Adelaide) was the first Indigenous Australian player to play 300 games, and Shaun Burgoyne is the current record-holder of most games played by an Indigenous player with 376 games for Port Adelaide and Hawthorn from 2002 onwards.

There were a record number of Indigenous players on AFL lists during the 2009 AFL season with 82 senior and rookie-listed players listed with AFL clubs.[1] This figure surpassed the previous record of 73 players set in the 2008 season.[1]

The Fremantle Football Club initially under inaugural coach Gerard Neesham, have been big supporters of indigenous players. They have had 34 indigenous players represent their club in AFL matches, with 11 of the 2018 list of indigenous representation.[2] They set records for the most number of indigenous players in AFL/VFL matches in 2003, with seven players, in an 83 point win over the Western Bulldogs[3] and then again in Indigenous Round (Round 10) 2017 with eight players.[3]

Players[edit]

Players are listed in alphabetical order, and statistics are for VFL/AFL or AFL Women's regular season and finals series matches only. "Career span" years are from the season of the player's debut in the VFL/AFL or AFL Women's to the year in which they played their final game in the VFL/AFL or AFL Women's and have since been removed from the playing list. Currently listed players are shaded in green and their career span is listed as "(year of debut)–present". Statistics are correct to the end of the 2011 AFL season and 2018 AFL Women's season.
Legend

Players named in the Indigenous Team of the Century are indicated by a # next to their name.
   Currently listed players

VFL/AFL[edit]

VFL/AFL players of Indigenous Australian descent
Name Club(s) Seasons Games Goals Notes
Winston Abraham Fremantle
North Melbourne
19952001 110 150 1999 North Melbourne Premiership Team
Matthew Ahmat Brisbane Lions
Sydney
19911994 8 1
Robert Ah Mat Collingwood
Sydney
19952001 67 68
Joe Anderson Carlton 20072010 17 0
Tony Armstrong Adelaide
Sydney
Collingwood
20102015 35 2
Jarrod Atkinson Essendon 20082011 17 5
Les Bamblett Melbourne
Footscray
19831988 48 71
Chance Bateman Hawthorn 20002012 174 67 2008 Hawthorn Premiership Team
Laurie Bellotti West Coast 19992000 24 2
Harley Bennell Gold Coast
Fremantle
2011present 81 92
Jamie Bennell Melbourne
West Coast
20092016 87 26
Eddie Betts Carlton
Adelaide
2005present 262 507 2015, 2016 & 2017 All-Australian Team
Peter Bird Fitzroy 19951996 15 7
Alan Bloomfield North Melbourne 19701971 13 7
Ashley Blurton West Coast
Richmond
19951999 24 9
Shane Bond West Coast
Port Adelaide
19942000 91 31 1994 West Coast Premiership Team
Brother of Troy Bond
Troy Bond Carlton
Adelaide
19941999 94 77 1993 John Cahill Medal
Brother of Shane Bond
Peter Burgoyne # Port Adelaide 19972009 225 189 Indigenous Team of the Century
2004 Port Adelaide Premiership Team
Brother of Shaun Burgoyne
Shaun Burgoyne Port Adelaide
Hawthorn
2002present 376 290 2006 All-Australian Team
2004 Port Adelaide Premiership Team
2013, 2014, 2015 Hawthorn Premiership Team
Brother of Peter Burgoyne
Ronnie Burns Geelong
Adelaide
19962004 154 262
Norm Byron Fitzroy 1918 2 1
Barry Cable # North Melbourne 1970, 19741977 115 133 Sport Australia Hall of Fame[4]
Australian Football Hall of Fame - Legend Status
West Australian Football Hall of Fame - Legend Status
Indigenous Team of the Century (Rover and Coach)
1966 Tassie Medal
1964, 1968 & 1973 Sandover Medal
1966 & 1969 All-Australian Team
1975 & 1977 North Melbourne Premiership Team
North Melbourne Team of the Century
Father of Shane Cable
Shane Cable West Coast 1987 1 0 Son of Barry Cable
Fred Campbell Sydney
St Kilda
19992000 12 7
Matt Campbell North Melbourne 20072012 67 70
Warren Campbell North Melbourne 19941995 19 17
Kevin Caton West Coast
Fitzroy
Brisbane Bears
19881990 18 18
Sean Charles Melbourne
Carlton
St Kilda
19921998, 2000 56 66
Scott Chisholm Fremantle
Melbourne
19952000 81 33
Allen Christensen Geelong
Brisbane Lions
2011present 98 82
Raphael Clarke St Kilda 20042012 82 8 Brother of Xavier Clarke
Xavier Clarke St Kilda
Brisbane Lions
20022008, 2010 106 49 Brother of Raphael Clarke
Eric Clarke St Kilda 1980 6 6
Che Cockatoo-Collins Essendon
Port Adelaide
1994-2003 160 215 Brother of David and Donald Cockatoo-Collins.
David Cockatoo-Collins Melbourne 1996-1997 2 0 Twin brother of Donald and brother of Che Cockatoo-Collins.
Donald Cockatoo-Collins Melbourne 1996-1998 9 3 Twin brother of David and brother of Che Cockatoo-Collins.
Adam Cockie West Coast 2009 7 3
Richard Cole Collingwood
Essendon
2002-2007 63 6
Clayton Collard Fremantle 2007 1 1
Cyril Collard Hawthorn 1957-1958 13 3
Troy Cook Sydney
Fremantle
1997-2007 193 77 2000 Doig Medal
Reuben Cooper South Melbourne 1969 2 0
Anthony Corrie Brisbane Lions
Collingwood
2004-2009 56 50
Shannon Cox Collingwood 2007-2009 25 6
Percy Cummings Hawthorn 1964-1965 5 1
Robert Cummings Fitzroy 1990 1 0 Brother of Trent Cummings.
Trent Cummings Fitzroy
West Coast
1994-1997 29 19 Brother of Robert Cummings.
Aaron Davey Melbourne 2004-2013 150 152 2009 Keith 'Bluey' Truscott Medal
Brother of Alwyn Davey
Alwyn Davey Essendon 2007-2013 100 120 Brother of Aaron Davey
Leon Davis Collingwood 2000-2011 225 270 2009 & 2011 All-Australian Team
Courtenay Dempsey Essendon 2006-2016 133 35
Gary Dhurrkay Fremantle
North Melbourne
1995-2000 72 66
Brad Dick Collingwood 2009-2011 27 32
Willie Dick Essendon 1992 7 6
Nathan Djerrkura Geelong
Western Bulldogs
2009-2012 12 4
Shane Edwards Richmond 2000-Present 191 131
Alf Egan Carlton
North Melbourne
1931-1935 51 27
Chris Egan Collingwood 2005-2009 27 22 Nephew of Phil Egan.
Phil Egan Richmond
Melbourne
1982-1989 & 1991 126 17 Uncle of Chris Egan.
Graham Farmer # Geelong 1962-1967 101 65 Sport Australia Hall of Fame[4]
Australian Football Hall of Fame - Legend Status
West Australian Football Hall of Fame - Legend Status
AFL Team of the Century
Western Australian Team of the Century – (Vice-Captain)
Indigenous Team of the Century(Captain)
1956 Tassie Medal
1956, 1957 & 1960 Sandover Medal
1956, 1958 & 1961 All-Australian Team
1963 Geelong Premiership Team
1963 & 1964 Carji Greeves Medal
Geelong Team of the Century
West Perth Team of the Century
East Perth Post War Team of the Century
Jeff Farmer Melbourne
Fremantle
1995-2008 249 483 2000 All-Australian Team
Cameron Faulkner Western Bulldogs 2004-2007 18 9
Fabian Francis Melbourne
Brisbane Bears
Port Adelaide
Fremantle
1991 & 1993-1995 & 1997-2001 109 61
Lance Franklin Hawthorn
Sydney
2005-Present 256 814 2008, 2011, 2014 & 2017 Coleman Medal
2008, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2016 & 2017 All-Australian Team
2008 & 2013 Hawthorn Premiership Team
2008 Peter Crimmins Medal
Jeff Garlett Carlton
Melbourne
2009-Present 155 272
Cruize Garlett North Melbourne 2009-2012 32 9
Adam Goodes # Sydney 1999–2015 372 464 2014 Australian of the Year
Indigenous Team of the Century
2003 2006 Brownlow Medal
2003, 2006, 2009, 2011 All-Australian Team
1999 AFL Rising Star
2005 & 2012 Sydney Premiership Team
2003, 2006, 2011 Bob Skilton Medal
Colin Graham Melbourne 1975–1978 35 32
Jonathon Griffin Adelaide
Fremantle
2007–2017 92 33
Antoni Grover Fremantle 1999–2012 202 27
Curtly Hampton Greater Western Sydney
Adelaide
2012–present 60 12
Jarrod Harbrow Western Bulldogs
Gold Coast
2007–present 190 52
Roger Hayden Fremantle 2002–2004 & 2006–2011 128 14
Des Headland Brisbane Lions
Fremantle
1999–2010 166 177
Bradley Hill Hawthorn
Fremantle
2012–present 104 65 2017 Doig Medal
Brother of Stephen Hill
Josh Hill Western Bulldogs
West Coast
2007–present 169 222
Stephen Hill Fremantle 2009–present 178 106 Brother of Bradley Hill
Eddie Hocking Adelaide 1991 11 4
Rhan Hooper Brisbane Lions
Hawthorn
2006–2010 54 56
Jarman Impey Port Adelaide
Hawthorn
2014–present 75 34
Eddie Jackson Melbourne 1947–1952 84 10
Syd Jackson # Carlton 1969–1976 136 165 Indigenous Team of the Century
Jarrhan Jacky Adelaide 2008 3 1
Shadrach James Fitzroy 1940–1941 18 20
Russell Jeffrey St Kilda
Brisbane Bears
1987–1992 50 4
Leroy Jetta Essendon 2007–2014 93 80
Neville Jetta Melbourne 2009–present 103 24
Lewis Jetta Sydney
West Coast
2010–present 141 106
Graham Johncock Adelaide 2002–2013 227 120
Bert Johnson North Melbourne 1965–1968 31 5
Chris Johnson # Fitzroy
Brisbane Lions
1994–2007 264 172 Indigenous Team of the Century
2002 & 2004 All-Australian Team All-Australian Team
Joe Johnson Fitzroy 19041906 55 15
Michael Johnson Fremantle 2005–present 218 65 2013 All-Australian Team
Percy Johnson North Melbourne 1951–1955 52 4
Bob Jones St Kilda 1988–1989 20 2 Father of Liam Jones.
Liam Jones Western Bulldogs
Carlton
2010–present 83 84 Son of Bob Jones.
Liam Jurrah Melbourne 2009–2012 35 81 Cousin of Liam Patrick.
Adam Kerinaiua Brisbane Bears 1992 3 1
Dale Kickett Fitzroy
West Coast
St Kilda
Essendon
Fremantle
1990–1992 & 1994–2002 181 64 Cousin of Derek Kickett
Derek Kickett North Melbourne
Essendon
Sydney
1989–1996 152 179 Cousin of Dale Kickett
Steven Koops Fremantle
Western Bulldogs
1996–2004 89 49
Andrew J. Krakouer[5] Richmond
Collingwood
2001–2007 & 2011–2013 125 137 Son of Jim Krakouer, nephew of Andrew L. and Phil Krakouer and cousin of Nathan Krakouer.
Andrew L. Krakouer[5] North Melbourne 1988–1989 8 8 Brother of Jim and Phil Krakouer and uncle of Andrew J. and Nathan Krakouer.
Jim Krakouer[5] # North Melbourne
St Kilda
1982–1991 147 236 Indigenous Team of the Century
Brother of Andrew L. and Phil Krakouer, father of Andrew J. Krakouer and uncle of Nathan Krakouer.
Nathan Krakouer Port Adelaide,
Gold Coast
2007–2011 53 15 Nephew of Andrew L. Krakouer, Jim and Phil Krakouer and cousin of Andrew J. Krakouer.
Phil Krakouer[5] North Melbourne
Footscray
1982–1989 & 1991 148 231 Brother of Andrew L. Krakouer and Jim and uncle of Andrew J. Krakouer and Nathan Krakouer.
Jamie Lawson Sydney 1991–1994 61 29
Shawn Lewfatt Essendon 1995 3 2
Chris Lewis # West Coast 1987–1998 & 2000 215 259 Indigenous Team of the Century
1990 John Worsfold Medal
Rex Liddy Gold Coast 2011 4 0
Michael Long # Essendon 1989–1993 & 1995–2001 190 143 Indigenous Team of the Century
1993 Norm Smith Medal
1988 & 1995 All-Australian Team
Andy Lovell Melbourne
West Coast
1988–1998 164 166
Andrew Lovett Essendon 2005–2009 88 93 Cousin of Nathan Lovett-Murray.
Ted Lovett Fitzroy 1963–1964 9 2
Wally Lovett Collingwood
Richmond
1982–1984 28 17
Nathan Lovett-Murray Essendon 2004–2013 125 64 Cousin of Andrew Lovett.
Malcolm Lynch Western Bulldogs 2007 2 0
Neil Marshall West Coast 1997–1998 4 0
Brandon Matera Gold Coast
Fremantle
2011–present 97 117 Son of Wally Matera and nephew of Peter and Phillip Matera.
Peter Matera # West Coast 1990–2002 253 217 Indigenous Team of the Century
1992 Norm Smith Medal
1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997 All-Australian Team
1997 John Worsfold Medal
Brother of Phillip and Wally Matera and uncle of Brandon Matera.
Phillip Matera West Coast 1996–2005 179 389 2003 All-Australian Team
Brother of Peter and Wally Matera and uncle of Brandon Matera.
Wally Matera West Coast
Fitzroy
1987–1990 56 65 Brother of Peter and Phillip Matera and father of Brandon Matera.
Steven May Gold Coast 2011–present 9 0
Adrian McAdam North Melbourne 1993–1995 36 92 Brother of Gilbert and Greg McAdam.
Gilbert McAdam[6] St Kilda
Brisbane Bears
1991–1996 111 89 Brother of Adrian and Greg McAdam.
Greg McAdam St Kilda 1985 10 13 Brother of Adrian and Gilbert McAdam.
Norm McDonald # Essendon 1947–1953 128 3 Indigenous Team of the Century
Ashley McGrath Brisbane Lions 2001–2014 214 170 Brother of Cory and Toby McGrath.
Cory McGrath Essendon 2001–2006 78 18 Brother of Ashley and Toby McGrath.
Marty McGrath Richmond 2004–present 4 6 Cousin of Ashley, Cory and Toby McGrath.
Michael McLean # Footscray
Brisbane Bears
Brisbane Lions
1983–1989 & 1991–1997 183 40 Indigenous Team of the Century
1988 All-Australian Team
Andrew McLeod # Adelaide 1995–2010 340 275 Indigenous Team of the Century
1997 & 1998 Norm Smith Medal
1998, 2000, 2001 & 2006 All-Australian Team
2007 All-Australian Team (Captain)
1997, 2001 & 2007 Malcolm Blight Medal
Clem Michael Fremantle 1998–2000 43 11 Son of Stephen Michael.
Terry Milera St Kilda 2012–2014 30 31
Harry Miller Hawthorn 2005–2006 18 13
Michael Mitchell Richmond 1987–1991 81 103 1985 & 1986 All-Australian Team
Gavin Mitchell Fremantle
St Kilda
1996–2000 88 82
Daniel Motlop Kangaroos
Port Adelaide
2001–2011 130 208 Brother of Shannon and Steven Motlop and cousin of Marlon Motlop.
Marlon Motlop Port Adelaide 2008–2009 5 2 Cousin of Daniel, Shannon and Steven Motlop.
Shannon Motlop Kangaroos
Melbourne
1999–2006 64 36 Brother of Daniel and Steven Motlop and cousin of Marlon Motlop.
Steven Motlop Geelong
Port Adelaide
2010–present 121 164 Brother of Daniel and Shannon Motlop and cousin of Marlon Motlop.
Robert Muir St Kilda 1974–1978, 1980 & 1984 68 23
Justin Murphy Richmond
Carlton
Geelong
Essendon
1994–2005 185 151
Allan Murray Port Adelaide
St Kilda
2002–2006 16 13 Brother of Derek Murray.
Derek Murray Port Adelaide 1999–2002 23 7 Brother of Allan Murray.
Mark Naley Carlton 1987–1990 65 74 1991 Magarey Medallist
Phil Narkle St Kilda
West Coast
1984–1987 & 1990 66 55 1986 & 1987 All-Australian Team
Murray Newman West Coast 2012–2015 6 4
Doug Nicholls Fitzroy 1932–1937 54 2
Jarrad Oakley-Nicholls Richmond 2006–2009 13 1
Michael O'Loughlin # Sydney 1995–2009 303 521 Indigenous Team of the Century
1997 & 2000 All-Australian Team
1998 Bob Skilton Medal
Brother of Ricky O'Loughlin.
Ricky O'Loughlin Adelaide 2000–2001 9 2 Brother of Michael O'Loughlin.
Liam Patrick Gold Coast 2011–2013 13 6
Danyle Pearce Port Adelaide
Fremantle
2005–present 252 126 2006 AFL Rising Star
Derek Peardon Richmond 1968–1971 20 1
Carl Peterson Hawthorn 2010 17 13
Jared Petrenko Adelaide 2009–2014 76 50
Byron Pickett # North Melbourne
Port Adelaide
Melbourne
1997–2007 204 177 Indigenous Team of the Century
2004 Norm Smith Medal
1999 All-Australian Team
1999 AFL Rising Star
1999 North Melbourne Premiership Team, 2004 Port Adelaide Premiership Team
Lionel Proctor Richmond 1998–2001 20 4
Albert Proud Brisbane Lions 2007–2010 29 10
Elkin Reilly South Melbourne 1962–1966 51 2
Cyril Rioli Hawthorn 2008–2018 189 275 2015 Norm Smith Medal
2012, 2015 & 2016 All-Australian Team

2008, 2013, 2014, 2015 Hawthorn Premiership Team
Nephew of Maurice Rioli and cousin of Dean Rioli

Dean Rioli Essendon 1999–2006 100 91 Nephew of Maurice Rioli and cousin of Cyril Rioli.
Maurice Rioli # Richmond 1982–1987 118 80 Indigenous Team of the Century
1982 Norm Smith Medal
1983, 1986 & 1988 All-Australian Team
1982 & 1983 Jack Dyer Medal
Uncle of Cyril and Dean Rioli.
Relton Roberts Richmond 2010 2 0
Jason Roe Collingwood
Brisbane Lions
2006–2009 50 7
Lachlan Ross Essendon 1994 2 1
Shannon Rusca Brisbane Lions 2000 2 0
Patrick Ryder Essendon
Port Adelaide
2006–present 191 135 2017 All-Australian Team
2017 John Cahill Medal
Ashley Sampi West Coast 2002–2006 78 97
Eddie Sansbury North Melbourne 2004–2008 40 21
Sam Sheldon Brisbane Lions 2009–2012 43 11 Son of Ken Sheldon.
Casey Sibosado Fremantle 2011 1 1
George Simmonds Melbourne 1924 4 4
Dwayne Simpson Fremantle 2001 2 1
Josh Simpson (Australian footballer) Fremantle 2013–2014 2 1
Zephaniah Skinner Western Bulldogs 2011–2012 8 5
Brennan Stack Western Bulldogs 2009–2011 21 17
Brian Stanislaus Sydney 1991 1 0
Charlie Stewart Footscray 1961 20 4
Cameron Stokes Hawthorn 2008–2010 20 10
Mathew Stokes Geelong
Essendon
2006–2016 200 209
Byron Sumner Sydney 2011 1 0
Richard Tambling Richmond
Adelaide
2005–2013 124 62
Garth Taylor Fremantle 1999–2000 15 13
Kevin Taylor South Melbourne
Fitzroy
1981 & 1984 15 25
Troy Taylor Richmond 2010 4 0
Lindsay Thomas North Melbourne 2007–present 201 322
Wade Thompson Port Adelaide 2009 2 0
Alan Thorpe Sydney
Western Bulldogs
1992–1994 15 28
Shane Tongerie Adelaide 1994 4 3
Troy Ugle West Coast 1988–1993 43 43
Keren Ugle Fremantle 2001 4 2
Travis Varcoe Geelong
Collingwood
2007–present 182 148
Rod Waddell Carlton
Geelong
1981–1984 25 12
Andrew Walker Carlton 2004–2016 202 139
Michael Walters Fremantle 2009–present 103 185
Jim Wandin St Kilda 1952–1953 17 3
Gavin Wanganeen # Essendon
Port Adelaide
1991–2006 300 202 Indigenous Team of the Century
1993 Brownlow Medal
1992, 1993, 1995, 2001, 2003 All-Australian Team
2003 John Cahill Medal
Elijah Ware Port Adelaide 2005 2 1
Gerrick Weedon West Coast 2011 1 0
Isaac Weetra Melbourne 2008 2 0
Sharrod Wellingham Collingwood
West Coast
2008–present 167 73
Daniel Wells North Melbourne
Collingwood
2003–present 247 153 2011 & 2013 Syd Barker Medal
Mark West Western Bulldogs 1996–1998 16 3
Matthew Whelan Melbourne 2000–2009 150 15
Darryl White # Brisbane Lions 1992–2005 268 165 Indigenous Team of the Century
Djaran Whyman North Melbourne 2007 3 4
Mark Williams Hawthorn
Essendon
2002–2010 115 247
Russell Williams Essendon 1994 3 1
Zac Williams Greater Western Sydney 2013–present 62 15
Nathan Wilson Greater Western Sydney
Fremantle
2012–present 61 14
Chad Wingard Port Adelaide 2012–present 115 196 2013 & 2015 All-Australian Team
2013 John Cahill Medal
Nicholas Winmar St Kilda 2010–2011 2 Nephew of Nicky Winmar.
Nicky Winmar[6] # St Kilda
Western Bulldogs
1987–1999 251 317 Indigenous Team of the Century
1991 & 1995 All-Australian Team
1989 & 1995 Trevor Barker Award
Uncle of Nicholas Winmar.
David Wirrpanda West Coast 1996–2009 227 131 2005 All-Australian Team
Clinton Wolf Fremantle 1995 4 0
Austin Wonaeamirri Melbourne 2008 & 2010–2011 31 37
Dion Woods Fremantle 2001–2005 59 7
Peter Yagmoor Collingwood 2012–2012 2 0
Chris Yarran Carlton 2009–2015 119 90

AFL Women's[edit]

AFL Women's players of Indigenous Australian descent
Name Club(s) Seasons Games Goals Notes
Ally Anderson Brisbane 2017– 16 1
Taylah Angel Fremantle 2017 4 0
Kirby Bentley Fremantle 2017– 7 1
Codie Briggs Greater Western Sydney 2017 3 0
Mia-Rae Clifford Melbourne 2017 7 0
Cassie Davidson Fremantle 2017– 14 0
Tiah Haynes Fremantle 2017– 6 0
Gemma Houghton Fremantle 2017– 9 3
Alicia Janz Fremantle 2017– 10 0
Shaleise Law Brisbane 2017 3 0
Emily McGuire Fremantle 2018– 3 2
Aliesha Newman Melbourne 2017– 11 5
Demi Okely Fremantle 2017 7 0
Kira Phillips Fremantle 2017 5 2 First player of Indigenous descent to score in the AFL Women's
Natalie Plane Carlton 2017– 3 0
Tayla Thorn Adelaide 2017 5 0
Ruth Wallace Adelaide 2018– 7 7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Murnane, Jason (9 February 2009). "82 Indigenous players on AFL lists in 2009". AFL Players Association (AFLPA). Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  2. ^ "Indigenous Player History - fremantlefc.com.au". fremantlefc.com.au.
  3. ^ a b "Fremantle Dockers on cusp of indigenous footy history". The West Australian. 24 May 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Sport Australia Hall of Fame - General Members". www.sahof.org.au.
  5. ^ a b c d Gorman, Sean (2005). Brotherboys: The Story of Jim and Phillip Krakouer. Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1741145953.
  6. ^ a b Klugman, Matthew; Osmond, Gary (2013). Black and proud : the story of an iconic AFL photo ([Large print edition] ed.). Kensington, A: University New South Wales Press. ISBN 9781742234052.