List of cabinets of Croatia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Croatia
Constitution

This is a list of cabinets of Croatian government, the chief executive body of the Republic of Croatia.

Note that between 1990 and 2000 Croatia had a semi-presidential system and members of government, including Prime Ministers, were all directly appointed and removed by the President of Croatia, this post being held by Franjo Tuđman from 1990 to late 1999. During his two terms as president, Tuđman was also the chairman of the ruling conservative Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), with all Prime Ministers in this period also coming from his party's ranks.

Following Tuđman's death in December 1999 and the subsequent January 2000 general election, the new centre-left parliamentary majority led by Ivica Račan amended the Constitution of Croatia in November 2000 and introduced a parliamentary system, greatly reducing the President's executive powers. Therefore, Prime Ministers since Račan have usually been the leaders of parties (or coalition of parties) which held a parliament majority according to results of the general election. Meanwhile, the position of president of the Republic was made into a non-party post, which meant that Presidents who served after Tuđman (Stjepan Mesić from 2000 to 2010, Ivo Josipović from 2010 to 2015 and Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović since 2015) "froze" or resigned their party memberships upon getting elected or taking office for the entire duration of their 5-year terms.

There have been 12 Prime Ministers since the introduction of a multi-party system via the 1990 general election and 14 governments headed by them. Since independence in June 1991, however, there have been 11 prime ministers and 13 governments (beginning with that of Josip Manolić).

Nine Prime Ministers were members of the HDZ during their term in office, two were members of the SDP and one was not a member of any political party. To date two Prime Ministers (Ivica Račan and Ivo Sanader) have chaired more than one government.

The longest serving Prime Ministers to date have been Ivo Sanader, who held the post for 2,022 days between December 2003 and July 2009, followed by Zoran Milanović (1637 days from December 2011 until January 2016), Zlatko Mateša (1,542 days from November 1995 to January 2000) and Ivica Račan (1,426 days from January 2000 to December 2003). The shortest serving Prime Minister was Stjepan Mesić (86 days from May to August 1990).

To date the only Prime Minister to have been voted out of office by a motion of no confidence is Tihomir Orešković, on 16 June 2016. He also has the distinction of being the first non-partisan Prime Minister.

Cabinets of Croatia[edit]

Cabinets before the first multi-party elections and within SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1990)[edit]

No. Cabinet Term start Term end Days Prime Minister Coalition parties
1 Bakarić I 14 April 1945 21 July 1945 98 Vladimir Bakarić KPH
2 Bakarić II 21 July 1945 3 December 1946 500 Vladimir Bakarić KPH
3 Bakarić III 3 December 1946 11 September 1950 1,378 Vladimir Bakarić KPH
4 Bakarić IV 11 September 1950 6 February 1953 879 Vladimir Bakarić KPH
(renamed to SKH in 1952)
5 Bakarić V 6 February 1953 18 December 1953 315 Vladimir Bakarić SKH
6 Blažević I 18 December 1953 10 April 1958 1,574 Jakov Blažević SKH
7 Blažević II 10 April 1958 10 July 1962 1,552 Jakov Blažević SKH
8 Brkić 10 July 1962 27 June 1963 352 Zvonko Brkić SKH
9 Špiljak 27 June 1963 11 May 1967 1,414 Mika Špiljak SKH
10 Dabčević-Kučar 11 May 1967 8 May 1969 728 Savka Dabčević-Kučar SKH
11 Haramija 8 May 1969 28 December 1971 964 Dragutin Haramija SKH
12 Perišin 28 December 1971 8 May 1974 862 Ivo Perišin SKH
13 Sirotković 8 May 1974 9 May 1978 1,462 Jakov Sirotković SKH
14 Fleković 9 May 1978 July 1982 Petar Fleković SKH
15 Marković July 1982 20 November 1985 Ante Marković SKH
16 Derossi-Bjelajac 20 November 1985 10 May 1986 171 Ema Derossi-Bjelajac SKH
17 Milović 10 May 1986 30 May 1990 1,481 Antun Milović SKH
(renamed to SKH-SDP in 1990)

Cabinets following the first multi-party elections and independence (1990–present)[edit]

No. Cabinet Term start Term end Days Prime Minister Coalition parties
1 Mesić 30 May 1990 24 August 1990 86 Stjepan Mesić HDZ
2 Manolić 24 August 1990 17 July 1991 327 Josip Manolić HDZ
3 Gregurić 17 July 1991 12 August 1992 392 Franjo Gregurić HDZSDPHSLSHKDSHNSSSHSDSHHDS
4 Šarinić 12 August 1992 3 April 1993 234 Hrvoje Šarinić HDZ
5 Valentić 3 April 1993 7 November 1995 948 Nikica Valentić HDZ
6 Mateša 7 November 1995 27 January 2000 1,542 Zlatko Mateša HDZ
7 Račan I 27 January 2000 30 July 2002 915 Ivica Račan SDPHSLSHNSHSSIDSLS
8 Račan II 30 July 2002 23 December 2003 511 Ivica Račan SDPHNSHSSLSLIBRA
9 Sanader I 23 December 2003 12 January 2008 1,481 Ivo Sanader HDZDC
(supported by HSLS, HSS, SDSS)
10 Sanader II 12 January 2008 6 July 2009 541 Ivo Sanader HDZHSLSHSSSDSS
11 Kosor 6 July 2009 23 December 2011 900 Jadranka Kosor HDZHSLSHSSSDSS
12 Milanović 23 December 2011 22 January 2016 1,491 Zoran Milanović Kukuriku Coalition
SDPHNSIDS
(supported by HSU (formally in Kukuriku Coalition) and SDSS)
13 Orešković 22 January 2016 19 October 2016 271 Tihomir Orešković Patriotic Coalition
HDZHSP-ASHSLSHSSHRASTHDSZDSBUZMOST
14 Plenković 19 October 2016 Incumbent 819 Andrej Plenković From October 2016 until April 2017:
HDZ - MOST
(supported by SDSS, HDS, HSLS, NS-R, BM365, HRAST, SMSH, HDSSB and HSS, formally in opposition[1])

April to June 2017:
HDZ
(supported by SDSS, HDS, HSLS, NS-R, HRAST, SMSH and HDSSB)

Since June 2017:
HDZ - HNS
(supported by SDSS, HDS, HSLS, NS-R, HRAST, SMSH and HDSSB)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Chronology of Croatian governments at the Croatian Information-Documentation Referral Agency. (in Croatian)
  • "Prethodne Vlade RH" [Former Governments of the Republic of Croatia] (in Croatian). Croatian Government. Archived from the original on 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2010-12-13.