Visa requirements for Croatian citizens

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A Croatian identity card is valid for travel to most of the European countries

Visa requirements for Croatian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Croatia. As of 26 March 2019, Croatian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 168 countries and territories, ranking the Croatian passport 20th in terms of travel freedom (tied with Andorran passport) overall, and the lowest score among all of the EU member states, according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Croatian citizens
  Croatia
  Full freedom of movement
  Partial freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa not required[3] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa not required[5]
 Angola eVisa[6][7] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[8]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[9]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[10] 3 months
 Argentina Visa not required[11] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[12] 180 days
 Australia eVisitor[13] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
  • The European Commission ruled that the eVisitor is not an equivalent of a visa[14]
 Austria Visa not required
 Azerbaijan eVisa[18] 30 days[19]
 Bahamas Visa not required[20] 3 months
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[21] 14 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online[22]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[23] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[24] 90 days
 Belarus Visa not required[25] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required
 Belize Visa not required[26]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[27][28] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[29]
 Bolivia Visa not required[30] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[31] 90 days
  • 90 days within 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa not required[32] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[33] 90 days
 Brunei Visa not required[34] 90 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required
 Burkina Faso Visa required[35]
 Burundi Visa required[36][37]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[38] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online[39]
 Cameroon Visa required[40]
 Canada Visa not required[41] 6 months
 Cape Verde Visa not required[44] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[45]
 Central African Republic Visa required[46]
 Chad Visa required[47]
 Chile Visa not required[48] 90 days
 China Visa required[49]
 Colombia Visa not required[53] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[54]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[55]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[56]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[58] 3 months
 Cuba Tourist Card required[59]
 Cyprus Visa not required
 Czech Republic Visa not required
 Denmark Visa not required
 Djibouti eVisa[60] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[61] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[62] 30 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[63] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[64][65] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[66] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[67]
 Eritrea Visa required[68]
 Estonia Visa not required
 Eswatini Visa not required[69] 30 days
 Ethiopia eVisa[70] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[71]
 Finland Visa not required
 France Visa not required
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[72] 90 days
 Gambia Visa not required[74] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[75] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required
 Ghana Visa required[76]
 Greece Visa not required
 Grenada Visa not required[77] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[78] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[79]
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[80] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[81]
  • Visa can be obtained on arrival provided holding a letter of invitation from a local sponsor
 Haiti Visa not required[82] 90 days
 Honduras Visa not required[83] 3 months
 Hungary Visa not required
 Iceland Visa not required
 India e-Visa[86] 60 days
 Indonesia Visa not required[87] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[88] 30 days[89]
 Iraq Visa required[90] 15 days
 Ireland Visa not required
 Israel Visa not required[91] 3 months
 Italy Visa not required
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[92]
 Japan Visa not required[93] 90 days
 Jordan Free visa on arrival[94]
  • Conditions apply.[95]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[96] 30 days[97]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[98] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa not required[99] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 North Korea Visa required[100]
 South Korea Visa not required[101] 90 days
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[102][103]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[104] 60 days
 Laos Visa on arrival[105] 30 days
 Latvia Visa not required
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[106] 1 month
  • 1 month extendable for 2 additional months
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket
 Lesotho eVisa[107][108]
 Liberia Visa required[109]
 Libya Visa required[110]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required
 Lithuania Visa not required
 Luxembourg Visa not required
 Madagascar Free visa on arrival[113] 30 days
 Malawi Visa on arrival[114]
 Malaysia Visa not required[115] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[116] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[117]
 Malta Visa not required
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[118] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[119]
 Mauritius Visa not required[120] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[121] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[122] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Moldova Visa not required[123] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  • ID card valid
 Monaco Visa not required[124]
 Mongolia Visa on arrival[125] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[126] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[127] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[128] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[129] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[130]
 Nauru Visa required[131]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[132] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required
 New Zealand Visa not required[133] 3 months
  • Electronic Travel Authority and International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained before arrival from 1 October 2019.[134]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[135] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[136]
 Nigeria Visa required[137]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[138] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required
 Oman eVisa[141] 30 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[142]
  • Online Visa eligible.[143]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[144]
 Palau Visa not required[145] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Panama Visa not required[146] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[147] 60 days
 Paraguay Visa not required[148] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[149] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period[150]
 Philippines Visa not required[151][152] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required
 Portugal Visa not required
 Qatar Visa not required[153][154] 90 days
 Romania Visa not required
 Russia Visa required[155]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[156] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[157] 90 days
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[158] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[159] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Visa not required[160] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 San Marino Visa not required[161]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[162] 15 days
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[163]
 Senegal Visa not required[164] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[165] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Seychelles Visa not required[166] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[167]
 Singapore Visa not required[168] 90 days
 Slovakia Visa not required
 Slovenia Visa not required
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[169] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Somalia Visa on arrival[170]
 South Africa Visa required[171]
 South Sudan Visa required[172]
 Spain Visa not required
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[173] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[174]
 Suriname eVisa[175]
 Sweden Visa not required
  Switzerland Visa not required[176]
 Syria Visa required[178]
 Tajikistan eVisa[179] 45 days[180]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[181][182]
 Thailand Visa required[183]
 Timor-Leste Visa not required[184] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Togo Visa on arrival[185] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[186] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[187] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Tunisia Visa not required[188] 3 months
 Turkey eVisa[189] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[190]
 Tuvalu Visa not required[191] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[192]
 Ukraine Visa not required[194] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates Visa not required[195] 90 days
 United Kingdom Visa not required
 United States Visa required[198]
 Uruguay Visa not required[199] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[200] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[201] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Vatican City Visa not required[202]
 Venezuela Visa not required[203] 90 days
 Vietnam eVisa[204] 30 days
 Yemen Visa required[206]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[207] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[208] 3 months

Reciprocal arrangements[edit]

The United States violates visa-free reciprocity by not including several European Union countries in their Visa Waiver Program, including Croatia.[198][209]

Territories[edit]

Visa requirements for Croatian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas and restricted zones:

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Caribbean and North Atlantic[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South Atlantic and Antarctica[edit]

Non-ordinary passports[edit]

Holders of various categories of official Croatian passports have additional visa-free access to the following countries - Algeria (diplomatic passports), Azerbaijan (diplomatic or service passports), China (diplomatic, official or service passports), Cuba (diplomatic, official or service passports), Egypt (diplomatic, official, service or special passports), India (diplomatic or official passports), Indonesia (diplomatic or service passports), Iran (diplomatic or service passports), Kazakhstan (diplomatic or service passports), Russia (diplomatic and service passports), South Africa (diplomatic, official or service passports), Vietnam (diplomatic or service passports). Holders of diplomatic or service passports of any country have visa-free access to Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe.

Right to consular protection in non-EU countries[edit]

Diplomatic missions of Croatia

When in a non-EU country where there is no Croatian embassy, Croatian citizens as EU citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.

See also List of diplomatic missions of Croatia.

Non-visa restrictions[edit]

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity length[edit]

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[293] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[294] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[295]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom); Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland (all with an exception made for EEA and Swiss nationals). Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months validity upon arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[296][297] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[298]

Blank passport pages[edit]

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[299] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination[edit]

An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination.

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[300]

Israeli stamps[edit]

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[301] Lebanon,[302] Libya,[303] Saudi Arabia,[304] Sudan,[305] Syria,[306] and Yemen[307] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [308] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity[edit]

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[309][310] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[311] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[312] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[313] As of January 2019, the list contains 795 persons.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognized Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their country.

Criminal record[edit]

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[314] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grata[edit]

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

Biometrics[edit]

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[315]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[316][317] Argentina,[318] Brunei, Cambodia,[319] China,[320] Ethiopia,[321] Ghana, India, Japan[322][323], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [324], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[325] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[326] Singapore, South Korea,[327] Taiwan, Uganda[328] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[329] [330] [331] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[332]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[333] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[334][335]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
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  335. ^ "Iris Scanner Could Replace Emirates ID In UAE". SimplyDXB. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2018. The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.
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