List of heads of government of Ethiopia

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Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

This is a list of heads of government of Ethiopia since the formation of the post of Chief Minister of the Ethiopian Empire in 1909 (renamed to Prime Minister in 1943). Since 1909, there have been 3 chief ministers and 11 Prime Ministers and one was both Chief Minister and Prime Minister, making a total of 15 persons being or having been head of government.

Most of the Prime Ministers were regular Prime Ministers, appointed through a regular political process. Some others were acting Prime Ministers only (indicated in the list below), while others were both acting and regular Prime Ministers during their term(s). In addition, there is one Prime Minister who was acting Prime Minister first, then was regularly appointed and finally served as a caretaker Prime Minister of an outgoing government: Hailemariam Desalegn. During the 1960 Ethiopian coup d'état attempt, two Prime Ministers served at the same time, the regular one and an irregular one appointed by the leaders of the coup. Also, there was an Interim Prime Minister after the end of the Ethiopian Civil War.

Since 1995, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia has not only been the head of government, but also the commander-in-chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Force. The current Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, took office on 2 April 2018.[1]

List[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party
(Coalition)
Elected
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svgEthiopian Empire (1137–1974) • Imperial coat of arms of Ethiopia (Haile Selassie).svg
1 Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis.JPG Fitawrari
Habte Giyorgis Dinagde
(1851–1927)
1909 12 December 1926† 16–17 years Independent
2 Selassie restored.jpg Ras
Tafari Makonnen
(1892–1975)[a]
1927 1 May 1936
(Exiled)
8–9 years Independent
3 No image.png Betwoded
Wolde Tzaddick
1 May 1936 14 May 1942 6 years, 13 days Independent
4 Makonnen Endelkachew.jpg Ras Betwoded
Makonnen Endelkachew
(1890–1963)
14 May 1942 27 November 1957 15 years, 197 days Independent
5 Abebe-Aregai.jpg Ras
Abebe Aregai
(1903–1960)
27 November 1957 17 December 1960 3 years, 20 days Independent 1957
Ras Immiru.jpg Leul Ras
Imru Haile Selassie
(1892–1980)
Acting[b]
14 December 1960 17 December 1960 3 days Independent
Vacant
(17 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Aklilu Habtewolde.jpg Tsehafi Taezaz
Aklilu Habte-Wold
(1912–1974)
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
12 years, 318 days Independent 1961
1965
1969
1973
7 Endelkachew Makonnen.jpg Lij
Endelkachew Makonnen
(1927–1974)
1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Imprisoned by the Derg)
143 days Independent
Vacant
(22 July 1974–3 August 1974)
8 Mikael Imru, Ambassador of Ethiopia, 1961 (JFKWHP-AR6379-A).jpg Lij
Mikael Imru
(1929–2008)
3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed by the Derg)
40 days Independent
Flag of Ethiopia (1975–1987) (02).svgDerg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) • Emblem of the Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia.svg
Post Abolished
(12 September 1974–10 September 1987)
Flag of Ethiopia (1987–1991).svgPeople's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) • Emblem of the Peoples' Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.svg
9 Fikre Selassie Wogderess.jpg Fikre Selassie Wogderess
(1945–2020)
10 September 1987 8 November 1989
(Dismissed[2])
2 years, 59 days WPE 1987
Hailu Yimenu.jpg Hailu Yimenu
(?–1991)
Acting
8 November 1989 26 April 1991 1 year, 169 days WPE
Tesfaye Dinka.png Tesfaye Dinka
(1939–2016)
Acting
26 April 1991 6 June 1991
(Deposed)
41 days WPE
Flag of Ethiopia (1991–1996).svgTransitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) • Emblem of Transitional Government of Ethiopia.svg
Tamerat Layne.jpg Tamrat Layne
(born 1955)
Interim
6 June 1991 22 August 1995 4 years, 77 days ANDM
(EPRDF)
Flag of Ethiopia.svgFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) • Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
10 Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg Meles Zenawi
(1955–2012)
23 August 1995 20 August 2012† 16 years, 363 days TPLF
(EPRDF)
1995
2000
2005
2010
11 Hailemariam2014.jpg Hailemariam Desalegn
(born 1965)
20 August 2012 2 April 2018 5 years, 225 days SEPDM
(EPRDF)
2015
12 Abiy Ahmed 2019.jpg Abiy Ahmed
(born 1976)
2 April 2018 Incumbent 2 years, 289 days ODP
(EPRDF)
Prosperity

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I.
  2. ^ In rebellion during the 1960 coup d'état attempt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dr Abiy Ahmed sworn in as Prime Minister of Ethiopia". Fana Broadcasting. 1 April 2018. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Minutes of the 106th Regular Meeting of the Politburo," 5 November 1989, cited in Gebru Tareke, The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa (New Haven: Yale University, 2009), p. 143.

External links[edit]