List of heads of government of Ethiopia

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Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

This is a list of heads of government of Ethiopia since the formation of the post of Chief Minister of the Ethiopian Empire in 1909 (renamed to Prime Minister in 1943). Since 1909, there have been 3 chief ministers and 11 Prime Ministers and one was both Chief Minister and Prime Minister, making a total of 15 persons being or having been head of government.

Most of the Prime Ministers were regular Prime Ministers, appointed through a regular political process. Some others were acting Prime Ministers only (indicated in the list below), while others were both acting and regular Prime Ministers during their term(s). In addition, there is one Prime Minister who was acting Prime Minister first, then was regularly appointed and finally served as a caretaker Prime Minister of an outgoing government: Hailemariam Desalegn. During the 1960 Ethiopian coup attempt, two Prime Ministers served at the same time, the regular one and an irregular one appointed by the leaders of the coup. Also there was an Interim Prime Minister after the end of the Ethiopian Civil War.

In modern Ethiopia since 1995, the Prime Minister is not only the head of government, but also the commander-in-chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Force. The current Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, took office on 2 April 2018.

List[edit]

Name Portrait Birth–Death Election Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svgEthiopian Empire (1137–1974) • Imperial coat of arms of Ethiopia (Haile Selassie).svg
1 Fitawrari
Habte Giyorgis Dinagde
Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis.JPG 1851–1927 1909 1927
(Died in Office)
Independent
2 Ras
Tafari Makonnen[1]
Selassie restored.jpg 1892–1975 1927 1 May 1936
(Exiled)
Independent
3 Betwoded
Wolde Tzaddick
No image.png 1 May 1936 14 May 1942 Independent
4 Ras Betwoded
Makonnen Endelkachew
Makonnen Endelkachew.jpg 1890–1963 14 May 1942 27 November 1957 Independent
5 Ras
Abebe Aregai
Abebe-Aregai.jpg 1903–1960 1957 27 November 1957 17 December 1960
(Assassinated)
Independent
Leul Ras
Imru Haile Selassie[2]
Ras Immiru.jpg 1892–1980 14 December 1960 17 December 1960
Vacant (17 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Tsehafi Taezaz
Aklilu Habte-Wold
Aklilu.jpg 1912–1974 1961
1965
1969
1973
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
Independent
7 Lij
Endelkachew Makonnen
Endelkachew Makonnen.jpg 1927–1974 1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Imprisoned by the Derg)
Independent
Vacant (22 July 1974–3 August 1974)
8 Lij
Mikael Imru
Mikael Imru, Ambassador of Ethiopia, 1961 (JFKWHP-AR6379-A).jpg 1929–2008 3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed by the Derg)
Independent
Flag of Ethiopia (1975–1987) (02).svgDerg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) • Emblem of the Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia.svg
Post Abolished (12 September 1974–10 September 1987)
Flag of Ethiopia (1987-1991).svgPeople's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) • Emblem of the Peoples' Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.svg
9 Fikre Selassie Wogderess No image.png c. 1945– 1987 10 September 1987 8 November 1989
(Dismissed)
WPE
10 Hailu Yimenu
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png ?–1991 8 November 1989 26 April 1991 WPE
11 Tesfaye Dinka
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 1939–2016 26 April 1991 6 June 1991
(Deposed)
WPE
Flag of Ethiopia (1991-1996).svgTransitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) • Emblem of Transitional Government of Ethiopia.svg
12 Tamrat Layne
Interim Prime Minister
No image.png 1955– 6 June 1991 22 August 1995 ANDM
(EPRDF)
Flag of Ethiopia.svgFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) • Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
13 Meles Zenawi Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg 1955–2012 1995
2000
2005
2010
23 August 1995 20 August 2012
(Died in Office)
TPLF
(EPRDF)
14 Hailemariam Desalegn Hailemariam2014.jpg 1965– 2015 20 August 2012
(Acting PM
20 Aug–21 Sept 2012)
2 April 2018
(Caretaker PM
15 Feb–2 Apr 2018)
SEPDM
(EPRDF)
15 Abiy Ahmed The state visit of Reuven Rivlin to Ethiopia, May 2018 (6810) (cropped).jpg 1976– 2 April 2018 Incumbent ODP
(EPRDF)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I
  2. ^ In rebellion during the 1960 coup attempt

See also[edit]

External links[edit]