List of the largest Protestant denominations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Countries by number of Protestants in 2010
Countries by percentage of Protestants in 2010

This is a list of the largest Protestant denominations. It aims to include Protestant communions, federations, alliances, councils, fellowships, and other denominotional organisations in the world and provides information regarding the membership thereof. Shown here, they are divided into international transdenominational, international and national bodies with more than 100, 10 and 5 million members, respectively. It is inevitably partial and generally based on claims by the denominations themselves. The numbers should therefore be considered approximate and the article an ongoing work-in-progress.

The most numerous international bodies account for more than a half of worldwide Protestant population,[note 1] while the most numerous national bodies account for more than 200 of the world's 800 million Protestants.[note 2][1]

Some of these groupings cannot be considered churches in mainstream Protestant ecclesiology. For example, the Evangelical Church in Germany differs denominationally, encompassing Lutheran, Reformed and United subchurches.

Lists of the largest Protestant denominations[edit]

Transdenominational organisations[edit]

Transdenominational international bodies include people across all denominations that participate in a movement which goes way beyond their Protestant branch, like Evangelicalism, Charismatic movement, or Neo-charismatic movement.

The World Evangelical Alliance is so far the only transdenominational organization that operates internationally and brings together as many as 600 million Evangelicals.

Emblem Name (& website) Orientation Foundation Leadership Headquarters Region Membership Notes
Evangelische allianz germany.png World Evangelical Alliance (worldea.org) Evangelical 1846
Freemasons' Hall, London, England[2]
Secretary-General Efraim Tendero New York City, United States Worldwide 600,000,000[3] Aims to unite Evangelicals worldwide.
Porvoo Communion
(porvoocommunion.org)
Anglican, Lutheran 1992
Porvoo Cathedral, Porvoo, Finland
Co-chairmen Bishop Peter Skov-Jakobsen,
Archbishop Michael Jackson (bishop)
Europe 50,000 000[4] Communion of Anglican and Lutheran denominations in Europe.

International bodies[edit]

International bodies tend to bring together only one Protestant grouping which shares common founders, tenets and history. Among the most sizeable international bodies are the Anglican Communion, the World Communion of Reformed Churches, the World Methodist Council and the Lutheran World Federation – each with more than 70 million members.

Although there are national denominations that have a far larger membership than required to be on this list, like the United Methodist Church, the Apostolic Church or Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee), they operate worldwide and cannot be considered alongside other national bodies like, for example, the Church of Christ in Congo, which operates solely in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Emblem Name (& website) Orientation Foundation Leadership Headquarters Region Membership Notes
Anglican rose.svg Anglican Communion
(anglicancommunion.org)
Anglican 1867
Lambeth Conference, London, England
Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby London, United Kingdom Worldwide 85,000,000[5] Brings together Anglicans from all over the world, and is the largest of such organizations.
World Methodist Council
(worldmethodistcouncil.org)
Methodist 1881 General Secretary Bishop Ivan M. Abrahams Lake Junaluska, North Carolina, United States Worldwide 80,500,000[6] Brings together Methodists from all over the world, and is the largest of such organizations.
World Communion of Reformed Churches
(www.wcrc.ch)
Reformed 2010 General Secretary Chris Ferguson Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany Worldwide 80,000,000[7] Brings together Calvinists from all over the world, and is the largest of such organizations.
Lutheran World Federation
(www.lutheranworld.org)
Lutheran 1947 General Secretary Martin Junge Geneva, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland Worldwide 74,000,000[8] Brings together Lutherans from all over the world, and is the largest of such organizations.
World Assemblies of God Fellowship
(worldagfellowship.org)
Pentecostal 1988 General Superintendent and Chairman George O. Wood Springfield, Missouri, United States Worldwide 68,000,000[9] Brings together a substantial Pentecostal population, although not the majority, as it is scattered in various independent Pentecostal denominations.
Baptist World Alliance
(bwanet.org)
Baptist 1905 General Secretary Neville Callam Falls Church, Virginia, United States Worldwide 37,000,000[10] Brings together a substantial Baptist population, although not the majority, as it is scattered in various independent Baptist denominations.

National denominations[edit]

The Church of England, the Church of Christ in Congo, the Evangelical Church in Germany and the Three-Self Patriotic Movement constitute the most numerous national bodies with more than 20 million members each.

Emblem Name (& website) Orientation Foundation Leadership Headquarters Region Membership Notes
Logo of the Church of England.svg Church of England
churchofengland.org
Anglican 1534[note 3] Supreme Governor Queen Elizabeth II
Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby
London, United Kingdom England 26,000,000[11] The original denomination in England which broke off from the Roman Catholic Church following the controversy araising around the planned marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon. It is the largest Protestant denomination in the world, and the largest Anglican denomination.
Church of Christ in Congo
ecc.faithweb.com
Methodists
Pentecostals
Baptists
Mennonites
Reformed
Evangelicals
United Protestants[12]
1970 Bishop Pierre Marini Bodho Kinshasa, Kinshasa Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 25,500,000[13] Its creation was largely state-supported in order to organize all Protestants of the Democratic Republic of Congo in a single denomination. The second largest Protestant denomination in the world, and the largest United Protestant denomination.
Three-Self Patriotic Movement State-regulated theology
various Protestants
1951 Shanghai, China Chairperson
Fu Xianwei
Secretary General
Xu Xiaohong
China 23,000,000[14] It is the only Protestant denomination approved by the Chinese government. Its theology is regulated and controlled by the state.
Segunda Logo do Site.jpg Assembleias de Deus
www.adbelem.com.br
Pentecostal 1911 General Superintendent José Wellington Bezerra da Costa São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil Brazil 22,500,000[15] Fragmented into smaller units which together gather the vast majority of Brazilian Pentecostals. The largest Pentecostal denomination in the world.
Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland Logo.svg Evangelical Church in Germany
ekd.de
Prussian United
Lutheran
Reformed
1948 Praeses of the Synod Irmgard Schwätzer
Chairman of the Council of the EKD Heinrich Bedford-Strohm
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany Germany 21,900,000[16] Postwar, renewed church confederation founded to bring all German Protestants under one umbrella. Earlier, the German Evangelical Church Confederation fulfilled that role during the Weimar Republic. If not considered a federation of churches, it is the third largest Protestant denomination in the world, the second largest in Europe, and the second largest United Protestant denomination.
Born Again Movement Evangelicals
Charismatics
Chinese house church
1968 Henan, China China 20,000,000[17] House church, not recognized by the Chinese government.
Church of Nigeria
www.anglican-nig.org
Anglican 1979 Primate of all Nigeria, Archbishop of Abuja Province Nicholas Okoh Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria Nigeria 18,000,000[18] Local province of the Anglican Communion.
Southern Baptist Convention
www.sbc.net
Baptist 1845 President Dr. Ronnie Floyd Augusta, Georgia, United States United States 15,300,000[19] The world's largest Baptist denomination, and the largest Protestant denomination in the United States.
Church of Uganda
churchofuganda.org
Anglican 1897 Archbishop of Uganda and Bishop of Kampala Stanley Ntagali Namirembe Hill, Kampala District, Uganda Uganda 11,000,000[20] Local province of the Anglican Communion.
Fangcheng Fellowship Evangelicals
Charismatics
Chinese house church
1971 China 10,000,000[21] House church, not recognised by the Chinese government.
Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus
www.eecmy.org
Lutheran 1959 Bishop Dr. Wakseyoum Idossa Addis Ababa, Chartered city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Ethiopia 8,310,129[22] The world's largest Lutheran denomination.
China Gospel Fellowship Evangelicals
Charismatics
Chinese house church
China 8,000,000[23] House church, not recognized by the Chinese government.
National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.
www.nationalbaptist.com
Baptist 1880 President Dr. Jerry Young Montgomery, Alabama, United States United States 7,500,000[24] The second largest Baptist denomination in the world. Its black church membership is largely African American.
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania
www.elct.org
Lutheran 1963 Bishop Dr. Fredrick Onael Shoo Arusha, Arusha Region, Tanzania Tanzania 6,500,000[25] The world's second largest Lutheran denomination.
Church of Sweden
svenskakyrkan.se
Lutheran 1593 Archbishop of Uppsala Antje Jackelén Uppsala, Uppsala County, Sweden Sweden 6,100,000[26] The world's third largest Lutheran denomination, and the third largest Protestant one in Europe.
Anglican Church of Kenya
www.ackenya.org
Anglican 1970 Jackson Ole Sapit Nairobi, Nairobi County, Kenya Kenya 5,000,000[26] Local province of the Anglican Communion.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pewforum: Christianity (2010)" (PDF). Pewforum.org. Retrieved 2014-05-14. 
  2. ^ http://www.worldea.org/whoweare/history
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-15. Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  4. ^ http://www.anglicancommunion.org/media/102178/porvoo_common_statement.pdf
  5. ^ "- Anglican Communion". Anhglicancommunion.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Member Churches". Worldmethodistcouncil.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "About The World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC)". World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC). Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "About the LWF". Luthernworld.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Statistics of the Assemblies of God (USA)" (PDF). Agchurches.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Baptist World Alliance". Bwanet.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Church of England statistics 2011" (PDF). Churchofengland.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Communautés membres de l'ECC Vous êtes ici: Accueil > Infos > Communautés membres Mar, le 13 Septembre 2016
  13. ^ "Eglise du Christ au Congo". Ecc.faithweb.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Regional Distribution of Christians". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Assembleia de Deus no Brasil é a maior do mundo". Fronteira Final. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Zahlen und Fakten zum kirchlichen Leben 2017" (PDF). EKD. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  17. ^ "China's Dynamic Church". Christianity Today. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  18. ^ "Nigerian Anglicans May Control the Future of the Church". Thinkafricapress.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "ACP: More churches reported; baptisms decline". Baptist Press. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  20. ^ [1] Archived November 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ God Is Back: How the Global Revival of Faith Is Changing the World. Books.google.com. 2009-04-02. ISBN 9781101032411. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "New and Events". EEcmy.org. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Authority of Scripture in China's Underground House Church". Biblereadingproject.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "About Us – The National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.". Nationalbaptist.com. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "ELCT Press Release". Elct.org. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  26. ^ a b Svenska kyrkan i siffror Svenska kyrkan

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ In this comparison, the Pew Forum's figure of 800 million Protestants is used. Mentioned international bodies together account for some 420 million people.
  2. ^ In this comparison, the Pew Forum's figure of 800 million Protestants is used. Mentioned national bodies account for a little more than 200 million Protestants.
  3. ^ The English church can be traced back to 597. It separated from the Roman Catholic Church in 1534.