Lithium chlorate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lithium chlorate
Lithium ion   Chlorate
Names
Other names
Chloric acid, lithium salt
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.288
Properties
LiClO3
Molar mass 90.39 g/mol
Melting point 127.6 to 129 °C (261.7 to 264.2 °F; 400.8 to 402.1 K)[1][2][3]
241 g/100 mL (0 °C)
777 g/100 mL (60 °C)
−28.8·10−6 cm3/mol
Related compounds
Other anions
Lithium chloride
Lithium hypochlorite
Lithium perchlorate
Other cations
Sodium chlorate
Potassium chlorate
Caesium chlorate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Lithium chlorate is the inorganic chemical compound with the formula LiClO3. Like all chlorates, it is an oxidizer and may become unstable and possibly explosive if mixed with organic materials, reactive metal powders, or sulfur.

It can be manufactured by the reaction of hot, concentrated lithium hydroxide with chlorine:

3 Cl2 + 6 LiOH → 5 LiCl + LiClO3 + 3 H2O

Lithium chlorate has a very high solubility in water. It is also a six-electron oxidant. Its electrochemical reduction is facilitated by acid, electrocatalysts and redox mediators. These properties make lithium chlorate an useful oxidant for high energy density flow batteries.[4] Lithium chlorate has a very low melting point for an inorganic ionic salt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wang, Su-Chee Simon (1983). "The Electrochemistry of Molten Lithium Chlorate and its Possible Use with Lithium in a Battery". Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 130 (4): 741. doi:10.1149/1.2119796.
  2. ^ A. N. Campbell, E. M. Kartzmark, W. B. Maryk (1966). "The Systems Sodium Chlorate - Water - Dioxane and Lithium Chlorate - Water - Dioxane, at 25°". Can. J. Chem. 44 (8): 935–937. doi:10.1139/v66-136.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=JESOAN000130000004000741000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes&ref=no[dead link]
  4. ^ ‹See Tfd›US 20140170511