Locust Point, Baltimore
Traditional rowhouses on East Fort Avenue in Locust Point
|• Total||.175 sq mi (0.45 km2)|
|• Land||.175 sq mi (0.45 km2)|
|• Density||11,000/sq mi (4,100/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code||410, 443, and 667|
Locust Point Historic District
|Location||Roughly bounded by Fort Ave., B & O RR., Woodall & Reynolds Sts., Baltimore, Maryland|
|Area||98 acres (40 ha)|
|Architectural style||Late Federal / Greek Revivals, Italianate, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, Gothic Revival|
|NRHP reference #||12001084|
|Added to NRHP||December 26, 2012|
Locust Point is a peninsular neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland. Located in South Baltimore, the neighborhood is entirely surrounded by the Locust Point Industrial Area; the traditional boundaries are Lawrence street to the west and the Patapsco River to the north, south, and east. It once served as a center of Baltimore's Polish-American, Irish-American and Italian-American communities; in more recent years Locust Point has seen gradual gentrification with the rehabilitation of Tide Point and Silo Point. The neighborhood is also noted as being the home of Fort McHenry.
Locust Point has been called "Baltimore's Ellis Island" because the neighborhood was once the third largest point of entry for immigrants to the United States after Ellis Island and the Port of Philadelphia. From 1868 until the closure of the Locust Point piers in 1914, 1.2 million European immigrants entered Baltimore through Locust Point.
In 1776, with the outbreak of the American Revolution, the citizens of the City of Baltimore, assisted by the State of Maryland, dug fortifications at the end of the "Whetstone Point" peninsula that juts into Baltimore Harbor between the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River on the north and the Middle Branch and the Ferry Branch (now the Southern Branche) to the south. This fort was named "Fort Whetstone". This fort escaped British attack, although it was nearly attacked in August 1777 when a British fleet from New York City sailed up the Chesapeake Bay to the Head of Elk in Cecil County in the northeastern corner of the state. There the ships disembarked troops heading for the new American capital city in Philadelphia, and thus engaged in the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Germantown. However, Baltimore was considered safe enough for the Continental Congress to meet in when Philadelphia was overrun.
Later near the war's end, French troops under Comte de Rochambeau and the American Continental troops under George Washington marched through the area and they camped for several weeks during their southward movement to trap the army of British General Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781. Hence, Fort Whetstone's batteries of cannon never yet had to fire in anger. The British General is highly thought of because of his actions during this time.
In 1789, there was the reorganization of the Federal Government of the United States in 1789 under the new U.S. Constitution, and the establishment of a new U.S. Army and U.S. Department of War. Then starting in 1793 the Fort was rebuilt from scratch. By 1798, a new star-shaped fortification with additional buildings, barracks, storehouses, and bunkers was constructed under the design of French military engineer Jean Foncin, and it was renamed Fort McHenry for James McHenry of Maryland, third U.S. Secretary of War.
When Fort McHenry blocked the attempted invasion of Baltimore's inner harbor by British warships in September 1814, it was located on a grassy peninsula that was used for pasture. The grassy but jaggedly shaped peninsula point had been known as Whetstone Point, also the name of a park in London, since it was established as a port of entry by the Maryland Colonial Assembly in 1706, twenty-three years before the establishment of the town. Whetstone Point and the future South Baltimore peninsula was annexed by the City of Baltimore in 1816. The peninsula was renamed Locust Point in 1846, for the locust trees growing on the peninsula.
Many of the streets built here during the later half of the 19th century bear the names of local heroes from the War of 1812. The oldest buildings are from circa 1840-1850, two-story houses on Cuba, Clement, and Towson Streets. Portions of the neighborhood were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.
Procter & Gamble's late 1920s decision to locate its second east coast soap manufacturing plant in Baltimore reflects the strengths of Baltimore's industrial infrastructure in the early 20th century. Their choice of sites is particularly telling in light of Procter & Gamble's unique strengths as a corporation. Founded in 1837 as a family partnership, Procter & Gamble by the beginning of the 20th century had developed into a major U.S. corporation. Procter & Gamble pioneered practices such as radio and television advertising, application of technology developed by in-house laboratories, market research, brand-management systems, promotion from within the organization, employee profit-sharing, and rationalized production schedules. The company has long been known as an innovative, well-run entity that developed and refined methods that defined mid-20th century American corporate culture.
By 1990, the Procter & Gamble Baltimore Plant was producing only soaps like Ivory and Camay, and synthetic liquid detergents like Joy, Dawn, and liquid Cascade. In 1993, Procter & Gamble set aside reserves to fund a major restructuring of the corporation, including plant consolidation. On January 13, 1994, they announced that the Baltimore Plant was one of four that would be closed. The Baltimore Plant ceased production in 1995. A&E International, a Korean concern that proposed to manufacture a specialty liquor for shipping to the Far East, purchased the property in 1996. Forced to abandon their plans because of the Asian financial crisis, A&E sold the plant to Struever Bros. Eccles & Rouse, Inc. in 1999.
Currently, the sportswear firm Under Armour makes its home in Tide Point, a historic waterfront rehab by Struever Brothers Eccles & Rouse located at the end of Hull Street. When it was completed in 2002, this former soap factory turned Class A office space was the first major redevelopment in the neighborhood in decades. Three silos next to its Locust Point campus now display murals of Michael Phelps, Ray Lewis and Cal Ripken Jr. Today investors and developers have shown strong interest in the continued revitalization of one of Baltimore's most charming neighborhoods.
There are two marine terminals of the Helen Delich Bentley Port of Baltimore located within the neighborhood, as well as the massive Domino sugar factory, a reminder that the industrial use of the Baltimore Harbor is still a very important component of the local economy.
Locust Point is located in Baltimore City's 11th District, with the current district representative Eric Costello. Locust Point is part of Maryland's 46th Legislative and State Senate District, with the current state senator Bill Ferguson and current delegates Brooke Lierman, Robin Lewis, and Luke Clippinger. Locust Point is located in Maryland's 3rd congressional district. The current president of the Locust Point Community Association is Greg Sileo.
Locust Point is home to the Baltimore Museum of Industry, Fort McHenry, and Latrobe Park. The neighborhood's restaurants and bars include Barracuda's Locust Point Tavern, City Limits Sports Bar, 1157 Restaurant and Bar, The Port Public House, The Himalayan House, Hull Street Blues Cafe, L.P. Steamers, In like Flynn (formerly J. Patrick's), and Serenity Wine Bar (formerly Our House Cafe/Restaurant). Also located in Locust Point are the Locust Point Recreation Center, a Baltimore Water Taxi stop, South Locust Point Cruise Terminal, SoBo Doggie Daycare and Spa and Francis Scott Key Elementary and Middle Grades School.
- List of Baltimore neighborhoods
- National Register of Historic Places listings in South and Southeast Baltimore
- "Locust Point neighborhood in Baltimore". City-data.com. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/26/12 through 12/28/12. National Park Service. 2013-01-04.
- Baltimore, Live. "Locust Point · Neighborhoods". Live Baltimore. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "City of Immigrants". Baltimore Magazine. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
- Mary Ellen Hayward and Nicholas Fessenden (November 2011). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Locust Point Historic District" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- Scott Sheads (2006). "Locust Point - Celebrating 300 Years of a Historic Community" Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine Locust Point Civic Association. Retrieved 2010-12-22.
- Brennen Jensen (November 12, 2003). "The Last Neighborhood". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- "Locust Point Historic District". Maryland Historic Trust. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
- Stanton, Kate (11 June 2013). "Baltimore Tornado Rips across Harbor, Damages Warehouse". News World Communications. UPI.
- Ryan Sharrow (November 7, 2013). "Under Armour lights 'Title Tanks' of Phelps, Lewis and Ripken". Baltimore Business Journal.
- "Officers and Board of Directors". Locust Point Civic Association. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Locust Point, Baltimore.|
- Locust Point Civic Association
- South District maps, Baltimore City Neighborhoods Portal
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. MD-180, "Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Locust Point Transfer Bridges", 16 photos, 1 color transparency, 7 measured drawings, 25 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
- Locust Point Historic District, Baltimore City, including undated photo and boundary map, at Maryland Historical Trust