Canton, Baltimore

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Canton
CountryUnited States
StateMaryland
CityBaltimore
Population
(2010)
 • Total10,826[1]
Demonym(s)Cantonite
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)EDT
ZIP code
21224
Area code410, 443, and 667
Canton Historic District
Canton Square.jpg
The western end of O'Donnell Square
Canton, Baltimore is located in Baltimore
Canton, Baltimore
Canton, Baltimore is located in Maryland
Canton, Baltimore
Canton, Baltimore is located in the United States
Canton, Baltimore
LocationEastern Ave. and Waterfront, Conkling, and Chester Sts., Baltimore, Maryland
Coordinates39°16′53″N 76°34′34″W / 39.28139°N 76.57611°W / 39.28139; -76.57611Coordinates: 39°16′53″N 76°34′34″W / 39.28139°N 76.57611°W / 39.28139; -76.57611
Area350 acres (140 ha)
Built1828 (1828)
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleLate 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian
NRHP reference #80001784[2]
Added to NRHPJanuary 29, 1980

Canton is a historic waterfront neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. The neighborhood is along Baltimore's outer harbor in the southeastern section of the city, roughly two miles east of Baltimore's downtown district and next to or near the neighborhoods of Patterson Park, Fell's Point, Highlandtown, and Brewers Hill.

Canton is considered one of Baltimore's trendiest neighborhoods, known for its urban lifestyle and nightlife, and continues to see growth as more development opportunities come into the area.[3] Since the late 1990s, the neighborhood has undergone significant gentrification and has been ranked the 16th most-gentrified zip code in the nation from 2000 – 2016.[4]

History[edit]

In 1785, Irish merchant John O'Donnell settled in Baltimore and began trading with merchants in the Chinese port of Guangzhou, then called Canton by English speakers. When O'Donnell purchased land, he named his plantation Canton.[5] In the late 18th century, O'Donnell's land was sold off by his son Columbus O’Donnell, William Patterson and Peter Cooper, and was developed by the Canton Company for the waterfront industry and blue-collar housing.[6]

A major feature of early Canton was Major David Stodder’s shipyard, located at Harris Creek, with the most famous vessel being built the USS Constellation. [6]

During the early 19th century, European immigrants settled in the area. Welsh immigrants, primarily workers from South Wales, began settling in Baltimore in large numbers beginning in the 1820s. Welsh and Irish migrant workers composed a large portion of Baltimore's working class during the early and mid-1800s.[7] In 1850, a large community of copper workers from Wales settled in the neighborhood.[8] These workers established a Presbyterian church in 1865, located on Toone Street in Canton.[9] Subsequent groups of immigrants have included Germans, Poles and Ukrainians.

In the 2000s, as industry moved out, new housing and marinas have been developed along the waterfront and gentrification of the existing housing has occurred further inland.

Boundaries[edit]

Canton is bounded by Patterson Park and Eastern Ave to the north, Chester Street to the west, the waterfront to the south, and Conkling Street to the east. The streets are laid out in a uniform north to south and east to west directions, with the major exception of Boston Street, which runs along the Patapsco River waterfront.

Transportation[edit]

Canton is conveniently situated with easy access to Interstate 95, Interstate 895 and Boston Street and Eastern Avenues, which provide major surface routes to downtown Baltimore. Two high-frequency MTA bus lines (Gold and Navy) service Canton for direct access to the central business district and Penn Station. The south waterfront area provides a water taxi link to Locust Point.

Bus transportation to New York City and Washington DC is available with frequent service at a nearby Eastern Bus stop on Ponca Street.

Landmarks[edit]

Many of the structures are included in the Canton Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[6]

Canton's traditional center is O'Donnell Square, a small park bordered on the north and south by O'Donnell Street, to the east by South Potomac Street, and to the west by Linwood Avenue. O'Donnell Square is home to a number of lively bars and restaurants, an art gallery, other small businesses and residences, as well as a former fire station. Canton is also immediately adjacent to Patterson Park, a popular nearby attraction for local residents. In the 2000s, developments have added focus areas to the neighborhood, including the Canton Waterfront Park and Maryland Korean War Memorial, the rehabilitated American Can Company building, the Du Burns Soccer Arena, two marinas, a public boat launch, and new bars and restaurants.

The neighborhood is home to the many food and wine festivals, Baltimore's annual Ukrainian-American festival, summer concert series, and is a popular destination to view Baltimore Harbor July 4th fireworks. A premier shopping complex, The Shops at Canton Crossing, anchored by Target and Nordstrom Rack, has been serving local residents since 2013.

Notable churches in the area include the St. Casimir (Roman Catholic) Church, built c. 1926, and the St. Michael the Archangel Ukrainian Catholic Church.

Enoch Pratt Free Library branch

Canton’s branch of the Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore’s first and in operation since 1866, is centrally located on O’Donnell Square.

A moored trash interceptor, the female-gendered Professor Trash Wheel (with appropriate googly eyes) can be found off the Boston Street Pier Park since December 2016. [10]

Housing stock[edit]

Most houses in Canton are turn-of-the-20th-century two- to three-story rowhouses. Some homes closer to the waterfront date from the Civil War and many are well-preserved despite their age. New townhouses have recently been built at O'Donnell Square and throughout the neighborhood, replacing some of the previous stock. There are also luxury waterfront apartments and condominiums in recently rehabilitated industrial buildings. According to the Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance, the median price of homes sold in 2016 was $286,500, an increase from $231,000 in 2011.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Based on data derived from the census[12] of 2010 and 2014 ACS 5-year estimate, there were 11,398 people residing in the neighborhood. The racial makeup of Canton was 90.8% White, 3.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. The median household income in 2016 was $103,282, the 2nd highest of all Baltimore neighborhoods, behind Roland Park.[11] 88.1% of the working-age population is employed, 3.0% is unemployed, both rates highest and lowest, respectively, among all Baltimore neighborhoods. [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Canton neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland (MD), 21224 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets". www.city-data.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  2. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ Pryce, Meghan. "Moving up — city neighborhoods on the rise". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  4. ^ "Top 20 Gentrified Zip Codes". Rent Cafe. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  5. ^ "Why Is It Named Canton? - Ghosts of Baltimore". ghostsofbaltimore.org. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  6. ^ a b c Norbert Zaczek; Rev. Richard E. Choma; John Hnedak (January 1977). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Canton Historic District" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
  7. ^ "A Historic Context for the Archaeology of Industrial Labor in the State of Maryland". Center for Heritage Resource Studies. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
  8. ^ "Historical & Architectural Preservation / Historic Districts / Maps Of Historic Districts / Canton". Baltimore City Government. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
  9. ^ "Canton Timeline". Canton Community Association. Archived from the original on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
  10. ^ McDaniels, Andrea (4 December 2016). "Professor Trash Wheel makes its debut in Canton". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  11. ^ a b "American Community Survey" (PDF). American Community Survey. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  12. ^ "AreaVibes". United States Census. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  13. ^ "American Community Survey" (PDF). American Community Survey. Retrieved 2019-03-23.

External links[edit]