Lutz jump

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Figure skating element
Element name:Lutz jump
Scoring abbreviation:Lz
Element type:Jump
Take-off edge:Back outside
Landing edge:Back outside
Inventor:Alois Lutz

The Lutz is a figure skating jump, named after Alois Lutz, an Austrian skater who performed it in 1913. It is a toepick-assisted jump with an entrance from a back outside edge and landing on the back outside edge of the opposite foot. It is the second-most difficult jump and the second-most famous jump after the axel.

History[edit]

Alexandra Trusova jumps Quad Lutz (2019 Rostelecom Cup)

The lutz jump is the second-most difficult jump in figure skating[1] and "probably the second-most famous jump after the Axel".[2] It is named after figure skater Alois Lutz from Vienna, Austria, who first performed it in 1913.[3]:p. 13[2] In competitions, the base value of a single lutz is 0.60; the base value of a double lutz is 2.10; the base value of a triple lutz is 5.90; and the base value of a quadruple lutz is 11.50.[4]

Firsts[edit]

Jump Abbr. Name Nation Competition References
Double lutz (women's) 2Lz Alena Vrzáňová  Czechoslovakia 1949 World Championships [5]
Triple lutz (men's) 3Lz Donald Jackson  Canada 1962 World Figure Skating Championships [3]:p. 13
Triple lutz (women's) 3Lz Denise Biellman   Switzerland 1978 European Championships [3]:p. 13
Quadruple lutz (men's) 4Lz Brandon Mroz  United States 2011 Colorado Springs Invitational
2011 NHK Trophy
[6]
Quadruple lutz (women's) 4Lz Alexandra Trusova  Russia 2018 ISU Junior Grand Prix Armenia Cup [3]:p. 13
Quadruple lutz-triple toe loop combination 4Lz+3T Boyang Jin  China 2015 Cup of China [3]:p. 14
Side-by-side triple lutz (pairs) Meagan Duhamel and
Ryan Arnold
 Canada 2005 Canadian National Championships [7]

Execution[edit]

The ISU defines the lutz jump as "a toe-pick assisted jump with an entrance from a back outside edge and landing on the back outside edge of the opposite foot".[3]:p. 13 Skaters tend to go into it with a long, diagonal take-off into one of the corners of the rink. It is a difficult jump because it is counter-rotational, which means that the skater sets it up by twisting in one way and jumping in the other. Many skaters "cheat" the jump because they are not strong enough to maintain the counter-rotational edge, resulting in taking off from the wrong edge.[8] A "cheated" lutz jump without an outside edge is called a "flutz".[2]In most judging systems, a flutz will be considered a flip jump with an edge call.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Park, Alice (22 February 2018). "How to Tell the Difference Between the 6 Figure Skating Jumps You'll See at the Olympics". Time Magazine. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Identifying Jumps" (PDF). U.S. Figure Skating. p. 2. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "ISU Figure Skating Media Guide 2018/19". International Skating Union. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Communication No. 2168: Single & Pair Skating". Lausanne, Switzerland: International Skating Union. 23 May 2018. p. 2. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  5. ^ Elliott, Helene (13 March 2009). "Brian Orser heads list of World Figure Skating Hall of Fame inductees". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  6. ^ Sarkar, Pritha; Fallon, Clare (28 March 2017). "Figure skating - Breakdown of quadruple jumps, highest scores and judging". Reuters. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Pairs: Meagan Duhamel/Ryan Arnold". International Skating Union. 29 July 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  8. ^ Abad-Santos, Alexander (5 February 2014). "A GIF Guide to Figure Skaters' Jumps at the Olympics". The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved 24 February 2019.