Mačva District

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Mačva District
Мачвански округ
Mačvanski okrug
District of Serbia
Location of the Mačva District within Serbia
Location of the Mačva District within Serbia
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
Administrative center Šabac
Government
 • Commissioner Dragoslav Milanović
Area
 • Total 3,268 km2 (1,262 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 298,931
 • Density 91.5/km2 (237/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code RS-08
Municipalities 6 and 2 cities
Settlements 228
- Cities and towns 5
- Villages 223
Website macvanski.okrug.gov.rs/macokr

The Mačva District (Serbian: Мачвански округ / Mačvanski okrug) pronounced [mǎtʃʋanskiː ôkruːɡ]) is one of eight administrative districts of Šumadija and Western Serbia. It expands in the western parts of Serbia, in the geographical regions of Mačva, Podrinje, Posavina, and Pocerina. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 298,931 inhabitants. The administrative center of the Mačva district is the city of Šabac.

Cities and municipalities[edit]

The district encompasses the cities and municipalities of:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 270,053 —    
1953 293,169 +8.6%
1961 311,916 +6.4%
1971 324,427 +4.0%
1981 338,247 +4.3%
1991 339,647 +0.4%
2002 329,625 −3.0%
2011 298,931 −9.3%
Source: [1]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Маčva District has 298,931 inhabitants. 29.14% of the population live in the urban areas.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic composition of the Mačva district:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 284,165
Romani 4,537
Muslims 1,501
Croats 327
Bosniaks 271
Yugoslavs 261
Montenegrins 185
Macedonians 150
Hungarians 108
Others 7,426
Total 298,931

History and culture[edit]

Famous monuments can be seen in the vicinity of Šabac, dedicated to events from the history of Serbian people: the Monument to Karađorđe and Serbian Heroes of the First Serbian Uprising and the Museum of the Battle of Mišar, the remnants of the ancient cities on the banks of the Sava river: Novo Selo, the site of the King Milutin's Palace and Kosanin grad, the medieval fortress on the Cer Mountain.

Not far away from Loznica stands the village of Tršić, the birthplace of the reformer of Serbian language and orthography, Vuk Karadžić. From Tršić, a footpath leads to the Tronoša Monastery, one of the oldest medieval endowments of the Nemanjić dynasty. This fourteenth-century monastery played an important part in the preservation of Serbian culture and tradition. Over a long period, particularly during the fourteenth century, a copying school tradition was nourished in it for its own and other monasteries' needs. This preserved the historic and cultural documents of the Serbian people.

Economy[edit]

The economy of this region is characterized by the big companies like Elixir Zorka chemical industry, "Mlekara Šabac" diary plant and others. In the 2000-s, one of the biggest exporters from this district was a tin mill, a subsidiary of Železara Smederevo. It produced more than 200,000 tones of tin plate per year.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 

Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from web.archive.org/web/20090221052324/http://www.srbija.gov.rs:80/.

External links[edit]