Districts of Serbia

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Districts of Serbia
Окрузи Србије
Okruzi Srbije
Map of present-day districts of Serbia
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Serbia
Number24 Districts (29 including Kosovo)[a] + City of Belgrade
Populations91,754 (Toplica) – 1,687,132 (Belgrade)
Areas1,248 km2 (482 sq mi) (Podunavlje) – 6,140 km2 (2,370 sq mi) (Zlatibor)
Government
Subdivisions

An okrug is one of the first-level administrative divisions of Serbia, corresponding to a "district" in many other countries (Serbia also has two autonomous provinces at a higher level than districts). The term okrug (pl. okruzi) literally means "encircling" and corresponds to Bezirk in German language. It can be translated as "county", though it is generally rendered by the Serbian government as "district".

The Serbian local government reforms of 1992, going into effect the following year, created 29 districts,[1] with the City of Belgrade holding similar authority. Following the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, the districts created by the UNMIK-Administration were adopted by Kosovo[a]. The Serbian government does not recognize these districts.

The districts of Serbia are generally named after historical and geographical regions, though some, such as the Pčinja District and the Nišava District, are named after local rivers. Their areas and populations vary, ranging from the relatively-small Podunavlje District to the much larger Zlatibor District.

As regional centers of state authority, the districts have little room for self-government and do not have local flags. Still, they are each run by a commissioner as well as cooperating municipal leaders. The districts can be further divided into cities and municipalities.

Definition[edit]

The territorial organisation of Serbia is regulated by the Law on Territorial Organization, adopted by the National Assembly on 29 December 2007.[2] According to the Law, the territorial organization of the republic comprises municipalities and cities, the City of Belgrade with special status, and autonomous provinces. Districts are not mentioned in this law but are defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. They are defined as the districts as "regional centers of state authority", enacting affairs run by the relevant Ministries.

Serbia is divided into 29 districts (8 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 7 in Vojvodina and 5 in Kosovo and Metohija[a]), plus the City of Belgrade. The City of Belgrade is not part of any district, but has a special status very similar to that of a district.

List of districts[edit]

Šumadija and Western Serbia[edit]

District Seat Area
in km2
Population 2011 Population
per km2
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Kolubara District
(Kolubarski okrug)
Kolubarski okrug.PNG
Valjevo 2,474 174,228 70.4 218
Mačva District
(Mačvanski okrug)
Mačvanski okrug.PNG
Šabac 3,268 297,778 91.1 228
Moravica District
(Moravički okrug)
Moravički okrug.PNG
Čačak 3,016 212,149 70.3 206
Pomoravlje District
(Pomoravski okrug)
Pomoravski okrug.PNG
Jagodina 2,614 212,839 84.8 191
Rasina District
(Rasinski okrug)
Rasinski okrug.PNG
Kruševac 2,667 240,463 90.2 296
Raška District
(Raški okrug)
Raški okrug.PNG
Kraljevo 3,918 300,102 76.6 359
Šumadija District
(Šumadijski okrug)
Šumadijski okrug.PNG
Kragujevac 2,387 290,900 121.8 174
Zlatibor District
(Zlatiborski okrug)
Zlatiborski okrug.PNG
Užice 6,140 284,729 46.4 438

Southern and Eastern Serbia[edit]

District Seat Area
in km2
Population 2011 Population
per km2
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Bor District
(Borski okrug)
Borski okrug.PNG
Bor 3,507 123,848 35.3 90
Braničevo District
(Braničevski okrug)
Braničevski okrug.PNG
Požarevac 3,865 180,480 46.7 189
Jablanica District
(Jablanički okrug)
Jablanički okrug.PNG
Leskovac 2,769 215,463 77.8 336
Nišava District
(Nišavski okrug)
Nišavski okrug.PNG
Niš 2,729 373,404 136.8 285
Pčinja District
(Pčinjski okrug)
Pčinjski okrug.PNG
Vranje 3,520 158,717 45.1 363
Pirot District
(Pirotski okrug)
Pirotski okrug.PNG
Pirot 2,761 92,277 33.4 214
Podunavlje District
(Podunavski okrug)
Podunavski okrug.PNG
Smederevo 1,248 198,184 158.8 58
Toplica District
(Toplički okrug)
Toplički okrug.PNG
Prokuplje 2,231 90,600 40.6 267
Zaječar District
(Zaječarski okrug)
Zaječarski okrug.PNG
Zaječar 3,623 118,295 32.6 173

Vojvodina[edit]

District Seat Area
in km2
Population 2011 Population
per km2
Municipalities and cities Settlements
Central Banat District
(Srednjebanatski okrug)
Srednjebanatski okrug.PNG
Zrenjanin 3,256 186,851 57.4 55
North Bačka District
(Severnobački okrug)
Severnobački okrug.PNG
Subotica 1,784 185,552 104.0 45
North Banat District
(Severnobanatski okrug)
Severnobanatski okrug.PNG
Kikinda 2,329 146,690 63.0 50
South Bačka District
(Južnobački okrug)
Južnobački okrug.PNG
Novi Sad 4,016 615,371 151.3 77
South Banat District
(Južnobanatski okrug)
Južnobanatski okrug.PNG
Pančevo 4,245 291,327 68.6 94
Srem District
(Sremski okrug)
Sremski okrug.PNG
Sremska Mitrovica 3,486 311,053 89.2 109
West Bačka District
(Zapadnobački okrug)
Zapadnobački okrug.PNG
Sombor 2,420 187,581 77.5 37

Kosovo[a][edit]

Serbian laws treat Kosovo as integral part of Serbia (Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija). The Enactment defines five districts on the territory of Kosovo.[2] But, from 1999, following the Kosovo War, Kosovo was governed under the United Nations' administration of UNMIK. In 2000, the UNMIK administration changed the territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. All five districts were abolished, and seven new districts were created, which were later adopted by Kosovo after the 2008 declaration of Independence. The Serbian government does not recognize this move, and claims the pre-2000 five districts as following:

District Seat Area
in km2
Population 2002 Population
per km2
Municipalities and cities
Kosovo District
(Kosovski okrug)
Kosovski okrug.PNG
Pristina 3,310 672,292 203.1
Kosovo-Pomoravlje District
(Kosovsko-Pomoravski okrug)
Kosovsko-Pomoravski okrug.PNG
Gjilan 1,389 217,726 156.8
Kosovska Mitrovica District
(Kosovskomitrovički okrug)
Kosovskomitrovički okrug.PNG
Mitrovica 2,053 275,904 134.4
Peć District
(Pećki okrug)
Pećki okrug.PNG
Peja 2,459 414,187 168.4
Prizren District
(Prizrenski okrug)
Prizrenski okrug.PNG
Prizren 2,196 376,085 171.3

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The political status of Kosovo is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, it is formally recognised as an independent state by 97 UN member states (with another 15 recognising it at some point but then withdrawing recognition), while Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts about Serbia". Government of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
  2. ^ a b "Zakon o teritorijalnoj organizaciji Srbije" (in Serbian). Parliament of Serbia.[permanent dead link]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]