|Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
3 October 2014
Serving with Åsa Romson
|Prime Minister||Stefan Löfven|
|Preceded by||Jan Björklund|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
3 October 2014
|Prime Minister||Stefan Löfven|
|Preceded by||Carl Bildt|
|European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy|
22 November 2004 – 9 February 2010
|President||José Manuel Barroso|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Maroš Šefčovič (Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration)|
|First Vice President of the European Commission|
22 November 2004 – 9 February 2010
|President||José Manuel Barroso|
|Preceded by||Loyola de Palacio|
|Succeeded by||Catherine Ashton|
|European Commissioner for the Environment|
13 September 1999 – 11 November 2004
|Preceded by||Ritt Bjerregaard|
|Succeeded by||Stavros Dimas|
28 September 1954 |
|Political party||Social Democrats|
Margot Elisabeth Wallström (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈmarːɡɔt ˈvalːˈstrœm]; born 28 September 1954) is a Swedish politician of the Social Democrats and diplomat. She has been the Minister for Foreign Affairs since 3 October 2014.
Wallström previously served as European Commissioner for the Environment from 1999 to 2004 and as European Commissioner for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy from 2004 to 2009. She was also the first of five vice-presidents of the 27-member Barroso Commission and worked as Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (SRSG) on Sexual Violence in Conflict.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Curriculum vitae
- 3 Political career
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Controversy
- 6 Other activities
- 7 Recognition
- 8 Publications
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Early life and career
Born in Skellefteå, Wallström is a high school graduate without academic degrees, Wallström worked as the CEO of a regional TV network in Sweden and before taking up her appointment as EU Commissioner she was the executive vice-president of Worldview Global Media in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Wallström is married and has two children.
As of 2007
- 2014–present Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs
- 2010–2014 Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on Sexual Violence in Conflict
- 2004–2010 First Vice President of the European Commission for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy
- 1999–2004 Member of the European Commission for the Environment (Prodi Commission)
- 1996–1998 Minister for Social Affairs
- 1994–1996 Minister for Culture
- 1993– Member of the Executive Committee of the Swedish Social Democratic Party
- 1988–1991 Minister of Civil Affairs (Consumer Affairs, Women and Youth)
- 1979–1985 Member of Parliament
- 1974–1977 Ombudsman, Swedish Social Democratic Youth League
- 1998–1999 Executive Vice-president, Worldview Global Media, Colombo, Sri Lanka
- 1993–1994 CEO, TV Värmland (Regional Television Network)
- 1986–1987 Accountant, Alfa Savings bank, Karlstad
- 1977–1979 Bank Clerk, Alfa Savings Bank, Karlstad
Education and other:
- 1973 Graduated from high school
Wallström has had a long career in politics in the Swedish parliament, the Swedish government, and the European Commission. She was Environment Commissioner from 1999–2004 and in the Swedish government she was Minister for Consumer Affairs, Women and Youth in 1988–1991, Minister for Culture in 1994–1996 and Minister for Social Affairs in 1996–1998.
European Commissioner for the Environment, 1999-2004
During her time in office, Wallström pushed the European Commission’s initial proposal for REACH, a regulation requiring manufacturers of industrial chemicals to test and register their products with the European Chemicals Agency before they can be used. In 2004, she approved the importation of a genetically modified corn from the United States for animal feed after a six-year moratorium, arguing in a statement that the corn produced by biotechnology company Monsanto, known as NK603 maize, had been rigorously tested and was considered “as safe as any conventional maize.”
First Vice-President of the European Commission, 2004-2010
In 2004, Wallström became the first member of the European Commission to operate a blog. The comments section of her site quickly became a hotspot for arguments concerning the policies of the European Union. After the rejection of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe by French and Dutch voters, Wallström pushed forward her "plan D" (for democracy, dialogue and debate) to reconnect Citizens with the Union. Her work on such platforms, including the backing of the oneseat.eu petition, has given her a good reputation in some quarters, even being dubbed "the Citizens Commissioner" – but has earned her names like "the Propaganda Commissioner" as well from political opponents. The Economist listed her among the least effective commissioners in 2009.
In 2006, Wallström presented her a plan to transform the EU’s Europe by Satellite (EbS) video-broadcast service into an EU news agency; the plan was scrapped after press organizations complained that it would undermine the work of reporters covering the EU.
Following the Sweden’s 2006 election, in which the Social Democratic Party lost power, former Prime Minister Göran Persson announced his withdrawal from politics in March 2007. Wallström was regarded as the favourite candidate to succeed Persson as Social Democratic party leader, but made clear that she did not wish to be considered for the position. The post instead went to Mona Sahlin.
Immediately after the election of Mona Sahlin as party leader, Wallström accepted a membership in a group working to develop political strategies for the upcoming election to the European Parliament in 2009. The membership in this group was considered by Swedish liberal Carl B Hamilton (and later also Fredrik Reinfeldt) to constitute a breach of the oath every member of the European Commission gives, which states that any member of the commission should work for the community's best interest with no influence from politicians. On 19 March, the vice chief spokesman of the European Commission, Pia Ahrenkilde-Hansen, stated that her new assignment was not in conflict with her commissioner position. The chief spokesman, Mikolaj Dowgielewicz, agreed.
In December 2006, Wallström was voted the most popular woman in Sweden, beating royals and athletes in a survey carried out by ICA-kuriren and Sifo. The previous year, 2005, she was second place. Wallström was modest in response stating that "it might be because I'm so far away".
On 16 November 2007, Margot Wallström, became Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders Ministerial Initiative. This position was previously held by former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright.
United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, 2010-2012
On 31 January 2010, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, announced at the African Union summit in Ethiopia his intention to nominate Wallström as his first ever Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict. As a reaction, Wallström said that she felt "honoured" and "humble" to have been chosen for the job, which she started in April 2010.
In August 2010, Ban sent Wallström to the Democratic Republic of Congo to help investigate claims that rebel fighters raped more than 150 women and baby boys over four days within miles of a UN base in the country. Wallström later addressed the United Nations Security Council in a September 2010 session on the use of sexual violence as a weapon by both rebel militias and government troops in the eastern provinces of the DRC. In her speech, she demonstrated that the rapes in the North Kivu and South Kivu provinces “were not an isolated incident but part of a broader pattern of widespread systematic rape and pillage.”
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden, 2014-present
On 30 October 2014, Wallström was the first EU foreign minister to recognise the State of Palestine, in view to "facilitate a peace agreement by making the parties less unequal", resulting in that Israel the very same day recalled its ambassador for consultations.
In December 2014, Wallström summoned the Russian ambassador to Sweden Victor Ivanovitj Tatarintsev over the behaviour of a Russian military jet which Swedish authorities said had caused an SAS flight from Copenhagen to Poznan, Poland, to change course off southern Sweden; the incident inflamed sensitivities over Russian flights in the Nordic region, driven in part by tensions over separatism in eastern Ukraine. On September 11, 2015, she again summoned Russia's ambassador to explain comments from the Russian foreign ministry warning of "consequences" if Sweden joins Nato.
In May 2015, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed Wallström as member of the High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing, an initiative aimed at preparing recommendations for the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit.
Wallström "promised a 'feminist' foreign policy when her Social Democrats formed the coalition government" in October 2014. She has criticized the lack of women's rights in Saudi Arabia. The Spectator, the oldest continuously published magazine in the English language, wrote:
The Swedish foreign minister denounced the subjugation of women in Saudi Arabia. As the theocratic kingdom prevents women from travelling, conducting official business or marrying without the permission of male guardians, and as girls can be forced into child marriages where they are effectively raped by old men, she was telling no more than the truth.
On March 10, 2015 Sweden announced it would revoke a weapons export agreement with Saudi Arabia that had been in place since 2005. Saudi Arabia retaliated by stopping visa issues for Swedish businesspeople, boycotting Wallström's speech from the Arab League, temporarily withdrawing their ambassador from Sweden, and refusing to accept four Amazonian monkeys from a Swedish zoo.
In 2005, Wallström – in her capacity as EU Commissioner responsible for communications – came under pressure to justify her handling of a controversial speech that linked opposition to European integration with Nazi genocide, after it emerged she had changed the version published on the internet to remove the controversial passage. The original version of the speech, given to journalists ahead of Wallström's visit to Terezin in the Czech Republic to mark the 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi concentration camp, suggested that scrapping the idea of a supranational Europe could put the continent back on the road to a holocaust.
Also during her time as Vice-President, Wallström was criticized after she informally suggested support for Socialist candidate Ségolène Royal in the 2007 French presidential election on her blog, celebrating the fact that a woman got into the second round of the elections. She said: "J'étais si contente de voir qu'une femme participera au deuxième tour de l‘élection présidentielle!" (I was so happy to see that a woman would be participating in the second round of the presidential election!) Commissioners are not meant to be politically biased in elections under their code of conduct.
- Edberg Dialog, Member of the Board
- International Crisis Group, Member of the Board of Trustees
- Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice (MRFCJ), Member of the International Advisory Council
- Svenska PostkodStiftelsen, Member of the Board of Directors
- Enough Project, Fellow
- Global Challenge Foundation, Member of the Board (2013-2014)
- Ica Gruppen, Member of the Board of Directors (2013-2014)
- Institute for Human Rights and Business, Adviser (2012-2014)
- International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), Member of the Advisory Board (2011-2014)
- Lund University, Chairwoman of the University Board (2012-2014)
- 2001 – Honorary doctor at Chalmers University, Sweden
- 2002 – European Commissioner of the Year (by European Voice)
- 2004 – Honorary doctor at Mälardalen University, Sweden
- 2004 – IAIA Global Environmental Award
- 2005 – Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters Degree, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell
- 2008 – Göteborg Award for Sustainable Development (jointly with Theo Colborn, Jan Ahlbom and Ulf Duus]]
- 2009 – Monismanien Prize for Freedom of Speech
- 2007 Foreword to Al Gore's Swedish translation of the book An Inconvenient Truth.
- 2004 Book (together with MEP Göran Färm): The People's Europe or Why is it so hard to love the EU?
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Margot Wallström.|
- Archived website, The members of the Barrosa Commission (2004–2009)
- Archived website as Commissioner for the Environment
- Address of Margot Wallström to the European Parliament conference on the Northern dimension europa.eu
- "Stop Rape Now - Features". Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "The Commissioners" (PDF). Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Wallström's CV ec.europa.eu
- Elizabeth Becker and Jennifer Lee (May 8, 2003), Europe Plan on Chemicals Seen as Threat to U.S. Exports New York Times.
- Elizabeth Becker (July 20, 2004), Europe Approves Genetically Modified Corn as Animal Feed New York Times.
- Will Wallström's 'plan D' revive the European dream? EurActiv.com
- The European Parliament should work in Brussels Campaign for Parliament Reform 2006-09-18, Folkpartiet. Accessed 2007-07-18
- "A commission report-card An end-of-term assessment of the Brussels team of commissioners". The Economist. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Constant Brand (July 28, 2010), Rethinking the EU’s media relations European Voice.
- "Nyheter - DN.SE". DN.SE. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- No to leadership, DN (Swedish)
- Wallström: I don't want the job (The Local) (English)
- Wallström not breaking rules (English)
- Klartecken för Wallströms s-uppdrag (Swedish)
- Sweden loves Reinfeldt and Wallström (The Local) (English)
- "Secretary-General Pledges United Nations Full Support 'to Build Peace and Prosperity for All Africans’, in Remarks to African Union Summit". Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Delegation of the European Union to the United States (31 January 2010). "Statement by Margot Wallstrom, Vice-President of the European Commission". Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- UN investigates claims of mass rape by DR Congo rebels BBC News, August 24, 2010.
- Neil MacFarquhar (September 7, 2010), U.N. Officials Say 500 Were Victims of Congo Rapes New York Times.
- "Wallström leder Lunds universitet". DN.SE. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "24 ministrar i den nya regeringen". SvD.se. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Margot Wallström. "Sweden today decides to recognise the State of Palestine". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- Israel recalls ambassador to Stockholm after Swedens decision to recognize Palestinian state, Jerusalem Post 30 October 2014
- Daniel Dickson (December 15, 2014), Nordic countries summon Russian ambassadors over military jet incident Reuters.
- Sweden summons Russia ambassador after Nato threat BBC News, September 11, 2015.
- Ahmed Tolba and Johan Ahlander (March 27, 2015), Saudi Arabia decides to restore ambassador to Sweden: Al Arabiya TV Reuters.
- Secretary-General Appoints High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing United Nations Secretary-General, press release of 21 May 2015.
- Richard Milne (March 30, 2015), Sweden’s ethical foreign policy runs into Saudi sands Financial Times.
- http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/margot-wallstrm-can-swedens-feminist-foreign-minister-be-both-radical-and-influential--and-make-the-country-a-moral-great-power-10112015.html Margot Wallström: Can Sweden’s feminist foreign minister be both radical and influential - and make the country a 'moral great power'?
- http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2015/03/11/world/europe/ap-eu-sweden-saudi-arabia.html Saudi Arabia Recalls Ambassador From Sweden as Rift Widens
- http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21647357-who-could-take-offence-over-speech-womens-rights-arab-league-clean-hands-fewer-friends Sweden and the Middle East: Clean hands, fewer friends
- David Crouch. "Swedish frustration with Saudis over speech may jeopardise arms agreement". the Guardian. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/27/us-saudi-sweden-idUSKBN0MN2H220150327 Saudi Arabia decides to restore ambassador to Sweden: Al Arabiya TV
- "Saudis refuse Swedish zoo's monkeys in diplomatic spat". BBC News. 8 April 2015.
- Raphael Minder (May 13, 2005), Commissioner under fire over 'Nazi' speech Financial Times.
- Margot Wallström (23 April 2007). "L'élection présidentielle française".[dead link]
- "European Commissioner's Code of Conduct" (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2007.
- Al Gore and the hot issues Wallström's blog
- Swedish: “Folkens Europa eller Varför är det så svårt att älska EU?” – ISBN 91-89660-54-4