Maulana Naeem-ud-Deen Muradabadi

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Maulana Syed Naeem-ud-Deen Muradabadi
Renowned Scholar
Born 1 January 1887 (21 Safar 1300 Hijri)
Moradabad, India
Died 13 October 1948 (18 Dhu al-Hijjah 1367 Hijri)
Moradabad, India
Major works

Tafsir Khaza'in-al-Irfan, Kitab-ul-Aqa'id, Deewan-e-Urdu

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'Maulana Muhammad Naeem-ud-Din Muradabadi, also known as Sadr al-Afadil, was a twentieth-century jurist, scholar, mufti, Quranic exegetic, and educator. He was a renowned scholar of philosophy, geometry, logic and hadith. He was also a recognised poet of naat[1].

Early life[edit]

He was born on 1 January 1887 (21st of Safar 1300 Hijiri) in Moradabad, India. His family originally came from Mash'had, Iran. Sometime during the rule of King Aurangzeb, they travelled from Iran to India, where they were given a land grant by the ruling monarchy. They eventually reached Lahore and settled near Abul-Hasanat'.

Muradabadi became a Hafiz (memoriser of the Qur'an) at age 8. He studied Urdu and Persian literature with his father and studied Dars-i Nizami with Shah Fadl Ahmad. He subsequently earned a degree in religious law (ifta') from Shah Muhammad Gul and swore an oath of allegiance (Bay'ah) to him.

Religious Activities[edit]

Allama Naeem Uddin took part in Islamic movements and was also a part of the Khilafat Committee, an organization aimed at strengthening the Sultanate in Turkey, which had existed since the beginning of the Ottoman era. He taught students and gave lectures.

He visited Agra, Jaipur, Kishan Garh, Gobind Garh, Hawali of Ajmer, Mithar and Bharatpur to protest the 'Show Ali Movement' which was viewed as a threat to Islam in the region.

In 1924 (1343 Hijri), he issued the Monthly 'As-Sawad-al-Azam' and supported the Two nation theory.

After the separation of Pakistan from British India on 18 September 1918, Muradabadi delivered a speech at the opening of the All India Sunni Conference. He contributed to the passing of the resolution for a separate Muslim state at Minto-Park (Lahore Resolution). He was the Chief Organizer at the Banaras Conference held in 1942.

Death[edit]

Muradabadi fell ill while preparing an Islamic constitution and died on 13 October 1948 (18 Dhul Hijjah 1367H). His sanctuary stands to the left of the madrasa Jamia Naeemia (Deewan Ka Bazar) in Moradabad.

Works[edit]

Several Ph.D thesis have been completed about his works one of them which was done in Pakistan, goes with the title,Maulana Syed Naeem ud Din Murad Abadi ki Deeni o Siyasi Khidmat [2] , By the time of his death, he had left 14 works and numerous treatises, including Khaza'in-al-Irfan, which is the Tafsir (Exegesis) of Kanz al-Iman based on a translation of the Qur'an by Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi in Urdu. He also left a collection of poems called Riyaz-e-Naeem (Garden of Comfort).[3]

Muradabadi's best known works include:

  • Tafsir Khaza'in-al-Irfan
  • Kitab-ul-Aqa'id
  • Deewan-e-Urdu
  • Sirat-e-Sihabah
  • Sawaneh Karbala
  • Adab-ul-Akhy
  • Al-kalimatul Aulya
  • Atyab al-Bayan Radd-e-Tafwiyatul Iman' A lengthy rebuttal on Ismael Delvi's Taqwiya-tul Iman
  • At-tahqiqat li daf' al-Talbisat

He was a khalifa of Imam Ahle Sunnat Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi and of Allama Sayyad Muhammad Ali Hussain Shah al-Kicchochawi.

Students[edit]

Notable students included:

  • Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Na'imi
  • Pir Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari
  • Mufti Nasiruddin Ashrafi Na'imi
  • Sayyad Mukhtar Ashraf
  • Ajmal al Ulama Mufti Ajmal Shah Quadiri Razavi, Sambhali

References[edit]

External links[edit]