Naeem-ud-Deen Muradabadi

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Islamic scholar Mufti
Maulana Syed Naeem-ud-Deen Muradabadi
Title Sadr al-Afadil
Born 1 January 1887 (21 Safar 1300 Hijri)
Moradabad, India
Died 13. October 1948 (1948-10-14) (aged 61) (18 Dhu al-Hijjah 1367 Hijri)
Moradabad, India
Resting place Jamia Naeemia Moradabad (Moradabad, India)
Nationality Indian
Region South Asia
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Hanafi
Main interest(s) Fiqh, Tafseer
Notable work(s) Tafsir Khaza'in-al-Irfan, Kitab-ul-Aqa'id, Deewan-e-Urdu

Maulana Muhammad Naeem-ud-Din Muradabadi, also known as Sadr al-Afadil, was a twentieth-century jurist, scholar, mufti, Quranic exegetic, and educator. He was a renowned scholar of philosophy, geometry, logic and hadith. He was also a recognised poet of na`at.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born on 1 January 1887 (21st of Safar 1300 Hijiri) in Moradabad, India. His family originally came from Mash'had, Iran. Sometime during the rule of King Aurangzeb, they travelled from Iran to India, where they were given a land grant by the ruling monarchy. They eventually reached Lahore and settled near Abul-Hasanat'.

Muradabadi became a Hafiz (memoriser of the Qur'an) at age 8. He studied Urdu and Persian literature with his father and studied Dars-i Nizami with Shah Fadl Ahmad. He subsequently earned a degree in religious law (ifta') from Shah Muhammad Gul and swore an oath of allegiance (Bay'ah) to him.

Religious Activities[edit]

Allama Naeem Uddin took part in Islamic movements and was also a part of the Khilafat Committee, an organization aimed at strengthening the Sultanate in Turkey, which had existed since the beginning of the Ottoman era. He taught students and gave lectures.

He visited Agra, Jaipur, Kishan Garh, Gobind Garh, Hawali of Ajmer, Mithar and Bharatpur to protest the 'Show Ali Movement' which was viewed as a threat to Islam in the region.

In 1924 (1343 Hijri), he issued the Monthly 'As-Sawad-al-Azam' and supported the Two nation theory.

After the separation of Pakistan from British India on 18 September 1918, Muradabadi delivered a speech at the opening of the All India Sunni Conference. He contributed to the passing of the resolution for a separate Muslim state at Minto-Park (Lahore Resolution). He was the Chief Organizer at the Banaras Conference held in 1942.[2] [3]

Death[edit]

Muradabadi's fell ill while preparing an book and died on (18-Hijjah 1367Hijri) AH At the age of 67 years old, His sanctuary stand to the left of Jamia Naeemia refers shrine in Muradabad.

Works[edit]

Several Ph.D thesis have been completed about his works one of them which was done in Pakistan, goes with the title,Maulana Syed Naeem ud Din Murad Abadi ki Deeni o Siyasi Khidmat,[4] By the time of his death, he had left 14 works and numerous treatises, including Khaza'in-al-Irfan, which is the Tafsir (Exegesis) of Kanz al-Iman based on a translation of the Qur'an by Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi in Urdu. He also left a collection of poems called Riyaz-e-Naeem (Garden of Comfort).[5]

Muradabadi's best known works include:

  • Tafsir Khaza'in-al-Irfan
  • Kitab-ul-Aqa'id
  • Deewan-e-Urdu
  • Sirat-e-Sihabah
  • Sawaneh Karbala
  • Adab-ul-Akhy
  • Al-kalimatul Aulya
  • Atyab al-Bayan Radd-e-Tafwiyatul Iman A lengthy rebuttal on Ismael Delvi's Taqwiya-tul Iman
  • At-tahqiqat li daf' al-Talbisat

He was a khalifa of Imam Ahle Sunnat Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi and of Allama Sayyad Muhammad Ali Hussain Shah al-Kicchochawi.

Students[edit]

Notable students included:

  • Imam-ul-nawh Mufti Mohammad Abdul Aziz khan Fatehpuri
  • Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Na'imi
  • Mufti Mohammad Abdul Rasheed Khan fatehpuri[1]
  • Pir Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari
  • Mufti Nasiruddin Ashrafi Na'imi
  • Sayyad Mukhtar Ashraf
  • Ajmal al Ulama Mufti Ajmal Shah Quadiri Razavi, Sambhali
  • Mufti Muhammad Hussain Naeemi
  • Moulana Noor Ul Allah Naeemi
  • Moulana Umer Naeemi
  • Mufti Muhammad Habbebullah Naeemi Ashrafi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Al Tahqeeqat Syed Naeem Ud Din Muradabadi (r.a)". scribd.com. 
  2. ^ Adel, Gholamali Haddad; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan (31 August 2012). Muslim Organisations in the Twentieth Century: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press – via Google Books. 
  3. ^ John, Wilson (1 January 2009). Pakistan: The Struggle Within. Pearson Education India – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ http://eprints.hec.gov.pk/3927/
  5. ^ Raza, Muhammad Shahrukh. "mufassir e quran hazrat mufti naeem ud din muradabadi". bookslibrary.net. 

External links[edit]