- This article is about an Islamic scholar. Mufti can also refer to civilian dress.
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William Cleveland wrote in his A History of the Modern Middle East that muftis were "experts in Islamic law qualified to give authoritative legal opinions know as fatwas; muftis were members of the ulama establishment and ranked above qadis".
Within Islamic legal schools, a mufti is considered the pinnacle in the hierarchy of scholars because of the advanced training required out of the individual aspiring to be a mufti. Originally, muftis were private individuals who gave fatwas informally, regulated their own activities, and determined their own standards of the fatwa institution. A mufti could also be defined as an individual well-grounded in Islamic law.
A mufti will generally go through a course in iftaa, the issuance of fatwa, and the person should fulfill the following conditions set by scholars in order that he may be able to issue verdicts (fatwas):
- Knowing Arabic,
- Mastering the science of principles of jurisprudence,
- Having sufficient knowledge of social realities,
- Mastering the science of comparative religions,
- Mastering the foundations of social sciences,
- Mastering the science of Maqasid ash-Shari`ah (Objectives of Shari`ah),
- Mastering the science of Hadith,
- Mastering legal maxims.
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Travelling Mufti's of the Ottoman Empire
Mufti, Jakub Szynkiewicz
Mufti, Absattar Derbisali
Tomb of Mufti in Indonesia
Mufti, Talgat Tadzhuddin
Mufti, Ebrahim Desai
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