Maurice Boucher

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Maurice Boucher
Born (1953-06-21) 21 June 1953 (age 64)
Causapscal, Quebec, Canada
Other names Mom
Occupation Former President of the Hells Angels' Montreal chapter
Criminal charge Attempted murder and two counts of first-degree murder
Criminal penalty Life sentence, with no possibility of parole for at least 25 years
Criminal status Imprisoned
Children 2
Conviction(s) Guilty

Maurice "Mom" Boucher (born June 21, 1953) is a Canadian convicted murderer, reputed drug trafficker, and outlaw biker—the former President of the Hells Angels' Montreal chapter.[1] Boucher led Montreal's Hells Angels against the rival Rock Machine biker gang during the Quebec Biker War (French: Guerre des motards) of 1994 through 2002 in Quebec, Canada. In 2002, Boucher was convicted of ordering the murders of two Quebec prison officers (as an effort to destabilize the Quebec Justice system), and is currently serving three life sentences in a Canadian prison. He has one known daughter Moragh Boucher and a son Francis Boucher.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Born in Causapscal, Quebec, Canada, he was raised in poverty in the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve section of inner-city Montreal, where his family moved when he was two years old.[4] Boucher had 7 siblings with his father working as an construction worker while his mother stayed at home to raise their 8 children.[4] Boucher's father was an alcoholic who frequently beat his wife and children, and his mother was described as the main source of love during his childhood.[5] In the 1960s-1970s, the construction industry in Quebec was dominated by the Mafia-linked union boss André "Dédé" Desjardins, known as le roi de la construction ("the king of construction") who ran the Conseil des métiers de la construction union quite brutally.[6] The world that Boucher grew up was a world where violence was commonplace and where corruption was accepted as normal. Boucher's school reports describe him as an indifferent student and he dropped out of school in grade 9 to work odd jobs.[5] In 1973, the 19 year old Boucher committed his first known crime, when he stole $200 dollars from a dépanneur.[7] In July 1974, Boucher got a certificate allowing him to work in the construction industry, but he only lasted a week before being fired due to problems caused by his heavy drinking and drug use.[5]

Unhappy with his income and desperate to support his drug habit, he turned to crime. He was arrested for three break & entries in the fall of 1974 and served nearly six months in detention.[8] The first known crime committed by Boucher as an adult was on the night of 5 November 1974 when he broke into a grocery store in the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district to steal 23 cartons of cigarettes, and was caught by the police leaving the grocery store with the cigarettes.[9] At this time, Boucher's girlfriend, Diane Leblanc was pregnant, and his own admission, Boucher was addicted to alcohol and marijuana and often used cocaine, amphetamines, LSD and heroin, through he stated to a police psychologist, Martin Pellerin, in February 1975 that he stopped using hard drugs in September 1974.[10] In February 1975, Boucher was interviewed by Pellerin who described him as an ambitious man who wanted to get rich without working.[11] Boucher told Pellerin that he would had liked to followed his father into the construction trade, but as the economic recession caused by the Arab oil shock of 1973-74 had made work very hard to find.[5] Pellein also described Boucher as a result of his abusive childhood as lacking emotional empathy, saying he was a very cold-hearted individual who regarded violence as acceptable behavior.[5]

On 5 November 1975, Boucher performed an armed robbery, but was caught and sentenced to 40 months in prison.[12] Boucher went into a butcher's shop armed with a rifle and stole $138.38 dollars, but because he used a gun with the robbery, the court imposed a stiff sentence.[13] In December 1978, Boucher and his younger brother, Christian, were arrested for a series of home invasions, and for beating up the owner of one of the homes they had robbed.[14] In July 1979, Boucher got a job working at a plastic factory in Montreal, which he held for four years, which was the longest period of legitimate employment in his entire life.[15] In December 1981, Boucher was again charged with a home invasion, but the charges were dropped when the victim refused to testify against him in court.[15]

Around 1982, Boucher was a member of a white-supremacist motorcycle gang named the SS, who were based in Pointe-aux-Trembles, on the eastern tip of the Island of Montreal.[15] The SS were a group of men of working class background who were strongly opposed to non-white immigration and initially their activities were limited to beating up non-white immigrants in order to make them go back to their countries of origin.[15] A fellow member of the SS was Salvatore Cazzetta; the two became friends. As leaders of the gang they became candidates to join the Hells Angels when that gang decided to expand its operations into the rest of Canada.[16][17] One of the members of the SS was a Normand "Biff" Hamel, who was to follow Boucher into the Hells Angels, and it was Hamel, whose first conviction for drug dealing was in 1978, who involved the SS gang into drug dealing, arguing that this was a more profitable form of activity than beating up non-white immigrants, which however fun it may had been, did not make them money.[18] Right until his murder in 2000, Hamel was described as Boucher's principle business partner.[18] It was during his time in the SS that Boucher, until then an undistinguished petty criminal, first showed the charisma and ability to lead that later marked his time in the Hells Angels.[19] The journalist James Dubro stated outlaw biking in Quebec: "There's always has been more violence in Quebec. In the biker world it's known as the Red Zone. I remember an Outlaws hit man telling me he was scared going to Montreal."[20]

In March, 1985, a Lennoxville, Quebec, chapter of the Hells Angels suspected the Laval chapter of wasting drug profits by using too much of the product themselves and ripping off the Nova Scotia chapter of $96,000. The Laval chapter was invited to a Lennoxville chapter party. When the five Laval members arrived, they were ambushed and murdered. Two months later, divers located the decomposing bodies of the victims wrapped in sleeping bags and tied to weightlifting plates at the bottom of the St. Lawrence River.[16] What became known as the Lennoxville massacre was considered extreme even for the criminal underworld, and it gave Quebec's Hells Angels a notorious reputation. Boucher was impressed with the Lennoxville massacre, which proved to him that the Angels were sufficiently ruthless for his tastes, and only criticized Réjean "Zig Zag" Lessard, the man behind the massacre, for sparing 3 three Angels from the Laval chapter instead of killing them.[21] Cazzetta found the ambush—essentially, biker "brothers" killing their own—to be an unforgivable breach of the outlaw code. He refused Boucher's offer to join him at the top of the Quebec Hell's Angels, and instead formed his own smaller gang—the Rock Machine—with his brother Giovanni in 1986.[16] In the aftermath of the massacre, Yves "Apache" Trudeau, the Angels' leading killer, turned Crown's evidence and his testimony sent 39 Angels to prison. The late 1980s were a period of flux for the Angels in Quebec and Boucher rose very rapidly through the ranks.[21] Laurent Viau of the Laval chapter had been killed in the Lennoxville massacre, Réjean Lessard of the Sorel chapter had been convicted of first-degree murder for ordering the Lennoxville massacre, and Angels' national president Michel Langois fled to Morocco to escape charges of first-degree murder.[21]

Hells Angels[edit]

In 1986, soon after finishing a 40-month sentence for the armed sexual assault of a 16-year-old girl, Boucher joined the Hells Angels motorcycle club in Montreal, and quickly rose through its ranks. In September 1984, Boucher held a gun to the head of a 16-year old girl and threatened to kill her on the spot if she did not have sex with him, leading to his conviction for rape.[22] During his time in prison, Boucher managed to illegally collect unemployment insurance, and it only shortly before his release in January 1986 that a clerk finally noticed that the address that his unemployment insurance checks were being mailed to was a prison.[22] On 1 May 1987, Boucher became a full patch member of the Hell's Angels, just three days after the murder of Martin Huneault, a leader of a rival outlaw biker gang, the Death Riders.[23] It is widely believed that Boucher killed Huneault to become a full patch member of the Angels Montreal chapter, the oldest and most prestigious Angel chapter in Canada.[23] Huneault had been watching a hockey game and drinking with his girlfriend in a Laval bar when somebody marched in and shot him three times; none of the people in the bar who witnessed the crime were willing to testify that the gunman was Boucher.[23] However, the description of the killer given to the police matched Boucher.[23] The Canadian crime journalist Jerry Langton described Boucher as "big and strong and not afraid to fight anyone. And smart and charismatic, even charming and could get along with just about anyone".[24] Boucher had the nickname "Mom" because of his attention to detail, as he pestered his men with questions to make certain that they thought of everything, just like a loving, but overbearing mother.[25] Boucher's other nickname was Les Lunettes, because his glasses made him look like a graduate student.[25]

In 1988, Boucher went to Mississauga, Ontario, where he hijacked a truck and attempted to drive it back to Montreal, being arrested by the Peel Regional Police before getting very far.[26] In a highly unusual move, the Crown agreed to have the case tried in Montreal instead of Mississauga and Boucher's $10, 000 bail was paid for by another Angel, Normand "Biff" Hamel, who managed a company importing coffee from Costa Rica.[26] Hamel's company, Irazu Inc, was owned by a senior citizen named Richard Muselle, who did not get out very much, and in whose home was later found millions of dollars.[26] The Angels liked to hide the cash from their criminal activities at Muselle's house out of the belief that neither rival criminals nor the police would search the home of an elderly, frail and rarely seen man.[27] In 1989, Boucher was charged with lying to a police officer, and given a choice between paying the $200 fine or going to prison for four months, for reasons that remain unclear chose the latter, being released in March 1990.[28] In November 1990, Boucher was discovered by the police to be carrying a 38-caliber handgun, paying the $900 fine rather than do 5 months in prison.[28] In March 1993, Boucher paid a $500 fine after he was pulled over by a traffic cop and found with martial arts weapons in his car, violating the court order forbidding him to have any weapons.[29]

By the early 1990s, he was considered one of the most powerful bikers in the province, and was involved in numerous lucrative criminal activities such as cocaine trafficking and loan sharking.[30] In September 1992, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police started an investigation codenamed Project Jaggy, of a drug smuggling operation run jointly by the Mafia and the Hells Angels to bring in cocaine from Jamaica.[31] On 25 May 1993, a surveillance team from the RCMP took photographs of Boucher, wearing his Hells Angels colors, meeting Raynald Desjardins, the right-hand man of Vito Rizzuto, the leader of the Rizzuto crime family, one of the most powerful Mafia families in Canada.[32] A ship, the Fortune Endeavor, was making regular trips from Jamaica to Quebec City to smuggle cocaine, and as part of the investigation, police wiretaps showed that Boucher and Desjardins were speaking on the phone on an almost daily basis in the summer of 1993.[9] On 17 August 1993, a RCMP surveillance team recorded Boucher arriving at the Montreal headquarters of Desjardins's company, Amusements Deluxe, and then stepping into a car that took him to an unknown location; on the previous day, the Fortune Endeavor had arrived in Halifax and to forestall an unexpected inspection by Customs Canada, the crew had dumped 750 kilos of cocaine placed inside airtight plastic pipes off the coast of Nova Scotia.[33] In the following days, a team of Hells Angels from Quebec arrived and wearing scuba gear tried to find the cocaine, which was finally located instead by the Canadian Navy.[33] Desjardins was charged with conspiracy to smuggle the cocaine, but Boucher was not.[34]

In 1994, following the arrest of Salvatore Cazzetta on charges of conspiring to import 200 kilos (440Lb) of cocaine, the Rock Machine was rendered temporarily leaderless. Boucher, by now president of the Montreal chapter of the Hells Angels, decided to make his move against the Rock Machine and other independent dealers. His ultimate aim was to establish a Hells Angels monopoly over street-level, biker gang drug-dealing in the Montreal area—and eventually, all of Quebec.[35][36]

Boucher organized to persuade Rock Machine controlled bars and their resident drug dealers to surrender their illegal drug business. Rock Machine resistance led to bloodshed. On July 14, 1994, two members of the Hells Angels' top puppet club, the Rockers, entered downtown motorcycle shop and shot down a Rock Machine associate. This would be the spark that would set off the Quebec Biker war.[16] During the Quebec biker war, the Angels' national president Woldumir "Walter the Nurget" Stadnick remained in the background while Boucher became the public face of the Angels, so much that Stadnick's name was almost never mentioned by the media.[37] In 1984, Stadnick was involved in an incident when he drove his Harley-Davidson motorcycle into a car driven by Catholic priest, causing a fire that left him with severe burns and a hideously deformed face.[38] Given that Stadnick did not speak French and his grotesquely deformed face was as far from being telegenic as possible, the Quebec media preferred to focus on the charismatic French-Canadian Boucher. In what appeared to be a division of labour, Stadnick was in charge of expanding the Angels into Ontario and the Prairies while bringing the Angel chapters in British Columbia which answered to the Hells Angels chapter in Seattle under control of the Montreal chapter while Boucher had the task of fighting the Quebec biker war.[37] As Stadnick spoke no French and Boucher no English, police wiretaps showed that the two men needed interpreters to communicate.[39]

In November 1994, Dany Kane, a Hells Angel and a protégé of Boucher's lieutenant David "Wolf" Carroll contracted Interpol's office in Ottawa, saying he knew much about the Angels and wanted to sell information.[40] The Interpol office had Kane meet Staff Sergeant Jean-Pierre Lévesque of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), who appointed Corporal Pierre Verdon of Montreal to be his handler.[40] At their first meeting on 4 November 1994, Kane told Verdon that Boucher was a very dangerous man who was much feared by the other Angels, who was planning to murder anyone and everyone who might oppose him in his plans to take over the drug trade in Quebec.[41] Kane worked as an RCMP informer from 1994 to 1997 and again in 1999-2000, and his weekly reports to Verdon are the main source of information about Boucher's actions during the Quebec Biker war.[40] Kane was leading a double life in more than one sense, as the ostensibly straight Kane was having a secret relationship with another Hell's Angel, Aime Simard. In his turn, Kane told the RCMP that Boucher would pay more than double a policeman's weekly salary for information, that much of the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal was on his payroll, and Boucher had often boasted to him because he had a high ranking detective working for him that he knew everything that the police knew about him.[42] In 2013, Boucher's source was finally revealed to be Detective Benoît Roberge, the man in charge of stopping the biker war, who in 2014 pleaded guilty to charges of gangsterism, as he admitted to selling information in exchange for $125, 000.[43]

In March 1995, Boucher decided to start a new Hells Angels chapter which he would lead. The Hells Angels Nomads chapter was a group made up of the most powerful Hells Angels in Quebec and not bound by geographical locations like other Hells Angels chapters.[12] Kane described Boucher as a much self-disciplined man than he had been in the 1970s, saying that he only consumed alcohol and otherwise avoided all drugs and that he always got up early in the morning to meet other Angels at about 9:30 am.[44] Cleverly, Boucher usually paid his lawyer to be present at his meetings with other Angels, thus technically making these meetings between a client and his lawyer, meaning the police could not record these meetings as that would violate solicitor-client confidentiality. Boucher purchased a mansion in the south end of Montreal, complete with gardens and stables for his horses.[45] Boucher was also active as a real estate developer in Mexico, owning several beach front properties in Acapulco and often hosted parties attended by senior officers of the extremely corrupt Acapulco police department.[7] When filing his income taxes, Boucher variously gave his occupation as a chef, construction worker, used car salesman, and real estate developer.[7] Despite his background in the white supremacist gang the SS, Boucher's bodyguard was the Haitian immigrant Gregory "Pissaro" Wooley, who was also reputed to be the best assassin working for the Angels.[46]

In May 1995, Boucher was found to be carrying a handgun after pulled over by the police, doing a few months in prison.[47] During his time in prison, Boucher quarreled with the warden, Nicole Quesnel, and on 9 June 1995, her house was burned down after being firebombed by masked men riding Harley-Davidson motorcycles.[48] In August 1995, a Jeep wired with a remote-controlled bomb exploded killing an 11-year-old boy, Daniel Desrochers, who was playing in a nearby schoolyard. A month later, the first full Hells Angels member was shot to death entering his car at a shopping mall. Nine bombs went off around the province during his funeral."[16] On 23 September 1995, a bouncer, Steven "Bull" Bertrand, who sold drugs for the Hells Angels, called Boucher to complain about being beaten up by another drug dealer.[49] Boucher told him to get a baseball bat and beat the man who punched out him bloody, and as the phone call was being listened in by the police, he was charged with counselling violence.[50] On 27 October 1995, Boucher's bail hearing relating to the charges attracted unusual publicity, during which an used car dealer described Boucher as one of his best employees, who had sold $70, 000 worth of automobiles in the last year, which was a remarkable achievement for a man who just spent three months in prison.[51] Boucher was able to post bail, but forbidden to associate with members of the Hells Angels, Vito Rizzuto, and Robert Savard, one of the best known loan sharks in Montreal.[52] On 31 January 1996, Boucher pleaded guilty to counselling violence and paid the $2, 000 fine.[53]

Because of his spies within the police, Boucher knew that the RCMP had a "mole" within the ranks of the Angels, and was consumed with an obsession with finding out just who was the "mole".[45] To flush out the "mole" and to destabilize the justice system in Quebec, Boucher had decided the Angels were to start murdering at random people associated with the justice system.[45] Based on his prison experiences, Boucher felt that prison guards were the lowest of the low in the Quebec justice system, which is why prison guards were targeted. On 26 June 1997, two "prospects" with the Nomads, Stéphane "Godasse" Gagné and André "Toots" Tousignant, murdered the prison guard Dianne Lavigne.[25] According to Gagné, he afterwards met Boucher at a flower shop, where Boucher was complaining about the service, telling him "Fags are just like women. They are always late".[54] When Gagné stated he had killed a woman, Boucher told him: "That's good, Godasse. It doesn't matter that she had tits".[7]

On 27 November 1998, Boucher was acquitted of ordering the murder of the two prison guards in 1997, and afterwards become a folk-hero in Quebec.[55] On the night of 27 November 1998, to celebrate his acquittal, Boucher attended a boxing match with his fellow Nomads, with the audience cheering him as he took his seat and hundreds of people lining up to get his autograph.[55] When Boucher arrived at the Molson Center to see the middleweight boxing match between David Hilton and Stéphanne Ouellet, the crowd roared its approval of him as he was considered to be "cool".[56] The 1998 boxing match marked the beginning of Boucher's "folk hero" status in Quebec.[45] Whenever Boucher and his fellow Angels rode their Harley-Davidson motorcycles down the streets of the working class Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district in Montreal, ordinary people would come out to cheer Boucher like it was a royal procession.[55] Boucher become a celebrity in Quebec, despite or perhaps because of the violence of the biker war, with many polls showing that he was one of the most admired and best loved man in la belle province while the Quebec media often engaged in fawning coverage of the charismatic Boucher.[55] Those associated with the justice system described Boucher's "folk hero" status as reflecting the moral decay of Quebecois society.[56].[55]

On 26 April 2000, Boucher had lunch at a popular Montreal restaurant, Shawn's, with André "Dédé" Desjardins, one of the most "infamous" union bosses in Quebec who become one of Montreal's leading loan sharks.[57] The meeting was not friendly as Boucher asked Desjardins to forgive a $400, 000 loan with 52% interest that a friend of his had taken out with Desjardins and was struggling to repay, a request that Desjardins refused out of hand.[57] However, Desjardins agreed to meet Boucher at Shawn's the next day to further discuss the matter.[57] On 27 April 2000, Desjardins was murdered in a very professional killing while leaving Shawn's, with an assassin putting 11 bullets into his back as he was getting into his car.[58] Instead of meeting Desjardins at Shawn's as he had promised, Boucher went for a coffee at his favorite coffee shop, the Au Bon Pain.[59] While Boucher enjoying his coffee, Commander André Bouchard of the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal arrived at the Au Bon Pain to ask Boucher what he knew about the murder of Desjardins and why he did not have breakfast at Shawn's as he had promised.[59] Boucher refused to answer any questions and told Bouchard he would only speak with his lawyer present.[59] On the afternoon of 27 April, Boucher together with his lawyer, Gilbert Frigon, met Bouchard at a police station to talk about the murder of Desjardins.[59] Boucher claimed he and Desjardins had been talking about the weather in the Dominican Republic the previous day, which had bored him so much that he decided to skip breakfast with Desjardins that day.[59] Boucher told Bouchard that it was a "sad thing" that his friend Desjardins had been murdered and would call him at once "if he heard anything".[59] Bouchard later recalled that Boucher did not seem at all upset about the murder of his "friend" Desjardins.

Stéphane "Godasse" Gagné, the Hells Angel assassin who later turned Crown's evidence, testified at Boucher's trial in 2002 that Boucher greatly resented the power of the Mafia and was planning to drive them out of Montreal altogether, but was waiting until he won the Quebec biker war with the Rock Machine before taking on the Mafia, who were a far powerful organziation than the Rock Machine.[60] However, Gagné testified that Boucher wanted to eliminate people like Desjardins as an interim measure as way of weakening the power of the Mafia before taking them on outright.[61] Boucher's friend who was struggling with the loan was a man who had associations with the Rizzuto family and was not a Hells Angel.[62] Langton argued that Boucher had chosen to use a case of an Italo-Canadian struggling with an unpayable loan as an excuse to eliminate Desjardins without arousing the suspicions of his nominal ally, Vito Rizzuto.[63]

Reflecting his mainstream status, at the wedding of the Hell's Angel René Charlebois on 5 August 2000 was attended by Ginette Reno-one of the best loved folk singers in Quebec with a very matronly and respectable image-who serenaded the bikers with her hits like Mon May and posed for photographs with Boucher for the Montreal tabloid Allô Police, saying to the Allô Police journalist that she honored to meet such an outstanding man like Boucher.[64] Also attending and performing at the wedding was another well loved French-Canadian folk singer Jean-Pierre Ferland who was also posed for photographs with Boucher to be published in Allô Police, with Ferland saying it was a great honor to meet Boucher.[64] Both Ferland and Reno later claimed that they were unaware that the Hell's Angels are one of the most feared criminal syndicates in Quebec at the time they attended the wedding.[64] However, critics noted that both Reno and Ferland were paid $1 million dollars for performing at Charlebois's wedding, suggesting that was the real reason for their willingness to associate with the Hell's Angels, instead of their professed ignorance.[64]

On 10 October 2000, a Montreal appeals judge overruled double jeopardy, declaring that the Crown had presented credible evidence that the 1998 trial of Boucher was marred by intimation of the jury and that the judge's instructions to the jury were defective, and as such, Boucher should be retried for the murders of Lavigne and Rondeau.[65][64] Boucher's lawyer, Robert Lemieux, who was a celebrity in Quebec for his role defending members of the FLQ during and after the October Crisis of 1970, announced that his client had launched a $30 million lawsuit against the province of Quebec, alleging wrongful prosecution.[66] Unfortunately for Boucher, he wrote the letter of complaint himself, sparking widespread ridicule as his French was full of the sort of spelling and grammatical mistakes that one would expect from a man who dropped out of school in grade 9.[67] The discovery that the Grade 9 drop-out Boucher was incapable of writing a proper sentence in French did much to damage his "cool" image, instead giving him an oafish image.[67]

Legal issues[edit]

During the intense war between the Hells Angels and the Rock Machine, he ordered the murders of Quebec correctional officers Diane Lavigne and Pierre Rondeau in 1997. Both officers had been chosen at random. Besides the blow to the judicial system in Quebec, Boucher wanted crimes committed by bikers that would be so serious that prosecutors would not want to make deals to turn bikers into informants.[68][69]

In 1998, a jury acquitted Boucher of having ordered those murders. He was then closely followed by the police. In 2000, an appeals court dismissed the earlier acquittal, and he was arrested again. He was convicted for the murders with the help of a police informer in May 2002. The key witness for the prosecution was Stéphane Gagné, nicknamed Godasse, who was involved in both murders. He testified that Boucher ordered him to carry out the killings and was later congratulated by Boucher himself. The most damning evidence came from beyond the grave as the reports that Kane had submitted to the RCMP were presented as Crown's evidence.[70] Shortly before committing suicide in August 2000, Kane had stolen the financial records of the Nomads, which shown that over the course of the first 8 months of 2000, the Hells Angels had made a profit of $111, 503, 110 dollars in Quebec, and which were presented as evidence for the Crown.[71] After 11 days of deliberation by the jury, Boucher was found guilty of attempted murder and two counts of first-degree murder. Boucher received an automatic life sentence, with no possibility of parole for at least 25 years.[72]

He is currently detained in the only Canadian Super-Maximum security penitentiary, located in Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, north of Montreal.[1] In September 2002, the Indian Posse, a criminal gang made up of First Nations people active in the Prairies, tried to kill Boucher by firing a bazooka at his cell.[73] The Hells Angels only accept white men, and have been involved in bloody disputes with First Nations criminal groups in the Prairies, which led the Indian Posse to try to kill the most best known Canadian Hells Angel.[73] André Bouchard, a Montreal police detective, told the media it was rumored that the American leadership of the Hell's Angels wanted Boucher dead, saying: "We're heard that they [the Hell's Angels leadership] in the United States got together and they said to take the fucker out. They say this is the guy who caused all the trouble."[74] Regardless if a jailhouse contract was placed on Boucher or not, on 23 October 2010, Boucher was wounded during an attempt on his life when another prisoner stabbed him.[75] The man who attacked Boucher was a First Nations criminal who had wanted to join the Hells Angels, but was refused as the Angels only accept whites.[73] Boucher's attacker repeatedly referred to the Angels' whites only acceptance policy when stabbing him with a dining knife before the prisoners attacked him.[73] In April 2014, it was reported that the Angels had expelled Boucher.[76] On 3 November 2015, Boucher and another inmate, René Girard, attempted to murder another prisoner, Ghislain Gaudet, stabbing him repeatedly with homemade knives.[77] Girard, a man of limited intelligence who during an alcohol and cocaine binge in 1986 had sex with a man whom he mistook for a woman, and killed him in his fury when he noticed his lover had a penis, was described as an immature man prone to extreme violence who is easily manipulated.[78] Boucher and Girard were charged with the attempted murder of Gaudet.[79]

Boucher's former bodyguard, a Haitian immigrant named Gregory Woolley has been described as a major player in organized crime in Montreal.[80] On 19 November 2015, Boucher and his daughter, Alexandra Mongeau, were charged with conspiracy to commit murder.[80] In the indictment, the Crown alleged that Boucher continued to engage in organised crime from his prison cell, passing messages to his daughter who in her turn relayed the messages to Woolley, and claimed that Boucher had via Mongeau ordered Woolley to kill Raynald Desjardins, a close associate of the Mafiosi Vito Rizzuto, who had been the leader of the Rizzuto crime family.[80] The Sûreté du Québec Chief Inspector Patrick Bélanger said Boucher wanted Desjardins killed so to “ensure they could continue to control the territory,” but added there was also “certainly an aspect of vengeance.”[80] In May 2016, lawyers for Woolley and Boucher were able to stymied the preliminary inquiry phrase of the trial, saying both men wanted to attend the preliminary inquiry sessions, but demanded a change in venue, saying the Gouin courthouse was unsafe for their clients.[81]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Gazette: "Me and my pal Mom Boucher" Archived 2008-08-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ montreal.ctv.ca "Maurice Boucher reportedly stabbed in prison"
  3. ^ Pigeon, Marc, "Former biker says sorry, is denied parole", Toronto Sun, retrieved 2011-02-13 
  4. ^ a b Cherry 2005, p. 52.
  5. ^ a b c d e Cherry 2005, p. 54.
  6. ^ Auger 2002, p. 47.
  7. ^ a b c d Edwards & Auger 2012, p. 30.
  8. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 53.
  9. ^ a b Cherry 2005, p. 50.
  10. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 53-54.
  11. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 52-54.
  12. ^ a b Cherry, Paul (2005). The Biker Trials: Bringing Down the Hells Angels. Ecw Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-638-6. 
  13. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 55-57.
  14. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 56-57.
  15. ^ a b c d Cherry 2005, p. 58.
  16. ^ a b c d e http://www.julianrubinstein.com/hell.html
  17. ^ Langton, Jerry (2006). Fallen Angel: The Unlikely Rise of Walter Stadnick in the Canadian Hells Angels. John Wiley & Sons Canada Ltd. ISBN 0-470-83710-1. 
  18. ^ a b Cherry 2005, p. 63-64.
  19. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 58-59.
  20. ^ Lejtenyi, Patrick (26 September 2017). "How Canada's Most Prolific Hit Man Turned Informant on the Hells Angels". Vice. Retrieved 2017-12-07. 
  21. ^ a b c Langton 2010, p. 91.
  22. ^ a b Cherry 2005, p. 62.
  23. ^ a b c d Cherry 2005, p. 63.
  24. ^ Langton 2010, p. 90.
  25. ^ a b c Edwards & Auger 2012, p. 29.
  26. ^ a b c Cherry 2005, p. 65.
  27. ^ Cherry 2005.
  28. ^ a b Cherry 2005, p. 66.
  29. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 66-67.
  30. ^ McGill Tribune, Bikers, Bill C-95, Drugs and Mom Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 48.
  32. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 48-49.
  33. ^ a b Cherry 2005, p. 51.
  34. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 49-51.
  35. ^ Winterhalder, Edward; De Clercq, Wil. The Assimilation: Bikers United Against The Hells Angels. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-824-2. 
  36. ^ Winterhalder, Edward (2005). Out In Bad Standings; Inside The Bandidos Motorcycle Club. Blockhead City Press. ISBN 0-9771747-0-0. 
  37. ^ a b Langton 2010, p. 93.
  38. ^ Langton 2010, p. 82-83.
  39. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 12.
  40. ^ a b c Cherry 2005, p. 4.
  41. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 5.
  42. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 71.
  43. ^ "Benoît Roberge, ex-cop, sentenced to 8 years for gangsterism". CBC. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 2016-11-30. 
  44. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 89.
  45. ^ a b c d Edwards & Auger 2012, p. 31.
  46. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 45.
  47. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 81.
  48. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 80.
  49. ^ Cherry 2005, p. 85-86.
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  68. ^ Organized Crime in Canada: A Quarterly Summary April to June 2002
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References[edit]

  • Auger, Michel The Biker who Shot Me: Recollections of a Crime Reporter, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2002.
  • Auger, Michel & Edwards, Peter The Encyclopedia of Canadian Organized Crime: From Captain Kidd to Mom Boucher, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2012.
  • Cherry, Paul The Biker Trials: Bringing Down the Hells Angels, Toronto: ECW Press, 2005.
  • Langton, Jerry Fallen Angel: The Unlikely Rise of Walter Stadnick and the Canadian Hells Angels, Toronto: HarperCollins, 2013
  • Langton, Jerry Showdown: How the Outlaws, Hells Angels and Cops Fought for Control of the Streets, Toronto: John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
  • O'Connor, D'Arcy Montreal's Irish Mafia: The True Story of the Infamous West End Gang, Toronto: John Wiley & Sons, 2011