List of outlaw motorcycle clubs

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This is an alphabetical list of notable outlaw motorcycle clubs, including those current, defunct, or historic. An outlaw motorcycle club is a motorcycle subculture that has its roots in the immediate post-World War II era of American society. It is generally centered on the use of cruiser motorcycles, particularly Harley-Davidsons and choppers, and a set of ideals that celebrate freedom, nonconformity to mainstream culture and loyalty to the biker group. In the United States, such motorcycle clubs are considered "outlaw" as they are not sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) and do not adhere to the AMA's rules.

Outlaw motorcycle clubs[edit]

Name Year founded Location founded Notes Citations
69'ers 1968 Brooklyn and Queens, New York [1]
Bacchus 1972 Albert County, New Brunswick, Canada A Canadian one-percenter motorcycle club whose members ride only Harley-Davidson motorcycles. The name "Bacchus" is derived from an alternate name for Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, women and song. [2]
Bad Disciples 2015 Laurentides, Canada [3]
Bandidos 1966 San Leon, Texas, US Has worldwide membership, with an estimated 2,400 members in 210 chapters, located in 22 countries. The Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Criminal Intelligence Service Canada have named the Bandidos an "outlaw motorcycle gang".[4]
Black Sabbath Motorcycle Club 1974 San Diego, US
Blue Angels 1963 Glasgow, Scotland A one-percenter motorcycle club that was formed by Allan Morrison and Billy Gordon in the Maryhill area of Glasgow, Scotland in 1963. The club has four chapters in Scotland and Leeds.[5]
The Breed 1968 Jersey City, New Jersey, US [6][better source needed]
Brother Speed 1969 Boise, Idaho, US
Chosen Few 1959 Los Angeles, US [7][8]
Coffin Cheaters 1970 Perth, Australia [9]
Comanchero 1968 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Devils Diciples 1967 Fontana, California, US
Diablos 1961 San Bernardino, California, US [10]
Dire Wolves 2010 Indian Trail, North Carolina, US [1]:65
El Forastero 1962 Sioux City, Iowa, US
The Finks 1970s Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Free Souls 1968 Eugene, Oregon, US
Galloping Goose 1942 Los Angeles, US [11][12]
Gremium 1972 Mannheim, Germany [13]
Grim Reapers 1958 Alberta, Canada [14][not in citation given]
Gypsy Joker 1956 San Francisco, US [15]
Hangmen 1960 Richmond, California, US The colors are black and gold, and the logo is a noose. They have chapters all over the Western US and one in Germany. Hangmen MC is a registered trademark with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.[16] [17]:45 [18][19][20]
Head Hunters 1967 West Auckland, New Zealand [21][22][23]
Hells Angels 1948 Fontana, California, US
Hell's Lovers 1967 Chicago, US
Hessians 1968 Costa Mesa, California, US [24]
Highwaymen 1954 Detroit, US [25]
Invaders 1965 Gary, Indiana, US [26]
Iron Horsemen 1960s Cincinnati, US
Jus Brothers 1990 San Joaquin County, California, US [27][28]
Lone Legion Blenheim, New Zealand [29]
Lost Breed 1976 Nelson, New Zealand [30]
Market Street Commandos 1940s San Francisco, US
Mobshitters 1970 Hurstville, New South Wales, Australia [31][32]
Mongols 1969 Montebello, California, US
Moonshiners 1934 Compton, California, US
Notorious 2007 Sydney, Australia [33]
No Surrender 2013 Zundert, Netherlands
Outlaws 1935 McCook, Illinois, US
Pagan's 1959 Prince George's County, Maryland, US [34]
Peckerwoods 1987 Santee, California, US [35][36]
Phantom 1969 Chicago, US [37][38]
Pissed Off Bastards of Bloomington 1945 Bloomington, California, US
Rebels 1969 Brisbane, Australia
Rebels 1968 Red Deer, Alberta, Canada [39]
Red Devils c. 1940 Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [40][41][42]
Road Knights 1979 Timaru, New Zealand [43][44][45]
Road Runners 1978 Poland In Germany, Switzerland and the United States, there are more motorcycle clubs called Road Runners MC, but these are unrelated to the Polish club. [1]:177
Rock Machine 1980s Montreal, Canada [46]
Satan's Sidekicks 1970s Detroit, US [47][48]
Satan's Soldiers 1980 The Bronx, New York, New Jersey, US, Australia [49][50][51][52]
Satudarah 1990 Moordrecht, Netherlands
Sin City Deciples 1966 Gary, Indiana, US [53]
Solo Angeles 1959 Tijuana, Mexico
Sons of Satan 1954 Lancaster, Pennsylvania, US [54]
Sons of Silence 1966 Niwot, Colorado, US
Top Hatters 1947 Hollister, California, US [1]:200 [17]:28
Vagos 1965 Temescal Valley, California, US
Warlocks 1967 Philadelphia, US
Warlocks 1967 Orlando, Florida, US
Wheels of Soul 1967 Philadelphia, US [55]
Zulus 1969 Akron, Ohio, US [56][57][58]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hayes, Bill (2011), The One Percenter Encyclopedia: The World of Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs from Abyss Ghosts to Zombies Elite, Motorbooks, ISBN 9781610598019 
  2. ^ "Bacchus motorcycle gang moves to Halifax". The Chronicle Herald. May 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ PHILIPPE TEISCEIRA-LESSARD (October 11, 2016), "Un employé du PQ en concert pour des motards", La Presse (in French) 
  4. ^ "2005 National Gang Threat Assessment" (PDF). Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), U.S. Department of Justice.: 14. All of the major OMGs have support clubs that serve as a recruitment source and as foot soldiers in conducting criminal activities. The Hells Angels’ principal support club is the Red Devils, the Outlaws have the Black Pistons. The Pagans have the Tribe and the Blitzkrieg and Thunderguards (in Maryland). The Bandidos have several support clubs, including the Amigos, Pistoleros, LA Riders, Hombres, and Hermanos. 
  5. ^ Inside the Biker Gangs: The Truth About Guns, Drugs and Organised Crime
  6. ^ "Information on The Breed". Mafianj.com. 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  7. ^ Levingston, Tobie Gene; Zimmerman, Kent (2004), Soul on bikes: the East Bay Dragons MC and the Black biker set, MotorBooks International, p. 199, ISBN 0-7603-1747-X 
  8. ^ Simmons, Ann (14 July 2011). "Chosen Few motorcycle gang is targeted in crackdown". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Robinson, Russell (24 March 2007). "Bikie gangs run nightclub drug scene". The Australian. 
  10. ^ Information on Diablos Archived October 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Mallory, Stephen L. (2007), Understanding Organized Crime; Criminal justice illuminated, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, p. 160, ISBN 0-7637-4108-6 
  12. ^ Garson, Paul (2006), "Hollister, Roswell, and a Brave New Bro's World—1947", in Davidson, Jean; Thompson, Hunter S., The Harley-Davidson Reader, MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company, pp. 129–134, ISBN 0-7603-2591-X 
  13. ^ Bundeslagebild Organisierte Kriminalität 2010 (PDF) (in German), German Federal Criminal Police Office (Bundeskriminalamt), p. 19, retrieved 2013-05-12 [permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Quebec's motorcycle gangs". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. March 2, 2004. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  15. ^ Veno, Arthur (2003), The Brotherhoods, Allen & Unwin, pp. 76 ff, ISBN 9781741141375 
  16. ^ "Hangmen MC". Trademarkia.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Osgerby, Bill (2005). Biker: Truth and Myth: How the Original Cowboy of the Road Became the Easy Rider of the Silver Screen. Globe Pequot. ISBN 1-59228-841-3. 
  18. ^ [1][dead link]
  19. ^ [2][dead link]
  20. ^ [3][dead link]
  21. ^ "Gang seeks to flex muscle". Stuff. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  22. ^ "How gang made millions - National - NZ Herald News". The New Zealand Herald. July 24, 1999. 
  23. ^ "Notorious gangs eye up Christchurch". Stuff. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  24. ^ Miller, Martin (September 10, 1994). "8 in Biker Gang Arrested in 5-City Sweep : Crackdown: About 200 officers seize weapons and drugs in early morning raids. Two federal agents had infiltrated the tightly knit Hessians club". Los Angeles Times. 
  25. ^ Members of "Highwaymen Motorcycle Club" Indicted on Violent Crime, Drug, and Gun Charges, Federal Bureau of Investigation, May 14, 2009 
  26. ^ Associated Press (June 27, 2008). "Motorcycle club linked to meth". The Journal Gazette. Retrieved August 5, 2012. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Jurors return final verdicts for two bikers", The Record, Stockton, California, July 1, 2010, retrieved September 10, 2010 
  28. ^ Smith, Scott (August 10, 2010), Judge wants one retrial, not two, McClatchy - Tribune Business News, retrieved September 10, 2010 
  29. ^ "Gangs of Marlborough". The Marlborough Express. 16 April 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  30. ^ Phillips, Vanessa (18 April 2009). "Sympathy for the Devils". The Nelson Mail. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  31. ^ "Bikie gangs of NSW", The Daily Telegraph 
  32. ^ Janet Fife-Yeomans (November 7, 2009), "Pubs, clubs ban bikies' colours", The Daily Telegraph 
  33. ^ "Information on Notorious". Smh.com.au. February 5, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  34. ^ Information on Pagans Archived July 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ "'Operation Blue and White' Nets 14 Peckerwoods Members - re> SAN DIEGO, May 23 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/". California: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Undercover Officer Provides Inside Look Into Local Gang - San Diego News Story - KGTV San Diego". 10news.com. November 16, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  37. ^ Members of "Phantom Outlaw Motorcycle Club" Nine members of a violent, armed, outlaw motorcycle gang were indicted 
  38. ^ Six Leaders and Members of Phantom Outlaw Motorcycle Club and Vice Lords Street Gang Convicted of Violent Racketeering-Related Crimes 
  39. ^ The Rebels: a brotherhood of outlaw bikers By Daniel R. Wolf. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  40. ^ Biker gangs in Canada, CBC, April 15, 2009, Said to be the oldest motorcycle gang in Canada 
  41. ^ "Police raid Canada's oldest biker club", Windsor Star, November 21, 2011 
  42. ^ Erica Bajer (March 17, 2011), "Bikers threaten to charge cop with trespassing", Chatham Daily News 
  43. ^ Stokes, Cam. "NZ gang history photos — RK's (Road Knights') 20th anniversary 1999". GangScene. Archived from the original on February 8, 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  44. ^ "Road Knights Motorcycle Club". Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  45. ^ Unknown. "ENFILADE/DEFILADE: SUITED/BOOTED: GANGS IN THE STH ISLAND". Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  46. ^ Edwards, Peter; Auger, Michel (2004), The encyclopedia of Canadian organized crime: from Captain Kidd to Mom Boucher, Random House, p. 208, ISBN 9780771030444 
  47. ^ 2 Motorcycle Clubs Fight; 3 Die, 6 Hurt, Associated Press via Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 5, 1979 
  48. ^ "Man shot, killed outside motorcycle club - WDRB 41 Louisville - News, Weather, Sports Community". Wdrb.com. 2010-08-22. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  49. ^ Jim Hague Officials watching for motorcycle club fallout Police believe fatal shooting of cycler was isolated incident May 6, 2001. Hudson Reporter.com
  50. ^ U.S. Charges alleged Bronx gang leader in connection with operations of drug laboratory near public school Archived December 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. January 14, 2003. (US vs. Angelo Cruz)
  51. ^ Leader of "Satan's Soldiers" pleads guilty to operating clandestine Methamphetamine laboratory located next to Bronx public school[permanent dead link] November 11, 2004. (Angelo Cruz pleads guilty)
  52. ^ The Changing Face of Organized in New Jersey A Status Report. May 2004. (pg 87-90) [4]
  53. ^ Ryan Maye Handy, Colorado Gazette (2012-03-24). "Small, darker side of clubs casts shadow on bikers". The Gazette. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  54. ^ "Devil's Fire". Gangland (TV series). Season 4. Episode 2. February 12, 2009. 
  55. ^ [5][dead link]
  56. ^ National Gang Intelligence Center (2011), National Gang Threat Assessment 2011: Emerging Trends, United States Department of Justice  – via Questia (subscription required), p. 58 
  57. ^ "WOIO". Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  58. ^ Ed Meyer. "Man gets third trial in killing". www.ohio.com. Retrieved 28 October 2014.