Aerial view of Megiddo from the east.
|Founded by||Holocaust survivors|
Megiddo (Hebrew: מְגִדּוֹ، Arabic المجیدو, is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Jezreel Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Megiddo Regional Council. In 2014, Megiddo had a population of 844. The Kibbutz is located near Megiddo Junction, the intersection of highways 65 (from Hadera to Afula) and 66 (running from Haifa south to the West Bank). The junction is the site of a bus terminal and a high-security prison.
In Christian apocalyptic literature, Mount Megiddo, the hill overlooking the valley where the current kibbutz is located, is identified as the site of the final battle between the forces of good and evil at the end of time, known as Armageddon and mentioned in the New Testament in Revelation 16:16.
The kibbutz was founded in 2 February 1949 by a Gar'in of Holocaust survivors from Hungary and Poland who organized at the end of World War II and fought in the 1948 Arab–Israeli war. At first the members settled on the ruins of the Palestinian village al-Lajjun and several years later, the members relocated on a nearby hill. In 1952 a Gar'in of migrants from Lebanon and Mexico joined the kibbutz. In 1959 another Gar'in of migrants from Argentina and in the next years more gar'ins joined and youth organizations volunteered in the Kibbutz but the population didn't grow as members left the kibbutz.
The Kibbutz had problems developing demographically and economically. The number of residents remained low, since until the late 1990s the Kibbutz had a high flow of new members, most of whom came and gone. In November 2000, due to the demographical problem and the economical instability, the members of the Kibbutz decided to change the lifestyle and structure of the Kibbutz in a way that every member is now responsible for his own livelihood and the Kibbutz only provides some welfare services. Also, the members of the Kibbutz decided to transfer the ownership of the housing units and businesses from the Kibbutz to the residents.
In 2007 two new neighborhoods were built on the west and northern parts of the Kibbutz with 108 housing units
The kibbutz is located near the site of the several Battles of Megiddo and Tel Megiddo, a rich archeological site. According to the Bible, the town was apportioned to the tribe of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 7:29). In 2005, Israeli archeologists discovered the remains of an ancient church, perhaps the oldest in the Holy Land, under the grounds of the prison. Authorities are speculating about moving the prison so the site can be accessible to tourists.
- 2014 populations Israel Central Bureau of Statistics
- Robberts, Jo (2013). Contested Land, Contested Memory: Israel's Jews and Arabs and the Ghosts of Catastrophe. Dundurn. p. 40. ISBN 9781459710139.
- "אודות קיבוץ מגידו [History of Kibbutz Megiddo]". www.megiddo.co.il (in Hebrew). Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Kibbutz Megiddo - at Megiddo Regional Council website" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 29 June 2016.
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