Metropolitan cities of Italy

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The Metropolitan city (Città metropolitana in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy, operative since 2014. The Metropolitan city, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features, that form its metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan cities the comuni of Rome, Turin, Milan, Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Bari, Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory.[1] In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria to the list.[2] The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Trieste in Friuli-Venezia Giulia; Cagliari in Sardinia; Catania, Messina and Palermo in Sicily.

On 3 April 2014 the Italian Parliament approved a law that establishes 10 metropolitan cities in Italy,[3] excluding the autonomous regions. The new metropolitan cities have been operative since 1 January 2015.

Organisation[edit]

The Metropolitan city is composed by the municipalities (comuni) that before had been members of the same province. Each Metropolitan city is headed by a Metropolitan mayor (Sindaco metropolitano) assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan council (Consiglio metropolitano), and by a non-legislative assembly, the Metropolitan conference (Conferenza metropolitana). Members of the Metropolitan council are elected and chosen by mayors and city councilors of each municipality in the Metropolitan city, the Metropolitan mayor is the mayor of the provincial capital. The Metropolitan conference is composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the capital.[4]

The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities are:

  • local planning and zoning;
  • provision of local police services;
  • transport and city services regulation.

Metropolitan cities[edit]

Metropolitan city Area (km²) Population Mayor
Bari-Stemma.png Bari
Bari
3,821 1,251,004 Antonio Decaro (PD)
Bologna-Stemma.png Bologna
Bologna
3,702 1,003,027 Virginio Merola (PD)
FlorenceCoA.svg Florence
Firenze
3,514 1,007,435 Dario Nardella (PD)
Stemma di Genova.svg Genoa
Genova
1,839 864,008 Marco Doria (SEL)
CoA Città di Milano.svg Milan
Milano
1,575 3,190,340 Giuliano Pisapia (SEL)
CoA Città di Napoli.svg Naples
Napoli
1,171 3,128,702 Luigi De Magistris (MA)
Palermo-Stemma.png Palermo
Palermo
5 009,28 1 276 525 Leoluca Orlando (I)
Coat of arms of Rome.svg Rome
Roma
5,352 4,336,915 Ignazio Marino (PD)
Turin coat of arms.svg Turin
Torino
6,829 2,293,340 Piero Fassino (PD)
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg Venice
Venezia
2,462 858,455 Luigi Brugnaro (I)
Reggio Calabria Stemma.png Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria
3,183 558,959 Giuseppe Falcomatà (PD)

It should be noticed that the institution of the Metropolitan city of Reggio Calabria will be postponed to 2016, because of the dissolution of Reggio Calabria`s city council due to 'Ndrangheta penetration.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]