Mia Love

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Mia Love
Mia Love official congressional photo.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Utah's 4th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2015
Preceded by Jim Matheson
Mayor of Saratoga Springs
In office
January 8, 2010 – January 8, 2014
Preceded by Timothy Parker
Succeeded by Jim Miller
Personal details
Born Ludmya Bourdeau
(1975-12-06) December 6, 1975 (age 41)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Jason Love
Children 3
Alma mater University of Hartford (BFA)

Ludmya Bourdeau "Mia" Love (born December 6, 1975) is an American politician and the U.S. Representative from Utah's 4th congressional district. She is the first Haitian American and the first black female Republican in Congress,[1][2] as well as the first African American to be elected to Congress from Utah.[3]

Born to Haitian parents in Brooklyn, New York, Love was elected as the Mayor of Saratoga Springs, Utah, serving from 2010 to 2014.[4] She was previously on its city council. In 2012, Love ran for Utah's 4th congressional district, losing narrowly to incumbent Democratic Representative Jim Matheson. She was a speaker at the 2012 Republican National Convention. She was elected as a Republican to the House of Representatives on November 4, 2014, defeating Democratic opponent Doug Owens, son of the former Congressman Wayne Owens and defeated him again in their 2016 rematch to win her second term.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

Love was born Ludmya Bourdeau on December 6, 1975, in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Mary and Jean Maxine Bourdeau.[5] At a time of political repression, her parents emigrated together from Haiti in 1973,[6] leaving their two older children behind with family.[7][8] Her father had been threatened by the Tonton Macoute, the secret police in Haiti, and her parents traveled to the United States on a tourist visa.[9] They spoke only French when they arrived. Her father became a paint-company manager and her mother worked as a nurse.[10]

Love's birth enabled her parents to gain a US residency permit (green card) under an immigration law that favored immigrants from the Western Hemisphere who had a child born in the United States; it expired in early 1976.[7][11] They became naturalized citizens.[12]

When Love was five, her family moved from Brooklyn to Norwalk, Connecticut.[13] Love attended Norwalk High School.[9] She was raised as a Roman Catholic in the faith of her parents. After the family settled in Norwalk, her parents brought her older siblings from Haiti to reunite the family.[2][14]

Love attended the University of Hartford Hartt School with a half-tuition scholarship.[15] She graduated with a degree in musical theatre.[9]

After college, she worked at Sento Corporation and the Ecopass Corporation.[16] She was also a flight attendant with Continental Airlines.[11][17] She moved to Utah in 1998 after converting to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and while working for Continental. There she married Jason Love.

Early political career[edit]

Love began to be active in civic affairs when she served as the community spokesperson in Saratoga Springs in an effort to persuade the developer of her neighborhood to spray against flies.[9] The city of 18,000 near Salt Lake City was established in 1997 and has had rapid growth.

In 2003 Love won a seat on the Saratoga Springs City Council. She was the first female Haitian-American elected official in Utah County; she took office in January 2004.[17] During an economic downturn, as part of the city council Love approved a transition from the agriculture tax to municipal tax. She worked with other city council members to cut expenses, reducing the city's shortfall during the economic downturn from $3.5 million to $779,000. Saratoga Springs now has the highest possible bond rating for a city of its size.[18]

After six years on the Council, Love was elected mayor,[19] winning with 861 votes to 594 for her opponent Jeff Francom.[20] She served from January 2010 to January 2014.[16] During her term, Love led the city in dealing with natural disasters, including a wildfire, followed shortly afterward by a severe mudslide.[21]

Elections[edit]

2012[edit]

Love ran in Utah's 4th congressional district, which was created after the 2010 Census.[22][23] She competed for the Republican nomination against attorney Jay Cobb and State Reps. Stephen Sandstrom of Orem and Carl Wimmer of Herriman; she won the nomination on April 21, 2012, at the 2012 Utah Republican Party Convention with over 70 percent of the vote. She faced six-term Democratic incumbent Jim Matheson in the general election, who while living in the 2nd congressional district ran in the new 4th district. losing some of his reliably Democratic constituents.

Nationally, Love received campaign support from 2012 Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney and his wife Ann Romney, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, House Budget Committee Chairman and 2012 Republican vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan, and Speaker of the House John Boehner.[24][25]

In 2012, National Journal named Love one of ten Republicans to follow on Twitter.[26] When speaking to the 2012 Republican National Convention on August 28, 2012, she discussed lessons learned from her parents, immigrants from Haiti who fled political repression.[27] She said, "Mr. President, I am here to tell you we are not buying what you are selling in 2012."[28]

In September 2012, questions arose about her parents' immigrant status. Forbes investigated a claim in an article that month in Mother Jones that no law existed in 1976 that would have allowed Love's parents to become citizens of the United States after her birth. Forbes found that immigrants who had been residents of the Western Hemisphere could get long-term residency permits (green cards) if they had a child born in the United States. Mother Jones issued a correction.[5][7][29] Love did not make her family's papers available for review.[citation needed] In an October 2012 interview, her father said that Mia's birth as a U.S. citizen was key to him and his wife gaining permanent legal status and ultimately citizenship.[9]

Love lost the election to Jim Matheson by 768 votes out of 245,277 votes cast,[30] a difference of 0.31%. She was regarded to have run a weak campaign, switching campaign managers three times, trying to "nationalize" the race rather than focus on local issues, and missing interviews and appointments because of rifts in her campaign staff.[31]

2014[edit]

Mia Love

In March 2013, Love said she was seriously considering another run against Matheson.[32] In May 2013 she announced she would run in 2014. As of July 2013, Love had raised over $475,000 for her campaign.[33] Love was an opening speaker at the 2013 Western Conservative Summit. She spoke of the need for increased grassroots organization in the GOP, and the need to be independent from the government.[34]

In August 2013, Love was chosen by Newsmax as an "Up and Comer" in their list of top "25 Influential Women of the GOP," given her visible position as a young black female Republican.[35] In November 2013, Love acknowledged the growing consensus that the Tea Party needed to shift away from being the "party of no," disagreeing with its part in forcing a federal government shutdown over the budget.[36] She later reiterated her support for the philosophy of the Tea Party and many of its leaders, including Utah Sen. Mike Lee.[37]

On December 17, 2013, Matheson announced that he would not run for re-election. Love was ranked as the favored candidate due to her name recognition and characteristics of the district. In early October 2014, the National Journal listed Utah's 4th district as the number one most likely district to change hands in November.[38]

In early 2014 Love was made a member of the Republican National Committee's National Advisory Council on African-American outreach.[39] On April 26, 2014 Love won the Republican nomination for the 4th congressional district at the Utah Republican Convention, with 78% of the vote at the convention.[28][40]

On election night, Owens led Love until late in the evening, when she pulled ahead and ultimately won by more than 4,000 votes.[28][41]

2016[edit]

Love ran for re-election in 2016. She defeated Democrat Doug Owens in the general election with 53% of the vote.[42][43] David Scott, a Democratic Representative from Georgia, gave $1,000 to Love's campaign.[44]

A poll released in August 2016 found that Love was leading Owens by 13 percentage points, 51% to 38%.[45] According to the poll, Love was leading Owen with both Republicans and independents.[45] As of the federal financial disclosure dated June 30, 2016, Love had nearly $1.5 million in the bank and Owens had $890,000.[45] In a September 2016 poll, Love held a 18% lead over Owens, 53% to 35%.[46]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Mia Love speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on February 26, 2015.

With the start of the new Congress, Love was appointed to the House Financial Services Committee.[47] Love joined the Congressional Black Caucus in January 2015 after taking her seat.[48] While campaigning in 2012, Love had said that if elected, she would “join the Congressional Black Caucus and try to take that thing apart from the inside out.” She described the mainly Democratic Caucus as characterized by

...demagoguery. They sit there and ignite emotions and ignite racism when there isn’t. They use their positions to instill fear. Hope and change is turned into fear and blame. Fear that everybody is going to lose everything and blaming Congress for everything instead of taking responsibility.[49]

In May 2015 she was a lead sponsor along with Duncan Hunter of HR 2518 the Student Right to Know Before You Go Act, designed to increase the amount of information universities and colleges are required to provide prospective students.[50]

In October 2015, Love was named to serve on the Select Investigative Panel on Planned Parenthood.[51]

In April 2016, Love got her first bill through the U.S. House. HR3791, which was approved in a 247-171 vote, raises limits on how large community banks can grow, which Love says will make more credit available.[52]

Political positions[edit]

Love says she favors "fiscal discipline, limited government, and personal responsibility."[19] She has also said that she asks herself three questions whenever she approaches an issue: "Is it affordable? Is it sustainable? Is it my job?"[53]

Love was described as a Tea Party conservative in 2012.[31] In a 2015 article titled "How 'tea party' is Mia Love?", the Washington Post wrote that "Love's rhetoric from 2012 to 2014 changed a bit, even as her policy positions remained fairly constant" and noted that Love had "angered some conservatives when she questioned the tea party driven government shutdown in 2013 over Obamacare."[54] A blogger for libertarian-leaning magazine Reason described her as a "Trojan horse libertarian" due to her stance on homeschooling, federal control of land, and other issues.[55]

Love is pro-life.[56] She supports gun rights and holds a concealed weapons permit.[56] Love supports Utah's effort to reclaim public land from federal agency controls.[56]

During her first campaign for Congress, Love proposed deep cuts to federal spending, particularly in the area of entitlement spending.[31] She also supports cutting taxes.[31] She supported cuts to foreign aid and tort reform.[57] She believes that the federal government should have less power.[57] In 2014, Love focused more on balancing the budget, avoiding stating specific cuts needed but identifying the goal of matching spending to revenue.[58] Love supported the March 2015 budget, which required an increase in federal employee contributions to their retirement funds.[59]

On October 8, 2016, Love issued a statement that she would not vote for Republican candidate Donald Trump in the upcoming presidential election and urged him to withdraw from the race for the good of the party and the country.[60]

Personal life[edit]

Raised a Roman Catholic, Love joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints after graduating from college in 1998.[61] While working as a flight attendant, she moved to Utah as part of her work. She also wanted to be closer to a Mormon temple and to learn more about her faith.[9] There she got to know Jason Love, whom she had met briefly when he was an LDS missionary in Connecticut.

The two were married in December 1998, four months after their first date. Love turned down an offer to appear in the Broadway show Smokey Joe's Café that would start two days before her marriage.[9][62] When first married, the Loves lived in American Fork. They have three children together. The Loves decided that Jason should continue his software work and maintain their residence in Utah.[63]

Electoral history[edit]

Utah's 4th congressional district election, 2014[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mia B. Love 74,936 50.92
Democratic Doug Owens 67,425 45.81
Independent American Tim Aalders 2,032 1.38
Constitution Collin Simonsen 1,424 0.97
Libertarian Jim L. Vein 1,151 0.92
Total votes 147,168 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic
Utah's 4th congressional district election, 2012[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jim Matheson (incumbent) 119,803 48.84
Republican Mia B. Love 119,035 48.53
Libertarian Jim L. Vein 6,439 2.63
Total votes 245,277 100.0
Democratic hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Will, George (September 24, 2012). "Utah's Mia Love Battles Stereotypes". Newsmax.com. Newsmax Media. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  2. ^ a b c "Rising GOP star Mia Love glides into the spotlight at convention". Fox News. August 28, 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  3. ^ "2014: Not a Landmark Year for Women, Despite Some Notable Firsts" (PDF), CAWP Election Watch (Press Release), The Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers University, November 21, 2014, archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-24 
  4. ^ "Mia Love Wins Utah Mayoral Race". 
  5. ^ a b Mencimer, Stephanie (September 24, 2012). "GOP Rising Star Mia Love: "Anchor Baby"?". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  6. ^ Ritz, Erica (September 4, 2013). "Mia Love Asks: 'How Far Away Are We From Losing the American Dream?'". TheBlaze. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  7. ^ a b c Anderson, Stuart (September 28, 2012). "Mia Love May Be Right About Her Family's Immigration History". Forbes.com. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  8. ^ Mencimer, Stephanie (October 1, 2012). "Mia Love May Have Been Her Parents' "Ticket to America" After All". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Gehrke, Robert; Canham, Matt (October 8, 2012). "Mia Love: From Dream of Broadway to Capitol Hill". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ John Fund, "Daughter of Haitian Immigrants Is GOP Congressional Nominee in Utah", The Corner, National Review, 22 April 2012
  11. ^ a b Benson, Lee (January 17, 2011). "About Utah: King's dream certainly thrives along the shores of Utah Lake". Deseret News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. There was an immigration law in place, however, that would grant the entire family citizenship if Jean Maxine and Mary had a baby in America. But there was a deadline. The law was set to expire on Jan. 1, 1976. On Dec. 6, 1975, with 25 days to spare, Mia was born in a Brooklyn hospital. 
  12. ^ Hesterman, Billy (January 6, 2012). "Saratoga Springs Mayor Mia Love Officially Enters Congressional Race". Provo Daily Herald. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. 
  13. ^ Glionna, Hohn M.; Pearce, Matt (November 5, 2014). "GOP hopes Mia Love's win a watershed moment for the party". LA Times. Archived from the original on 2014-11-15. 
  14. ^ Dougherty, Joseph M. (January 15, 2010). "Mayor Mia Love honors Martin Luther King Jr. in speech". Deseret News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  15. ^ Canham, Matt (November 23, 2014). "Mia Love: Searching for stardom; a Mormon conversion". Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-24. 
  16. ^ a b "Mayor & City Council: Mayor Mia Love", Saratoga Springs official website (SaratogaSpringsCity.com), City of Saratoga Springs, Utah, archived from the original on 2012-09-11 
  17. ^ a b Haddock, Sharon (September 27, 2004). "Political Novice Lovin' it". Deseret News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  18. ^ Rolly, Paul (November 19, 2011). "Mia Love causing a GOP stir nationally". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  19. ^ a b Levinson, Alexis (January 14, 2012). "Aspiring first black GOP congresswoman: Don't put me in a box". The Daily Caller. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  20. ^ Myers, Donald W. (November 9, 2009). "Mia Love: Race not a factor for Utah's first black female mayor-elect". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  21. ^ Allred, Cathy (December 26, 2013). "Mia Love thankful for chance to serve Saratoga Springs". Provo Daily Herald. Archived from the original on 2013-12-29. 
  22. ^ Gehrke, Robert (January 4, 2012). "Saratoga Springs Mayor Mia Love to kick off campaign". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  23. ^ Saulny, Susan (May 22, 2012). "Black Mormons and the Politics of Identity". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  24. ^ Canham, Matt (February 1, 2012). "Chaffetz helps Love with Washington introductions, but says he won't endorse". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  25. ^ Gehrke, Robert (2012-08-01). "Love getting boost from national GOP stars". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  26. ^ "Ten Republicans to follow on Twitter," by Adam Mazmanian, National Journal, August 27, 2012, Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  27. ^ "'Revive' America, Utah congressional candidate Mia Love tells RNC, draws rousing cheers". Deseret News. AP. August 28, 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  28. ^ a b c "Utah-4: Mia Love (R)", Almanac: 2014 New members of Congress, National Journal [dead link]
  29. ^ Gehrke, Robert (September 24, 2012). "Love's story of immigrant parents called into question". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-11-04. 
  30. ^ "Utah Lieutenant Governor's Office, General Canvass Report, 2012" (XLSX formatted spreadsheet), elections.utah.gov 
  31. ^ a b c d Rolly, Paul (July 21, 2012). "Mia Love's campaign is all in tangles". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-12-12. 
  32. ^ Chasmar, Jessica (March 17, 2013). "GOP Mayor Mia Love thinking about another run for Congress". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  33. ^ Joseph, Cameron (July 15, 2013). "Mia Love raises $475K for House rematch". The Hill. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  34. ^ Patane, Matthew (July 27, 2013). "Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker opens Western Conservative Summit". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  35. ^ Patten, David A. (August 2013). "25 Influential Women of the GOP". Newsmax. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  36. ^ Roche, Lisa Riley (November 13, 2013). "Mia Love says I Don't Believe in Labels". Deseret News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  37. ^ Hallowell, Billy A. (November 27, 2013). "Conservative Star Mia Love Denies Report That She Rejects the 'Tea Party' Label — and Clarifies Her Stance". TheBlaze. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  38. ^ Fitzpatrick, Jack (October 8, 2014). "The Hotline's House Race Rankings: The 30 Districts Most Likely to Change Hands in November". National Journal Hotline. National Journal. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  39. ^ "RNC's advisory councils to focus on minority communities". Florida Courier. March 6, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  40. ^ Huston, Warner Todd (April 27, 2014). "Mia Love Wins GOP Nomination for Congress". Breitbart. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  41. ^ a b "Utah Election Results US Congressional District #4", electionresults.utah.gov, archived from the original on 2014-11-05 
  42. ^ Canham, Matt (November 8, 2016). "Doug Owens concedes; Mia Love has 'never been more proud of this state,' which she'll serve in a 2nd term". Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 11 November 2016. 
  43. ^ Meyer, Theodoric (March 24, 2016). "Utah GOP plots to save Mia Love from Trump backlash". Politico. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  44. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com, The Washington Times. "David Scott, Georgia Democrat, donated $1,000 to campaign Mia Love, Utah Republican: report". Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  45. ^ a b c Lisa Riley Roche (August 10, 2016). "Poll: GOP Rep. Mia Love leads Democrat Doug Owens by 13 points". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved October 6, 2016. 
  46. ^ Salt Lake Tribune/Hinckley Institute - Dan Jones & Associates
  47. ^ Canham, Matt (November 21, 2014). "Utah's Mia Love on committee overseeing banks". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2015-01-27. 
  48. ^ Ross, Chuck (January 6, 2015). "Republican Mia Love Joins Congressional Black Caucus, Group She Wants To Reform". The Daily Caller. Archived from the original on 2015-01-27. 
  49. ^ Romboy, Dennis (January 5, 2012). "Love would 'take apart' Congressional Black Caucus if elected in Utah's 4th District". Deseret News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  50. ^ International Business Times article
  51. ^ Paul Kane (October 23, 2015). "Boehner's next select committee, focusing on Planned Parenthood, to be led by Marsha Blackburn". Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2015. 
  52. ^ Roche, Lisa Riley (April 15, 2016). "Rep. Mia Love gets first bill through House". Deseret News. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  53. ^ Barabak, Mark Z. (May 29, 2012). "Mia Love breaks the GOP mold, but can she win?". LA Times. Archived from the original on 2012-08-19. 
  54. ^ Henderson, Nia-Malika (January 8, 2015). "How 'tea party' is Mia Love?". Washington Post. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  55. ^ Quinn, Garrett (November 2012). "Libertarian(ish) Candidates". Reason Magazine. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  56. ^ a b c Dobner, Jennifer (May 24, 2014). "Republican star Mia Love gets second chance to make political history". Reuters. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  57. ^ a b "Posting on Mia Love's 2012 campaign fiscal plan", ABC News
  58. ^ "2014 statement on spending", Love campaign website
  59. ^ House-passed budget cuts workforce, ups pension contribution, Federal Times, 26 March 2015
  60. ^ Levintova, Hannah (October 8, 2016). "Here are all the Republicans who have abandoned Trump's ship so far". Mother Jones. Retrieved October 8, 2016. 
  61. ^ Love, David A. (December 18, 2013). "Mia Love poised to make a political comeback". The Grio. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  62. ^ Fund, John (April 22, 2012). "Daughter of Haitian Immigrants is GOP Congressional Nominee in Utah". National Review Online. National Review. Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. 
  63. ^ Robinson, Doug (January 3, 2015). "Mr. (Mia) Love – The man behind the congresswoman". Deseret News. Archived from the original on 2015-01-27. 
  64. ^ Haas, Karen L. (February 28, 2013), Statists of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 6, 2012 (PDF), Clerk of the United States House of Representatives, archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-11-04 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jim Matheson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Utah's 4th congressional district

2015–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Barry Loudermilk
United States Representatives by seniority
406th
Succeeded by
Tom MacArthur