Mihrimah Sultan Mosque, Üsküdar

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Mihrimah Sultan Mosque
İstanbul 5067.jpg
Religion
AffiliationSunni Islam
Location
LocationIstanbul, Turkey
Mihrimah Sultan Mosque, Üsküdar is located in Istanbul
Mihrimah Sultan Mosque, Üsküdar
Shown within Istanbul
Geographic coordinates41°01′36″N 29°00′58″E / 41.02667°N 29.01611°E / 41.02667; 29.01611Coordinates: 41°01′36″N 29°00′58″E / 41.02667°N 29.01611°E / 41.02667; 29.01611
Architecture
Architect(s)Mimar Sinan
TypeMosque
Groundbreakingc. 1543-44
Completed1548
Specifications
Dome height (outer)24.2 m (79 ft)
Dome dia. (outer)11.4 m (37 ft)
Minaret(s)2
Materialsashlar
Cross section and plan, Cornelius Gurlitt, 1912

The Mihrimah Sultan Mosque (İskele Mosque, Jetty Mosque, Turkish: Mihrimah Sultan Camii, İskele Camii) is a 16th century Ottoman mosque Overlooking the waterfront in the historic center of the Üsküdar district of Istanbul, Turkey. One of Üsküdar's best-known landmarks, it takes its alternative name from the ferry terminal near which it stands. Before the coast road was built the mosque would have stood right beside the water, accessible by boat.

History[edit]

The mosque was designed by the imperial architect Mimar Sinan and built between 1543-44 and 1548.[1] It is the earlier of the two Friday mosques in Istanbul commissioned by Mihrimah Sultan, daughter of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and wife of Grand Vizier Rüstem Pasha.

Architecture[edit]

The large mosque stands on a raised platform with a broad double portico that contains a fine marble ablutions fountain. The architecture features several hallmarks of Mimar Sinan's mature style[citation needed]: a spacious, high-vaulted basement, slender minarets and a single-domed baldacchino flanked by three semi-domes ending in three exedrae.

The exterior is composed of ashlar, a thin dressed stone of gray to cream color. The interior walls and mimber are of Imported marble surrounds.[2]

One of the minarets still bears a carved sundial.

It was originally part of a complex, parts of which also survive although they now have different purposes.

Islamic Calligraphy in the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque
Muqarnas on top of the Mihrab inside the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque
Flower mosaics displayed on the windows of the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque
Islamic Calligraphy at the Mihrimah Sultan Mosque


Gallery[edit]

Mihrimah Sultan

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Necipoğlu 2005, p. 301.
  2. ^ Rogers, J. M. (1982). "The State and the Arts in Ottoman Turkey Part 1. The Stones of Suleymaniye". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 14 (1): 71–86. doi:10.1017/S0020743800026593. JSTOR 163335.


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