Moscow International Business Center

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Moscow International Business Center
Московский Международный Деловой Центр
Moscow-City (36211143494).jpg
Alternative namesMoscow City
General information
LocationPresnensky District, Moscow, Russia
ManagementPJSC City
Nearest metro station 4  Mezhdunarodnaya
 4  Vystavochnaya
 8A  Delovoy Tsentr (closed)
 11  Delovoy Tsentr
 14  Delovoy Tsentr

The Moscow International Business Center (MIBC) (Russian: Московский международный деловой центр, tr. Moskovskiy mezhdunarodniy delovoy tsentr), also known as “Moscow City” (Russian: «Москва-Сити», tr. "Moskva-Citi"),[1][2] is a commercial district in central Moscow, Russia. Located east of the Third Ring Road in the Presnensky District of the Central Administrative Okrug, the MIBC is currently under development. Construction of the MIBC took place on the Presnenskaya Embankment next to the Moskva River, approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) west of Red Square, and just east of the Third Ring Road. The project occupies an area of 60 hectares,[3] with the territory chosen being the only area in central Moscow that can accommodate such a project.

The MIBC is expected to become the first zone in Russia to combine business activity, living space and entertainment in one single development.[3] The Moscow government first conceived the project in 1992.[4] An estimated 250,000 – 300,000 people will be working in, living in, or visiting the complex at any given time.[3] MIBC includes 6 skyscrapers with maximum height of 300 meters or more (Shanghai has 5, Hong Kong has 6, Chicago has 6, New York has 8). Europe's second tallest building, the Federation Tower, is in the MIBC. The complex also includes the third-tallest, fourth-tallest, sixth-tallest, seventh-tallest, and eighth-tallest buildings in Europe. By 2016 twelve of twenty-three planned facilities of MIBC were already built, seven buildings are in construction and four are in the design stage.[5]

History[edit]

Before construction began, the area had been an old stone quarry where most of the buildings were old factories and industrial complexes that had been closed or abandoned. In order to manage the project, a public company, CITY, was created in 1992 in order to oversee the initial creation and development of Moscow City as well as its subsequent usage. CITY is also a general contractor and both landlord and leaser. Overall responsibility for the architectural planning and design of Moscow City belongs to the architectural studio No. 6, which is a part of the large Moscow practice Mosproject-2 named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Posokhin. This group, headed by Gennady Lvovich Sirota, who is officially the Chief Architect of Moscow City, is in charge of overseeing the design of the complex as a whole and agreeing the details of individual projects. Each building lot has its own investor and architect. By 2014 the volume of investments in Moscow City was approximately $12 billion.[6]


Layout[edit]

The plots of Moscow-CityBagration BridgeExpocentreExpocentreEvolution TowerEvolution TowerImperia TowerCentral CoreCentral CoreCentral CoreCity of CapitalsNaberezhnaya TowerEurasia (building)Federation TowerMercury City TowerNorthern Tower
About this image
Current status of construction
Completed Designed height Under construction On hold Presumably

Table organized by complex[edit]

Roof height, max height, and floors apply to the tallest building of the respective complex. Completion of construction applies to the building in each complex completed last.

Plot number Image Name Started Completed Buildings in complex Roof height Max height Floors Total area, m² Notes
0
Tower 2000 and Bagration Bridge 1996 2001 1 104 104 34 61 057 [4][7]
1
Expocentre 1977 1978 8 15 15 10 165 000
1 Multifunctional Complex 2018 2022 1 404 404 109 281 608 Will become the tallest building in Moscow[8]
2
Evolution Tower 2011 2014 1 246 246 54 169 000 [9][10][11]
3
4
Empire 2006 2018 2 239 239 59 287 723 Construction of Tower 2. Foundation work.[12][13][14][15]
6
Central Core 2005 2019 1 50 50 6 450 000 Construction of a Cinema-Concert Hall
7
8
9
City of Capitals 2005 2009 3 302[16] 302 76 288 680 [17]
10
Naberezhnaya Tower 2003 2007 3 268[18] 268 59 254 000 [19][20][21][22][23]
11
IQ-quarter 2008 2017 3 169[24] 169 42 228 000 [25][26][27][28]
12
Eurasia Tower 2007 2015 1 309 309 70 207 542 [29][30]
13
Federation Towers 2003 2017 2 374[31] 374 101 439 154 Vostok/East Tower is currently the second tallest building in Russia and Europe.
14
Mercury City Tower 2009 2013 1 339 339 75 158 528 [32][33][33][34][35]
15 Grand Tower[36] 2013 2019 1 283 283 50 315 282 Construction put on hold in 2013. There is only a tower crane on the site.
16
OKO 2011 2015 3 354 354 85 429 600 [37][38][39][40][41][42]
17
Neva Towers 2013 2019 2 338 338 77 357 000 [43][44][45]
18
19
Northern Tower 2005 2007 1 108 132 27 135 000
20
21
22
23
24
25
29
30
31

Table organized by individual buildings[edit]

Plot number Name Started Completed Current height (m) Roof height (m) Max height (m) Floors Notes
0 Tower 2000 1998 2001 130 34
2–3 Evolution Tower 2011 2014 246 54
4 Empire Stage 1 2006 2011 239 230 239 59
Empire Stage 2 2013 2018 0 53 14 Construction of Tower 2. Foundation work.
9 City of Capitals: Office building 2005 2008 70 17
City of Capitals: Saint Petersburg 2009 257 65
City of Capitals: Moscow 302 73
10 Naberezhnaya Tower A 2003 2004 85 17
Naberezhnaya Tower B 2004 2005 127 27
Naberezhnaya Tower C 2005 2007 268 59
11 IQ-quarter: Tower 1 2008 2017 85 22
IQ-quarter: Tower 2 141 32
IQ-quarter: Tower 3 173 42
12 Eurasia/Steel Peak 2007 2015 309 70
13 Federation Towers: Zapad 2003 2008 242 63
Federation Towers: Vostok 2004 2017 374 95 The tallest completed building in Europe[46]
14 Mercury City Tower 2009 2013 339 75
15 Grand Tower 2013 2019 0 283 50
16 OKO: South Tower 2011 2015 354 85
OKO: North Tower 245 49
OKO: Parking 2017 59 12
17–18 Neva Tower 1 2013 2019 202 337 77 The construction of the 49th floor (on 18 October 2017)
Neva Tower 2 0 290 63 Zero level (on 18 October 2017)
19 Northern Tower 2005 2007 132 108 132[47] 27

Management[edit]

Established in the spring of 1992, the PJSC City Company manages the creation and development of the MIBC. On December 30, 1994, the Government of Moscow authorized PJSC City to act as the managing company for the MIBC and to negotiate with third parties to help develop the MIBC. As of February 2014, the company is owned by the Solvers Group led by Oleg Malis.[48][49]

Transport[edit]

Pedestrian[edit]

The Bagration Bridge is a pedestrian bridge that goes over the Moskva River. It connects Tower 2000 and the rest of the MIBC complex.

Road[edit]

To correspond with the growing MIBC, new highways and interchanges were built to connect the MIBC with the main transport arteries of the city. These projects include the ten-lane Dorogomilovsky Bridge of the Third Ring Road over the Moskva River, the Third Ring Road interchange with Kutuzovsky Avenue, and the extension of the Presnenskaya Embankment. Existing roads were reconstructed and rearranged.

Major thoroughfares that connect to the MIBC are the Third Ring Road, 3rd Magistralnaya street, and the Presnenskaya Embankment.

Rapid transit[edit]

The MIBC is served by several metro stations, two of which are named Delovoy Tsentr (Russian for business district). Stations Vystavochnaya (formerly known as Delovoy Tsentr) and Mezhdunarodnaya opened on the Filyovskaya Line in 2005 and 2006 respectively, Delovoy Tsentr on the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line in 2014, and a second Delovoy Tsentr on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line in 2017.

The MIBC in addition is served by Moscow Central Circle with the station also named Delovoy Tsentr which opened in 2016. There are also plans to install a high-speed rail system between the MIBC and Sheremetyevo International Airport.

Gallery[edit]

Accidents[edit]

Fire on the 67th floor of Vostok of the Federation Towers (April 2, 2012).
  • On April 2, 2012, a fire occurred on the 67th floor of Federation Tower East/Vostok while it was under construction. 25 fire-fighting units and 4 helicopters of the Moscow Aviation Center responded and took four hours to extinguish the fire. Nobody was injured.[50]
  • On January 25, 2013, a fire occurred on the 24th floor of one of the skyscrapers at the OKO complex while it was under construction.[51]
  • On January 12, 2014, a fire occurred on the 15th floor of a 17-story building on Testovaya Street while it was under construction. The fire was extinguished and nobody was injured.[52]
  • On July 9, 2014, a fire occurred on Evolution Tower. The fire was extinguished and nobody was injured.[53]
  • On 18:45 on August 31, 2015, a fire occurred on the 33rd floor of Federation Tower East/Vostok due to the ignition of construction materials.[54]
  • On April 13, 2016, a worker fell to his death on the Naberezhnaya Tower, presumably from the hundredth floor.[55]
  • On June 18, 2017, roofer Sergey Delyashov climbed on Eurasia/Steel Peak and was later rescued.[56]

See also[edit]

Other commercial districts in Russia:

Building comparisons:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website". Eng.citynext.ru. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  2. ^ "Construction World: Integrated Body For Urban Design Policy And Development Of Moscow". Stroi.ru. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b c "ОАО "СИТИ" – Москва-Сити – Московский международный деловой центр". Citynext.ru. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Moscow International Business Centre (MIBC), Moscow". Design Build Network. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  5. ^ "«Москва-Сити» к 2018 году развернется на 100 га". tekstilschiky.mos.ru.
  6. ^ Ведомости (18 March 2014). "Анатомия проекта: 25 лет спустя".
  7. ^ Emporis GmbH. "Bashnya 2000, Moscow, Russia". Emporis.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Multifunctional high-rise residential complex in Moscow City | Sergey Skuratov Architects". skuratov-arch.ru. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  9. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Evolution Tower, Moscow | 265320 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  10. ^ "Evolution Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  11. ^ http://global.ctbuh.org/resources/papers/download/2844-upward-spiral-the-story-of-the-evolution-tower.pdf
  12. ^ "Imperia Tower, Moscow - SkyscraperPage.com". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  13. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Imperia Tower, Moscow | 171933 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  14. ^ "Imperia Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  15. ^ "В "Москве-Сити" появится новое здание с пешеходной улицей". m24.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  16. ^ Height of Moscow Tower
  17. ^ "Capital City : New standards of comfortable living". Capitalcity.ru. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  18. ^ Height of C block
  19. ^ Official site Archived 2010-03-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Capital City Moscow Tower, Moscow | 200466 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  21. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Capital City St. Petersburg Tower, Moscow | 200467 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
  22. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Capital City North Office Block, Moscow | 253452 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
  23. ^ 'The sky's the limit' (Editorial). Financial Times (London). 6 July 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012. (registration required)
  24. ^ Height of Tower 3
  25. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "iQ Quarter Hotel, Moscow | 359396 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  26. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "iQ Quarter Tower 1, Moscow | 359393 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  27. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "iQ Quarter Tower 2, Moscow | 359394 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  28. ^ "IQ-Quarter Complex - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  29. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "Eurasia Tower, Moscow | 204748 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  30. ^ "Stalnaya Vershina - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  31. ^ Height of Vostok Tower
  32. ^ "Mercury City Tower, Moscow". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  33. ^ a b Emporis GmbH. "Mercury City Tower, Moscow, Russia". Emporis.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  34. ^ Spliteye Multimedia LLC at http://www.spliteye.com/. "Mercury City Tower, Frank Williams And Partners Architects, LLP : Portfolio International". Archfwa.com. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  35. ^ "Russia: Moscow Mercury City Tower (332m) Photos & Renderings". Eliterics. 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  36. ^ "Grand Tower - The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercenter.com.
  37. ^ "Oko Business Centre Complex - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  38. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "OKO Apartment Tower, Moscow | 1193732 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  39. ^ GmbH, Emporis. "OKO Office Tower, Moscow | 1193733 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  40. ^ "OKO Towers, Moscow - SkyscraperPage.com". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  41. ^ "OKO - Office Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
  42. ^ "OKO - Residential Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
  43. ^ ""NEVA TOWERS" MIXED-USE PROJECT". www.rendvlp.com.
  44. ^ "Небоскребы "Москва-Сити": каким задумывали район 20 лет назад". РБК Недвижимость. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  45. ^ "Башню Neva Towers в «Москва-Сити» достроят в 2020 году". ИА REGNUM (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-09-10.
  46. ^ Completed part of complex: The Zapad Tower in use, The Vostok Tower is glazed
  47. ^ Antenna
  48. ^ Ведомости (2014-06-16). ""Последние, кого здесь ждали, - люди, которые придут наводить порядок", - Олег Малис, управляющий партнер группы Solvers". Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  49. ^ "ПАО «СИТИ» | Управляющая компания ММДЦ «Москва-Сити»". citymoscow.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
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  51. ^ "В Москва-сити сгорел очередной небоскреб". Правда.Ру (in Russian). 2013-01-25. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  52. ^ "Возгорание произошло в одном из строящихся зданий "Москва-сити"". РИА Новости (in Russian). 2014-01-12. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  53. ^ BFM.ru. "В одной из башен "Москва-Сити" произошел пожар". BFM.ru - деловой портал (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  54. ^ "Пожар в ММДЦ Москва-Сити Башня Федерация Восток". Консалтинговая компания GANTBPM Управление проектами фирма Москва (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  55. ^ "C небоскреба в "Москва-Сити" упал мужчина". Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  56. ^ ntv.ru. "На стене небоскреба в "Москва-Сити" заметили неизвестного человека". НТВ. Retrieved 2017-12-31.

External links[edit]