Vnukovo International Airport
|Vnukovo International Airport
Международный аэропорт Внуково
|IATA: VKO – ICAO: UUWW|
|Operator||JSC "Vnukovo Airport"|
|Elevation AMSL||209 m / 686 ft|
Vnukovo International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Внуково; IPA: [ˈvnukəvə]) (IATA: VKO, ICAO: UUWW), is a dual runway international airport located 28 kilometres (17 mi) southwest from the centre of Moscow, Russia. It is one of the three major airports that serves Moscow, along with the Domodedovo International Airport and the Sheremetyevo International Airport. In 2013, the airport handled 11.18 million passengers, representing an increase of 15% compared to the previous year. It is the 4th-busiest airport in Russia and post-Soviet states.
Vnukovo Airport was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war.
Vnukovo is Moscow's oldest operating airport. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, because the older Khodynka Aerodrome (located much closer to the city centre, but closed by the 1980s) was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo was opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War, it was used as a military airbase; passenger services started after the war.
On 4 November 1957, a plane carrying Romanian Workers' Party officials, including the most prominent politicians of Communist Romania (Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Chivu Stoica, Alexandru Moghioroş, Ştefan Voitec, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Leonte Răutu, and Grigore Preoteasa), was involved in an accident at Vnukovo Airport. Preoteasa, who was Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time, was killed, as was the aircraft's crew. Several others were seriously injured.
The first passenger flights of the IL-18 (Moscow to Alma-Ata on 20 April 1956) and Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on 24 April 1961) were also made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company.
A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the Federal Government of the controlling stake in the airport to the Government of Moscow.
As part of the Airport Strategic Development Plan, the following projects were completed between 2003 and 2005:
- April 2004: New Terminal B was opened. The terminal currently handles international passengers. But in the future, it will be converted to handle domestic flights or to fulfill any other dedicated functions to be determined at a later date. The terminal's total floor space offering stands at 80,000 sq m, allowing for an annual passenger throughput capacity of four million.
- August 2005: Vnukovo's Aeroexpress rail link to Kiyevsky Rail Terminal was opened.
- December 2010: New Terminal A was opened.
Vnukovo is Europe's busiest airport for international flights by larger private planes.
Location and capacity
Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest (204 m above sea level). Hence, in case of fog, it has frequently served as an alternative airport.
The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) and 3,060 metres (10,040 ft) in length. Each runway is 60 metres (200 ft) wide, with 10 m wide safety shoulders on each side. The joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour.
The airport has two passenger terminals (Terminal A and Terminal B), one general aviation terminal (for charter and business flights), one cargo terminal, and 60 aircraft stands.
The airport can handle a maximum of 10,100 passengers per hour, and 4,000 people are employed there. In 2013, the airport handled almost 11.18 million passengers, representing a 15.3% increase compared to 2012. In February 2014 the airport handled 722,500 passengers, an increase of 23.8% compared to February 2013, partly attributed to expansion by UTair Aviation and Transaero.
Vnukovo Airport is equipped with a VIP hall, which is used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President also uses Vnukovo's VIP facility.
The Tupolev airliner rework facility is located at the edge of the airport, and major overhaul and modification programmes are carried out in several large aircraft hangars.
On the northern perimeter of the airport, the government VIP transport wing is located, operating head-of-state flights for high-ranking government officials. Thus, the airport is occasionally closed for regular flights when VIP flights arrive or depart.
The prospective development programme is intended to last until the year 2015, and is aimed at transforming Vnukovo International into a highly competitive air transportation hub of international significance – one that would offer a comprehensive range of quality services to both its passengers and its tenant carriers.
A new international passenger Terminal A will have a total floor space of 250,000 sq. m and passenger throughput capacity of 7,800 passengers per hour, making a total capacity of 18–20 million passengers annually. This will open up a plethora of opportunities for the tenant airlines to expand and radically improve the quality of their customer service at the airport, and ensure the introduction of international-quality service and comfort overall. The sprawling terminal building will be located on the site of the existing domestic passenger terminal, and will also serve as a springboard for the subsequent development of the entire adjacent landside area both next to the terminal and further out towards Vnukovo Settlement. The oldest of the Vnukovo passenger terminals, dating back to 1941, will be demolished by the time construction of the new one goes ahead (it started to be dismantled in November 2005). The existing Domestic Terminal 2, built in the late 1970s, will continue in operation until its eventual demolition during the final phase of construction and replacement with the new terminal.
The expansion plans include lengthening one of the two V-configured runways (3,000 m and 3,060 m long) to 3,800 m and upgrading the instrument landing system from the present CAT II to CAT III. The existing taxiways are to be extended as part of the expansion and new ones will also be built, along with a brand new control tower, an extension to the cargo terminal, and a multistory car park.
Terminal A is used both for domestic and international flights, Terminal B is used for international flights (later, terminal B will be used for charter and low-cost international flights), and Terminal D is used for domestic arrivals from North Caucasus only.
Airlines and destinations
|Grizodubova Air Company||Abakan|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul–Atatürk|
Moscow city (Yugo-Zapadnaya metro station – terminus station of Sokolnicheskaya Line) can be reached by the official Mosgortrans bus lines: 611, 611s (Russian: 611с) and 611f (Russian: 611ф). One-way journey costs 25 rubles (as of October 2012). Private marshrutka line 45 also serves this direction. One-way journey costs 100 rubles (as of October 2012). Due to heavy traffic in Moscow, journey takes 15 minutes to 1 hour.
Several taxi services to Moscow city and suburbs are available at the airport.
Accidents and incidents
- On 3 January 1976, Aeroflot Flight 2003, a Tupolev Tu-124, crashed 7 km (4.3 mi) west of Vnukovo Airport after both artificial horizons failed in IMC.
- On 17 March 1979, Aeroflot Flight 1691 crashed 1.5 kilometres away from the runway while attempting to return to the airport.
- On 16 January 2010, UTair Aviation Boeing 737-500 VQ-BAC departed the runway on landing and was substantially damaged when the nosewheel collapsed.
- On 4 December 2010, South East Airlines Flight 372, which had departed from Vnukovo, lost power to all of its engines and made an emergency landing at Domodedovo International Airport. Upon landing, the plane overshot the runway, resulting in a crash and the death of two of the 168 passengers and crew.
- On 29 December 2012, a Red Wings TU-204 overran the runway. The aircraft burst into flames and broke into three pieces. At least five people were killed.
- On 20 October 2014, at 23:57 MSK a Dassault Falcon 50 business jet heading to Paris caught fire and exploded during takeoff after colliding with a snow removal vehicle, killing four, including three crew members (Yann Pican, Maxime Rassiat and Ruslana Vervelle) and CEO of Total S.A. oil and gas company Christophe de Margerie on board. Alcohol presence was confirmed in the blood of the driver of the vehicle on the ground. Elena Krylova, head of the press service at the airport, stated that a fire broke out after the collision, but there was no explosion. The fire was quickly extinguished by the services of the airport. Krylova said that the plane did not manage to take off. Russian transport official Tatyana Morozova stated that a criminal investigation has been opened into the violation of safety regulations after the crash and that an investigative group is also working at the crash site.
- Domodedovo International Airport
- Sheremetyevo International Airport
- List of the busiest airports in Russia
- List of the busiest airports in the former USSR
- List of the busiest airports in Europe
- "Регулярные рейсы из аэропорта Внуково (Москва)!". orenair.ru. JSC "Orenburg airlines". Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- Airport information for UUWW at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for VKO at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- "Vnukovo Airport passenger statistics for 2013". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Advertising to the super-rich: Posters for plutocrats
- "Vnukovo international airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "vnukovo.ru – Facts and figures". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Growth at Vnukovo". Airliner World: 12. May 2014.
- "Vnukovo international airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Плохотниченко, Юрий (16 December 2014). ""Донавиа" возвращается во Внуково". Travel.Ru. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- L, J (15 December 2014). "AEROFLOT to Add Moscow Vnukovo Service eff Jan 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- L, J (5 November 2014). "airBaltic Adds Moscow Vnukovo Service in W14". Airline Route. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "Azerbaijan Airlines starts ticket sale for low-cost Baku-Moscow-Baku flight". Trend News Agency. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- L, J (12 May 2014). "flydubai Adds Moscow Service from late-Sep 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "Georgian Airways будет летать в Батуми из Внуково" (Новости авиалиний). Airlines Inform. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Georgian Airways will start flight from King David International Airport to Vnukovo Airport Moscow from 7 June". King David the Builder International Airport official facebook. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "News from Airzena!". Georgian Airways. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- "Расписание полетов (Schedule)". pobeda.aero. Budget Carriers, LLC. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
- Pobeda begin new summer seasonal service to Anapa
- Gelendzhik Airport Pobeda begin new summer seasonal service to Gelendzhik until 15 September 2015
- "The regular flights time schedule". The airline "Severstal Ltd". Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- "Transaero Adds Moscow – Delhi Service from Feb 2015". Airlineroute.net. 2015-01-22. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
- L, J (20 August 2013). "Transaero to Start Dubai Service from late-September 2013". Routesonline / Routes. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- ""Трансаэро" в конце октября откроет рейс Москва - Горно-Алтайск". ПолитСибРу. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
- "Авиакомпания "Трансаэро" продолжает развивать воздушное сообщение между Россией и Казахстаном". АК "Трансаэро". ООО "АвиаПорт". 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Аэропорт Внуково и авиакомпания "Трансаэро" подписали меморандум о стратегическом сотрудничестве". Aviation EXplorer. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- "Авиакомпания "Трансаэро" начинает полеты по маршрутам Москва – Нижневартовск– Москва, Москва – Тайпэй – Москва". JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- "Аэропорт Одессы отказался обслуживать рейсы "Трансаэро"". ATO.ru. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Плохотниченко, Юрий (16 January 2015). ""Трансаэро" начала продажу билетов на линии Москва - Прага". Travel.ru. TRAVEL.RU. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- "Авиакомпания "Трансаэро" открывает рейсы по маршруту Москва – Тбилиси – Москва". transaero.ru. JSC "TRANSAERO" Airlines. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- ""Трансаэро" прекратит полеты из Томска в Москву с 10 октября". Региональное информационное агентство «Томск». РИА Томск. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- ""Трансаэро" выполняет рейсы из Москвы в Улан-Удэ из международного аэропорта "Внуково"". Baikal Airpot. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- L, J (21 February 2014). "Transaero Moves Moscow – Varadero Service to Vnukovo Airport from late-May 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- ""Трансаэро" открывает второй ежедневный рейс между Москвой и Ереваном из аэропорта Внуково". Aviation Explorer. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Авиакомпания "ЮТэйр" открыла продажу билетов на рейсы из Барнаула в московский аэропорт Внуково". Новости компании. Авиапредприятие "Алтай". Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Пенза, Саранск, Чебоксары - новые направления из Москвы!". utair.ru. UTair Aviation. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- "Since October 25 new regular flight from Moscow to Grozny!". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- "Since October 15 regular flight from Moscow to Lipetsk!". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
- L, J (2 April 2014). "UTair S14 Planned New Routes". Airline Route. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Schedule". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Возобновляется рейс Тикси – Москва". Yakutian-Sakha information agency. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Vnukovo". Aeroexpress.
- Accident Investigation Board Norway (2 November 1999). "Report on the Accident to Vnukovo Airline's Tupolev Tu-154M RA 85621 Near Svalbard Airport Longyear, Norway on 29 August 1996". Retrieved 21 August 2014. p. 4/121. "Owner: Vnukovo Airlines 1st Ulitsa Relsovaya 12 Vnukovo Airport Moscow, 103027, Russia"
- http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790317-1%7CTupolev Tu-104B accident Mar 17 1979
- "Recent accidents / incidents worldwide". JACDEC. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
- "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Four dead as passenger jet crashes into highway outside Moscow (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Flight Data Recorders Taken From Plane Crash Site in Vnukovo: Airport Spokesperson – report
- "CEO of French oil giant Total dies in jet crash at Moscow's Vnukovo Airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
Media related to Vnukovo International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Vnukovo International Airport official website (English) (Russian)
- Historical weather records for Vnukovo
- International airport Vnukovo
- Current weather for UUWW at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for VKO at Aviation Safety Network