Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq
|Author||ʽAbd al-Razzaq al-Sanʽani|
|Subjects||Hadith, fiqh, sira|
|Genre||Musannaf hadith collection|
|Published||8th/9th century CE|
|Muṣannaf ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanʿānī at Arabic Wikisource|
The Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq al-Sanʿani (Arabic: مصنف عبد الرزاق الصنعاني, romanized: Muṣannaf ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanʿānī) is an early hadith collection compiled by the eighth-century Yemeni scholar ʽAbd al-Razzaq al-Sanʽani. As a collection of the musannaf genre, it contains over 18,000 traditions arranged in topical order.
Abd al-Razzaq al-Sanʿani likely compiled the musannaf in the first half of the second Hijri century after studying under Ma'mar ibn Rashid, Ibn Jurayj and Sufyan al-Thawri during their respective visits to Yemen. In a sample of 3,810 traditions analysed by Harald Motzki, the majority were largely transmitted from the three. As these three had compiled their own individual written hadith collections, al-Sanʿani's musannaf is considered to be a collation of older works. There are also relatively small numbers of traditions from Sufyan ibn ʽUyaynah, Abu Hanifa and Malik ibn Anas, among many others.
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Textual history and reconstruction
The musannaf was considered lost until its manuscripts were rediscovered, edited and published by Habib al-Rahman al-'Azmi in 1972. The extant work is compiled from manuscripts hailing from different paths of transmission (riwayāt), although approximately 90% of the material can be traced back to a transmitter named Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al-Dabari. Ishaq likely received the musannaf in written form from his father, a student of Abd al-Razzaq, but ostensibly omitted him from the riwaya as he was awarded an ijazah directly from Abd al-Razzaq after attending his lectures as a child. Abd al-Razzaq included his recension of Ma'mar ibn Rashid's Book of Expeditions (Arabic: كتاب المغازي, romanized: Kitāb al-Maghāzī) in the musannaf, which has been reconstructed using a partial manuscript in Ishaq's riwaya dated to 747.
In an article published in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Motzki argues that the musannaf is a source of authentic traditions from the first Hijri century, stating that the wholesale rejection of hadith literature "deprives the historical study of early Islam of an important and useful type of source." However, he added that the musannaf "cannot be regarded as completely truthful. This even Muslims themselves did not claim."
- Rāshid, Maʿmar ibn, et al. The Expeditions: An Early Biography of Muhammad. Edited by Joseph E. Lowry, NYU Press, 2015.
- al-Sanʿānī, ʿAbd al-Razzāq, al-Muṣannaf. Edited by Habib al-Rahman al-'Azmi, Beirut, 1970-1972.
- "Scholar of Renown: Abd Al-Razzaq Al-Sanaani, Adil Salahi". www.aljazeerah.info. Retrieved 2020-08-04.
- Motzki, Harald (1991). "The Muṣannaf of ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanʿānī as a Source of Authentic Aḥādīth of the First Century A. H." Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 50 (1): 1–21. ISSN 0022-2968.
- Paul Cobb, The Lineaments of Islam: Studies in Honor of Fred McGraw Donner, p. 147. ISBN 9004218858
- Rāshid, Maʿmar ibn; Anthony, Sean W. (2015). The Expeditions: An Early Biography of Muhammad. NYU Press. pp. xxxiii–xxxv. ISBN 978-1-4798-1682-8.