Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ibn Sa'd)
Jump to: navigation, search
Muslim historian
Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Mani' al-Hashimi
Title Katib al-Waqidi
Born 784 CE (168 AH)
Died 845 CE (230 AH)[1]
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Sunni
Notable work(s) Book of the Major Classes

Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Sa‘d ibn Manī‘ al-Baṣrī al-Hāshimī kātib al-Wāqidī[2] or simply Ibn Sa'd (Arabic: ابن سعد‎) and nicknamed "Scribe of Waqidi" (Katib al-Waqidi), was a Sunni scholar and Arabian biographer. Ibn Sa'd was born in 784 CE (168 AH)[3] and died in 845 CE (230 AH).[3] He received his training from teachers including Al-Waqidi. He had a reputation of being both trustworthy and accurate in his writings, which, in consequence, were much used by later writers.[citation needed] Ibn Sa'd was from Basra,[1] but lived mostly in Baghdad, hence the nisba al-Basri and al-Baghdadi respectively. He is said to have died at the age of 62 in Baghdad and was buried in the cemetery of the Syrian gate.[citation needed]

The Major Classes[edit]

The Book of the Major Classes (Arabic: Kitab Tabaqat Al-Kubra) is a compendium of biographical information about famous Islamic personalities. This eight-volume work contains the lives of Muhammad, his Companions and Helpers, including those who fought at the Battle of Badr as a special class, and of the following generation, the Followers, who received their traditions from the Companions. Ibn Saad's authorship of this work is attested in a postscript to the book added by a later writer. In this notice he is described as a "client of al-Husayn ibn ‘Abdullah of the ‘Abbasid family".[4]


  • Books 1 and 2 contain a biography (sirah) of Muhammad.
  • Books 3 and 4 contain biographies of companions of Muhammad.
  • Books 5, 6 and 7 contain biographies of later Islamic scholars.
  • Book 8 contains biographies of Islamic women.

Published editions[edit]


  • This work was edited between 1904 and 1921 by Eduard Sachau (Leiden, 1904 sqq.); cf. O. Loth, Das Classenbuch des Ibn Sad (Leipzig, 1869).
  • In 1968, Iḥsān Abbās edited it (Beirut: Dār Sādir).
  • ‘Alī Muḥammad ‘Umar, ed. (2001). Kitāb al-ṭabaqāt al-kabīr. Cairo: Maktabat al-Khānjī.  Contains 11 volumes.[5]


  • Volumes 1 and 2 (of the Sachau edition) were translated in 1967 and 1972, respectively, by S. Moninul Haq, Pakistan Historical Society. Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1&2. ISBN 81-7151-127-9[6]
  • Volumes 3, 5, 7 and 8 have been lately translated by Aisha Bewley and published under the titles of Companions of Badr, Men of Madina and Women of Madina.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ibn Hajar, Taqrib al-Tahdhib
  2. ^ Fück, J.W. (1960). "Ibn Saʿd". Encyclopedia of Islam (2 ed.). Brill. ISBN 9789004161214. Retrieved 2015-11-05. 
  3. ^ a b MM. "Imamate". Al-islam.org. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  4. ^ "Muhammad Ibn Sa'ad Ibn al-Hyder Abadee Blogspot". Ibnalhyderabadee.blogspot.com. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  5. ^ Demiri, Lejla (2013). Muslim Exegesis of the Bible in Medieval Cairo: Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī’s (d. 716/1316) Commentary on the Christian Scriptures. BRILL. p. 549. ISBN 978-90-04-24320-0. Retrieved 2015-11-05. 
  6. ^ Naveed S, PA. "Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1 & 2". Islamicbookstore.com. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]