Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Mani' al-Hashimi
|Born||784/785 CE (168 AH)|
|Died||16 February 845 (aged 61) (230 AH)|
|Notable work(s)||'كتاب طبقات الكبرى', Kitab Tabaqat Al-Kubra (Book of the Major Classes)|
Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Sa‘d ibn Manī‘ al-Baṣrī al-Hāshimī or simply Ibn Sa'd (Arabic: ابن سعد) and nicknamed Scribe of Waqidi (Katib al-Waqidi), was a scholar and Arabian biographer. Ibn Sa'd was born in 784/785 CE (168 AH) and died on 16 February 845 CE (230 AH). Ibn Sa'd was from Basra, but lived mostly in Baghdad, hence the nisba al-Basri and al-Baghdadi respectively. He is said to have died at the age of 62 in Baghdad and was buried in the cemetery of the Syrian gate.
Kitāb aṭ-Tabaqāt al-Kabīr
The Kitāb aṭ-Tabaqāt al-Kabīr in Arabic (transl. The Book of the Major Classes), is a compendium of biographical information about famous Islamic personalities. This eight-volume work contains the lives of Muhammad, his Companions and Helpers, including those who fought at the Battle of Badr as a special class, and of the following generation, the Followers, who received their traditions from the Companions. Ibn Sa'd's authorship of this work is attested in a postscript to the book added by a later writer. In this notice he is described as a "client of al-Husayn ibn ‘Abdullah of the ‘Abbasid family".
- Books 1 and 2 contain a biography (sirah) of Muhammad.
- Books 3 and 4 contain biographies of companions of Muhammad.
- Books 5, 6 and 7 contain biographies of later Islamic scholars.
- Book 8 contains biographies of Islamic women.
- This work was edited between 1904 and 1921 by Eduard Sachau (Leiden, 1904 sqq.), including brief German synopses with page references for each book; cf. O. Loth, Das Classenbuch des Ibn Sad (Leipzig, 1869).
- In 1968, Iḥsān Abbās edited it (Beirut: Dār Sādir).
- ‘Alī Muḥammad ‘Umar, ed. (2001). Kitāb al-ṭabaqāt al-kabīr. Cairo: Maktabat al-Khānjī. Contains 11 volumes.
- Volumes 1 and 2 (of the Sachau edition) were translated in 1967 and 1972, respectively, by S. Moninul Haq, Pakistan Historical Society. Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1&2. ISBN 81-7151-127-9
- Abridged translations of Volumes 3, 6, 7 and 8 have been translated by Aisha Bewley and published under the titles of The Companions of Badr, The Men of Madina, The Scholars of Kufa and The Women of Madina.
- Siyar A'lam al-Nubala (10/664) .
- Ibn Hajar, Taqrib al-Tahdhib
- Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 1, p.546, Edition. I, 1964
- Fück, J.W. (1960). "Ibn Saʿd". Encyclopedia of Islam (2 ed.). Brill. ISBN 9789004161214. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- MM. "Imamate". Al-islam.org. Archived from the original on 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- Ibn Khallikan (1868). "Mumammad ibn Saad". Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, Volume 3. Translated by William MacGuckin de Slane. Oriental translation fund of Great Britain and Ireland. p. 65.
- "Muhammad Ibn Sa'ad Ibn al-Hyder Abadee Blogspot". Ibnalhyderabadee.blogspot.com. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- Demiri, Lejla (2013). Muslim Exegesis of the Bible in Medieval Cairo: Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī's (d. 716/1316) Commentary on the Christian Scriptures. BRILL. p. 549. ISBN 978-90-04-24320-0. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- Naveed S, PA. "Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1 & 2". Islamicbookstore.com. Archived from the original on 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
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