Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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Scripture of Sajjād
Author Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin
Original title الصحیفه السجادیه
Language Arabic

Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya (Arabic: الصحیفه السجادیه‎, translit. al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādiyya, lit. "the Scripture of Sajjad") is a book of supplications attributed to Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin, the great-grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. According to Shia legend, the book is said to have been composed after the Battle of Karbala (680 AD) and describes the relationship between man and God. Although the book is principally a collection of Islamic knowledge and thought in supplication form, it is said to have played an important part in the uprising against the Umayyads.

Background[edit]

Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is a collection of supplications and whispered prayers composed by Sajjad, the great-grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, Sajjad being the epithet of Ali ibn Husayn, the fourth Shia Imam.

Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya has several titles, such as "Sister of the Quran", "Gospel of the Holy Household" and "Psalms of the Muhammad dynasty", names which clearly indicate the importance of the book for Shia Islam.[1][2]

Shia legend states that Sajjad composed al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya after the Battle of Karbala (680 AD) when circumstances of the Umayyad Caliphate did not allow him to speak explicitly and unambiguously. Shia legends state that he used meaningful supplications to reform society and distribute Islamic knowledge.[3]

Contents[edit]

Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya was at the forefront of the uprising against the Umayyads.[4] In several supplications the concept of Imamate, imam, the Battle of Karbala, jihad, enjoining good and forbidding wrong, combat power, the powerlessness of enemies, awareness and military equipment have been explained. The writer also explains the ideas, virtues, attributes and characteristics of righteous fighters, officials and border guards.[5]

Authenticity[edit]

According to Shia tradition, Imam Sajjad collected his supplications and taught them to his family, particularly his sons, Muhammad al-Baqir and Zayd. These supplications were written down by others and the text over time became widely disseminated among all Shia.[1] However Sunnis reject this as fabrication.[6]

Addenda[edit]

A number of scholars have written addenda to al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya. These comprise supplications that are attributed to Imam Sajjad, but they do not exist in the main al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya. There are eight such addends known as "Scriptures".[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b introduction, translated with an; Chittick, annotation by William C. (2000). The perfect book of Imam Zaynul-A'abideen A'li Ibnul-Husayn as-Sajjad : as'-S'ah'eefatul-kaamilatus-sajjaadeeyah = aṣ- Ṣaḥīfa al-kāmila as-saǧǧādīya (1. ed.). Qum: Ansariyan Publ. ISBN 9780946079568. 
  2. ^ Shahri, Muhammad Hussain (2006). "Human and social dimensions of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya". Safina (in Persian) (9): 155–157. 
  3. ^ Khamenei, Sayid Ali; (compiler), Sahba center (2011). 250-year-old man (in Persian) (forth ed.). Mansoori. p. 193. ISBN 978-600-6275-22-2. 
  4. ^ al-Rasheed, Bāqir Sharīf al-Qurashi ; translated by Jāsim (2007). The life of Imām Zayn al-ʻAbidīn (1st ed., 2nd repr. ed.). Qum: Ansariyan. pp. 380–390. ISBN 9789644381652. 
  5. ^ Ilhami niya, Ali Asghar (2006). "invocation strategy in al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya". Hosun (in Persian) (4): 98–114. 
  6. ^ Thomas Patrick Hughes. Dictionary of Islam: being a cyclopædia of the doctrines, rites, ceremonies, and customs, together with the technical and theological terms, of the Muhammadan religion. W. H. Allen, 1885. Pg 573
  7. ^ Husaini Tehrani, Muhammad Husain. Imamology (in Persian). Mashhad Mughaddas: Allama Tabatabaie. pp. 40–79. 

External links[edit]