|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Biological half-life||2.6 to 4 hours|
|CAS Registry Number|
|Molecular mass||1321.6344 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Nafarelin is a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist). Its proposed mechanism of action is the desensitization of pituitary GnRH receptors leading to a decrease in gonadotropin release, and ovarian hormone serum concentrations similar to those achieved in postmenopausal women. it decreases pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Nafarelin may be used in the treatment of estrogen-dependent conditions (such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids), to treat central precocious puberty, or to control ovarian stimulation in IVF.
Side effects of nafarelin are related to the low estrogen state. Side effects include hot flashes, vaginal dryness, headaches, mood changes, and decreased interest in sex. Some patients may experience acne, muscle pain, reduced breast size, and irritation of the tissue inside the nose. These side effects are reversible and should resolve after stopping the medication.