Narew

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Narew
Нараў
River
Poland Narew Góra Strękowa.jpg
Countries Poland, Belarus
Voivodeships / Voblasts Hrodna, Podlaskie, Mazovian
Source
 - location north-eastern part of the Bialowieza Forest near Dzikie Bagno, Belarus
 - elevation 159 m (522 ft)
 - coordinates 52°52′24.68″N 24°13′8.87″E / 52.8735222°N 24.2191306°E / 52.8735222; 24.2191306
Mouth
 - location Modlin (Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki), Poland
 - elevation 70.7 m (232 ft)
 - coordinates 52°26′N 20°41′E / 52.433°N 20.683°E / 52.433; 20.683Coordinates: 52°26′N 20°41′E / 52.433°N 20.683°E / 52.433; 20.683
Length 499 km (310 mi)
Basin 74,527 km2 (28,775 sq mi)
Discharge mouth
 - average 313 m3/s (11,053 cu ft/s)
Discharge elsewhere (average)
 - entering Pułtusk 146 m3/s (5,156 cu ft/s)
Progression VistulaBaltic Sea
Vistula river map.png
Narew as part of the Vistula watershed

The Narew River ([ˈnarɛf]; Belarusian: Нараў Naraŭ; Lithuanian: Narvė, Narevas, Naruva, Naura; Ukrainian: Нарва Narva), in western Belarus and north-eastern Poland, is a right tributary of the Vistula river. The Narew is one of Europe's few braided rivers, the term relating to the twisted channels resembling braided hair.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the river comes from a Proto-Indo-European root *nr primarily associated with water (compare Narva, Neretva, Neris, Ner and Nur)[1] or from a Lithuanian language verb nerti primarily associated with dive and flood[citation needed].

Name of the lower portion[edit]

The portion of the river between the junctions with the Western Bug and the Vistula is also known as the Bugonarew, Narwio-Bug, Narwo-Bug, Bugo-Narew, Narwiobug or Narwobug. At the confluence near Zegrze the Bug is 1.6x longer, drains a 1.4x larger basin, and has a slightly higher average discharge (158 m³/s at Wyszków vs 146 m³/s at Pułtusk for the Narew, both ~25 km above the junction). Thus the Bugonarew was often considered part of the Bug river and the Narew a right tributary.

On December 27, 1962, Prime Minister Józef Cyrankiewicz abolished the name Bugonarew soon after the Zegrze Reservoir had been constructed.[2] Since then the river is officially part of the Narew, and the Bug became a left tributary. The name Bugonarew however is continued to be used, especially by the inhabitants of local towns, such as Pułtusk.

Geography[edit]

The Narew flows through the geographical region of Europe known as the Wysoczyzny Podlasko – Bialoruskie (English: Podlasie and Belarus Plateau) located within the Podlaskie Voivodeship and Masovian Voivodeship of Poland and the Hrodna Voblast of Belarus.

Country Length[3] Basin Area[3]
Belarus 57 kilometres (35 mi)
Poland 443 kilometres (275 mi) 53,846 square kilometres (20,790 sq mi)
Total 499 kilometres (310 mi) 74,527 square kilometres (28,775 sq mi)

The Narew is the fifth longest Polish river.

View from the road along Siemianówka reservoir near Bondary village, gmina Michałowo, Podlaskie voivodship, Poland

Cities and towns[edit]

Confluence of the Narew and Vistula at Modlin
The valley of the river Narew taken from the high river bank at Paulinowo-Dzbądz (close to city Różan)
Marshes on the braided channels of the Narew's floodplains, near Pańki and Rzędzian
Siemianówka reservoir near Bondary village, gmina Michałowo, podlaskie,Poland
Country
Voivodeship
County Gmina Village Comments
Belarus Czoło - osada
Podlaskie Voivodeship hajnowski Narewka Siemianówka
Białystok Michałowo Bondary
hajnowski Narew Narew
Białystok Zabłudów Kaniuki
Juchnowiec Kościelny Czerewki
Bielsk Wyszki Strabla
białostocki Suraż Suraż
Łapy Uhowo
Turośń Kościelna Topilec
wysokomazowiecki Kobylin-Borzymy Kurowo The seat of Narwiański Park Narodowy
Sokoły Waniewo
Białystok Choroszcz Choroszcz
moniecki Krypno Góra
Białystok Tykocin Tykocin
moniecki Trzcianne Zajki
Białystok Zawady Góra Strękowa The fortifications defended by Captain Władysław Raginis during German Invasion of Poland
Łaś-Toczyłowo
Łomża Wizna Wizna
Piątnica Drozdowo The seat of Łomżyński Park Krajobrazowy Doliny Narwi and Museum of Nature
Łomża Siemień Nadrzeczny
Piątnica Piątnica
Łomża Łomża
kolneński Mały Płock Chludnie
Łomża Nowogród Nowogród
Zbójna Gontarze
Miastkowo Nowosiedliny The last village in Podlaskie Voivodeship
Masovian Voivodeship ostrołęcki Lelis Łęg Starościński
Rzekuń Laskowiec
Ostrołęka Ostrołęka
ostrołęcki Olszewo-Borki Ostrołęka
Rzekuń Dzbenin
makowski Różan Różan
wyszkowski Długosiodło Ostrykół Dworski
makowski Rzewnie Nowe Łachy
wyszkowski Rząśnik Nowy Lubiel
pułtuski Obryte Zambski Kościelne
Pułtusk Pułtusk
Pokrzywnica Łubienica
Zatory Stawinoga
legionowski Serock Serock
Jadwisin
Nieporęt Nieporęt
Serock Dębe
Wieliszew Topolina
Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki Pomiechówek Stare Orzechowo
Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki Narew flows into Vistula

Tributaries[edit]

Left Bank Right Bank Municipality Characteristics Country
Czoło Bialowieza Forest Belarus
Bierieżanka Bialowieza Forest Siemianówka Marshland Poland
Siemianówka Siemianówka Marshland
Bondary
Narewka
Olszanka
Ruda Narew
Małynka
Rudnia
Czarna Kaniuki
Łoknica
Orlanka Czerewki
Strabelka Strabla
Liza Suraż Narew National Park
Awissa Łapy
Turośnianka
Niewodnica Topilec
Waniewo
Kurowo
Horodnianka Choroszcz
Supraśl Złotoria
Jaskranka Góra
Nareśl Tykocin
Ślina Targonie Wielkie
Zajki
Góra Strękowa
Biebrza Biebrza National Park
Wizna
Łojewek Bronowo Łomżyński Valley national Park
Gać
Narwica Łomża Piątnica
Łomżyczka
Lepacka Struga
Pisa Nowogród
Ruż Gontarze
Szkwa Nowosiedliny
Rozoga
Czeczotka Ostrołęka
Omulew Olszewo-Borki
Róż Chełsty
Różan
Orz Brzóze Duże
Wymakracz Ostrykół Dworski
Orzyc Zambski Kościelne
Pełta Pułtusk
Bug Serock Zegrze Reservoir
Rządza
Nieporęt
Topolina
Wkra Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki mouth of the river at the Vistula
The Narew near Łomża. The river flows slowly, creating meanders

History[edit]

On August 23, 1939, the Soviet Union and Germany signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, agreeing to divide Poland along the Narew, Vistula (Wisła), and San rivers.

On September 6, 1939, Polish military forces attempted to use the Narew as a defense line against German attack during the German invasion of Poland. This was abandoned the next day in favor of the Bug as German forces had already penetrated the defenses.

The Battle of Wizna was fought along the banks of the river between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. Because it consisted of a small force holding a piece of fortified territory against a vastly larger invasion for three days at great cost before being annihilated with no known survivors, Wizna is sometimes referred to as a Polish Thermopylae in Polish culture.

On September 17, 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland. By 28 September, the Soviet Army had reached the line of the rivers Narew, Bug River, Vistula and San – completing the division of Poland as negotiated in advance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Witold Mańczak (1999). Wieża Babel (in Polish). Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. ISBN 83-04-04463-3. 
  2. ^ (in Polish) "Monitor Polski" 1963, nr 3, poz. 6
  3. ^ a b Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2017, Statistics Poland, p. 85-86

External links[edit]