National Museum of Nature and Science

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National Museum of Nature and Science
National Museum of Nature and Science,Tokyo
Established1871 (1871) [1]
LocationUeno park, ueno, Tokyo
Coordinates35°42′57″N 139°46′35″E / 35.715939°N 139.776527°E / 35.715939; 139.776527Coordinates: 35°42′57″N 139°46′35″E / 35.715939°N 139.776527°E / 35.715939; 139.776527
Visitors2,884,518 (2017) [2]

The National Museum of Nature and Science (国立科学博物館, Kokuritsu Kagaku Hakubutsukan) is in the northeast corner of Ueno Park in Tokyo. The museum has exhibitions on pre-Meiji science in Japan. A life-size blue whale model and a steam locomotive are on display outside.


Blue whale Life size model.
Steam locomotive in front of the National Museum of Nature and Science.

Opened in 1871, it has had several names, including Ministry of Education Museum, Tokyo Museum, Tokyo Science Museum, the National Science Museum of Japan, and the National Museum of Nature and Science as of 2007.[3] It was renovated in the 1990s and 2000s, and offers a wide variety of natural history exhibitions and interactive scientific experiences.

It was completed as the main building of the Tokyo Science Museum in September 1931 as part of the reconstruction project after the Great Kanto Earthquake. Neo-Renaissance style. Designed by Kenzo Akitani, an engineer of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Building Division. The building is the most visited museum in Japan, and looks like an airplane when viewed from above. In addition to the exhibition hall, it has facilities such as a dome for astronomical observation and an auditorium. [4]

It is designed to withstand earthquakes of the Great Kanto Earthquake class, and it is said that there is no problem in light of the current Building Standards Act standards.[5]

Exhibition buildings[edit]

Nihonkan (Japan Gallery)[edit]

The theme of the Ueno Main Building is "Aiming for the coexistence of humankind and nature," and consists of two exhibition halls, the Japan Pavilion and the Earth Pavilion. [6]

Chikyūkan (Global Gallery)[edit]

The theme is "History of Earth Life and Mankind". The exhibition area is 3 floors above ground and 3 floors below ground. [7] The first phase of construction was completed in 1998. The permanent exhibition will be open to the public from April 24, the following year. Grand opening on November 2, 2004 after the completion of the second phase of construction. The renovation work of the north exhibition hall started in September 2014, and the construction was completed the following year, and the grand opening was held on July 14.

National research facility[edit]

Museum research facility

Other National research facilities

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "東京国立博物館の歩み". 東京国立博物館. p. 20. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  2. ^ "概要2018" (PDF). 国立科学博物館. p. 20. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  3. ^ Profile of the National Museum of Nature and Science 2007, page 23
  4. ^ 文化庁 プレス発表資料「国宝・重要文化財(建造物)の新指定について」 平成20年4月18日
  5. ^ "旧東京科学博物館本館". 文化庁. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  6. ^ "国立科学博物館 日本館".
  7. ^ "国立科学博物館 地球館".

External links[edit]