National Museum of Qatar

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National Museum of Qatar
View of Qatar National Museum from the highway.png
View of National Museum of Qatar from the highway in January 2019.
EstablishedOpened 28 March 2019 (2019-03-28)
LocationDoha, Qatar
TypeMuseum
DirectorSheikha Amna bint Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al-Thani
OwnerQatar Museums
Websitenmoq.org.qa
Construction of National Museum of Qatar in 2015.
Elevated view of construction of the National Museum of Qatar in 2017.

The National Museum of Qatar is a national museum in Qatar. Located across from the Corniche in Doha, the museum opened to the public on 28 March 2019. The building, which was constructed in place of the original Qatar National Museum, was designed by architect Jean Nouvel who got his inspiration from the local desert rose.[1] The building includes Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al-Thani's Palace, which is the heart of the Qatari national identity itself.

Overview[edit]

The new National Museum of Qatar (NMoQ) features an innovative design by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Jean Nouvel that is inspired by the desert rose and grows organically around the original 20th century palace of Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani. The historic palace was restored by Berlin-based architecture and engineering firm ZRS Architekten Ingenieure. This important monument to Qatar's past is now preserved as the heart of the new NMoQ.[2] The relation between the new and old building is part of creating the bridge between the past and the present advocated by Sheikha Al Mayassa for it is the way to "define ourselves instead of forever being defined by others […]" and "celebrating our identity." [3]

The 430,000 square feet (40,000 m2) museum is created by a series of interlocking discs that create cavities to protect visitors from the desert heat.[4] Located on a 1.5 million ft² site at the south end of Doha's Corniche, the NMoQ building rises from the sea and is connected to the shore by two pedestrian bridges and a road bridge.

The museum was originally scheduled to open in 2016[5] but its opening was pushed back to 28 March 2019.[6]

Contractor[edit]

The main building was contracted to Hyundai E&C in 2011. The project involved the construction of the new National Museum next to the existing Qatar National Museum, which is located across from the Corniche. The museum is designed according to the Bedouin tradition of Qatar. It includes a building in the shape of a desert rose and a 1.2 million ft² landscaped park. The project also includes a 115,000 m² park with an artificial lagoon and parking spaces for 400 vehicles, a 220-seat auditorium, a research centre, laboratories, a dedicated food forum, two restaurants, a café and a museum shop.

Collection[edit]

A tour of the museum takes visitors through a loop of galleries that address three major, interrelated themes. The galleries are loosely arranged in chronological order, beginning with exhibitions on the natural history of the desert and the Persian Gulf, artefacts from Bedouin culture, historical exhibitions on the tribal wars and the establishment of the Qatari state, and finally the discovery of oil to the present.[7] The displays and installations that explore these themes present audiovisual displays with carefully selected treasures from the museum's collections. These collections currently consist of approximately 8,000 objects and include archaeological artefacts, architectural elements, heritage household and travelling objects, textiles and costumes, jewellery, decorative arts, books and historical documents.[8]

The museum's mission is to celebrate the culture, heritage and future of Qatar and its people, embodying the pride and traditions of Qataris while offering international visitors a dialogue about rapid change and modernization.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Powell, Jim (30 March 2019). "The 20 photographs of the week". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  2. ^ National Museum of Qatar Archived 2013-05-12 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Hanley, D.C. "A Desert Rose takes shape: plans for National Museum of Qatar Unveiled". Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. 4. 29: 32–33.
  4. ^ Take a first look at the upcoming Qatar National Museum, 28 July 2011
  5. ^ Shabina S. Khatri (6 July 2014). "Qatar's National Museum eyeing 2016 opening". Doha News. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Qatar's national museum by Jean Nouvel opening date announced". Gulf Times Qatar. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  7. ^ Celebrating the Delicate Beauty of the Desert Landscape by NICOLAI OUROUSSOFF in The New York Times, 22 March 2010
  8. ^ Qatar Museums Authority Unveils Jean Nouvel Design for New Museum in the ArtDaily
  9. ^ New Qatar National Museum…a journey in a world of fantasy!

External links[edit]