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Natural News

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Natural News
Natural News logo. around June 2015, depicting new slogan.png
Type of site
Fake news blog
Available inEnglish
OwnerMike Adams
Created byMike Adams
URLwww.naturalnews.com
Alexa rankDecrease 14,489[1]
CommercialNutraceuticals

Natural News (formerly NewsTarget, which is now a separate sister site) is a far-right conspiracy theory and fake news website.[2][3] The website sells various dietary supplements, promotes alternative medicine and climate change denial, makes tendentious nutrition and health claims,[4] disseminates fake news,[5][6][7] and espouses various conspiracy theories and pro-Donald Trump propaganda.[8][9] These conspiracy theories include chemophobic claims about the purported dangers of "chemtrails",[2] fluoridated drinking water,[10] anti-perspirants, laundry detergent, monosodium glutamate, aspartame, and vaccines.[2][4][11] It has also spread conspiracy theories about the Zika virus allegedly being spread by genetically modified mosquitoes[12] and purported adverse effects of genetically modified crops, as well as the farming practices associated with and foods derived from them.[13]

The site's founder, Michael Allen "Mike" Adams, gained attention after posting a blog entry implying a call for violence against proponents of GMO foods, and then allegedly creating another website with a list of names of alleged supporters. He has been accused of using "pseudoscience to sell his lies".[14] Adams has described vaccines as "medical child abuse".[15]

Characterized as a "conspiracy-minded alternative medicine website", Natural News has approximately 7 million unique visitors per month.[16] The site has been delisted and blocked from Google Search and several other web search engines.

Founder

Michael Allen "Mike" Adams (born 1967 in Lawrence, Kansas)[17] is the founder and owner of Natural News; the domain name was registered in 2005 and began publishing articles in 2008.[18] According to Adams' own website, he became interested in alternative nutrition when he developed type II diabetes at the age of 30 and one of his websites asserts "he cured himself of diabetes in a matter of months and transformed himself into the picture of perfect health in mind, body and spirit" himself using natural remedies. However, The Daily Beast found that his recommendation for Amazon Herb Company products in at least eight articles, including a supposed "third-party review...from a truly independent perspective" turn out to be misleading; he has a financial interest in the company, according to non-profit business records in Arizona.[18][19] He is a raw foods enthusiast and holistic nutritionist. He claims to eat no processed foods, dairy, sugar, meat from mammals or food products containing additives such as monosodium glutamate (MSG). He also says he avoids use of prescription drugs and visits to Western medical doctors.[19]

Adams has endorsed conspiracy theories surrounding the Deepwater Horizon oil spill,[20] and those involving Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.[21] He has endorsed Burzynski: Cancer Is Serious Business, a movie about Stanislaw Burzynski.[22] Steven Novella characterizes Adams as "a dangerous conspiracy-mongering crank".[10] Adams has also endorsed the books of conspiracy theorist Jim Marrs.[23]

Adams has made music videos expressing similar viewpoints as the articles posted on his website, such as opposition to the swine flu vaccine.[24]

Criticism and controversies

Writing in the journal Vaccine, Anna Kata identified Natural News as one of numerous websites spreading "irresponsible health information".[25] According to John Banks, Adams uses "pseudoscience to sell his lies" and is "seen as generally a quack and a shill by science bloggers."[14] One such blogger, David Gorski of ScienceBlogs, called Natural News "one of the most wretched hives of scum and quackery on the Internet," and the most "blatant purveyor of the worst kind of quackery and paranoid anti-physician and anti-medicine conspiracy theories anywhere on the Internet",[26] and a one-stop-shop for "virtually every quackery known to humankind, all slathered with a heaping, helping of unrelenting hostility to science-based medicine and science in general."[16] Peter Bowditch of the website Ratbags commented about the site.[27] Steven Novella of NeuroLogica Blog called NaturalNews "a crank alt med site that promotes every sort of medical nonsense imaginable." Novella continued: "If it is unscientific, antiscientific, conspiracy-mongering, or downright silly, Mike Adams appears to be all for it – whatever sells the "natural" products he hawks on his site."[4]

Individuals who commented about Adams' website include astronomer and blogger Phil Plait,[28] PZ Myers,[29] and Mark Hoofnagle.[30] Brian Dunning listed it as #1 on his "Top 10 Worst Anti-Science Websites" list.[31] Adams is listed as a "promoter of questionable methods" by Quackwatch.[32] Robert T. Carroll at The Skeptic's Dictionary said, "Natural News is not a very good source for information. If you don't trust me on this, go to Respectful Insolence or any of the other bloggers on ScienceBlogs and do a search for "Natural News" or "Mike Adams" (who is Natural News). Hundreds of entries will be found and not one of them will have a good word to say about Mike Adams as a source."[33]

According to The Atlantic, Natural News is one of the most prominent anti-vaccination websites on Facebook.[2] An article in the journal Vaccine said the site "tend(s) to not only spread irresponsible health information in general (e.g. discouraging chemotherapy or radiation for cancer treatment, antiretrovirals for HIV, and insulin for diabetes), but also have large sections with dubious information on vaccines."[25]

After Patrick Swayze died in 2009, Adams posted an article in which he remarked that Swayze, in dying, "joins many other celebrities who have been recently killed by pharmaceuticals or chemotherapy." Commentators of Adams' article on Patrick Swayze included bloggers such as David Gorski[34] and Phil Plait, the latter of whom called Adams' commentary "obnoxious and loathsome."[35] When Angelina Jolie underwent a double mastectomy in May 2013 because she had a mutation in the BRCA1 gene, Adams stated that "Countless millions of women carry the BRCA1 gene and never express breast cancer because they lead healthy, anti-cancer lifestyles based on smart nutrition, exercise, sensible sunlight exposure and avoidance of cancer-causing chemicals." Gorski called the article "vile" and noted that Adams had written similarly themed articles about the death of Michael Jackson, Tony Snow, and Tim Russert.[36]

In February 2014, Brian Palmer, writing in the Daily Herald of Arlington Heights, Illinois, criticized the site's promotion of alternative medicine treatments, such as bathing in Himalayan salt and eating Hijiki seaweed, and referred to the claims Natural News made about their efficacy as "preposterous."[37] In August 2014, Nathanael Johnson, writing for Grist, dismissed Natural News as "simply not credible" and as "nothing but a conspiracy-theory site."[38]

On August 11, 2014, Natural News published a blog post promoting a homeopathic treatment for Ebola, which was met with harsh criticism from several commentators, and was taken down later that day.[39] In a statement on the article, NaturalNews said that the blogger who posted the article, Ken Oftedal, was "under review" and that they did not condone anyone interacting with Ebola.[40] However, as of August 20, 2014, the site was still featuring an article written by Adams promoting the use of herbal medicines to treat Ebola.[41] In an article about "fake Ebola cures", Adams was criticized for arguing that herbs could prove effective as an Ebola treatment.[42]

On December 8, 2016, Michael V. LeVine, writing in Business Insider, criticized the site as part of a scientific fake news epidemic: "Snake-oil salesmen have pushed false cures since the dawn of medicine, and now websites like Natural News flood social media with dangerous anti-pharmaceutical, anti-vaccination and anti-GMO pseudoscience that puts millions at risk of contracting preventable illnesses."[6]

On February 22, 2017, Google delisted about 140,000 pages on Natural News, removing it from search results.[43] It was returned soon after.[44] The following year, on March 3, 2018, YouTube removed Natural News' video channel for terms of service violations, effectively removing its library of videos from the site.[45] The channel was subsequently reinstated and the videos returned. In June 2019, Facebook removed Natural News from its website for violating its policies against spam. Adams wrote on InfoWars that his site was "permanently banned" and on The Gateway Pundit that it was part of a conspiracy against his website.[46]

Notable claims

In 2011, Adams posted a report on Natural News which stated that many blueberry food products did not contain real blueberries.[47][48]

In 2013, Adams posted an article describing what he saw when he examined Chicken McNuggets under a microscope. He said in the article that the patterns he saw included "dark black hair-like structures" and a round algae-like object.[49][50]

In July 2014 Adams compared media outlets that wrote positively about GMOs with Nazi Germany's propagandists, calling them, "Monsanto collaborators who have signed on to accelerate heinous crimes being committed against humanity under the false promise of 'feeding the world' with toxic GMOs." He continued with a statement that he set in boldface: "that it is the moral right—and even the obligation—of human beings everywhere to actively plan and carry out the killing of those engaged in heinous crimes against humanity."[51][52] A day after the post a website called "Monsanto Collaborator" appeared online which listed the names of scientists and journalists who allegedly collaborate with the bio industry; Adams denied creating the website claiming that Monsanto set up the website in order to frame him.[53]

In 2019, Natural News falsely claimed that wind turbines contribute more to climate change than fossil fuels.[54]

References

  1. ^ "Alexa: Naturalnews.com Site Info". Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Madrigal, Alexis C. (February 27, 2019). "The Small, Small World of Facebook's Anti-vaxxers". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  3. ^ "Fake News Empire Exposed". Weather Channel. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Novella, Steven (December 14, 2010). "H1N1 Vaccine and Miscarriages – More Fear Mongering". Neurologica (blog). New England Skeptical Society.
  5. ^ "Google delists Mike Adams' Natural News website. Was it because of fake news?". Science-Based Medicine. February 27, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  6. ^ a b LeVine, Michael (December 8, 2016), What scientists can teach us about fake news and disinformation, Business Insider, retrieved December 15, 2016
  7. ^ Lynas, Mike (November 27, 2017) "Anti-biotechnology fake news: 'Natural News' claims RNAi used to 'eliminate black people'", Genetic Literacy Project. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  8. ^ Beth Mole (June 10, 2019). "Facebook bans health and conspiracy site Natural News [Updated]: Conspiracist founder compares Zuckerberg to Hitler, urges Trump to declare war". Ars Technica.
  9. ^ Pearce, Matt (February 7, 2013). "Conspiracy theorists harassing, impersonating Aurora victims". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  10. ^ a b {{cite web |url= http://theness.com/neurologicablog/index.php/mike-adams-takes-on-skeptics/ |title= Mike Adams Takes On 'Skeptics' |work= Neurologica |type= blog |publisher= New England Skeptical Society |last= Novella |first= Steven |authorlink= Steven Novella |date=January 25, 2010
  11. ^ Orac [David Gorski] (October 27, 2011). "Mike Adams vs. the flu vaccine". Respectful Insolence. ScienceBlogs. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
  12. ^ Qui, Linda (February 9, 2016). "No evidence to support rumors tying Zika to genetically modified mosquitoes". Politifact. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  13. ^ Blum, Deborah (December 20, 2013). "An Honor for Elemental (the cyanide version)". Wired. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Banks, John (September 26, 2013). "Meet the "Health Ranger" Who's Using Pseudoscience to Sell His Lies". Mic. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  15. ^ Gumbel, Andrew (January 25, 2015). "Disneyland measles outbreak leaves many anti-vaccination parents unmoved". The Guardian. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  16. ^ a b Blake, Mariah (July 25, 2014). "Popular anti-science site likens journalists to "Nazi collaborators" over GMO coverage". Mother Jones. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
  17. ^ "Health Ranger Profile and History". HealthRanger.com. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  18. ^ a b Weill, Kelly (June 9, 2019). "The New Infowars Is a Vitamin Site Predicting the Apocalypse". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  19. ^ a b Blatchford, Christie (October 29, 2009). "Flu-shot skeptics weave a Web of lies". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  20. ^ Phillips, David (July 13, 2010). "More BP Gulf Oil Spill Conspiracies Flourish – From Algae Farms to Armed Dolphins". CBS News. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  21. ^ Phillips, Tom (September 8, 2014). "MH370: Six 'reasons' why plane vanished". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  22. ^ Orac [David Gorski] (December 12, 2012). "Stanislaw Burzynski: A pioneering cancer researcher or a quack?". Respectful Insolence. ScienceBlogs. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
  23. ^ Kelly, Christopher (February 17, 2013). "Thinking Beyond the Creationists and the Darwinists". The New York Times. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  24. ^ Brownstein, Joseph (September 2, 2009). "The Swine Flu Goes Mainstream". ABC News. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  25. ^ a b Kata, Anna (2012). "Anti-vaccine activists, Web 2.0, and the postmodern paradigm – An overview of tactics and tropes used online by the anti-vaccination movement". Vaccine. 30 (25): 3778. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.11.112. PMID 22172504.
  26. ^ Orac [David Gorski] (August 7, 2008). "A fungus among us in oncology?". Respectful Insolence (blog). ScienceBlogs.
  27. ^ "Natural News". Comment and Opinion. The Millenium Project. RatbagsDotCom, Peter Bowditch. January 23, 2010.
  28. ^ Plait, Phil (December 13, 2010). "Mike Adams fails again: Astrology edition". Bad Astronomy (blog). Discover.
  29. ^ Myers, PZ (May 11, 2011). "Mike Adams: Pretentious git, slandering liar". Pharyngula (blog). ScienceBlogs.
  30. ^ Mark Hoofnagle (April 1, 2013). "Natural News' Mike Adams Adds Global Warming Denialism to HIV/AIDS denial, Anti-vax, Altie-med, Anti-GMO, Birther Crankery". Denialism (blog). ScienceBlogs. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  31. ^ Dunning, Brian. "Skeptoid #283: Top 10 Worst Anti Science Websites". Skeptoid. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  32. ^ "Promoters of Questionable Methods and/or Advice". Quackwatch. November 29, 2013.
  33. ^ Carroll, Robert T. (December 30, 2010) [December 14, 2010]. "Sources: How the WWW allows one person to seem to be many sources – The Eileen Danneman Story". Skeptimedia (blog). skepdic.com [The Skeptic's Dictionary online].
  34. ^ Orac [David Gorski] (September 16, 2009). "Mike Adams adds religious nuttery to his armamentarium as he slimes Patrick Swayze posthumously". Respectful Insolence (blog). Scienceblogs. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  35. ^ Plait, Phil (September 25, 2009). "Alt med ghouls". Bad Astronomy (blog). Discover. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  36. ^ Orac [David Gorski] (May 15, 2013). "The quack view of preventing breast cancer versus reality and Angelina Jolie". Respectful Insolence (blog). ScienceBlogs. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  37. ^ Palmer, Brian (February 22, 2014). "Hundreds believe preposterous stories on Facebook". Daily Herald. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
  38. ^ Johnson, Nathanael (July 29, 2014). "Don't believe anything you read at Natural News". Grist. Retrieved August 6, 2014.
  39. ^ Engel, Meredith (August 11, 2014). "Website claims to treat Ebola with natural remedy". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  40. ^ Champion, Matthew (August 11, 2014). "Yes, a website published a 'homeopathic treatment for Ebola' article". The Independent. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  41. ^ Osborne, Hannah (August 20, 2014). "Ebola outbreak: Woman's 'healing powers' claim caused deadly virus' spread from Guinea". International Business Times. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  42. ^ "5 fake Ebola cures that are circulating online right now". Russia Today. October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
  43. ^ Novak, Matt (February 23, 2017). "Google Blacklists Natural News, the Web's Leading Authority on DIY Ebola Vaccines". Gizmodo. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  44. ^ Schwartz, Barry. (February 28, 2017). "After rare Google confirmation of on-site penalty, Natural News is back in Google’s index", Search Engine Land. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  45. ^ McKay, Tom (March 5, 2018). "Self-Declared 'Health Ranger' Mike Adams Has Apparently Been Booted From YouTube". Gizmodo. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  46. ^ Weill, Kelly (June 10, 2019). "Facebook Removes Conspiracy Site Natural News". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  47. ^ "The fake blueberries uproar". The Week. January 27, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  48. ^ "Investigation finds many fruity foods don't contain real fruit". Fox News. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  49. ^ "Chicken nuggets under the microscope". News.com.au. August 29, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  50. ^ Mariani, John (October 8, 2013). "Chicken nugget or chicken little? Study shows fast-food favorite contains less meat, more leftover parts". Syracuse.com. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  51. ^ Kloor, Keith (July 22, 2014). "Mike Adams, Monsanto, Nazis, and a very disturbing article". Discover (magazine). Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  52. ^ Kloor, Keith (July 24, 2014). "Mike Adams Elevates his Ugly Anti-GMO Campaign". Discover (magazine).
  53. ^ Entine, Jon; Raeburn, Paul (July 25, 2014). "Mike Adams claims Monsanto set up "kill GMO supporters" website, as scientists, journalists face death threats". The Genetic Literacy Project. Knight Science Journalism Tracker.
  54. ^ "False claim that wind turbines generate more global warming than fossil fuels misrepresents study it relies on". Climate Feedback. December 23, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2020.

External links