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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

Graha (Sanskrit gráha "seizing, laying hold of, holding",[1] ) or Navagraha (Sanskrit: नवग्रह, lit. nine houses) are deities in Hindu belief, and Hindu astrology.[2]

There are nine Navagraha. They include the Sun; the Moon; the planets Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn; and the ascending and descending lunar nodes, respectively known as Rahu and Ketu.

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes[edit]

The Navagraha, according to Roshen Dalal, are:[2]

  1. Surya (a.k.a. Ravi)
  2. Soma
  3. Mangala,
  4. Budha, the abhimansura(much luvable)
  5. Brihaspati,
  6. Shukra,
  7. Shani,
  8. Rahu, north lunar node
  9. Ketu


Main article: Navagraha temples

Temples that incorporate or are dedicated to one or all nine of the Navagraha are found in different parts of India, such as in Tamil Nadu.[3]

Navagraha sculpture from Bihar, India, 10th century AD, now at the San Diego Museum of Art.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, (c) 1899
  2. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. 
  3. ^ Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. pp. x–xxi, 302–304. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8.