Navagraha

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Navagraha, a Raja Ravi Varma painting (sun at the center)

Navagraha are nine heavenly bodies and deities that influence human life on Earth in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] The term is derived from nava (Sanskrit: नव "nine") and graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding"). Note that the Earth, Uranus and Neptune are not included in the Navagraha.[2] The seven days of the week in the Hindu calendar also correspond with the Navagraha, and are named accordingly in various languages of the Indian subcontinent.

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes[edit]

Navagrahas:[1]
No. Image Name (Vedic) Western equivalent Day
1. Surya graha.JPG Surya, Ravi Sun Sunday, Ravivār
2. Chandra graha.JPG Chandra, Soma Moon Monday, Somavār
3. Angraka graha.JPG Mangala, Angaraka Mars Tuesday, Mangalavār
4. Budha graha.JPG Budha, Soumya Mercury Wednesday, Budhavār
5. Brihaspati graha.JPG Bṛhaspati, Guru Jupiter Thursday, Guruvār
6. Shukra graha.JPG Shukra, Shukracharya Venus Friday, Shukravār
7. Shani graha.JPG Shani, Sanaischara Saturn Saturday, Shanivār
8. Rahu graha.JPG Rahu Ascending node of the Moon
9. Ketu graha.JPG Ketu Descending node of the Moon

Carnatic Music[edit]

Muthuswami Dikshitar, a Carnatic music composer from southern India composed the Navagraha Kritis in praise of the nine grahas.[3] Each song is a prayer to one of the nine planets. The sahitya (lyrics) of the songs reflect a profound knowledge of the mantra and jyotisha sastras.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899
  3. ^ "Dikshitar: Navagraha". www.medieval.org. Retrieved 2020-06-12.