New River, Arizona

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New River, Arizona
Welcome to New River
Welcome to New River
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
New River, Arizona is located in the US
New River, Arizona
New River, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°52′9″N 112°5′9″W / 33.86917°N 112.08583°W / 33.86917; -112.08583Coordinates: 33°52′9″N 112°5′9″W / 33.86917°N 112.08583°W / 33.86917; -112.08583
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Area
 • Total56.10 sq mi (145.29 km2)
 • Land56.09 sq mi (145.26 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
2,014 ft (614 m)
Population
 • Total14,952
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
N/A
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85087
Area code(s)623
FIPS code04-49360
GNIS feature ID0008605

New River is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. The population was 14,952 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

New River is named after the seasonal wash of the same name, part of the Agua Fria River system which drains into the Salt River. It was founded by Lord Darrell Duppa in 1868 as a stagecoach stop. For many years it was the terminus of the old Black Canyon Highway (now Interstate 17). The pavement ended in New River and continued as a dirt road to the city of Prescott.[4]

Geography[edit]

New River is located at 33°52′9″N 112°5′9″W / 33.86917°N 112.08583°W / 33.86917; -112.08583 (33.869149, −112.085759).[5] It is bordered by the Tonto National Forest to the north, Cave Creek to the east, Phoenix to the south, and Anthem to the west. The CDP includes the area known as Desert Hills.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 70.8 square miles (183 km2), of which, 70.8 square miles (183 km2) of it is land and 0.01% is water. It includes both Daisy Mountain and Gavilan Peak.

Government[edit]

New River is served by Deer Valley Unified School District.

Up to 1,500 New River residents rely on water hauled from fire hydrants located in Phoenix.[6]As of August 2018, water for hauling is now predominately supplied by Epcor, in Anthem Arizona, who built a water hauling station for the residents of the New River, Desert Hills area.

This effort was in part due to the hard work of members of the community, Epcor and the Anthem Community Council and especially the New River - Desert Hills Incorporation Committee (NRDHIC) and the Domestic Water Improvement District(DWID)volunteer committee who spearheaded the efforts. The New River community is thankful for Epcor's efforts to supply the area with affordable access to hauled water. However, despite several efforts, a Domestic Water Improvement District has yet to be formed in New River, Arizona.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
200010,740
201014,95239.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,740 people, 3,921 households, and 3,066 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 151.6 people per square mile (58.5/km²). There were 4,514 housing units at an average density of 63.7/sq mi (24.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.87% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.25% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 4.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,921 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,307, and the median income for a family was $68,604. Males had a median income of $46,361 versus $31,610 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,932. About 3.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.

As of the census of 2010 the population of the New River CDP area was 14,952. This is nearly a two thirds growth from the previous census. The total housing units nearly doubled from 3,921 in 2000 to 6,753 in 2010.[8]

New River CDP area is within Maricopa County District 3. According to 2010 census numbers, the New River CDP consists of about 2% of Maricopa County District 3 and only 0.3% of Maricopa County.[9]

Local attractions[edit]

Gavilan Peak

Incorporation Efforts[edit]

New River has attempted to incorporate several times over the years in an effort to control zoning regulations in the area and facilitate responsible growth. It has long been thought of as a way to protect the resources and rural nature of the area. In 1979 the area tried to incorporate into a town. While all of the necessary signatures were collected to move forward with incorporation, Maricopa County Superior Court Judge Charles Hardy vacated the election finding that New River was too rural and did not meet the statutory requirements for incorporation. At this time, Phoenix was approximately thirty miles away.[11]

Then in 1995, the area attempted to incorporate again. At this time, the region to incorporate would have included approximately 120 square miles.[12] While more than the amount of signatures required were collected, the City of Phoenix refused to pass a resolution to approve New River's request to incorporate. Both times the people of the New River wished to incorporate, yet the efforts were thwarted by the courts and the City of Phoenix. In 1999 there was a short lived movement to incorporate lead by Larry Spear. The movement did not get very far and Mr. Spear moved from the area.[13]

In late 2017, residents again formed a Committee to look into the possibility and feasibility of incorporating New River and its neighbor Desert Hills. The Committee is known as the New River-Desert Hills Incorporation Committee.[14] The Core Members of the Committee are Laurie Ricci, Angie Faber, Ron Bentley, Roger Cottam and Steven Scharboneau Jr.[15] The Committee has met with leading members of Maricopa County--including District 3 Supervisor Bill Gates, various neighboring municipalities, state agencies and Arizona law makers. They have brought the community information on the pros, the cons and the feasibility of incorporating the area into a city. Various local press sources have covered their efforts.[16]On August 29, 2018, the Committee held a large public meeting. At this meeting, Tom Belshe (Deputy Director of the Arizona League of Cities and Towns) explained the process of incorporation as well as the pros and cons. The Committee also had a feasibility budget calculated by a municipal budgeting expert.[17] The budget proved that incorporation in New River-Desert Hills would be economically feasible. With local support realizing that incorporation would provide the area with local control over zoning and the ability to protect valuable resources, the Committee continues fundraising efforts to have the proposed boundaries surveyed and to move forward with the incorporation process. History has shown popular support for incorporation and the New River-Desert Hills Incorporation Committee is dedicated to bringing incorporation to a vote of the majority in New River-Desert Hills.

Historic structures in New River[edit]

Pictured below are some of the few remaining historic structures of New River.[18]

  • Wranglers Roost Stagecoach Stop was where the New River stagecoach stop was located in the late 1800s. It was rebuilt in 1930, and is now used for weddings and a resort.
  • The Jack Ass Acres Service Station - An old abandoned 1930s gas station and convenience store. The structure is within the boundaries of the Sun-Up Ranch which was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in May 23, 1988, reference #88000558.
  • The Station was where the first stage stop, the New River Station, was established. During the 1870s, the Desert Station Stage Line connected Phoenix with Prescott. In 1940, a saloon was built. The location was once used as a restaurant.[19]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Census 2010: Arizona - USATODAY.com". usatoday.com. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  4. ^ "New River, Arizona History and Trivia". www.hometownusa.com. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Phoenix Extends Deadline For Water Hauling To New River And Desert Hills". KJZZ. December 15, 2017. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  8. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Maricopa County, Arizona". Census Bureau QuickFacts. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  10. ^ "Gavilan Peak, AZ". HikeArizona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  11. ^ "NRDHIC - Archives". nrdhic.org. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  12. ^ "NRDHIC - Archives". nrdhic.org. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  13. ^ "NRDHIC - Archives". nrdhic.org. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  14. ^ "NRDHIC". nrdhic.org. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  15. ^ "NRDHIC". www.savenewriver.com. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  16. ^ "NRDHIC Press". www.nrdhic.org. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  17. ^ "NRDHIC - Archives". nrdhic.org. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  18. ^ www.nerdmecca.com. "Jack Ass Acres, Arizona - Ghost Towns of Arizona and Surrounding States". www.ghosttownaz.info. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
  19. ^ Them Thar Hills! Jim Oliveri on the history of Daisy Mountain and Gavilan Peak.

External links[edit]

  • Maricopa County General Plan [1]