House of Normandy

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House of Normandy
Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg
Arms of the duchy of Normandy[nb 1]
CountryFrance, England
Founded911
FounderRollo
Final rulerHenry I of England
Titles
Estate(s)Normandy, England, Flanders
Dissolution1167 (1167)
Deposition1135
Cadet branchesIllegitimate lines:
  1. ^ The House of Normandy became extinct before the age of heraldry.

The House of Normandy designates the noble family which originates from the Duchy of Normandy and whose members were counts of Rouen, dukes of Normandy, as well as kings of England following the Norman conquest of England. It lasted until the House of Plantagenet came to power in 1154. The house emerged from the union between the Viking Rollo (first ruler of Normandy) and Poppa of Bayeux, a West Frankish noblewoman. William the Conqueror and his heirs down through 1135 were members of this dynasty.

After that it was disputed between William's grandchildren, Matilda, whose husband Geoffrey was the founder of the House of Plantagenet, and Stephen of the House of Blois (or Blesevin dynasty).

The Norman counts of Rouen were:

The Norman dukes of Normandy were:

The Norman monarchs of England and Normandy were:

Norman Count of Flanders:

Family tree[edit]

Counts of Rouen and Dukes of Normandy shown in bold.

Rollo
Count of Rouen 911–927
HOUSE OF NORMANDY
William
‘Longsword’

Count of Rouen 927–942
Richard I
‘the Fearless’

Duke of Normandy 942–996
Richard II
‘the Good’

Duke of Normandy 996–1027
Robert
count of Évreux
Mauger
∞ Germain
countess of Corbeil
Geoffrey
count of Eu
CLARE
William I
count of Eu
EU
Richard III
Duke of Normandy 1026-1027
Robert I
‘the Magnificent’

Duke of Normandy 1027–35
Richard
count of Évreux
Ralph
lord of Gacé
William II (King William I)
‘the Conqueror’

Duke of Normandy 1035–87
King of England 1066–87
William
count of Évreux
Robert II
‘Curthose’

Duke of Normandy 1087–1106
Adela
Stephen II,
Count of Blois
RichardWilliam II
‘Rufus’

King of England 1087–1100
Ducal Regent 1096–1100
Henry I
‘Beauclerc’

King of England 1100–35
Duke of Normandy 1106–35
William Clito
Count of Flanders
Ducal claimant
Stephen
King of England 1135–54
Duke of Normandy 1135–44
Henry V
king of Germany
HOUSE OF SALIANS
Matilda I
Lady of the English
Geoffrey, Count of Anjou
Duke of Normandy 1144–50
HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET
William III Adelin
Duke of Normandy 1120
in his father's lifetime
(illeg.)
Robert I
1st earl of Gloucester
(illeg.)
Richard of Lincoln
(illeg.)
Reginald
1st earl of Cornwall
(illeg.)
Robert FitzEdith
∞ Matilda d'Avranches
baroness of Okehampton
(illeg.)
Gilbert FitzRoy
(illeg.)
Henry FitzRoy
(illeg.)
Fulk FitzRoy
monk at Abingdon?
Henry II
Duke of Normandy 1150–89
King of England 1154–89
William FitzRobert
2nd earl of Gloucester
Roger
bishop
(illeg.)
Richard
bishop of Bayeux
Meiler Fitzhenry
Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
Henry
‘the Young King’

Duke of Normandy 1170–83
in his father's lifetime
Richard IV (King Richard I)
‘Lionheart’

Duke of Normandy &
King of England 1189–99
John
‘Lackland’

Duke of Normandy &
King of England 1199–1216
Henry III
Duke of Normandy 1216–59
(renounced at Treaty of Paris)
King of England 1216–72

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Matilda's inheritance was usurped by her cousin Stephen of England in 1135. She recovered Normandy, but ruled in England only in 1141 as Lady of the English. However, Matilda maintained her dynastic rights until she abdicated them in favour of her son Henry II of England in 1153 following the Treaty of Wallingford.

See also[edit]

House of Normandy
New title Ruling House of the Duchy of Normandy
911–1135
Succeeded by
House of Blois
Preceded by
House of Godwin
Ruling House of the Kingdom of England
1066–1135
Preceded by
House of Estridsen
Ruling House of the County of Flanders
1127–1128
Succeeded by
House of Alsace
New title Ruling House of the County of Eu
996–1246
Succeeded by
House of Lusignan