North Hungarian Mountains
- This page is about the Hungarian geographical region, called "North Hungarian Mountains". For the similar region in Slovakia, see Mátra-Slanec Area.
|North Hungarian Mountains|
|The view of the valley of Lillafüred in Bükk mountains. Although this is not the highest part of the county, the landscape is typical of Hungarian mountains.|
|Location||Northern Hungary, southern Slovakia|
|Territory||13,000 km² (refers to Hungary only)|
|Highest point||Kékes (Hungary) 1014 m|
Šimonka (Slovakia) 1092 m
|Terrain||lower and moderately high mountains|
The North Hungarian Mountains (sometimes also referred to as Northeast Hungarian Mountains, Northeast Mountains, North Hungarian Highlands, North Hungarian Mid-Mountains or North Hungarian Range, Hungarian: Északi-középhegység) is the northern, mountainous part of Hungary. It forms a geographical unity with the Mátra-Slanec Area, the adjacent parts of Slovakia. It is a separate geomorphological area within the Western Carpathians. The mountains run along in Northeast Hungary, and along the eastern parts of the Hungarian-Slovak border in a broad band from the Danube Bend to the town of Prešov.
The area consists of the following geomorphological units:
- Börzsöny  (Hungarian: Börzsöny, literally: Logwood) + Burda (SK)
- Gödöllő Hills (Hungarian: Gödöllői-dombság)
- Cserhát (Hungarian: Cserhát - literally "Turkey Oak Back", where "Cser" is Turkey Oak and "hát" is back)
- Karancs-Medves area + Cerová Highlands (SK)
- Mátra (Hungarian: Mátra)
- Bükk (Hungarian: Bükk or "Bükk hegység" – literally Beech (Mountains))
- Zemplén Mountains or Tokaj Mountains (Hungarian: Zempléni-hegység, Tokaji-hegység)
Ranges of the adjacent Mátra-Slanec Area in Slovakia:
The next range towards the east is the Cserhát, with the same geological composition as the Börzsöny. Erosion here was more severe: these are mere hills and comprise the lowest part of the North Hungarian Mountains. The highest point is the Naszály (654 m).
Kékes, the country's highest peak at 1014 metres, is located in the next range, Mátra. However, the range's average height is only 600 metres, less than that of the neighbouring Bükk. Mátra is also of volcanic origin.
The Aggtelek Karst area is a geologic formation spanning the Hungarian-Slovakian border, and the reason for the Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst World Heritage Site, and the Hungarian Aggtelek National Park. Hungary's most popular cave, the Baradla, is located there.
- Aggtelek National Park (established in 1985)
- Bükk National Park (established in 1976)
- Danube-Ipoly National Park (established in 1997)
- Hollókő (since 1977)
- East Cserhát (since 1989)
- Karancs-Medves (since 1989)
- Mátra (since 1985)
- Tarnavidék (since 1993)
- Lázbérc (since 1975)
- Tokaj-Bodrogzug (since 1986)
- Zemplén (since 1984)
- Gábor Gercsák (2002). "Hungarian geographical names in English language publications" (PDF). Studia Cartologica. Eötvös Loránd University. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Gábor Gercsák (2005). "Magyar tájnevek angol fordítása" (PDF). Fasciculi Linguistici / Series Lexicographica (in Hungarian). Eötvös Loránd University. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Regional Map Series of Hungary Archived 2007-10-07 at the Wayback Machine
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