New Navarre

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New Navarra
Nueva Navarra
1565 – September 1821
Flag of Nueva Navarra
New Navarre (1819)
New Navarre (1819)
Status Part of New Spain
Capital Arizpe
Government Monarchy
• Established
• Disestablished
September 27 1821
Succeeded by
Sonora y Sinaloa

New Navarre (Spanish: Nueva Navarra, Basque: Nafarroa Berria) was a province in the Provincias Internas, one of the frontier provinces of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and was under the jurisdiction of the Royal Audience of Guadalajara (Real Audiencia of Guadalajara) of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. By 1806, the province was generally recognized as Sonora or Nueva Navarra, with the capital in Arispe, and including the area comprising Sinaloa (de Iriarte, 1806). After Independence Sonora y Sinaloa became one of the constituent states of the Mexican Republic. The Sonoran Desert ecoregion covers much of the state.

In the early years of European migration to Nueva Navarra, the Basques became a significant proportion of the population. The Basque immigrants reached 6% of total migrants in the first 15 years of colonization, the same percentage as those from the Castile or Extremadura, most populated regions. More specific data shows ratios between 8% and 16% of Basques in the nuclei urban settlements of those first decades, indicating a trend which would persist in the future: the Basque-Navarre preference for urban settlement (Boyde-Bowman, 1964).


  • Boyde-Bowman, Peter. (1964). Indice geobiográfico de cuarenta mil pobladores de América en el Siglo XVI. Bogotá: Instituto Caro y Cuervo.
  • Constitucion politica del estado libre de Occidente: Sancionada por su congreso en el año de 1825 en fuerte. (1825). Occidente, Mexico: Imp. Occidental. (Annotated Spanish version.)
  • de Iriarte, Tomas. (1806). Lecciones Instructivas sobre la Historia y la Geografía(Vol. 3). Malaga, Spain: Francisco Martinez de Aguilar.
  • Olea, Héctor Rosendo. (1985). Sinaloa a través de sus constituciones. Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas. México: UNAM.

See also[edit]