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Odoo logo.svg
Odoo 12e homepage.png
Original author(s)Fabien Pinckaers
Developer(s)Odoo S.A., Community
Initial releaseFebruary 2005; 14 years ago (2005-02)
Stable release
13.0 / October 3, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-10-03)
Preview release
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inPython, JavaScript, XML
Operating systemLinux, Unix-like, OS X, Windows, iOS, Android
TypeERP, CRM, Accounting, CMS, E-commerce
License"Community" version: GNU Lesser General Public License v3
"Enterprise" version: Proprietary license

Odoo is an all-in-one business software including CRM, website/e-commerce, billing, accounting, manufacturing, warehouse - and project management, and inventory.[1]

The Community version is the open source version, while the Enterprise version supplements the Community edition with proprietary features and services.

The source code for the framework and core ERP modules is curated by the Belgium-based Odoo S.A. The last stable product release was version 13[2], on 3 October 2019, with Community Edition under LGPLv3, and Enterprise Edition, under a proprietary license.

Source code model[edit]

From inception, Odoo S.A / OpenERP S.A have released software as open source but starting with the V9.0 release, the company has transitioned to an open core model, which provides subscription-based proprietary enterprise software and cloud-hosted software as a service, in addition to the open source version.

Community & network[edit]

In 2013, the not-for-profit Odoo Community Association [3] was formed to promote the widespread use of Odoo and to support the collaborative development of Odoo features. This organisation has over 150 members who are a mix of individuals and organisations. However, there are over 20,000 people that contribute to the Odoo community.

Odoo S.A. switched its focus from being a service company to focus more on software publishing and the SaaS business. Customized programming, support, and other services, are provided by an active global community and a network of over 2500 official partners and integrators.[4]

Apps / Modules / components[edit]

The prime benefit of Odoo is its extensible architecture. A large number of freelancers and organizations develop Odoo Apps or Modules and place them in the marketplace for sale or to be downloaded for free. The main Odoo components are the framework, about 30 core applications (also called official modules) and more than 20000 community modules. Most Odoo modules are available in Odoo S.A's marketplace where community could buy or download many modules for free. As per 9 July 2018, 15759 Apps or modules were found on the marketplace in different categories. Most modules are served in all active versions of 10.0, 11.0 and 12.0.

Educational use[edit]

Odoo has been used as a component of university courses,[5]. A study on experimental learning suggested that Odoo (then known as OpenERP[6]) provides a suitable alternative to proprietary systems to supplement teaching.

Odoo also offers a completely free programme called Odoo Education, which allows teachers and/or students to create an Odoo database for academic purposes.[7] In 2019, Odoo launched it's e-learning platform[8] and a business game named 'Scale-up' that his distributed for free to teachers and students.

Books & publications[edit]

Several books have been written about Odoo,[9] some covering specific areas such as accounting[10] or development.[11]

Software & architecture[edit]

Odoo uses Python programming and PostgreSQL database. The software is accessed via a web browser in a one page app developed in JavaScript. The Community edition repository is on GitHub.

Vendor support[edit]

The three last Long-Term Support versions are supported in parallel. This means that when a new LTS version is released, an older version reaches its end-of-life and is not supported any more. As an example, 10.0 LTS will be supported along with 11.0 LTS and 12.0 LTS, but it will reach end-of-life when 13.0 LTS is released.

Company history[edit]

In 2005, Fabien Pinckaers, the founder and current CEO of Odoo, started to develop his first software product, TinyERP. Three years later, the name was changed to OpenERP. The company started to evolve quickly[12][13] and in 2010, OpenERP had become a 100+ employee company.

In 2013, the company won a Deloitte award for being that fastest growing company in Belgium, with 1549% growth over a five-year period.[14]

In 2014, the company was renamed Odoo, to distance itself from the term "ERP" and to allow the company to grow in whichever direction.[15] In 2015, Inc. Magazine placed Odoo in the top 5000 fastest-growing private companies in Europe.[16]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Odoo has received several recognitions; before changing its name, it received awards as OpenERP including Trends Gazelle, Deloitte Technology Fast 50 Award[17] and the InfoWorld's BOSSIE Award 2013.[18] After changing its name to Odoo, it won consecutive BOSSIE Awards in 2014[19], 2015[20] and 2016[21].

Forbes - “25 Great CRM Applications You Probably Never Heard Of”, 11 August 2014[22].

Datamation - “Open Source Software for Business: 12 Leading Apps”, 22 August 2016[23]

TG Daily - 10 Best Open Source Software in 2017, 20th March 2017[24].

Capterra Logistics Technology Blog - “The Top 8 Free, Open Source ERP Software”[25], July 26th 2017.

Release history[edit]

  Old version, no official support, community support only
  Long Term Stable[26] version, still supported
  Latest version
  Future version
Program name Version Release date Significant changes Software license
Tiny ERP 1.0 February 2005 First release GNU GPL
2.0 May 2005 GNU GPL
3.0 September 2005 GNU GPL
4.0 December 2006 GNU GPL
OpenERP 5.0 April 2009 GNU GPL
6.0 January 2011 First web client GNU AGPL[27]
6.1 February 2012 First Ajax web client, discontinued GTK client GNU AGPL
7.0 December 22, 2012 Improved web client and usability GNU AGPL
Odoo 8.0 September 18, 2014 Revamped Inventory and WMS, Support for CMS: Website builder, e-commerce, point of sale and business intelligence GNU AGPL
9.0 October 1, 2015 Revamped Accounting features, Odoo Community split from Odoo Enterprise [28] GNU LGPL v3
10.0 October 5, 2016 Revamped Manufacturing features GNU LGPL v3
11.0 October 5, 2017 [29] Studio, Revamped Services Support, Revamped Reporting, moved to Python 3 [30][31][32] GNU LGPL v3
12.0 October 3, 2018 Document Management, IoT-devices, multi-website. [33] GNU LGPL v3
13.0 October 5, 2019 Field Services, eLearning, Revamped Payroll and Recruitment, More Localisations... [34] GNU LGPL v3
14.0 October 2020 GNU LGPL v3

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Odoo About Us". Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  2. ^ "Odoo 13 Released". Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  3. ^ "Homepage". Odoo Community Association (OCA).
  4. ^ "About Us". Odoo S.A.
  5. ^ "Syllabus, Winter 2009" (PDF). www.fsa.ulaval.ca. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  6. ^ "Experiential Learning with an Open-Source Enterprise System". aisel.aisnet.org. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
  7. ^ "Education Program". Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  8. ^ "Odoo eLearning". Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  9. ^ Moss, Gregory (2015). Working with Odoo. Packt. ISBN 978-1784394554.
  10. ^ Mader, Greg (2015). Financial Accounting with Odoo: Versions 6, 7, and 8. ISBN 1508737568.
  11. ^ Reis, Daniel (2015). Odoo Development Essentials. Packt. ISBN 1784392790.
  12. ^ roxannevarza. "OpenERP gets €3 million for US expansion". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  13. ^ Jaikumar Vijayan (October 21, 2010). "OpenERP aims to impress U.S. market". Computerworld. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "How I Grew from 1 to 250 Employees in a Few Years". Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  15. ^ "The Odoo Story". Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  16. ^ "Inc 5000 rating for Odoo". Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  17. ^ "Ranking Technology Fast50 2012". Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  18. ^ InfoWorld staff (September 17, 2013). "Bossie Awards 2013: The best open source applications". InfoWorld. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Bossie Awards 2014: The best open source applications". www.infoworld.com. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  20. ^ "Bossie Award 2015 slide3". www.infoworld.com. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  21. ^ "Bossie Award 2016 slide6". www.infoworld.com. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  22. ^ Gene Marks (August 11, 2014). "25 Great CRM Applications You Probably Never Heard Of". Forbes. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  23. ^ Harvey, Cynthia (22 August 2016). "Open Source Software for Business: 12 Leading Apps". Datamation. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  24. ^ "10 Best open source software in 2017". www.tgdaily.com. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  25. ^ "The Top 8 Free, Open Source ERP Software". capterra.com. Capterra Logistics Technology Blog. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  26. ^ "OpenERP Release Policy FAQ". doc.odoo.com.
  27. ^ "odoo/odoo". GitHub.
  28. ^ "Odoo 9 - More than ever, Odoo has it all". Odoo S.A.
  29. ^ [1][dead link]
  30. ^ "Odoo Online - A New Version Released in March!". Odoo S.A.
  31. ^ "Plans for Odoo 11". Odoo S.A.
  32. ^ "odoo/odoo". GitHub.
  33. ^ "Odoo 12 Release Notes". Odoo S.A.
  34. ^ "Odoo 13 Release Notes". Odoo S.A.
  35. ^ https://www.odoo.com/page/flectra-vs-odoo-flectrahq-enterprise