Orders, decorations and medals of the State of Palestine

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Orders, Decorations and Medals of the State of Palestine
ODM SOP Logo.jpg
Awarded by the State of Palestine
Established2009–2018
Awarded forContributed in supporting Palestine or having made achievements in various fields, deliver by order of the President
Grand MasterPresident of the State of Palestine
ConseillereSenior Diplomatic Advisor to the President

Orders, decorations and medals of the State of Palestine are awarded according to a system established and implemented during the period 2009-2018 within the frame of the institutional and state-building process.

During this period, dozens of Heads of States and Governments, diplomats and international prominent figures have been granted these awards in recognition for their contribution in supporting the Palestinian cause and just peace in the region. Many other Palestinian personalities who contributed in raising the status of Palestine in various fields were also honored.

Historical overview[edit]

In the beginning of 2009, and in the frame of institutional and state building process towards the establishing of an independent Palestinian State, President Mahmoud Abbas, President of the State of Palestine and Grand Master of the Orders, Decorations and Medals, entrusted Minister Majdi Khaldi, the Diplomatic Advisor to the President and Conseillere of the Orders, Decorations and Medals of the State of Palestine to lead the efforts of establishing the Palestinian awarding system, and put into act as soon as possible.

The Palestinian awarding system was gradually established in three stages, and three Presidential decrees were issued in 2013, 2016 and 2018 following extensive consultations and efforts led by Minister Khaldi, and after reviewing the previous Palestinian awards, and the history of the international awarding systems.[1]

Three relevant publications including the Orders, Decorations and Medals of the State of Palestine, the Palestinian State’ symbols; the national anthem, the Palestinian flag and the emblem of Palestine, were issued and distributed to the Palestinian Embassies, governmental institutions, public libraries and accredited diplomatic corps in Palestine.

In the beginning of 2010, a number of senior awards were issued for Kings & Heads of States and Governments as they were the first aimed categories. In naming these awards, the names of Palestine, Jerusalem & Bethlehem were highlighted, which are: The Order of the Star of Palestine, the Order of Jerusalem, the Medal of the Star of Honor, and the Collar of Bethlehem. Many other Orders were issued for making diversity, and each level is to be awarded to different categories of Palestinian, Arab and international personalities.

The two most excellent Orders between (2009- 2016) were the Star of Palestine (Grand Cordon), which was awarded to President Vladimir Putin,[2] President Giorgio Napolitano,[3] President Hollande,[4] President Jacob Zuma, and the Grand Cordon of the Order of Jerusalem that was awarded to the Emir of Kuwait Sabah Al- Sabah,[5] King Abdullah II,[6] and many other Heads of States and Governments from all over the world.

As of 2017, the newly established Grand Collar of the Order of the State of Palestine became the most excellent Order, and was awarded to King Salman,[7] King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa,[8] President Xi Jinping,[9] and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[10]

Between (1995- 2004) late President Yasser Arafat awarded medals and medallions to a large number of foreign and Palestinian personalities. The (Collar of Bethlehem 2000) was awarded to a number of Heads of States and Governments who visited Bethlehem during the year 2000 celebrations, and also awarded about 100 medals and medallions to Palestinian and foreign personalities.[11]

It was also necessary to establish new awards for Palestinian figures and institutions from several fields: political, national, literary, artistic and scientific. Therefore, the Order of Merit and Distinction (Gold and Silver Levels) was established in 2010, and was later updated in 2016.[12]

the Order of Culture, Science and Arts was also issued and is intended to be awarded to Palestinian and foreign intellects, authors, writers, poets, scientists, researchers and artists in appreciation of their significant works which succeeded at the national level.[13]

A special award: Palestinian Honorary Citizenship was also issued to be granted to esteem Arab & foreign figures, that have a special and strong relationship with Palestine. Martial Awards and Medals of civil and military services were also issued.[14]

In the beginning of 2013, and after issuing the Resolution for upgrading Palestine's status to an Observer State in the United Nations, President Mahmoud Abbas issued a decree including all civil & martial awards, medals & medallions which were issued previously, while a new decree was issued in 2016, including new modifications in the Palestinian awards system, and in 2018, President Abbas issued a third decree that included all the new modifications.

Two new Orders were also established bearing the names of the two Palestinian leaders, President Yasser Arafat and President Mahmoud Abbas.

It is a custom to grant awards in a special celebration to be held in the Palestinian Presidency, whether by the presence of the President who will grant the award himself, or delegating a deputy in case of being absent, delegating a special envoy, or to entrust the Ambassadors of Palestine to carry out this task in case the ceremony occurs abroad.

Orders of the State of Palestine[edit]

The Order of the State of Palestine[edit]

Grand Collar Grand Coron Star of Merit Star of Freedom Knight of Palestine
The Grand Collar of the Order of the State of Palestine 2018.jpg
Grand Cordon- Star of Palestine.png
Star of Merit.jpg
Star of Freedom of the Order of the State of Palestine.jpg
Knight of Palestine.png
Grand Collar of the Order of the State of Palestine ribbon.svg
Grand Coron of the Order of the State of Palestine ribbon.svg
Grand Collar of the Order of the State of Palestine ribbon.svg
Grand Collar of the Order of the State of Palestine ribbon.svg
Grand Collar of the Order of the State of Palestine ribbon.svg

The Grand Collar of the State of Palestine can be awarded by the order of the President to Kings, Heads of States and Governments and those of similar standing. It can be awarded as well to prominent Palestinian and foreign personalities who have provided outstanding services to Palestine.[15][16][17][18][18] The Grand Coron can be awarded by the order of the President to Kings, Heads of States and Governments and those of similar standing. It can be awarded as well to prominent Palestinian and foreign personalities who have provided outstanding services to Palestine.[15][19]

The Star of Merit is a distinctive level that can be awarded by the order of the President, to Ministers, Ambassadors, Envoys, Governors, Members of Parliaments, Representative of Parties and those of similar standing.[20][21][22] The Star of Freedom is a special level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Palestinian and Foreign Activists who are working for peace. It can be awarded as well, to Members of Parliaments, Representative of parties who supports the freedom and independence of the State of Palestine. It also can be awarded to Palestinian and foreign institutions and officials, businessmen and representatives of civil society, in recognition for outstanding services to the State of Palestine.[23]

The Knight of Palestine is a level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to outstanding and extraordinary individuals in various fields. Those include civil servants, private sector and civil society activists, as well as Arab and foreign individuals of the same rank.[24]

The Order of Jerusalem[edit]

Grand Coron Grand Star Star of Jerusalem Star of Peace Knight of Jerusalem
Grand Cordon of the Order of Jerusalem.png
Grand Star of the Order of Jerusalem.png
Star of Jerusalem.png
Star of Peace.png
Knight of Jerusalem.png

The Grand Cordon is the first high level of this Order and can be awarded by the order of the President to Kings, Presidents, Heads of Governments and those of similar standing. It can be awarded, as well, to prominent Palestinian and foreign personalities who have provided outstanding services to Palestine.[25] The Grand Star is the second-highest level of this Order and can be awarded by the order of the President to Heads of Governments, Ministers, Envoys, Leaders of Parliaments and Parties, and those of similar standing. It can be awarded, as well, to prominent Palestinian, Arab and foreign personalities who have similar standing.[26]

Star of Jerusalem is a distinctive level in this Order and can be awarded by the order of the President, to Ministers, Ambassadors, Envoys, Governors, Members of Parliaments, Representative of Parties and those of similar standing. It can be awarded, as well, to prominent Palestinian, Arab and foreign personalities who have provided significant services to Palestine.[27] The Star of Peace is a special level in this Order and can be by the order of the President to Palestinian and Foreign Activists who are working for peace. It can be awarded as well, to Members of Parliaments, Representative of parties who supports the freedom and independence of the State of Palestine. It also can be awarded to Palestinian and foreign institutions and officials, businessmen and representatives of civil society, in recognition for outstanding services to the State of Palestine.[25]

The Knight of Jerusalem is a motivating and inspiring level in this Order and can be awarded by the order of the President to outstanding and extraordinary individuals in various fields. Those include civil servants, private sector and civil society activists, as well as Arab and foreign individuals of the same rank.[28]

Order of President Yasser Arafat[edit]

Grand Coron
(Star of Honor)
Star of Jebus Medal of Bravery
Grand Cordon (Star of Honor).png
Star of Jebus.png
Medal of Bravery of the Order of President Yasser Arafat.png

The Grand Cordon (Star of Honor) is the highest level of this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Kings, Heads of States and Governments and those of similar standing, it can also be given to the Heads of the National Council and the Legislative Council and the Chairman and Members of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Chairman's and Secretaries General of the Palestinian factions and parties, and of similar standing. It can be awarded as well for Palestinian and Foreign dignitaries that provided of substantial and unprecedented contributions to the Palestinian people.[25]

The Star of Jebus is a distinctive level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President, to Ministers, Ambassadors, Envoys, Governors, Members of Parliaments, Representative of Parties and those of similar standing.[25] The Medal of Bravery is a level in this Order that can be awarded by order of the President, to those who have demonstrated courage, initiative and significant performance of their duty towards their work and their homeland.[25]

Order of President Mahmoud Abbas[edit]

Grand Collar
of Canaanites
Star of Friendship Medal of Achievement
Grand Collar of Canaanites.png
Star of Friendship.png
Medal of Achievement.png

The Grand Collar of Canaanites is the highest level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Kings, Heads of States and Governments and those of similar standing, it can also be given to the Heads of the National Council and the Legislative Council and the Chairman and Members of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Chairman's and Secretaries General of the Palestinian factions and parties, and of similar standing. It can be awarded as well for Palestinian and Foreign dignitaries that provided of substantial and unprecedented contributions to the Palestinian people.[25]

The Star of Friendship is a distinctive level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Ministers, Ambassadors, Envoys, Governors, Members of Parliaments, Representative of Parties and those of similar standing.[25] The Medal of Achievement is a motivating level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to distinguished and creative talents and persons who realized significant achievements and perseverance in the field of their specialties and work.[25]

Order of Bethlehem[edit]

Grand Collar
of Bethlehem
Star of Bethlehem
Grand Collar of Bethlehem.png
Star of Bethlehem.png

The Grand Collar of Bethlehem is the highest level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Kings, Presidents, Heads of Governments and those of similar standing. It can be awarded, as well, to prominent Palestinian and foreign personalities who have provided outstanding services to Palestine.[25][29] The Star of Bethlehem is a distinctive level in this Order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Ministers, Ambassadors, Envoys, Governors, Members of Parliaments, Representative of Parties and those of similar standing.[30]

Order of Merit and Distinction[edit]

Gold Silver
Gold Order of Merit and Distinction.png
Silver Order of Merit and Distinction.png

The gold variant can be awarded by the order of the President to Ministers, Ambassadors, members to the houses of representatives and senate, representatives of parties and Palestinian, Arab and foreign personalities, and those of similar ranking, as well as to the prominent Palestinian personalities who have provided significant services to the country.[25][31] The silver variant can be awarded by the order of the President to Ministers, Ambassadors, members to the houses of representatives and senate, representatives of parties and Palestinian, Arab and foreign personalities, and those of similar ranking, as well as to the prominent Palestinian personalities who have provided significant services to the country.[32]

Order of Culture, Science and Arts[edit]

Grand Star Brilliance Level Creativity Level Innovation Level
Order of Culture, Science and Arts (Grand Star).png
Order of Culture, Science and Arts (Brilliance Level).png
Order of Culture, Science and Arts (Creativity Level).png
Order of Culture, Science and Arts (Innovation Level).png

The Grand Star of the Order can be awarded by the order of the President to prominent writers, authors, poets, scientists, intellectuals, university professors and artists in the domains of fine art, theater, music, cinema and other special forms of art. This order is also awarded to such individuals who promote the image of Palestine and Palestinian culture and arts worldwide.[33]

The Brilliance Level of the Order can be awarded by the order of the President to the major Palestinian and foreign intellects, authors, writers, poets, scientists, researchers and artists in appreciation of their excellent works which succeeded at both national and international levels. It can be also awarded to institutions that provided distinguished works and services to Palestine and the humanity.[34]

The Creativity Level of the Order can be awarded by the order of the President to Palestinian and foreign intellects, authors, writers, poets, scientists, researchers and artists in appreciation of their significant works which succeeded at the national level. It can be also awarded to institutions that provided distinguished works and services to Palestine.[35]

The Innovation Level of the Order can be awarded by the order of the President to Palestinian and foreign intellects, authors, writers, poets, scientists, researchers and artists in appreciation of the significant works succeeded at both local and national levels in encouraging them to continue with giving and progress.[36]

Civilian Medals[edit]

Honorary Palestinian Citizenship[edit]

Honorary
Palestinian Citizenship
Honorary Palestinian Citizenship.png

The Honorary Palestinian Citizenship can be awarded by the order of the President to Arab and foreign personalities who have provided significant services to Palestine, in recognition of the role thereof and as encouragement to continue their support to the State of Palestine.[37]

Medal of Merit and Distinction[edit]

Gold Medal Silver Medal
“Gold” Medal of Merit and Distinction.png
“Silver” Medal of Merit and Distinction.png

“Gold” Medal of Merit and Distinction can be awarded by the order of the President to Ministers, Ambassadors and members of the parliament as well as to Palestinian personalities and individuals who have provided outstanding services in addition to Arab and foreign personalities.[38] “Silver” Medal of Merit and Distinction can be awarded by the order of the President to senior officials of the State, as well as to Palestinian personalities and individuals who have provided outstanding services in addition to Arab and foreign personalities.[39]

Medals of Al Quds[edit]

Silver / Gold Medals
Medals of Al Quds (Gold- Silver).png

Medals of Al Quds can be awarded by the order of the President to personalities and members of the Palestinian people who have provided services to the county and can be awarded to Arab and foreign personalities.[40]

Military Orders[edit]

Star of Palestine Star of Jerusalem Star of Honor
Military Order of the Star of Palestine.png
Military Order of the Star of Jerusalem.png
Military Order of the Star of Honor.png

The Military Order of the Star of Palestine is considered a middle rank military order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Palestinian, Arab and foreign military and security leaders who have provided services to Palestine.[41]

The Military Order of the Star of Jerusalem is considered as a middle rank military order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Palestinian, Arab and foreign military and security leaders who have provided services to Palestine.[42]

The Military Order of the Star of Honor is considered a middle rank military order that can be awarded by the order of the President to Palestinian, Arab and foreign military and security leaders who have provided services to Palestine.[43]

Military Medals[edit]

The following is a list of military medals, each consisting of three levels (Gold, Silver and Bronze):

  • The Medal of Sacrifice is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services who have provided services to the country, and demonstrated bravery and courage in serving the institutions and the homeland. It can also be awarded to civilians who have played major roles in supporting the Palestinian security forces in performing the duty thereof.
  • The Medal of Duty is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services who have provided services to the country, and demonstrated bravery and courage in serving the institutions and the homeland. It can also be awarded to civilians who have played major roles in supporting the Palestinian security forces in performing the duty thereof.
  • The Medal of Distinguished Service is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services who have loyally, honestly and efficiently performed their duties within limited and continual periods of time.
  • The Medal of Excellence is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services in appreciation of their distinctiveness in the performance of their national duty.
  • The Medal of Bravery is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services in appreciation of their heroic and courageous in defense home.
  • The Medal of Appreciation is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services in appreciation of their acts of outstanding courage and heroic service to the nation.
  • The Medal of Honor is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services appreciation of their honoree serve to their country and their courage and heroic acts.
  • The Medal of War Injuries is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services who have been injured in the field or during the performance of the duty where the injury is proved, based on a report by the competent medical committee or the field commander, to be a result of enemy actions or the performance of the duty. It can also be awarded to a civilian who is injured in the field while performing the duty.
  • The Medal of Training is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services who have passed a high level of training and proved high commitment and performance.
  • The Medal of Special Promotions is composed of three ranks (Gold- Silver- Bronze) and can be awarded by the order of the President to military personnel and civilians of the staffs and troops of the Palestinian security services at extraordinary promotion for performing an excellent job or at assuming higher offices while on duty.

Notable Recipients[edit]

  • King Abdullah II of Jordan[6]
  • King Salman of Saudi Arabia [7]
  • King Hamad of Bahrain [8]
  • Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al Sabah [5]
  • President Xi Jinping of China [9]
  • President Vladimir Putin of Russia [2]
  • President Francois Hollande of France [4]
  • President Giorgio Napolitano of Italy [3]
  • President Dmitry Medvedev of Russia[44]
  • President Sebastian Pinera of Chile[45]
  • President Khalifa Bin Zayed of UAE[46]
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India.[10]
  • Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero of Spain,[47]
  • Prince Walid Bin Talaal, Saudi Arabia[48]

References[edit]

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