Orendorf Site

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Orendorf Site
Location Fulton County, Illinois
Nearest city Canton
Area 40 acres (16 ha)
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 77000484[1]
Added to NRHP September 13, 1977

The Orendorf Site is a prehistoric archaeological site located near the city of Canton, Fulton County, Illinois. The site includes four distinct areas of Middle Mississippian settlement; the settlement area was one of seven major sites in the Spoon River tradition. The four settlement sites within the larger site came as the result of a single village relocating multiple times; this movement became useful to archaeologists, as artifacts from different periods are spread out rather than mixed together at a single site. The settlement functioned as a regional center within the Spoon River culture, making it a hub in its hierarchal political organization and part of many important trade routes. Trade and migration linked the settlement to the large Mississippian city of Cahokia; while the settlement's culture had much in common with Cahokian culture, it was also a distinct regional culture in its own right.[2]

The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 13, 1977.[1] It is one of four sites on the Register in Canton, along with the Ulysses G. Orendorff House, the Parlin Library and the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Station.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Maruszak, Kathleen. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Orendorf Site. National Park Service, 1976-11-09.