Palestinian Popular Struggle Front
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|International affiliation||SI (Consultative)|
The Palestinian Popular Struggle Front (PPSF, occasionally abbr. PSF), (Arabic: جبهة النضال الشعبي الفلسطيني, Jabhet Al-Nedal Al-Sha'abi Al-Falestini), is a Palestinian political party. Samir Ghawshah was elected secretary-general of PPSF in 1971 and led it until his death in 2009. He was succeeded by Ahmed Majdalani on 8 August 2009.
PPSF holds a seat on the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) executive council, though it is generally considered to have a limited influence over Palestinian politics.
The PPSF was founded as the Palestinian Popular Struggle Organization (PPSO) in the West Bank in 1967 by Bahjat Abu Gharbiyah, a former Ba'athist, following a split from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). It had close ties to Fatah, and in 1971 it officially became a Fatah-affiliated organization. It fell out with Yasir Arafat in 1973, and left Fatah to act independently. In 1974 PPSF left the PLO to become a founding member of the Rejectionist Front with other radical Palestinian factions who rejected the Ten Point Program adopted by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
In the 1970s the PPSF hijacked airplanes, and also attacked civilian Israeli passengers in Athens Airport in 1969.
Initially close to Egypt after its break with Fatah, it eventually slipped into decline. In 1982 it was revived jointly by Syria and Libya, in an attempt to bolster hardliner and anti-Arafat forces in the PLO (Syria was simultaneously fighting the PLO in Lebanon).
Reconciliation with PLO and PNA politics
In 1991, PPSF was allowed to rejoin the PLO after accepting United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 and the concept of negotiations with Israel. Ghawshah gained a seat on the PLO executive committee. The PPSF split into two, the main group, the Samir Ghawsha faction, accepted the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), while Khalid ‘Abd al-Majid's parallel PPSF opposed it from exile in Damascus, Syria.
The Samir Ghawsha faction of PPSF took part in the 1996 Palestinian legislative elections with 12 candidates. Together they got 0.76% of the national vote. The faction also took part in the 2006 Palestinian legislative election as part of the "Freedom and Social Justice" list, which got 7,127 votes (0.72%) and failed to win a seat.
PPSF publishes Sawt an-Nidhal (Voice of the Struggle).
- List of political parties in the Palestinian National Authority
- Palestinian Popular Struggle Front (1991)
- PPSF elects new Secretary General replacing deceased former leader. Ma'an News Agency. 12 August 2009. Retrieved on 23 January 2012.
- PPSF elects new Secretary General replacing deceased former leader. Ma'an News Agency. 2009-08-12. Retrieved on 2012-01-23.
- Leftist Parties of Palestine
- BBC News | WORLD | Palestinian radicals deny bomb link
- "Socialist International - Progressive Politics For A Fairer World". www.socialistinternational.org. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Socialist International - Progressive Politics For A Fairer World". socialistinternational.org. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- PPSF homepage (in Arabic)