List of Israeli assassinations
The following is a list of alleged and confirmed assassinations reported to have been conducted by the State of Israel. It includes attempts on notable persons who were reported to have been specifically targeted by the various Israeli security, intelligence and law enforcement agencies.
According to Eyal Weizman, "targeted assassinations have become the most significant and frequent form of Israeli military attack", and serve not only to contain terror but as a "political tool" to control Palestinian territories Israel has otherwise withdrawn from. In response to protests over the number of civilians killed in targeting operations, and the refusal of a number of pilots to engage in such missions in 2003, Israel set up groups to minimize collateral damage in 2003 to establish acceptable levels of damage to bystanders. In 2006 "focused lethality munitions", missiles with intense but highly localized explosives were introduced to this end, and in November a legal committee was set up to rule on assassinations.
There is no clear definition of "targeted killing" under international law. The Supreme Court of Israel, in response to a suit on the practice, mainly regarded actions in the Palestinian Territories, ruled on 14 December 2006 that such actions took place in an 'international armed conflict' but that the "terrorists", as civilians, lacked combatant status under international law. Yet they were, in the court's view, civilians participating directly in hostilities, which would mean they lose their immunity. It also ruled, following a precedent set forth by the European Court of Human Rights in its McCann and Others v United Kingdom judgement, that a 'law of proportionality', balancing military necessity with humanity, must apply. Assassination were permitted if "strong and persuasive information" concerning the target's identity existed; if the mission served to curtail terror; and if other techniques, such as attempting to arrest the target, would gravely endanger soldiers' lives.
Nils Melzer in his 2006 study Targeted Killing in International Law defines targeted killings in terms of five criteria, summed up as "the use of lethal force attributable to a subject of international law with the intent, premeditation and deliberation to kill individually selected persons who are not in the physical custody of those targeting them." Before 2001 Israel denied it practiced or has a policy of conducting extrajudicial executions.
The term itself gained widespread currency only after Israel went public concerning its policy regarding alleged terrorists in the Palestinian territories. Early into the Second Intifada, it became the first state to publicly outline a policy of “liquidation” and “preemptive targeted killing,” when two female bystanders were killed during an operation to kill a Palestinian militant, Hussein ‘Abayat, on 9 November 2000. Killings in the past were often premised on revenge for earlier crimes and required a quasi-judicial commission to convict the target of culpability before action was taken. The policy, re-introduced by Ariel Sharon in the face of suicide bombings, no longer took evidence of potential involvement by the target in future attacks on Israel as decisive, and the decision was left to the discretion of the Prime Minister and Shin Bet.
According to the former Legal Advisor to the State Department Judge Abraham Sofaer:
...killings in self-defense are no more "assassinations" in international affairs than they are murders when undertaken by our police forces against domestic killers. Targeted killings in self-defense have been authoritatively determined by the federal government to fall outside the assassination prohibition.
A state engaged in such activities must, however, Sofaer concluded, openly acknowledge its responsibility and accept accountability for mistakes made.
B'tselem has calculated that between 2002 and May 2008, at least 387 Palestinians died as a result of Israeli targeted killings, of which 234 were the targets, and the rest collateral casualties. The majority of Israeli targeted killings have taken place in Area A of the West Bank lying within the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority. Some of the killings listed below have been denied by Israel. Most fall within a series of campaigns, including Operation Wrath of God (launched in response to the 1972 Munich massacre), Israeli actions in the wake of the al-Aqsa Intifada (2000–), and strikes during the 2008–09 Gaza War. Gaza, according to Eyal Weizman, has now become 'the world's largest laboratory for airborne assassinations.' According to reports, as part of the long-term cease-fire terms negotiated between Israel, Hamas and other Palestinian groups to end the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, Israel pledged it would desist from its targeted killings against Palestinian terrorists and faction leaders.
The policy of targeted killings is known in Hebrew as "focused foiling" (Hebrew: סיכול ממוקד sikul memukad).
|July 13, 1956||Gaza Strip||Egypt||Mustafa Hafez||Egyptian Army Lieutenant-Colonel, responsible for recruiting refugees to carry out attacks in Israel.||Parcel bomb||Israel Defense Forces operation directed by Yehoshafat Harkabi.|
|July 14, 1956||Amman||Jordan||Salah Mustafa||Egyptian Military attache|
|September 11, 1962||Munich||West Germany||Heinz Krug||West German rocket scientist working for Egypt's missile program||Abducted from his company offices on Munich's Schillerstrasse, his body was never found. Swiss police later arrested two Mossad agents for threatening the daughter of another scientist and found that they were responsible for the killing. Part of Operation Damocles.||Mossad|
|November 28, 1962||Heluan||Egypt||5 Egyptian factory workers||Workers employed at Factory 333, an Egyptian rocket factory.||Letter bomb sent bearing Hamburg post mark. Another such bomb disfigured and blinded a secretary. Part of Operation Damocles.|
|February 23, 1965||Montevideo||Uruguay||Herberts Cukurs||Aviator who had been involved in the murders of Latvian Jews during the Holocaust||Lured to and killed in Montevideo by agents under the false pretense of starting an aviation business.|
|July 8, 1972||Beirut||Lebanon||Ghassan Kanafani||Palestinian writer and a leading member of the PFLP, who had claimed responsibility for the Lod Airport massacre on behalf of the PFLP.||Killed by car bomb.||Mossad|
|July 25, 1972||Attempted killing of Bassam Abu Sharif||Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Information Office. He held a press conference with Ghassan Kanafani during the Dawson's Field hijackings justifying the PFLP's actions.||He lost four fingers, and was left deaf in one ear and blind in one eye, after a book sent to him that was implanted with a bomb exploded in his hands.|
|October 16, 1972||Rome||Italy||Abdel Wael Zwaiter||Libyan embassy employee, cousin of Yassir Arafat, PLO representative, poet and multilingual translator, considered by Israel to be a terrorist for his alleged role in the Black September group and the Munich massacre, though Aaron Klein states that 'uncorroborated and improperly cross-referenced intelligence information tied him to a support group' for Black September.||Shot 12 times by two Mossad gunmen as he waited for an elevator to his apartment near Piazza Avellino.|
|December 8, 1972||Paris||France||Mahmoud Hamshari||PLO representative in France and coordinator of the Munich Olympic Games massacre.||Killed by bomb concealed in his telephone.|
|January 24, 1973||Nicosia||Cyprus||Hussein Al Bashir a.k.a. Hussein Abu-Khair/Hussein Abad.||Fatah representative in Nicosia, Cyprus and PLO liaison officer with the KGB.||Killed by bomb in his hotel room bed.|
|April 6, 1973||Paris||France||Basil Al-Kubaissi||PFLP member and American University of Beirut Professor of International Law||Killed on a street in Paris by two Mossad agents.|
|April 9, 1973||Beirut||Lebanon||Kamal Adwan||Black September commander and member of the Fatah central committee||Killed in his apartment in front of his children during Operation Spring of Youth, either shot 55 times or killed with a grenade.||Sayeret Matkal led by Ehud Barak|
|Muhammad Youssef Al-Najjar||Black September Operations officer and PLO official||Shot dead in his apartment together with his wife during Operation Spring of Youth.||Sayeret Matkal together with Mossad.|
|Kamal Nasser||Palestinian Christian poet, advocate of non-violence and PLO spokesman||Shot dead in his apartment during Operation Spring of Youth. According to Palestinian sources his body was left as if hanging from a cross. A woman neighbour was shot dead when she opened her door during the operation.||Sayeret Matkal|
|April 11, 1973||Athens||Greece||Zaiad Muchasi||Fatah representative to Cyprus||Killed in hotel room.||Mossad|
|June 28, 1973||Paris||France||Mohammad Boudia||Black September operations officer||Killed by pressure-activated mine under his car seat.|
|July 21, 1973||Lillehammer||Norway||Attempted killing of Ali Hassan Salameh||High-ranked leader in the PLO and Black September who was behind the 1972 Munich Olympic Games massacre||Ahmed Bouchiki, an innocent waiter believed to be Ali Hassan Salameh, killed by gunmen. Known as the Lillehammer affair.|
|March 27, 1978||East Berlin||East Germany||Wadie Haddad||PFLP commander, who masterminded several plane hijackings in the 1960s and 1970s.||He apparently died of cancer in an East Berlin hospital, reportedly untraced by Mossad. Mossad never claimed responsibility. Aaron Klein states that Mossad passed on through a Palestinian contact a gift of chocolates laced with a slow poison, which effectively caused his death several months later.|
|January 22, 1979||Beirut||Lebanon||Ali Hassan Salameh||High-ranked leader in the PLO and Black September who was behind the 1972 Munich Olympic Games massacre||Killed by a remote-controlled car bomb, along with four bodyguards and four innocent bystanders.|
|June 13, 1980||Paris||France||Yehia El-Mashad||Egyptian nuclear scientist, lecturer at Alexandria University||Killed in his room at the Méridien Hotel in Operation Sphinx.:23 Marie-Claude Magal, prostitute, client of El-Meshad, pushed under a car and killed in the Boulevard Saint-Germain.:24||Mossad|
|September 1981||São Paulo||Brazil||José Alberto Albano do Amarante||A Brazilian Air Force lieutenant colonel, assassinated by the Israeli intelligence service to prevent Brazil from becoming a nuclear nation.||He was contaminated by radioactive material.||Samuel Giliad or Guesten Zang, a Mossad agent, an Israeli born in Poland.|
|August 21, 1983||Athens||Greece||Mamoun Meraish||Senior PLO official||Shot in his car from motorcycle.||Mossad|
|June 9, 1986||Khalid Nazzal||Secretary of the DFLP (Democratic Front for Liberation of Palestine)||Killed in Athens by Mossad agents who entered Greece with fake passports, shot Nazzal while leaving his hotel, and fled the country.||Mossad|
|October 21, 1986||Munther Abu Ghazaleh||High-ranked leader in the PLO. Senior member of the National Palestinian Council, the Revolutionary Council of Al Fatah and the Supreme Military Council of the Revolutionary Palestinian Forces.||Killed by a car bomb||Mossad|
|April 16, 1988||Tunis||Tunisia||Abu Jihad||Second-in-command to Yassir Arafat||Shot dead in front of his family in the Tunis Raid by Israeli commandos under the direction of Ehud Barak and Moshe Ya'alon, and condemned as a political assassination by the United States State Department.||Israel Defense Forces|
|July 14, 1989||Alexandria||Egypt||Said S. Bedair||Egyptian scientist in electrical, electronic and microwave engineering and a colonel in the Egyptian army||Fell to his death from the balcony of his brother's apartment in Camp Chezar, Alexandria, Egypt. His veins were found cut and a gas leak was detected in the apartment. Arabic and Egyptian sources claim that the Mossad assassinated him in a way that appears as a suicide.||?|
|March 20, 1990||Brussels||Belgium||Gerald Bull||Canadian engineer and designer of the Project Babylon "supergun" for Saddam Hussein's government||Shot at door to his apartment||Attributed to Mossad by several sources, and widely believed to be a Mossad operation by intelligence experts, Gordon Thomas states it was the work of Mossad's director Nahum Admoni. Israel denied involvement at the time. and several other countries had interests in seeing him dead.|
|February 16, 1992||Nabatieh Governorate||Lebanon||Abbas al-Musawi||Secretary-General of Hezbollah||After 3 IDF soldiers were killed by Palestinian militants of the PIJ during a training exercise at Gal'ed in Israel, Israel retaliated by killing Musawi in his car, together with his wife Sihan and 5-year-old child Hussein, with seven missiles launched from two Apache Israeli helicopters. Hezbollah retaliated by the attacking Israel's embassy in Argentina.||Israel Defense Forces|
|June 8, 1992||Paris||France||Atef Bseiso||Palestinian official involved in Munich Massacre||Shot several times in the head at point-blank range by 2 gunmen, in his hotel (Aaron Klein's "Striking Back")||Mossad, with French complicity, according to the PLO, but French security sources suggested the hand of Abu Nidal.|
|October 26, 1995||Sliema||Malta||Fathi Shaqaqi||Head of Palestinian Islamic Jihad||Shot and killed in front of Diplomat Hotel.||Mossad.|
|January 6, 1996||Beit Lahia||Gaza Strip||Yahya Ayyash||"The Engineer", Hamas bomb maker||Head blown off by cell phone bomb in Osama Hamad's apartment, responding to a call from his father. Osama's father, Kamal Hamad, was a known collaborator with Israel, and it was bruited in Israel that he had betrayed his son's friend for $1 million, a fake passport and a U.S. visa.||Covert Israeli operation|
|September 25, 1997||Amman||Jordan||Khaled Mashaal (failed attempt)||Hamas political leader||Attempted poisoning. Israel provided antidote, after pressure by Clinton. Canada withdrew Ambassador.||Two Mossad agents with Canadian passports arrested|
- 2000, September 29–2001, April 25. According to Palestinian sources, the IDF assassinated 13 political activists in Area A under full Palestinian Authority, with 9 civilian casualties.
- 2001 Israel killed 35 suspected Palestinian militants.
- 2002 Israel killed 72 suspected militants.
- 2003 (August) The Israeli government authorized the killing of Hamas's entire political leadership in Gaza, 'without further notice,' in a method called 'the hunting season' in order to strengthen the position of moderates and Mahmoud Abbas.
- 2005 In February Israel announced a suspension of targeted killings, while reserving the right to kill allegedly 'ticking bombs'.
|November 9, 2000||Beit Sahur||West Bank||Hussein Mohammed Abayat (37);||Abayat was a senior official of the Fatah faction Tanzim.||Killed while driving his Mitsubishi by a Hellfire anti-tank missile fired from an Israeli Apache helicopter. Rahma She’ibat, (50); ‘Aziza Dannoun Jobran (52), two local women, were killed by a second missile, and Nazhmi She’ibat and his wife were also injured. Accused of shooting at the Gilo settlement.||Israel Defense Forces|
|November 22, 2000||Morag||Gaza Strip||Jamal Abdel Raziq (39), and Awni Dhuheir (38).||Senior official of the Fatah faction Tanzim||Killed on the Rafah-Khan Yunis western road near the junction leading to Morag settlement while in a Honda Civic with the driver, Awni Dhuheir when their car was machine-gunned from two tanks at close range. The first version, they were about to attack Morag; the second version, Raziq was targeted after firing at IDF soldiers. His uncle was later sentenced to death for collaborating in his nephew's death by furnishing Israel with details. Two bystanders in a taxi behind them also killed (Sami Abu Laban, 29, baker, and Na’el Shehdeh El-Leddawi, 25, student).|
|November 23, 2000||Nablus||West Bank||Ibrahim 'Abd al-Karim Bani 'Odeh (34)||Unknown. Had been jailed for 3 years by the PNA until two weeks before his death.||Killed while driving a Subaru near Al-Salam mosque. Israeli version, he died from his own rudimentary bomb. Palestinian version: his cousin ‘Allan Bani ‘Oudeh confessed to collaborating with Israel in an assassination, and was convicted and shot in Jan 2001.||?|
|December 11, 2000||Nablus||West Bank||Anwar Mahmoud Hamran (28)||A PIJ bombing suspect. Jailed for 2 years by PNA and released 6 weeks before his death.||Targeted on a campus of Al-Quds Open University while waiting for a taxi-cab. Shot 19 times by a sniper at 500 yards. IDF version shot by soldiers in self-defence. Palestinian version, he died with books in his hand.||Israel Defense Forces|
|December 12, 2000||al-Khader||West Bank||Yusef Ahmad Mahmoud Abu Sawi (28)||Unknown||Targeted and shot by a sniper at 200 metres, 17 bullets.|
|December 13, 2000||Hebron||West Bank||‘Abbas ‘Othman El-‘Oweiwi(25)||Hamas activist||Targeted and shot 3 times in head and chest by a sniper while standing in front of his store in Wadi Al-Tuffah Street.|
|December 14, 2000||Burin||West Bank||Saed Ibrahim Taha al-Kharuf (35)||Targeted and shot dead.|
|December 14, 2000||Junction of Salah el-Din near Deir al-Balah||Gaza Strip||Hani Hussein Abu Bakra (32)||Israeli version. Hamas activist shot as he tried to fire from a pistol.||Driver of a Hyundai taxi van. Palestinian version: shot while reaching for his identity card which he was asked to produce when stopped. 4 of seven passengers wounded, one of whom, ‘Abdullah ‘Eissa Gannan, 40, died 10 days later.|
|December 17, 2000||Qalandiyya||West Bank||Samih Malabi||Tanzim officer.||Mobile phone bomb.||?|
|December 31, 2000||Tulkarem||West Bank||Thabat Ahmad Thabat||Classed by Israel as head of Tanzim cell. Dentist, lecturer on public health at Al Quds University, and Fatah Secretary-General on the West Bank.||Israeli Special Forces sniper shot him as he drove his car from his home in Ramin, classified as an apparent political assassination.||Israel Defense Forces|
|February 13, 2001||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Mas’oud Hussein ‘Ayyad (50)||Lieutenant-colonel in Force 17, an aide of Yasser Arafat held responsible for a failed mortar attack on a Jewish settlement in Gaza. The IDF also alleged, without providing evidence, that he intended to form a Hezbollah cell in the Gaza Strip.||Killed while driving a Hyundai in Jabalia Camp by a Cobra gunship launching 3rockets.||Israeli Air Force|
|February 19, 2001||Nablus||West Bank||Mahmoud Suleiman El-Madani (25)||Hamas activist||Shot by two men in plainclothes as he left a mosque. As they fled, according to the Palestinian version, covering fire was provided by an Israeli unit on Mount Gerizim.|
|April 2, 2001||Al-Barazil neighborhood of Rafah||Gaza Strip||Mohammed ‘Attwa ‘Abdel-‘Aal (26)||PIJ||Combat helicopters fired three rockets at his Peugeot Thunder, also hitting the taxi behind, whose occupants survived.||Israeli Air Force|
|April 5, 2001||Jenin||West Bank||Iyad Mohammed Hardan (26)||Head of the PIJ in Jenin. IDF version. He was involved in the 1997 Mahane Yehuda Market Bombings||Blown up in a public phone booth, when, reportedly, an Israeli helicopter was flying overhead.Baruch Kimmerling classifies it as an apparent political execution to provoke Palestinians.|
|April 25, 2001||Rafah||West Bank||Ramadan Ismail ‘Azzam (33); Samir Sabri Zo’rob (34); Sa’di Mohammed El-Dabbas (32); Yasser Hamdan El-Dabbas (18)||Popular Resistance Committees members||Blown up while examining a triangular object with flashing lights that had been reported as lying near the border earlier that day. Palestinians say the object exploded as an Israeli helicopter passed overhead.|
|May 5, 2001||Bethlehem||West Bank||Ahmad Khalil ‘Eissa Assad (38)||PIJ activist||Hit while leaving his house for work, reportedly from shots (15) fired from the Israeli military outpost at Tel Abu Zaid, 250 metres away. His niece, Ala, was also injured. Israel said the victim intended to carry out armed operations in the future inside Israel.||Israel Defense Forces|
|May 12, 2001||Jenin||West Bank||Mutassam Mohammed al-Sabagh (28)||Fatah activist||In a car with two Palestinian intelligence officers, who managed to escape on sighting an Apache helicopter, which struck it with three missiles. The two officers were also wounded. A fourth missile struck a Palestinian police car killing Sergeant Aalam al-Raziq al-Jaloudi and injuring Lieutenant Tariq Mohammed Amin al-Haj. Two bystanders also wounded. Israeli Army accused the three of plotting attacks on nearby settlers.||Israeli Air Force|
|June 24, 2001||Nablus||West Bank||Osama Fatih al-Jawabra (Jawabiri) (29)||al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade militant. His name was on an Israeli wanted list submitted to PNA.||Bomb exploded as he picked up a phone in a public telephone booth. Two brothers, Malik Shabaro (2), and Amar Shabaro (4) injured.||Alleged by PNA to be IDF,. but denied by the Israeli government.|
|July 17, 2001||Bethlehem||West Bank||Omar Ahmed Sa’adeh (45)||Hamas leader||Killed by two wire-guided missiles fired by two Israeli helicopter gunships at his garden hut, also killing Taha Aal-Arrouj (37). His brother Izhaq Ahmed Sa’adeh (51), a peace activist, and his cousin Hamad Saleh Sa’adeh (29), were killed by a further missile as they rushed towards the rubble. A dozen people nearby were wounded. Israel maintained that it was a preventive attack on a planner of a terrorist attack at the Maccabiah Games.||Israeli Air Force|
|July 23, 2001||'Anin, west of Jenin||West Bank||Mustafa Yusuf Hussein Yassin (26)||?||Released from Israeli prison earlier that day. According to his wife, he opened the door on hearing noises outside their home and was shot at point-blank range in front of his family. Israeli sources say he was planning to bomb Israeli targets.||Israel Defense Forces|
|July 25, 2001||Nablus||West Bank||Salah Nour al-Din Khalil Darwouza (38)||Hamas||Car hit while driving in Nablus. He evaded two missiles from an Apache helicopter, but the car was hit by a further 4. Israel claimed he planned bombing attacks on French Hill, and Netanya.||Israeli Air Force|
|July 31, 2001||Nablus||West Bank||Jamal Mansour (41); Jamal Salim Damouni (42)||High-ranking official of Hamas' West Bank political wing||Killed when office struck by helicopter-launched missiles as Mansour was giving an interview to journalists in the Palestinian Centre for Studies and Media. 4 others killed in the room: Mohammed al-Bishawi (28); Othman Qathnani (25); Omar Mansour (28); Fahim Dawabsha, (32). Two children, aged 5 and 8, outside were also killed, and three more adults injured by shrapnel. Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail peace talks.||Israel Defense Forces|
|August 5, 2001||Tulkarm||West Bank||Amer Mansour Habiri/Aamer Mansour al-Hudairy (22)||Hamas||Missiles fired at the car.|
|August 20, 2001||Hebron||West Bank||Imad Abu Sneneh||Leader of Tanzim||Shot and killed.||Israeli undercover team|
|August 27, 2001||Ramallah||West Bank||Abu Ali Mustafa (63)||Head of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and senior executive leader of the PLO.||Killed by laser-guided missiles fired from Apache helicopters while talking on the phone in his office.Baruch Kimmerling classifies it as an apparent political execution to provoke Palestinians. Other sources say Shin Bet convinced the Israeli Cabinet he was connected to terrorism.||Israeli Air Force|
|September 6, 2001||Tulkarm||West Bank||'Omar Mahmoud Dib Subuh (22); Mustafa 'Ahed Hassan 'Anbas (19).||Unknown||Targeted and killed by a helicopter missile in an attempt to assassinate 4 Palestinians, of whom 2 died.||Israel Defense Forces|
|October 14, 2001||Qalqiliya||West Bank||'Abd a-Rahman Sa'id Hamed (33)||Unknown||Targeted by a sniper and shot at the entrance to his house.|
|October 15, 2001||Nablus||West Bank||Ahmad Hassan Marshud (29)||Unknown||Targeted killing by explosion.||?|
|October 18, 2001||Beit Sahur||West Bank||Jamal 'Abdallah 'Abayiat (35); 'Issa 'Atef Khatib 'Abayiat (28); 'Atef Ahmad 'Abayiat (25).||Unknown||The three, all relatives were killed while driving a Jeep.||Israel Defense Forces|
|October 22, 2001||Nablus||West Bank||Ayman Halawah (26).||Unknown||Killed while riding in a car.||?|
|31 October 2001||Hebron||West Bank||Jamil Jadallah al-Qawasmeh (25).||Unknown||Killed by a helicopter missile that struck his house.||Israeli Air Force|
|2 November 2001||Tulkarm||West Bank||Fahmi Abu 'Easheh (28); Yasser 'Asira (25)||Unknown||Killed by gunfire whole driving in a car.||Israel Defense Forces|
|23 November 2001||Far'a||West Bank||Mahmoud a-Shuli (Abu Hanud) (33); Maamun 'Awaisa (22); Ayman 'Awaisa (33).||Unknown||all three killed while riding in a taxi by a helicopter missile.|
|December 10, 2001||Hebron||West Bank||Burhan al-Haymuni (3); Shadi Ahmad 'Arfah (13)||None||Two brothers killed in a vehicle hit by a helicopter missile during a targeted killing of a person in a nearby car.|
|January 14, 2002||Tulkarem||West Bank||Raed (Muhammad Ra'if ) Karmi (28)||Head of the Tanzim in Tulkarem||He had planned the murders of two Israelis in Tulkarem and was behind a failed assassination attempt on the life of an Israeli Air Force colonel. After surviving an attempt to kill him by helicopter on September 6, 2001, he was persuaded by Arafat to desist from violence but killed twenty-three days after a ceasefire was in place because the Shin Bet was convinced they would never have the same operational opportunity to take him out. Killed from a bomb planted in a cemetery wall, set off by a UAV circling above when he passed by it on a visit to his mistress, to create the impression he had blown himself up accidentally.||Baruch Kimmerling classifies it as an apparent political execution to provoke Palestinians. Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail peace talks.|
|January 22, 2002||Nablus||West Bank||Yusif Suragji||West Bank head of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. Three other Hamas members also killed. Palestinian Authority claims it was an assassination.||Killed in a raid on an alleged explosives factory.||Israeli Defence Forces|
|January 24, 2002||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Adli Hamadan (Bakr Hamdan)||Senior Hamas member||missile attack on car.||Israeli Air Force|
|February 4, 2002||Rafah||Gaza Strip||Ayman Bihdari||DFLP member wanted for 25 August 2001 raid in which three Israeli soldiers were killed.||missile attack on car. Four other DFLP members killed.|
|February 16, 2002||Jenin||West Bank||Nazih Mahmoud Abu a-Saba'||Second ranking Hamas officer in Jenin.||Killed by a bomb planted in his car, in a targeted killing.||Israel Defense Forces|
|March 5, 2002||al-Birah||West Bank||Mohammad(Diriyah Munir) Abu Halawa (23); Fawzi Murar (32); 'Omar Hussein Nimer Qadan (27).||Wanted AMB member.||Missile fired at car from a helicopter, Murar and Qadan according to B'tselem were not combatants at the time.||Israeli Air Force|
|March 6, 2002||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Abdel Rahman Ghadal||Hamas member||Missile attack on his home.|
|March 9, 2002||Ramallah||West Bank||Samer Wajih Yunes 'Awis (29)||Not a participant in hostilities at the time, according to B'tselem.||Killed by a missile fired from a helicopter, which struck a car he was travelling in.||Israel Defense Forces|
|March 14, 2002||Anabta||West Bank||Mutasen Hamad (Mu'atasem Mahmoud 'Abdallah Hammad) (28); 'Atef Subhi Balbisi (Balbiti) (25).||Hamad was an Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade member and bomb maker.||3 missiles fired from an Israeli attack helicopter at Hamad's car, near a chicken farm. A Palestinian source say a bystander, a chicken farmer (Maher Balbiti) was also killed. An Israeli sources identify him as a terrorist.||Israeli Air Force|
|April 5, 2002||Tubas||West Bank||Qeis 'Adwan (25); Saed 'Awwad (25); Majdi Balasmeh (26); Ashraf Daraghmeh (29); Muhammad Kmeil (28); Munqez Sawafta (29)||Qeis 'adwan was a Hamas activist and bomb maker to whom several suicide bomb attacks were attributed.||Targeted in a combined drone, tank and special forces siege during Operation Defensive Shield. Given hospitality in his house by Munqez Sawafta. After hours of gunfire, and a refusal to surrender, a D-9 armored bulldozer crushed part of the house and the remaining 3 were shot.||Israel Defense Forces|
|April 22, 2002||Hebron||West Bank||Marwan Zaloum (59) and Samir Abu Rajoub.||Tanzim Hebron leader and Force 17 member||Killed by a helicopter missile while driving a car. Zaloum was on an Israeli wanted list, and thought responsible for shootings, including that Shalhevet Pass. Israeli helicopter strike.||Israeli Air Force|
|May 22, 2002||Balata refugee camp, Nablus||West Bank||Iyad Hamdan (22); 'Imad Khatib (25); Mahmoud 'Abdallah Sa'id Titi (30); Bashir Yaish (30)||Unknown, the first three were targeted.||All four killed by a shell shot from an Israeli tank. Yaish was not involved in hostilities at the time.||Israel Defense Forces|
|June 24, 2002||Rafah||Gaza Strip||Yasir Raziq, 'Amr Kufa.||Izzeddln al-Qassam Brigades leaders.||Missiles fired at two taxis, killing two other passengers (reportedly also Hamas activists), the two drivers and injuring 13 bystanders.||Israeli Air Force|
|June 30, 2002||Nablus||West Bank||Muhaned Taher, Imad Draoza.||Muhaned Taher, nom de guerre "Engineer 4", was a master Hamas bomber claimed by Israel to be responsible for both the Patt Junction Bus Bombing and the Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing.||Died with a deputy in a shoot-out with Israeli raiding commandos.||Israel Defense Forces|
|June 17, 2002||al-Khader||West Bank||Walid Sbieh|||?||Shot by an Israeli sniper in a targeted killing while in his car.|
|July 4, 2002||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Jihad Amerin/(Aqid) Jihad Amrain||Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Colonel.||Killed in a car bomb.||Israel Security Forces.|
|July 23, 2002||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Salah Shahade (Shehadeh)||Leader of Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Killed by 2,205-pound explosive dropped by an F-16. The attack also killed fourteen other Palestinians including his wife and nine children. Yesh Gvul and Gush Shalom tried to have Dan Halutz indicted, but the case was dropped. Killed on the eve of an announced unilateral cease-fire by Tanzim and Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail peace talks.||Israeli Air Force. 27 reserve pilots undersigned a pilots' letter refusing to serve in IAF sorties over the West Bank and Gaza in protest.|
|August 6, 2002||Jaba, Jenin||West Bank||Ali Ajuri, Murad Marshud||Classified as people not known to be involved in the fighting (B'tselem).||Ajuri (21) was killed by an air-to-surface missile, during an attempt to arrest him. Murad Marshud (19) killed as bystander.|
|August 14, 2002||Tubas||West Bank||Nassa Jarrar||Senior member of Hamas's militant wing.||Died crushed by rubble when an IDF bulldozer demolished his house. The IDF admitted it compelled at gunpoint Nidal Abu M'khisan (19) to act as a human shield and get the victim out of his house. Jarrar shot the youth, believing he was an IDF soldier. The victim was wheelchair-bound. Israel suspected him of preparing a bomb an Israeli high-rise building.||Israel Defense Forces|
|August 31||Tubas||West Bank||Bahira Daraghmeh (6); Ousamah Daraghmeh (12); Raafat Daraghmeh (29); Yazid 'Abd al-Razaq Daraghmeh (17); Sari Mahmoud Subuh (17).||Five victims who did not participate in hostilities when killed during a targeted killing, from a helicopter fired missile. An eyewitness account was later provided by 'Aref Daraghmeh. "The helicopter ... fired a third missile towards a silver Mitsubishi, which had four people in it. The missile hit the trunk, and the car spun around its axle. I saw a man escaping the car and running away. He ran about 25 meters and then fell to the ground and died. The three other passengers remained inside. I saw an arm and an upper part of a skull flying out of the car. The car went up in flames, and I could see three bodies burning inside it. Three minutes later, after the Israeli helicopters left, I went out to the street and began to shout. I saw people lying on the ground. Among them was six-year-old Bahira . . She was dead . . I also saw Bahira's cousin, Osama . . I saw Osama's mother running towards Bahira, picking her up and heading towards the a-Shifa clinic, which is about 500 meters away."|
|October 13, 2002||Beit Jala||West Bank||Muhammad Ishteiwi 'Abayat (28)||?||Killed in an explosion in a telephone booth, in a targeted killing.|
|October 29, 2002||Tubas||West Bank||Assim Sawafta Age 19||Hamas Izzedine al Qassam military leader.||Killed by an undercover army unit, after failing to surrender.||Israel Defense Forces|
|November 4, 2002||Nablus||West Bank||Hamed 'Omar a-Sader (36); Firas Abu Ghazala (27).||Unknown||Killed by a car-bomb. According to B'tselem, Firas Abu Ghazala was not engaged in hostilities at the time.|
|November 26, 2002||Jenin||West Bank||Alah Sabbagh (26); Imad Nasrti/'Imad Nasharteh (22);||Sabbagh reportedly an Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade member, Nasrti Hamas local leader.||Killed in an Israeli airstrike on a house in the Jenin refugee camp by two missiles fired into a room.||Israeli Air Force|
|December 23, 2002||wadi Burqin near Jenin||West Bank||Shumann Hassan Subuh (29) and Mustafa Kash (26/30)||Subah was a Hamas commander and bomb maker.||Ambushed by IDF unit as Kash drove a tractor between Burqin and Al-Yamun.||Israel Defense Forces|
|January 30, 2003||Burqin||West Bank||Faiz al-Jabber (32)||?||Targeted when Israeli forces opened fire at a Fatah group. He fled, was wounded, then shot dead at close range.||Israeli Border Police|
|March 8, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ibrahim al-Makadmeh||Gaza Dentist. Second-in-Command of Hamas's Military Wing. Hamas political leader.||He and three of his aides killed by helicopter-fired missiles.||Israeli Air Force|
|March 18, 2003||Baqat al-Hatab||West Bank||Nasser Asida||Hamas commander||Shot while hiding in a cave, On Israel's most wanted list as alleged mastermind of attacks on Israeli settlements in the West Bank.||Israel Defense Forces's Kfir Brigade|
|March 25, 2003||Bethlehem||West Bank||Mwafaq 'Abd a-Razaq Shhadeh Badawneh (40); 'Alaa Iyad (24); Nader Salameh Jawarish (25); Christine George S'adeh (11)||?||Israeli Defence Forces version, agents were ambushed and shot dead 2 Palestinian gunmen, and a girl in a car that blundered into the battle and was believed to be part of the ambush. The girl's parents and sister were wounded. B'tselem reports that three of the 4 did not participate in hostilities at the time, but were killed during the targeted assassination by an undercover team of Nader Gawarish and Nader Salameh Jawarish|
|April 8, 2003||Zeitoun, Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Said al-Arabid||Hamas||Israeli Air Force strike on his car followed by helicopter missiles. Seven Palestinians, ranging from 6 to 75, were killed, 47 wounded, 8 critically.||Israeli Air Force|
|April 9, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Mahmoud Zatma||Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine Senior Commander, Bomb Maker||Apache helicopter hit the car he was driving in Gaza City, 10 bystanders injured.|
|April 12, 2003||Tulkarm||West Bank||Jasser Hussein Ahmad 'Alumi (23)||?||Killed by gunfire. The object of a targeted killing.||Israel Defense Forces|
|April 10, 2003||Tulkarm||West Bank||Yasser Alemi||Fatah, Tanzim||Shot and killed as a fugitive in Tulkarm.||Israel Border Police|
|April 29, 2003||Gaza Strip||Nidal Salameh||PFLP||Killed when 4 helicopter missiles struck his car||Israeli Air Force|
|May 8, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Iyad el-Bek (30)||Aide of Salah Shehade, Hamas activist.||Killed by three helicopter missiles fired at a car.|
|June 11, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Tito Massoud (35) and Soffil Abu Nahez (29)||Massoud was a senior member of Hamas's military wing.||Retaliatory strike one hour after the Davidka Square bus bombing. 4 bystanders also killed|
|June 12, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Jihad Srour and Yasser Taha||Hamas members||Killed by between 4 and 6 helicopter missiles while their car was caught in a traffic jam, near a cemetery where victims of the June 11 strike the day before were being buried. Collateral damage consisted of 6 other victims including Taha's wife and child. 25 others were injured by the blasts.|
|June 12, 2003||Jenin||West Bank||Fadi Taisir Jaradat (21); Saleh Suliman Jaradat (31)||Saleh Suliman Jaradat was an Islamic Jihad activist||Both killed at the entrance of their home, the latter being the target. Fadi Jaradat did not participate in hostilities at the time, according to B'tselem.||Israel Defense Forces Their killing led to their sister/cousin Hanadi Jaradat's suicide attack on the Maxim restaurant.|
|June 21, 2003||Hebron||West Bank||'Abdallah 'Abd al-Qader Husseini al-Qawasmeh (41)||Wanted by IDF||Shot dead after getting out of a taxi before a mosque. Three vans approached, with a dozen Israelis disguised as Palestinian labourers, and he was shot in the leg, perhaps while fleeing to a nearby field, and then finished off.|
|August 21, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ismail Abu Shanab (48)||Engineer and high-ranking Hamas military commander. High-ranking Hamas official||Missile strike, ending a cease-fire.||Israeli Air Force|
|August 24, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Walid el Hams, Ahmed Rashdi Eshtwi (24), Ahmed Abu Halala, Muhammad Abu Lubda||Hamas members. Eshtwi was said by the IDF to be a Hamas liaison officer with West Bank cells.||Twin helicopter missile strike as the five were sitting in a vacant lot near a Force 17 base. Several bystanders were injured, and a further Hamas member critically wounded.|
|August 26, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Khaled Massoud brother of Tito Massoud, killed 3 months earlier.||Hamas Qassam rocket designer, alleged to be involved in mortar strikes.||Attempted assassination of Massoud, who was with two other Hamas activists, Wa'al Akilan and Massoud Abu Sahila, in a car. Alerted to the threat, the three men managed to escape from their car as 3 missiles struck it and killed a passing 65-year-old Jabaliya donkey driver Hassan Hemlawi, who was driving his cart. Two bystanders were also wounded, including four children.|
|August 28, 2003||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Hamdi Khalaq||Izzedine al Qassam||3 missiles struck hit a donkey cart Khalaq was driving. Three Gazans nearby were wounded. The IDF said he was on his way to a mortar attack on an Israeli settlement in the Gaza Strip.||Israel Defense Forces|
|August 30, 2003||On a road linking the Nusseirat and Bureij refugee camps||Gaza Strip||Abdullah Akel (37) and Farid Mayet (40)||Hamas senior operatives, said to have fired mortar shells and Qassam rocks.||Killed when 4 helicopter missiles struck their pickup truck. Seven others Palestinians were wounded by the fire. IDF soldiers machine-gunned an 8-year-old girl Aya Fayad the same day in the Khan Yunis refugee camp, while, according to IDF reports, shooting at road-bomb militants detonating bombs on a patrol route. 'Israeli strike kills two militants,'||Israeli Air Force|
|September 1, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Khader Houssre (36)||Hamas member||Killed when 4 helicopter missiles struck a car with 3 Hamas members, in a crowded side street. The second was critically wounded, while the other managed to flee. 25 bystanders were injured in the strike.|
|October 28, 2003||Tulharm Refugee Camp||West Bank||Ibrahim 'Aref Ibrahim a-N'anish||Wanted by IDF||Shot dead, unarmed, as he drove his car to the entrance of the refugee camp.||Israel Defense Forces|
|December 25, 2003||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Mustafa Sabah||Senior Hamas bomb-maker, thought behind explosions that blew up 3 Merkava tanks inside the Gaza Strip.||Killed when 3 helicopter missiles destroyed a Palestinian Authority compound where Sabah worked as a part-time guard.||Israeli Air Force|
|December 25, 2003||Gaza Strip||Gaza Strip||Mekled Hameid||PIJ military commander.||Helicopter gunship attack on the car, killing its occupants, including two PIJ members. Two bystanders were also reported killed and some 25 bystanders injured.|
|February 2, 2004||Nablus||West Bank||Hashem Da'ud Ishteiwi Abu Hamdan (2); Muhammad Hasanein Mustafa Abu Hamdan (24); Nader Mahmoud 'Abd al-Hafiz Abu Leil (24); Na'el Ziad Husseini Hasanein (22).||All four wanted by the IDF||Killed in a car struck by a missile fired from a helicopter.||Israel Defense Forces|
|February 7, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Aziz Mahmoud Shami||Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine local field commander, claimed to be behind a 1995 double suicide bombing in Netanya.||Missile strike incinerated his car while he drove down a crowded street, and a passing 12-year-old boy was killed, and 10 others wounded.|||
|February 28, 2004||Jabaliya refugee camp||Gaza Strip||Amin Dahduh, Mahmoud Juda, Aiyman Dahduh.||PIJ military commander||Missiles hit his car as it travelled from Gaza city to the refugee camp. Two passengers are also killed and eleven bystanders wounded.||Israeli helicopters.|
|March 3, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Tarad Jamal, Ibrahim Dayri and Ammar Hassan.||Senior Hamas members||Missiles from helicopter fired at their car as it drove down a coastal road.||Helicopter strike.|
|March 16, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Nidal Salfiti and Shadi Muhana||Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine||Israeli missile strike.|
|March 22, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ahmed Yassin||Co-founder and leader of Hamas||The purpose of the operation was to strengthen the position of Mahmoud Abbas. As Yassin left a mosque at dawn, he, 2 bodyguards, and 7 bystanders killed by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache-fired Hellfire missiles. 17 bystanders were wounded.||Israeli Air Force|
|April 17, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi||Co-founder and leader of Hamas, and successor of Ahmed Yassin as leader of Hamas after his death||The purpose of the operation was to strengthen the position of Mahmoud Abbas. al-Rantissi was killed by helicopter-fired missiles, along with his son and bodyguard. Several bystanders were injured.|
|April 22, 2004||Talluza||West Bank||Yasser Ahmed Abu Laimun (32)||Lecturer in hospital management at the Arab-American University in Jenin, mistaken for Imad Mohammed Janajra. IDF initially reported he was a Hamas member.||Initially reported shot after shooting and then running away from an Israeli attack dog, trained to seize wanted individuals. His widow testified that he was shot, while in his garden, from a distance of 200 yards by gunfire from Israeli soldiers behind an oak tree. The IDF apologized.||Israel Defense Forces|
|May 5, 2004||Talluza||West Bank||Imad Mohammed Janajra (31)||Hamas leader||Ambushed in an olive grove, after an earlier attempt, mistaking Abu Laimun for him. Said by IDF to be armed and approaching them.||Golani Brigade's elite Egoz unit.|
|May 30, 2004||Zeitoun||Gaza Strip||Wael Nassar||Hamas mastermind behind the mine that blew up an Israeli troop carrier raiding Gaza City, on May 11, killing 6 soldiers.||He was killed on his motorcycle, together with his aide, by a missile strike which also wounded 7 civilians, including a woman and two children. A second following missile killed another Hamas member nearby.||Helicopter strike|
|June 14, 2004||Nablus||West Bank||Khalil Mahmoud Zuhdi Marshud (24)'Awad Hassan Ahmad Abu Zeid (24).||Head of Al-Aqsa Brigades in Nablus||Earlier targeted in a Nablus missile attack on a car on May 3, killing 3 Al Aqsa Brigade members. He was in a different vehicle. Killed when a missile hit a car outside the Balata refugee camp, also killing PIJ members Awad Abu Zeid e Mohammed Al Assi (Israeli version). Abu Zeid did not engage in hostilities when killed (B'tselem report). Israeli Army radio said the decision to kill him followed on several failures to arrest him. The same day, an attempt to kill Zakaria Zubeidi, head of the Jenin al Aqsa Brigades, failed.||Israel Defense Forces|
|June 26, 2004||Nablus||West Bank||Nayef Abu Sharkh (40) Jafer el-Massari Fadi Bagit Sheikh Ibrahim and the others.||Respectively Tanzim Hamas Nablus officer; Islamic Jihad officer.||Killed by IDF paratroopers together with six other men found huddled in a secret tunnel beneath a house in the old city of Nablus, after trailing a fugitive into the house.||Israeli paratroopers.|
|July 22, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Hazem Rahim||Islamic Jihad in Palestine member||Helicopter gunship missile strike on a car, killing Rahim and his deputy, Rauf Abu Asi. According to Israeli sources, Rahim had been seen on video two months earlier brandishing body parts of ambushed Israeli soldiers.||Israel Defense Forces|
|July 29, 2004||Near Rafah refugee camp||Gaza Strip||Amr Abu Suta, Zaki Abu Rakha||Abu al-Rish Brigades leader.||In a car, together with a bodyguard, incinerated by Israeli helicopter fire. Accused of involvement in the shooting of an IDF officer, and a 1992 killing in a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.|
|August 17, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Five dead. Four Unidentified?||The target was a Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades leader, Ahmed al-Jabari.||The five, included al-Jabari's 14-year-old son, his brother, his nephew and son-in-law, were killed in a drone missile strike on al-Jabari's home. About a dozen other Palestinians wounded. al-Jabari survived the attempt.||Israeli Air Force|
|September 13, 2004||Jenin||West Bank||Mahmoud Ass'ad Rajab Abu Khalifah (25), Amjad Husseini 'Aref Abu Hassan, Yamen Feisal 'Abd al-Wahab Ayub||Al-Aqsa Brigades leader, deputy to Zakariya Zubeidi.||Killed together with two aides (Israeli version) when a helicopter missile struck his car in the city centre. Amjad Hassan and Yamen Feisal 'Abd al-Wahab Ayub were not, according to B'tselem, involved in the fighting.|
|September 20, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Khaled Abu Shamiyeh (30)||Hamas rocketry mechanic.||Car hit by missile||Israel Defense Forces|
|September 21, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Nabil al-Saedi (34), Rabah Zaqout||Hamas mid-ranking operatives.||Killed when their Jeep was struck by a missile. 8 bystanders including 2 children were wounded.|
|September 27, 2004||Damascus||Syria||Izz Eldine Subhi Sheik Khalil (42)||Hamas senior official. A Gazan deported by Israel in 1992.||Blown up by a bomb hidden in his SUV when he answered a call on his mobile phone, triggering the explosion. Israel did not claim responsibility but Ariel Sharon's spokesman Raanin Gissin said:'Our longstanding policy has been that no terrorist will have any sanctuary and any immunity,' and Moshe Ya'alon commented that action should be adopted against "terror headquarters in Damascus" in the wake of the recent Beersheba bus bombings.|
|September 27, 2004||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Ali al-Shaeir (26)||Popular Resistance Committee member||Killed while an Israeli helicopter gunship fired several missiles at a car in Abbassam, believed to hold their target, Muhammad Abu Nasira. The latter, with two others of the group, sustained injuries, and al-Shair died.||Israeli helicopter strike|
|October 6, 2004||al-Shati refugee camp||Gaza Strip||Bashir Khalil al-Dabash, (38/42) and Zarif Yousef al-'Are'ir (30)||Head of Islamic Jihad's military wing, al-Quds Brigades.||Both killed by helicopter missile fired at their Subaru in 'Izziddin al-Qassam Street in downtown Gaza. Three passers-by were wounded. One of three operations in Operation Days of Penitence that killed 5 other Palestinian militants.||Israeli Air Force|
|October 21, 2004||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Adnan al-Ghoul Imad al-Baas||2nd in command of Hamas, and Qassem rocket expert.||Killed together with his aide Imad Abbas when their car was destroyed by a missile from an Apache helicopter. Four bystanders were wounded. .|
|July 15, 2005||East of Salfit||West Bank||Samer Abdulhadi Dawhqa, Mohammad Ahmed Salameh Mar'i (20), Mohammad Yusef 'Abd al-Fatah A’yash (22)||Alleged to be 'ticking bombs'.||Killed in an olive grove, or, according to B'tselem, in a cave where two were hiding. The first two died immediately in a missile and gunfire strike by Apache helicopters. The third was taken to Ramallah in critical condition, but then seized by Israeli forces and taken off in a military ambulance. He died later, and neither he nor Mar'i, according to B'tselem, were involved in the fighting.||Israel Defense Forces|
|July 16, 2005||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Saeed Seam (Sayid Isa Jabar Tziam) (31).||Hamas commander of Izzedine al Qassam. Allegedly involved in killing two settlers in 2002 and shooting at an Israeli army outpost in 2004.||Shot dead by Israeli sniper in a targeted killing as he stood outside his Gaza home, as he was going to water his garden, in Khan Yunis.|
|July 16, 2005||Gaza City .||Gaza Strip||'Four Unidentified' (JVL)=Adel Mohammad Haniyya (29); A'asem Marwan Abu Ras (23); Saber Abu Aasi ( 24); Amjad Anwar Arafat, one reportedly a nephew of Ismail Haniya.||Hamas operatives.||Apache helicopter struck a van carrying the men and numerous Qassam rockets in Gaza city. Five civilians, including a child, were wounded in the attack.||Israeli Air Force|
|September 25, 2005||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Sheikh Mohammed Khalil (32)||PIJ||Alleged to have been involved in Hatuel family's murder near the Gush Qatif settlement bloc. Killed when his Mercedes was struck by 5 missiles launched from an Israeli aircraft.|
|October 27, 2005||Jabalia Camp||Gaza Strip||Shadi Mehana/Shadi Muhana (25)||PIJ||Airstrike hitting car with four Palestinian militants north of Gaza City. Three civilians were also killed, including a 15-year-old boy (Rami Asef) and a 60-year-old man. One source stated 14 other Palestinians were wounded.|
|November 1, 2005||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Hassan Madhoun (33); Fawzi Abu Kara||Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades||Allegedly planning an operation to strike the Eretz Crossing. Killed when his car was hit by an Israeli Apache helicopter missile. According to documents in the Palestine Papers Israel’s Shaul Mofaz had proposed to the PA that Fatah execute him.|
|December 7, 2005||Rafah||Gaza Strip||Mahmoud Arkan (29).||Popular Resistance Committees field operative||Airborne missile strike on a moving car in a residential area. 10 bystanders, including three children, were injured.|
|December 8, 2005||Gaza Strip||Iyad Nagar Ziyad Qaddas||Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades||Missile striking a house. A third militant, and several Palestinians nearby, including a young girl, suffered injuries.|
|December 14, 2005||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Four Unidentified||Popular Resistance Committees||Missile strike on a white sedan near the Karni crossing. Israeli sources say the car was packed with explosives. Three PRC members killed, a fourth is thought to have been an al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades member. One occupant survived, and two bystanders were injured.|
|January 2, 2006||East of Jabaliya||Gaza Strip||Sayid Abu-Gadian (45); Akram Gadasas (43), third unknown.||PIJ||All three hit by IAF rocket while in a car close to a no-go zone declared by Israel in the northern Gaza Strip. Collateral damage, two bystanders were wounded.|
|February 5, 2006||Zeitoun||Gaza Strip||Adnan Bustan; Jihad al-Sawafiri||Islamic Jihad in Palestine. Believed to have director of their engineering and manufacturing unit.||Killed when 2 cars fired on by an IAF missile, the second en route to a retaliatory attack for an earlier Israeli helicopter strike that killed three people.|
|February 6, 2006||North of Jabalia Camp||Gaza Strip||Hassan 'Asfour (25); Rami Hanouna (27)||al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade|||Hit and killed when their car was struck by three missiles from an Israeli drone. Three bystanders also wounded.|
|February 7, 2006||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Mohammed Abu Shariya; Suheil Al Baqir||Al Aqsa Brigades||Their car was demolished by a missile.|
|March 6, 2006||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Munir Mahmed Sukhar (30); Iyad Abu Shalouf||Islamic Jihad field operative.||Collateral damage, 3-8 passers-by wounded, including 17-year-old Ahmed Sousi, and an 8-year-old boy (Ra'ed al-Batch), both of whom later died.|
|May 20, 2006||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Mohammed Dahdoh||PIJ||Killed in a car, held responsible for firing crude rockets into southern Israel. Palestinian version stated Muhanned Annen, 5; his mother, Amnah, 25; and Hannan Annen, 45, Muhanned's aunt, were collateral victims. Dahdoh was alone in the car (IDF version).|
|May 25, 2006||Sidon||Lebanon||Mahmoud al-Majzoub (Abu Hamze), Nidal al-Majzoub||Commander of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad; the brother was a member also.||Critically wounded in car bombing, when he turned on the ignition of his car, parked near the Abu Bakr mosque in Sidon,. He died the next day. Islamic Jihad blamed Israel, though Israel denied it.||An Israeli government spokesman denied knowledge of any Israeli involvement. (alleged)|
|June 5, 2006||Jabalia Camp||Gaza Strip||Majdi Hamad (25); Imad Assaliya (27)||Popular Resistance Committees||Missile struck their car, targeting Hamad. Three bystanders were injured.||Israeli Air Force|
|June 8, 2006||Rafah||Gaza Strip||Jamal Abu Samhadana and three others||Founder of the Popular Resistance Committees militant group, a former Fatah and Tanzim member, and number two on Israel's list of wanted terrorists. Had survived 4 assassination attempts. Eyal Weizman states its purpose was to derail peace talks, as it coincided with a referendum vote on a political initiative by Mahmoud Abbas.||Killed by Israeli airstrike on a training camp, along with at least three other PRC members.|
|June 13, 2006||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Hamoud Wadiya; Shawki Sayklia||Wadiya was a PIJ rocket expert.||Three militants in a van with a Grad rocket were driving down the main street when a missile struck nearby. They fled but were killed by a second missile, as people gathered. The second blast killed 11 Palestinian bystanders, including Ashraf Mughrabi (25) his son, Maher (8), and a relative Hisham (14), 4 ambulance drivers and hospital staff rushing to the incident, and three boys. Thirty-nine people were wounded.|
|July 4, 2006||Beit Hanoun||Gaza Strip||Isamail Rateb Al-Masri (30)||Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Killed by an IAF rocket.|
|August 9, 2006||Jenin||Gaza Strip||Osama Attili (24); Mohammed Atik (26)||Described by Israel as leaders of PIJ||Killed when (2) helicopter(s) fired missiles into their house. PIJ leader Hussam Jaradat, another target escaped the strike, while his deputy Walid Ubeidi abu al-Kassam, was lightly wounded.|
|October 12, 2006||'Abasan al-Kabirah neighbourhood||Gaza Strip||Three unidentified='Abd a-Rahman 'Abdallah Muhammad Qdeih (19); Na'el Fawzi Suliman Qdeih (22); Salah Rashad Shehdeh Qdeih (22);||Hamas||All three, armed, killed by a helicopter missile after one of the three fired at an IDF tank|
|October 12, 2006||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Three militants of Kadiah family.||Hamas||Five members of Kadiah family killed, two, Adel Kadiah, 40, and his son, Sohaib, 13, being civilians|
|October 12, 2006||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ashraf Ferwana||Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Ashraf targeted in his home but he survived the drone missile strike which demolished his house. His brother Ayman Ferwana and a girl died, and 10 others injured.|
|October 14, 2006||Jabalia Camp||Gaza Strip||Ahmad Hassan 'Abd al-Fatah Abu al-'Anin (19); Sakher Faiz Muhammad Abu Jabal (19); Rami 'Odeh Salem Abu Rashed (22); Faiz 'Ali Fadel al-'Ur (33); Suliman Hassan Fadel al-'Ur (30); Muhammad Faiz Mustafa Shaqurah (30);||Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Five killed while walking armed in the refugee camp, by a helicopter-launched missile.Awad Attatwa (18), not associated with the group, also died.|
|October 14, 2006||One Unidentified||Al Aqsa Brigades||Died when the car he was in was hit by a missile fired in an airstrike. A local commander also critically injured, and two bystanders wounded.|
|November 7, 2006||Al-Yamun||West Bank||Salim Yousef Mahmoud Abu Al-Haija (24); Ala'a Jamil Khamaisa (24); Taher Abed Abahra (25); Mahmoud Rajah Abu Hassan (25).||Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades||The four militants were shot while sitting near the Al-Yamun bakery (Palestinian version), fled wounded and were killed in a local house. Aiman Suleiman Mahmoud Mustafa (31), a bakery worker came out to see what was happening and was shot dead. Salim Ahmed Awad (27), Ibrahim Mahmoud Nawahda (30), Salim Ahmed Awad (27) and Mohammed Yousef Abu Al-Haija (27) were also shot and taken prisoner.||Israel Defense Forces undercover squad.|
|November 20, 2006||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Bassel Sha'aban Ubeid (22); Abdel Qader Habib (26)||Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Missile fired at a Mercedes containing both, parked outside the Ubeid family home. Collateral damage, 5 civilians, members of the Amen family, including Hanan Mohammed Amen, aged 3 months and Mo'men Hamdi Amen (2), injured by shrapnel.||Israeli Air Force|
|May 17, 2007||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Imad Muhammad Ahmad Shabaneh (33)||Hamas||Killed while travelling in a car hit by an Israeli helicopter missile.||Israeli helicopters|
|June 1, 2007||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Fawzi (Fadi) Abu Mustafa||PIJ/Al Quds Brigades senior member||Killed by an IAF airforce missile while riding a motor bike.||Israeli Air Force|
|June 24, 2007||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Hussein Khalil al-Hur=Hossam Khaled Harb (32) Hussein Harb Peugeot||al-Quds Brigades local leader.||Struck by a missile while driving a Peugeot through Gaza City|
|October 23, 2007||Gaza City (near)||Gaza Strip||Mubarak al-Hassanat (35)||Popular Resistance Committees head and Director of military affairs in the Hamas Interior Ministry.||Israeli airstrike (IAF) on his car.|
|December 17, 2007||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Majed Harazin (Abu Muamen)||PIJ. Senior Commander, West Bank, overseer of rocket operations.||Killed together with two others in his car, reportedly packed with explosives.|
|December 17, 2007||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Abdelkarim Dahdouh; Iman Al-Illa; Ahmad Dahdooh, Ammar al-Said; Jihad Zahar; Mohamman Karamsi||PIJ.||Missile strike from an aircraft on a car, combined with IDF undercover unit, on a PIJ cell preparing to launch rockets.|
|December 18, 2007||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Hani Barhoum; Mohammed A-Sharif||Hamas||Strike on a Hamas security position.|
|January 13, 2008||Al-Shati Refugee Camp||Gaza Strip||Nidal Amudi; Mahir Mabhuh; third man unidentified||al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Senior operative||The three were killed in a car driving through the refugee camp, struck by an IAF missile.|
|January 17, 2008||Beit Lahiya||Gaza Strip||One unidentified =Raad Abu al-Ful (43) and his wife.||PIJ rocket manufacturer||They were killed by an IAF airstrike which fired missiles at their car.|
|January 20, 2008||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ahmad Abu Sharia||Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades Commander||Hit by an IAF missile as he walked in the streets. Two other Palestinians wounded.|
|February 4, 2008||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Abu Said Qarmout||Popular Resistance Committees member||Killed by an IAF missile that struck his car. Three others were wounded, two seriously.|
|February 12, 2008||Damascus||Syria||Imad Mughniyeh (45)||Senior Hezbollah commander. Responsible for overseeing Hezbollah's security apparatus and planning numerous attacks around world.||Killed in a car bomb.||Mossad is suspected.|
|April 14, 2008||Gaza Strip||Ibrahim Abu Olba||DFLP||Israeli Air Force.|
|April 30, 2008||Near Shabura refugee camp, Rafah||Gaza Strip||Nafez Mansour (40)||Hamas||Killed in an IAF missile strike. Reportedly involved in Gilad Shalit abduction. Collateral damage. Three bystanders, one dying of his wounds. A further bystander and young girl also hurt.||Israeli Air Force/Shin Bet joint operation.|
|June 17, 2008||al-Qararah, Rafah district||Gaza Strip||Mu'taz Muhammad Jum'ah Dughmosh (27); Musa Fawzi Salman al-'Adini (35); Mahmoud Muhammad Hassan a-Shanadi (25); Nidal Khaled Sa'id a-Sadudi (21)Muhammad 'Amer Muhammad 'Asaliyah (20).||Army of Islam||Killed when their car was struck by an IAf missile. A further two people were wounded.||Israeli Air Force.|
|August 1, 2008||Tartus||Syria||Muhammad Suleiman||Syrian General. National Security Advisor. Presidential Advisor for Arms Procurement and Strategic Weapons.||Killed by sniper fire to the head and neck. Israel denied responsibility for the killing but was widely suspected of involvement. According to an NSA intercept published by Wikileaks, the NSA defined it as the ‘first known instance of Israel targeting a legitimate government official."||The U.S. Embassy in Damascus reported that Israelis were the 'most obvious suspect (alleged).'|
|January 1, 2009||Jabalia Camp||Gaza Strip||Nizar Rayan (49)||Top level Senior Hamas leader. Professor of Sharia law, Islamic University of Gaza. Among the first 5 top Hamas decision-makers, and field operative. Advocated suicide bombings inside Israel.||His house destroyed by an IAF bomb. along with his 4 wives and 6 of his 14 children. 30 others in the vicinity were wounded. According to Israel, secondary explosions from weapons in the building caused collateral damage. Rayan was not the target, rather, the strike aimed to destroy Hamas' central compound which included several buildings that served as storage sites for weapons. Israel further stated that phone warnings were delivered to the residents.||Israeli Air Force|
|January 3, 2009||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Abu Zakaria al-Jamal||Senior Hamas military wing commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, and leader of Gaza City's rocket-launching squads||Killed in Israeli airstrike.|
|January 15, 2009||Jabalia||Gaza Strip||Said Seyam||Hamas Interior Minister||Killed in Israeli airstrike with his brother, his son, and Hamas general security services officer. Salah Abu Shrakh.||Israeli Air Force|
|January 26, 2009||Bureij Refugee Camp||Gaza Strip||Issa Batran (failed. See 30 July 2010)||Senior military commander of the Hamas military wing Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Targeted at his home. The attempt to assassinate him failed, but the shell hit the balcony of their home and killed his wife Manal Sha’rawi, and five of their children: Bilal, Izz Ad-Din, Ihsan, Islam and Eyman. Batran and his child Abdul-Hadi survived.||Israel Defense Forces|
|March 4, 2009||Gaza Strip||Khaled Shalan||Senior Operative PIJ||Killed in Israeli airstrike, together with 2/3 other militants, targeted after alleged involvement in rocket attacks on the Israeli city of Ashkelon. They jumped from their car but were critically wounded. 5 bystanders were also wounded.||Israeli Air Force|
|January 11, 2010||Deir al-Balah||Gaza Strip||Awad Abu Nasir||Islamic Jihad Senior Field Commander||Had escaped several assassination attempts. Reportedly involved in attempts to harm Israeli soldiers. Killed by a missile.||Israeli Air Force|
|January 12, 2010||Tehran||Iran||Masoud Alimohammadi||Iranian Physicist||Killed in a car bomb. Majid Jamali Fashi reportedly confessed to an Iranian court he had been recruited by Mossad to carry out the execution, while the US State Department called the allegation "absurd".||Mossad (alleged)|
|January 19, 2010||Dubai||United Arab Emirates||Mahmoud al-Mabhouh||Hamas senior military commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, believed to have been involved in smuggling weapons and explosives into Gaza.||Widely reported to have been killed by Israeli intelligence members. Israel stated that there is no proof of its involvement, and neither confirmed nor denied the allegations of a Mossad role. Dubai police report that Israeli agents used Australian, French, British, Irish, and Dutch passports.|
|July 30, 2010||Deserted area in the Nuseirat refugee camp||Gaza Strip||Issa Abdul-Hadi al-Batran (40)||Hamas Senior military commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades in central Gaza, who had survived 4 previous attempts on his life (26 Jan.2009). Thought to have been involved in manufacturing rockets.||Killed by a missile in retaliation for the earlier rocket attack on the city of Ashkelon. A further 13 Palestinians were injured in the strike.||Israeli Air Force|
|November 3, 2010||Gaza Strip||Mohammed Nimnim||Allegedly al-Qaeda affiliated, Army of Islam commander||Car explosion, due to either a bomb planted by Israel or an Israeli airstrike.||Israeli Air Force, with Egyptian intelligence.|
|November 17, 2010||Gaza Strip||Islam Yassin||al-Qaeda affiliated, Army of Islam commander||Israeli airstrike on his car, killing him, his brother, and injuring four others.||Israeli Air Force|
|January 11, 2011||Gaza Strip||Mohammed A-Najar||Islamic Jihad operative.||Suspected of planning attacks against civilians and launching rockets at Israel||Israeli Air Force|
|April 2, 2011||Ismail Lubbad, Abdullah Lubbad, Muhammad al Dayah||Hamas||Allegedly aiming to kidnap Israeli tourists in Sinai over Passover.||.|
|April 9, 2011||Gaza Strip||Tayseer Abu Snima||Senior Hamas military commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades||Killed along with 2 of his bodyguards by the Israeli air force during a period of escalated rocket fire from Gaza. He was the most senior Hamas commander killed since 2009.||Israeli Air Force|
|July 23, 2011||Tehran||Iran||Darioush Rezaeinejad||Iranian electrical engineer||Killed by unknown gunmen on a motorcycle. Rezaeinejad was involved in the development of high-voltage switches, which are used in a key component of nuclear warheads. Such switches may also have civilian scientific applications. The German Newspaper Der Spiegel claimed Mossad was behind the operation. He is the third Iranian nuclear scientist killed since 2010.||Mossad (alleged)|
|August 18, 2011||Gaza Strip||Abu Oud al-Nirab; Khaled Shaath; Imad Hamed||Popular Resistance Committees Commanders||Killed hours after a terrorist attack killed 6 civilians and one soldier in southern Israel. 4 additional members of the group were killed in the strike.||Israeli Air Force, Shin Bet|
|August 24, 2011||Ismael al-Asmar||PIJ||Allegedly weapons smuggler and militant in Egypt's Sinai, killed just before shooting a Qassam rocket.|||
|September 6, 2011||Khaled Sahmoud||Popular Resistance Committees||Killed after allegedly firing 5 Qassam into Southern Israel|||
|October 29, 2011||Ahmed al-Sheikh Khalil||PIJ Munitions expert||Killed in retaliation for allegedly launching rockets into Israel earlier that day.|||
|November 12, 2011||Tehran||Iran||General Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam||The main architect of the Iranian missile system and the founder/father of Iran's deterrent power ballistic missile forces.
He was also the chief of the "self-sufficiency" unit of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
|Killed along with 17 other members of the Revolutionary Guards known as Bid Kaneh explosion.
Those who died are known as the "Shahidan Ghadir".
Iranian officials said that the blast at the missile base was an accident, and ruled out any sabotage organized by Israel.
AGIR said that the explosion "had taken place in an arms depot when a new kind of munitions was being tested and moved".
However, TIME magazine cited an "unnamed Western intelligence source" as saying that Mossad was behind the blast.
Israel neither confirmed nor denied its involvement.
|December 9, 2011||Isam Subahi Isamil Batash||Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades|||
|January 11, 2012||Tehran||Iran||Mostafa Ahmadi-Roshan||Iranian nuclear scientist||The bomb that killed Ahmadi-Roshan at the Natanz uranium enrichment facility, and another unidentified person was a magnetic one and the same as the ones previously used for the assassination of the scientists, and the "...work of the Zionists [Israelis]," deputy Tehran governor Safarali Baratloo said.||Mossad (alleged)|
|March 9, 2012||Tel al-Hawa||Gaza Strip||Zuhir al-Qaisi; Mahmud Ahmed Hananni||Qaisi was Secretary-General of the Popular Resistance Committees||According to Israeli intelligence, he was planning an imminent attack in the Sinai.||Israeli Air Force|
|August 5, 2012||Tel al-Sultan Refugee Camp.||Gaza Strip||Nadi Okhal (19); Ahmad Said Ismail (22)||Popular Resistance Committee, Two senior operatives. IDF sources say they were associated with the global jihadist movement.||Killed while riding a motorbike. The other passenger was badly wounded.|||
|September 20, 2012||Gaza Strip||Gaza Strip||Anis Abu Mahmoud el-Anin (22); Ashraf Mahmoud Salah (38).||Hamas security officers. Salah belonged to the Popular Resistance Committees||Their car was shelled by aircraft overhead.||Israeli Air Force|
|October 13, 2012||Jabaliya||Gaza Strip||Hisham Al-Saidni (Abu al-Walid al- Maqdisi) (43/47/53); Ashraf al-Sabah.||Respectively Salafi-jihadist militant leader of al-Tawhid wa al-Jihad and the Mujahedeen Shura Council, and head of Ansar Al-Sunna. Israeli and one Salafi source say they had links with Al-Qaeda.||Killed by a drone-launched rocket while riding a motor bike in company with Jazar. Several civilians, including a 12-year-old boy, were wounded.|
|October 13, 2012||Khan Yunis||Gaza Strip||Yasser Mohammad al-Atal (23)||Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine||Rocket strike while he was riding his motor bike. A second man was critically injured.|
|October 14, 2012||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ezzedine Abu Nasira (23); Ahmad Fatayer (22)||Popular Resistance Committees||Struck by a missile while riding in a tuk-tuk after firing rockets into Israel to avenge deaths resulting from two airstrikes the day before. Two others seriously wounded.||Israeli Air Force|
|November 14, 2012||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Ahmed Jaabari||Top-level Commander of Hamas' military wing Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. Number 2 to Mohammed Deif.||Killed in an airstrike at the start of Operation Pillar of Cloud. Led Hamas' 2007 takeover of the Gaza Strip and, according to Israel, was responsible for most attacks on Israel originating in Gaza from about 2006 to 2012, including the capture of Gilad Shalit.|
|November 15–19, 2012||Gaza Strip||Hab’s Hassan Us Msamch
Ahmed Abu Jalal
|Hab’s Hassan Us Msamch, was a senior operative and Hamas Bombmaker.
Ahmed Abu Jalal, was a Senior Hamas commander of the Hamas central military wing in Al-Muazi.
Khaled Shaer, was a senior operative in the anti-tank operations.
Osama Kadi, was a senior operative in anti-tank operations.
Muhammad Kalb, was a senior operative in the aerial defense operations.
Ramz Harb, was an Islamic Jihad senior operative in propaganda in Gaza city.
Yahiyah Abbayah was a senior Hamas expert bomb maker and a military commander in central Gaza.
|All of them were killed by IAF airstrike inside their command bunker and weapon storage during Operation Pillar of Defense.|
|February 12, 2013||Damascus||Syria||Hassan Shateri||Top IRGC General.||Under the pseudonym Hussam Khoshnevis, He was a Head of Iranian IRGC special reconstruction project for Hezbollah infrastructure in southern Lebanon.|
Israel airstrike killed him during his traveling from Damascus to Beirut.
|April 30, 2013||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Hithem Ziad Ibrahim Masshal (24/25) and three others, one on the bike.||Al Quds Brigades (Israel). Hamas security guard at Al-Shifa Hospital (Hamas version).||Defined by Israel as a Freelance Terror Consultant" and active in different Jihad Salafi terror organisations responsible for two rockets fired towards Eilat on 17 April, he was killed when a rocket hit him on his motorbike. The strike broke a fragile cease-fire agreement.|
|December 4, 2013||Beirut||Lebanon||Hassan al-Laqqis||Senior Hezbollah Military Commander. Chief of technology officer and in charge of the Arms Procurement and Strategic Weapons for the group.||Shot and Killed by gunmen in the head with a silenced gun outside his home and car.
Israel never took responsibility, but it is widely suspected Mossad committed it.
|January 22, 2014||Beit Hanoun||Gaza Strip||Ahmad Zaanin; Mahmoud Yousef Zaanin||PFLP;PIJ||The relatives were held responsible for rocket attacks into southern Israel. Only Ahmed was admitted by PIJ to be a member. His cousin and he were killed sitting in a pickup truck parked outside their home.||Israeli Air Force|
|February 9, 2014||Deir al-Balah||Gaza Strip||Abdullah Kharti||Popular Resistance Committees member.||Regarded by IDF as involved with rocket fire episodes. Hit and critically wounded, with a friend, while riding on a motorcycle.|
|March 3, 2014||farmland near Beit Hanoun||Gaza Strip||Mus’ab Musa Za’aneen (21); Sharif Nasser (31)||PIJ||(Israeli version): Had just fired homemade rocket landing in a field south of Ashkelon (Palestinian version): It was not known if either were militants. A child and a fourth person were wounded.|
|June 11, 2014||Gaza Strip||Mohammed Ahmed Alarur/Awar (30/33) of Beit Lahiya; Hamada Hassan, a Beit Lahia resident (25) was critically wounded.||Hamas policeman. Salafist cell leader (Israeli description) Described by IDF sources as a global jihad-affiliated terrorist planning attack against Israel responsible for a rocket salvo on Sderot that interrupted the silence of a Passover holiday.||Alarur was hit by a missile while riding a motorbike. A car nearby was also struck. One report identifies a further victim, his 7-year-old nephew, who was riding in the family care and who died of wounds on June 14, ascribing to the latter a role of 'human shield.'||Israel Air Force, Shin Bet.|
|June 27, 2014||al-Shati refugee camp||Gaza Strip||Muhammad al-Fasih and; Usama al-Hassumi||Two Senior operatives. Al-Nasser Salah al-Din Brigades||Struck by two helicopter-launched missiles while driving a black Kia vehicle. Two other people were wounded.||Israeli Air Force|
|July 5, 2014||Damascus||Syria||Mwafaq Badiyeh||Samir Kuntar's right-hand man and the personal liaison officer between Samir Kuntar and Hezbollah.||He was killed by an explosive device planted on his car by "Mossad agents." While driving on the main road between Quneitra and Damascus. The security source claim the assassination was a response to rockets fired from Syria to Israel in March, that the Syrian army and Hezbollah were responsible for.||Mossad (alleged)|
|July 8, 2014||Gaza Strip||Muhammad Shaaban||Muhammad Shaaban is a head of Hamas Special Forces Naval Commando Unit in Gaza||He was killed along with 2 passengers when his car was hit by IAF airstrike followed by attempted infiltration by 5 Hamas Naval Frogmen inside Israel Beach in Gaza border.||Israeli Air Force|
|July 27, 2014||Gaza Strip||Salah Abu Hassanein
Hafez Mohammad Hamad
Hussein Abd al-Qader Muheisin
|Salah Abu Hassanein leader and spokesperson of Islamic Jihad in Gaza.
Hafez Mohammad Hamad was Top-level Hamas commander for Islamic Jihad in the Beit Hanoun (northern Gaza) area who is directly responsible for the rocket fire on Sderot during escalation leading up to Operation Protective Edge.
Hussein Abd al-Qader Muheisin was a Hamas commander for Islamic Jihad in Sheijaya.
Akram Sha’ar is a Hamas commander for Islamic Jihad in Khan Younis, who is directly responsible for both rocket fire and terror attacks in Israel.
Mahmoud Ziada was a Hamas commander for Islamic Jihad in Jabaliya, responsible for upgrading Hamas rocket arsenal and directing fighting against Israel during Operation Protective Edge.
Osama al-Hayya A Senior Hamas leader in Sheijaya, whose son is in Hamas's 'political wing' Khalil al-Hayya.
Ahmad Sahmoud was a Top-level Hamas commander in Khan Younis.
Abdallah Allah’ras is a Senior commander in the Hamas’s "military wing,”"the Al-Qassam Brigades.
Shaaban Dakhdoukh was a commander of the forces in Zeitoun, who worked on burying long-range rockets and helped to smuggle weapons for his forces.
Mahmoud Sinwar a Hamas Military commander, who was involved in the creation of attack tunnels and the launching of rocket fire into Israeli territory and the raid in which Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was captured.
|All of them were killed by IAF airstrike inside of their house along with their comrades and the entire family and also inside their buried Gaza tunnels.|
|August 3, 2014||Jabalia Camp||Gaza Strip||Ahmad al-Mabhouh||Nephew of slain Hamas commander Mahmoud al-Mabhouh in charge of engineering and destruction officer in Hamas.
Among other things, he was responsible for hiding rockets before they were launched at Israel, preparing complex explosive devices and planning armed attacks against Israeli targets.
|The IDF and Shin Bet attacked a building in Jabaliya on Saturday night, killing Hamas operative Ahmad al-Mabhouh, the nephew of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, who was inside.||Israeli Armed Forces, Shin Bet|
|August 19, 2014||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Mohammed Deif (failed attempt)||Chief of staff and Supreme Military Commander of Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades. The main architect of Hamas's tunnel system.||Several IAF missiles struck Deif's 6 storey home. His wife Widad (27), 7-month-old son Ali and daughter Sarah (3) were killed in the strike. Three other residents in the building were also killed. According to Fox News, anonymous Israeli intelligence sources claimed that Deif had been killed in the strike. Hamas denied the reports that Deif, who has survived five previous Israeli attempts to assassinate him, had died in the F-16 bombing of his home. In April 2015, Israel confirmed that Deif survived the assassination attempt.||Israeli Air Force|
|August 21, 2014||Rafah||Gaza Strip||Raed al Atar Rafah Division Senior commander.
Mohammed Abu Shmallah Rafah Division Senior commander.
Mohammed Barhoum Rafah Division Senior commander.
|3 Hamas Senior Military commanders||Struck by a pair of F-16 one-ton bombs guided through a window of the building where they had been located.|
|January 18, 2015||al-Amal Farms, Quneitra District||Syria||Jihad Mughniyah
Mohammed Ahmed Issa
Abu Ali Reza Al Tabatabai
Mohammed Ali Allah Dadi
Ismail Al Ashhab
Abu Abbas Al Hijazi
Mohammed Ali Hassan Abu Al Hassan
Ghazi Ali Dhawi
Ali Hussein Ibrahim
Along with 6 other Iranian and Hezbollah high-ranking officers
|Jihad Mughniyah was a son of a slain Hezbollah supreme military commander Imad Mughniyah.
Mohammed Ahmed Issa was Head of Security and Operations. He was also a Senior Hezbollah Military Commander in Syria.
Ismail Al Ashhab was a Senior Hezbollah military commander and a top liaison officer with Iran in charge of training Hezbollah forces along the Golan Heights frontier.
Abu Ali Reza Al Tabatabai was a Top Iranian IRGC General.
Mohammed Ali Allah Dadi was a Top Iranian IRGC General.
Abu Abbas Al Hijazi was a field commander and officer of Hezbollah in Syria.
Mohammed Ali Hassan Abu Al Hassan was also a field commander and officer of Hezbollah in Syria.
Ghazi Ali Dhawi was also a field commander and officer of Hezbollah in Syria.
Ali Hussein Ibrahim also a field commander and officer of Hezbollah in Syria.
|Struck and hit by Israel Air Force Nimrod/Hellfire missile Apache Helicopter during their reconnaissance and inspection mission along with Israeli–Syrian ceasefire line at the Golan Heights.|
According to Israel Intelligence Security, they were planning for the massive mega attack, including infiltration, shooting, assassinations, suicide bombing, anti-tank attack, and missile attack with the intention of kill and kidnap Israel soldiers and civilians community along with Quneitra and Galilee border.
And also help to establish the missile base inside Quneitra region.
Israel neither confirmed nor denied an airstrike.
|December 21, 2015||Damascus||Syria||Samir Kuntar
Farhan Issam Shaalan
Mohammed Riza Fahemi
Mir Ahmad Ahmadi
along with several high ranking IRGC commanders and Hezbollah members
|Samir Kuntar was a senior Hezbollah commander and also a convicted murderer of an Israeli family in 1979, held in Israeli prison for the next 30 years before released in a prisoner swap in 2008.
Mohammed Riza Fahemi and Mir Ahmad Ahmadi were two Iranian senior military officers of the IRGC Intelligence division.
|According to the Israeli defence establishment, they were meeting in order to plan the next round of Iran-sponsored terrorist operations against Israel from the Golan Heights areas recently secured by the Syrian military. Two Israeli planes allegedly destroyed a six-story residential building in Jaramana on the outskirts of Damascus. Kuntar's death was confirmed by his brother and Hezbollah. The explosion also killed eight Syrian nationals, among them Hezbollah commanders, and injured a number of other people.|
|December 17, 2016||Sfax||Tunisia||Mohammed Al Zawari||Mohammed Al Zawari was a Chief of Hamas drone program and an Aviation Engineer expert. He also worked on the development and production of Hezbollah drones.||He was shot dead in the head 6 times by using guns equipped with silencer just in front of his house, who located in Sfax 270 km Southeast of Tunis.||Hamas accused Mossad|
|March 24, 2017||Gaza Strip||Palestine||Mazen Fuqaha||Mazen Fuqaha was a Senior Hamas Operative. He was also a Senior commander of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, Hamas Military wing.||According to Hamas, he was shot dead 4 times in the head and chest by Israeli Special Forces by using silenced weapons guided by Shin Bet Agents and Gaza operatives.||Israeli Special Forces/ Shin Bet|
|April 21, 2018||Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||Fadi al-Batsh||Batash was a Hamas-affiliated Palestinian engineer from the Gaza Strip.||Shot dead by two people on a motorcycle when he was leaving a mosque after his morning prayers.||Mossad is suspected.|
|November 12, 2019||Gaza City||Gaza Strip||Baha Abu al-Ata||Palestinian Islamic Jihad leader. According to Israel, he was planning a series of attacks against Israeli civilians and soldiers, including preparations for sniper and kidnapping attacks, armed drone attacks, and rocket fire. He was responsible for firing rockets on Israel in the past.||The Israeli Air Force struck his home in Gaza City, killing him and his wife.||Israeli Air Force, Shin Bet|
|August 7, 2020||Tehran||Iran||Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah||Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah was Al Qaeda's second in command.||Gundown along with his daughter by two men riding on a motorcycle.||Mossad at the behest of the United States.|
|November 27, 2020||Tehran||Iran||Mohsen Fakhrizadeh||Mohsen Fakhrizadeh was the senior official in the nuclear program of Iran.||Killed with a one ton self destrucing gun in a truck smuggled into iran by 20 agents.||Mossad is suspected.|
- Targeted killings by Israel Defense Forces
- Targeted Killing in International Law (2008)
- Folke Bernadotte
- List of Mossad operations
- Roland Otto, Targeted Killings and International Law, Springer 2011, p.6, pp.310,319ff.
- Nils Melzer, Targeted Killing in International Law, Oxford University Press, 2008 pp.3-5, p.5.
- Lisa Hajjar,'Lawfare and Targeted Killing: Developments in the Israeli and US Contexts,' Jadaliyya 15 January 2012:'In 1992 a government spokesperson said, “There is no policy, and there never will be a policy or a reality, of willful killings of suspects…the principle of the sanctity of life is a fundamental principle of the I.D.F. There is no change and there will not be a change in this respect”.'
- Jonathan Masters, Targeted Killings Archived 2015-02-10 at the Wayback Machine Council on Foreign Relations May 23, 2013.
- Anthony H. Cordesman, Jennifer Moravitz, The Israeli-Palestinian War: Escalating to Nowhere, Greenwood Publishing Group 2005 p.133.
- Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press, 2013 ed. p.201.
- Abraham D. Sofaer (March 26, 2004). "Responses to Terrorism / Targeted killing is a necessary option". The San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 29, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- "Israel and the Occupied Territories: Israel must end its policy of assassinations". AI Index: MDE 15/056/2003. Amnesty International. 4 July 2003. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
Amnesty International considers that respect for the rule of law and the protection of the right to life require that the policy of assassinating those who do not pose an imminent threat to lives be ruled unlawful and be stopped.
- Philip Alston, UN: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary, or Arbitrary Executions, United Nations A/HRC/14/24/Add.6, May 28, 2010.
- B'tselem2011,'Change in military investigation policy welcome, but it must not be contingent on the security situation,' B’tselem 6 April 2011:'According to B’Tselem statistics, from the beginning of the second intifada, on 29 September 2000, to the end of 2010, Israeli security forces killed 4,927 Palestinians in the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip, 970 of them minors (under age 18). At least 2,227 of the fatalities were not taking part in hostilities. Another 239 were the object of a targeted killing. Thousands more were injured. [These figures do not include the casualties in Operation Cast Lead.'
- 'Abbas announces Israel-Gaza ceasefire,' Ma'an News Agency 26 August 2014.
- Burns, Lieutenant-General E.L.M. (1962) Between Arab and Israeli. George G. Harrap. Page 164
- Sirrs, Owen L. (January 2006). Nasser and the missile age in the Middle East. Routledge. p. 61. ISBN 9780203029688.
- Lavy, George (October 1996). Germany and Israel: moral debt and national interest. Routledge. p. 63. ISBN 9780714646268.
- Valdis O. Lumans,Latvia in World War II, Fordham University Press, 2006 p.240.'probably the victim of an Israeli Mossad agent.'
- Josifs Šteimanis,History of Latvian Jews, East European Monographs 2002.
- Anton Künzle, Gad Shimron,The Execution of the Hangman of Riga: The Only Execution of a Nazi War Criminal by the Mossad, Vallentine Mitchell, 2004.
- Bernhard Press,The Murder of the Jews in Latvia: 1941-1945, Northwestern University Press, 2000 p.103.'Cukurs tore an infant out of its mother's arms and smashed the baby's head against the curbstone. As the mother threw herself with a wild scream on the lifeless, bleeding body of her child, he riddled her head with bullet from his revolver.'
- Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press, 2009 pp.39-40.
- Mark Ensalaco,Middle Eastern Terrorism: From Black September to September 11, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011 p.37.
- 'Targeted Killings of Terrorists,' Jewish Virtual Library March 2014 update.
- Palestinians' Way Forward Al Jazeera English, June 19, 2009
- Tony Geraghty, Black Ops: The Rise of Special Forces in the C.I.A., the S.A.S., and Mossad, Open Road Media/Pegasus Books, 2011 p.263:'probably by a two man team from Mossad's Kidon hit team'.
- Anna Goppel, Killing Terrorists: A Moral and Legal Analysis, Walter de Gruyter, 2013 p.36.
- Matt Webster, Inside Israel's Mossad: The Institute for Intelligence and Special Tasks, Rosen Publishing Group, 2003 p.48.
- Guerin, Orla (June 29, 2002). "BBC Article". BBC News. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Bar-Zohar, Michael & Eitan Haber. Massacre in Munich. The Lyons Press, 2005, p. 146
- Strategic intelligence, Volume 1 By Loch K. Johnson, p. 67
- The terrorist list: A-K, By Edward Mickolus. p.28
- Bob Simon,'An Eye For An Eye,' CBS News, 20 November 2001.
- Kameel B. Nasr,Arab and Israeli Terrorism, McFarland 1997 p.71.
- Blake W. Mobley, Terrorism and Counterintelligence: How Terrorist Groups Elude Detection Terrorism and Counterintelligence: How Terrorist Groups Elude Detection,] Columbia University Press, 2012 p.91.
- Mark Ensalaco,Middle Eastern Terrorism: From Black September to September 11, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011 p.56.
- Anthony H. Cordesman, Peace and War: The Arab-Israeli Military Balance Enters the 21st Century, Greenwood Publishing 2002 p.324.
- "Death of a Terrorist". Time. 1979-02-05. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- Poisoned Mossad chocolate killed PFLP leader in 1977, says book. Middle East Times. May 6, 2006
- Ephraim Kahana, 'Covert Action: The Israeli Experience,' in Loch K. Johnson (ed.),Strategic Intelligence, p.67.
- http://www.science.co.il/Ilan-Ramon/Osiraq.pdf Ford, Peter S., Major, USAF, "Israel's Attack on Osiraq: A Model for Future Preventive Strikes?", INSS Occasional Paper 59, USAF Institute for National Security Studies, USAF Academy, Colorado, July 2005, p. 15
- Ostrovsky, Victor, "By Way of Deception: The Making and Unmaking of a Mossad Officer", St. Martin's Press, New York, 1990, p. 23f.
- A guerra letal em torno da energia atômica by Assis Ribeiro (2012)(in Portuguese)
- José Alberto Albano do Amarante published by Associação dos Engenheiros do ITA (2016)
- Segredos brasileiros são bisbilhotados há décadas por outros países by Mario Chimanovitch, published by Folha de S. Paulo (2013)
- "Agent Livni Makes British Headlines". YNet News. June 1, 2008. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
- Daniel Byman,A High Price: The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism, Oxford University Press, 2011 pp.56.
- Nachman Ben-Yehuda, Political Assassinations by Jews: A Rhetorical Device for Justice, SUNY 1993 p.315
- Toolis, Kevin (26 August 1990). "The Man Behind Iraq's Supergun". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- Gordon Thomas, Gideon's Spies: The Secret History of the Mossad, Macmillan 2007 pp.119-121.
- Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism, Columbia University Press 2013 p.173
- Jeroen Gunning, 'Hezbollah,' in Marianne Heiberg, Brendan O'Leary, John Tirman (eds.),Terror, Insurgency, and the State: Ending Protracted Conflicts, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007 pp.157-187 p.186.
- Edward F. Mickolus, Susan L. Simmons, Terrorism, 1992-1995: A Chronology of Events and a Selectively Annotated Bibliography, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997 pp.172-173.
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