|First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan|
6 February 1954 – 7 May 1955
|Preceded by||Zhumabay Shayakhmetov|
|Succeeded by||Leonid Brezhnev|
|Minister of Culture|
15 March 1953 – 9 March 1954
|Preceded by||Nikolai Bespalov|
|Succeeded by||Georgy Aleksandrov|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic|
7 February 1944 – 17 March 1948
|Preceded by||Ivan Bylinsky|
|Succeeded by||Aleksey Kleshchev|
|First Secretary of the Communist Party of Byelorussia|
18 June 1938 – 7 March 1947
|Preceded by||Aleksei Volkov|
|Succeeded by||Nikolai Gusarov|
|Full member of the 19th Presidium|
16 October 1952 – 5 March 1953
|Candidate member of the 19th Presidium|
5 March 1953 – 14 February 1956
|Member of the 18th, 19th Secretariat|
1 July 1948 – 5 March 1953
|Born||9 August [O.S. 27 July] 1902
Krasnodar Krai, Russian Empire
|Died||18 January 1984
Moscow, Soviet Union
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University of Railway Engineering|
Panteleimon Kondrat'evich Ponomarenko (Russian: Пантелеймон Кондратьевич Пономаренко, Belarusian: Пантэляймон Кандрацьевіч Панамарэнка, Pantelajmon Kandraćjevič Panamarenka; 9 August [O.S. 27 July] 1902 – 18 January 1984) was a general in the Red Army before becoming a Soviet administrator in Belarus and then Kazakhstan. He was born in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.
From 1938 to 1947, Ponomarenko was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Belorussia, and from 1944 to 1948, also the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Byelorussia. During World War II, he led Communist partisan units within Nazi-occupied Belarus. He clashed with the Polish underground and gave orders for his troops to disarm them and execute the officers. In this aspect the forces under Ponomarenko's command initiated a limited collaboration with the Nazi occupation forces informing on members of the Polish underground.
From 16 October 1952 until 6 March 1953, Ponomarenko was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He was made First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR in 1954 before becoming the Soviet ambassador to Poland between 1955 and 1957.
From 26 October 1957 to 22 April 1959 Ponomarenko was the Soviet ambassador to India and Nepal, and from 30 June 1959 to 21 June 1962 to the Netherlands. He was deported from the Netherlands by the Dutch government after an incident with scientist Aleksei Golub and his wife. They asked political asylum, and Ponomarenko had a fist fight with Dutch police officers while trying to return Golub's to the Soviet government offices.
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- This article is based in part on material from the Polish Wikipedia
- Bogdan Musiał. "Memorandum Pantelejmona Ponomarienki z 20 stycznia 1943 r. in: O zachowaniu się Polaków i niektórych naszych zadaniach". Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość (in Polish). Instytut Pamięci Narodowej (2006-09-01): 379. ISSN 1427-7476.
- Brown, Archie (1990) "Ponomarenko, Pantaleimon Kondrat'evich (1902–1984)" The Soviet Union: A biographical dictionary Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, ISBN 0-02-897071-3 ;
- Vronskaya, Jeanne and Chuguev, Vladimir (1988) "Ponomarenko, Panteleimon Kondrat'evich (1902–1984)" A Biographical Dictionary of the Soviet Union, 1917–1988 K.G. Saur, London, ISBN 0-86291-470-1 ;
- Как отзывали послов. kommersant.ru. 29 September 2006
- Российская дипломатия перешла в отступление. og.ru. 29 September 2006
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