Pat & Mat
|Pat and Mat|
Pat (left) and Mat (right)
|Also known as||Pat a Mat|
|Created by||Lubomír Beneš|
|Written by||Lubomír Beneš|
|Directed by||Lubomír Beneš|
|Theme music composer||Petr Skoumal|
|Composers||Petr Skoumal (ep. 2–91)|
Zdeněk Zdeněk (ep. 92–130)
Luboš Fišer (ep. 1)
|Country of origin||Czechoslovakia|
|No. of episodes||129 (+1 unreleased)|
|Running time||6 – 9 min.|
|Production companies||Krátký Film Praha|
Ateliéry Bonton Zlín
|Original network||ČST (1979–1992)|
ČT :D (2013–present)
TV JOJ (2016)
|Picture format||4:3 (ep. 1–49, 51–78)|
16:9 (ep. 50, 79–130)
|Original release||August 12, 1976–present|
Pat & Mat (Czech and Slovak: Pat a Mat) is a Czechoslovak slapstick stop-motion animated series created by Lubomír Beneš and Vladimír Jiránek for Czechoslovak Television (later Czech Television). The characters first appeared in the theatrically released short Kuťáci (Tinkers) in 1976, while the first made-for-TV episode Tapety (Wallpaper) was produced for ČST Bratislava. The main characters of the series are two handymen, Pat and Mat, who are inventive but extremely clumsy. As of 2020[update], 129 episodes of the show have been released, and it has been syndicated in a large number of countries due to its lack of dialogue.
The original name of the series was Kuťáci (The Tinkers). However, when production of episodes started for ČST Bratislava, a Slovak name was required, and the crew eventually settled for ... a je to! (... and that's it!). The characters themselves were nameless until 1989, when they were given the names Pat and Mat. Pat and Mat are shortened forms of Czech expressions Patlal and Matlal, which can roughly be translated as Clumsy and Awkward. The authors intentionally gave the characters short and universal names suitable for a worldwide audience.
Each episode typically features the two characters facing mostly self-made problems, and trying to solve them using a range of possible and impossible tools and construction gadgets. Their solutions appear to work, before everything suddenly goes wrong, leading to even more problems than before. However, Pat and Mat invariably find a solution in the end, usually via a surprising or innovative method. They then shake hands, before making their trademark hand gesture with a bent hand and closed fist.
According to the authors, it is manual ineptitude that inspires the stories. Alongside the humour, another motif of the show is the importance of an optimistic approach towards life. The two characters always get into problematic situations, but they never give up until they solve the problem in imaginative ways.
The two characters first appeared in a 1976 short film entitled Kuťáci (Tinkers) produced by Krátký film Prague (cs)'s Jiří Trnka Studio and distributed by Ústřední půjčovna filmů (cs). While creating the two characters, the authors had in mind entertainment for adults, and the short was shown before movies. Although they intended to produce more shorts for theatrical release, their parent studio refused. The series was picked up by ČST Bratislava's children's section, where it was named ... a je to! (... and that's it!). The two handymen got their names Pat and Mat in 1989, when production was resumed for Krátký film Prague. Their names then also became the name of the show.
As a result of its lack of dialogue, the show was syndicated around the world, being broadcast in more than 80 countries by the 1990s, which included Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic and Slovakia), Sweden, Syria, Iraq, Poland, Slovenia, Croatia, Iceland, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Austria, Switzerland, Brazil, Romania, Finland, Japan, Norway, Spain, France, Iran, Hungary, Jordan, South Africa, and South Korea. In the Netherlands, the characters are given dubbed dialogue, and are voiced by Kees Prins and Siem van Leeuwen. In Australia the show aired as part of a weekly, half-hour collection of animated shorts on the SBS show Kaleidoscope.
In 1990, after the collapse of the communist regime, Beneš and Jiránek founded their own aiF Studio in Prague (production) and Zürich (marketing, sales, financing), where they produced 14 more episodes, and released all 49 of them to the international market.
In 1999, four years after Beneš's death, his studio went into bankruptcy, leading to a copyright dispute over the characters and the 50th episode, which was therefore never released. Beneš's son Marek founded his own studio, Patmat, in 2001. Production of episodes was resumed in 2002 by Ateliéry Bonton Zlín, resulting in 28 episodes being produced by three studios (Ateliéry Bonton, Anima and Patmat) in just three years. Many crew members were veterans who had worked on the original TV series.
The characters were revived once again in 2009 by Beneš for a new series, Pat a Mat na venkově (Pat & Mat in the Country). The pilot, Postele (Beds), premiered at the 50th Zlín Film Festival in 2010. 12 more episodes followed between 2011 and 2015, produced by Patmat Film and filmed in 16:9. Beneš directed and wrote all 13 episodes. Eight of the episodes were released on DVD in 2013 and received their TV premiere on the Dutch channel VPRO on 9 June 2013, with the rest following soon.
To celebrate the show's 40th anniversary, Gusto Entertainment announced in December 2015 that a full-length feature film would be released in cinemas in 2016. The movie, Pat a Mat ve filmu (Pat & Mat in a Movie), featured seven of the 2009-2015 episodes with linking segments and was shown in cinemas in 2016 in several countries, including the Netherlands. Three more feature films, all collections of several episodes with linking segments, followed in 2018 and 2019.
From 2018 to 2020, 39 new episodes divided into three 13-part series were made in Patmat film, co-produced by Czech Television and Netherlands-based JUST Productions, again directed by Beneš. The animation for more than half of these episodes was produced in a Chinese studio to speed up work.
Unreleased 50th episode
The 50th episode Playing Cards (Czech: Karty) completed in 1998 by some members of the original aiF Studio was to be the beginning of a new format of the show. It was directed, animated and written by František Váša, and unlike earlier episodes it was filmed in widescreen format (16:9), slightly longer (lasting 11 and a half minutes), with dialogue, changing facial expressions, a new soundtrack and new opening and closing sequences. The characters were voiced by Czech actor David Nykl, who wrote the dialogues himself. The episode was dubbed in English for an anticipated breakthrough of the series on the English market.
The studio's original plan was to make further episodes of the new series, and possibly also half-hour episodes and a feature film. However, these projects were never realised due to the studio's bankruptcy, which was a result of a breakdown of relations between two of the studio's managers in Prague and their Zürich worldwide distributor, together with the authors' heirs. Their disputes had arisen when the 14 episodes produced by aiF Studio beforehand were distributed to South Korea, while, according to Jiránek and Beneš's heirs, the authors did not receive relevant compensation for the sale. Eventually, the Zürich management member terminated all contacts to his former colleagues in Prague. As Lubomir Beneš had died in 1995, the remaining aiF Studio management did not own the rights to the characters any more and could not obtain them because of their disputes with his heirs. Due to these circumstances, Karty has never been released or distributed in Czechia and most of the world, while aiF declared bankruptcy in 1999 and was finally liquidated in 2012.
Although the episode was pulled from distribution, a screenshot from it was posted on aiF Studio's website. The former Prague management later set up a new studio, animation people, and posted more screenshots on their website, which were eventually replaced with a short, silent clip of the episode. The episode was uploaded to YouTube in 2014, sourced from a South Korean VHS released by aiF's sister company aiF Asia in October 2002, which remains the only known instance of the episode being released on home video. The episode was released with English subtitles and removed opening and closing titles. With aiF's liquidation in 2012, the episode was transferred to the Czech Film Archive.
Several Pat & Mat episodes have received prizes and awards at international animation festivals.
The 38th episode The Cyclists, directed by Lubomír Beneš and animated by Alfons Mensdorff-Pouilly, participated in the "Annecy '93" (Annecy, France) animation festival competition, and was invited to a number of other world festivals. The episode was also included in the selection "The Best of Annecy '93" by Cinémathèque Québécoise (Montreal), Museum of Fine Arts (Boston), Pacific Film Archive (Berkeley), Museum of Modern Art (New York City) and presented by these institutions in their autumn 1993 show.
The 44th episode The Billiards, animated by František Váša, was selected for the "Annecy '95" competition, and invited to many other international film festivals. The episode was awarded two prizes at the World Animation Celebration in Agoura, California in March 1997:
- 1st prize - best animation for a daytime TV series
- 2nd prize - best stop motion professional animation.
The 50th episode Playing Cards (originally named Karty) written, animated and directed by František Váša, was selected for the "Annecy '99" TV competition.
Although intended to avoid politics completely, the original short, Kuťáci, drew the ire of Communist censors in Prague. The short was also screened abroad, where someone objected that the colours of the shirts, red and yellow, were chosen to make fun of the tense Soviet-Chinese relations, with red representing the USSR and yellow China. The authors were therefore forced to change Mat's shirt from red to a neutral grey until 1989, when the Communist regime collapsed and it was safe to make Mat's shirt red again. Although the authors wanted to continue shooting after the initial short, their studio Krátký film did not allow them to do so. The reason given was that Kuťáci were just ordinary entertainment not appropriate for the cultural policy of the time. However, as the Slovak Television in Bratislava showed interest in further episodes, twenty-eight episodes were produced for them instead, with great success. The series returned to Prague in 1989.
In Switzerland, the children's television programmers of the German-language station Schweizer Fernsehen banned some of the episodes because they contained high amounts of slapstick violence, which they deemed "too dangerous". The French - and Italian - language channels broadcast the offending episodes as normal.
Fox Kids airings
In 2003 Fox Kids Europe bought the rights from Ateliéry Bonton Zlín to air episodes 2-26 on the Fox Kids network in several countries, including the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Greece, Portugal and Brazil. The show had its intro and outro changed and almost all scenes in which the characters use knives or which contain slapstick violence deemed too "intense" were cut. Later airings left the original intro back in, but replaced the outro with a narration warning against imitating the behavior of the series characters.
In November 2008, on IRIB TV2 , an accidental broadcast of an uncensored version of the episode "Vinári" in which the main characters prepare alcohol from grapes and later consuming it, led to the dismissal of three employees of Iranian television. in July 2020, it happened once again on the Qom provincial network. In a statement, the public relations of Qom Central Radio and Television apologized for the broadcast of this animation and announced that in order to compensate for this mistake, the agents who inadvertently did so were reprimanded by the director general of the center. All airings of episodes such as Modeláři, Klíč, Pračka and Vinaři on IRIB Nahal And TeleWebion have been modified, to remove or alter scenes showing alcohol while scenes in Pračka featuring a statue of a nude woman have it blurred out.
Several Islamic television stations in the Middle East broadcast a heavily edited version of the series under the name "سويلم و عبيد (Sawilem and Obaid)". This version of the series features a completely redone intro and outro alongside other major changes such as completely removing Petr Skoumal's soundtrack, preserving sound effects only where they were not accompanied by music whilst recreated them otherwise (albeit in a poor fashion), a narrator, and the addition of full voice acting for both characters. This dub sports a censored version of the episode "Vinári" which cuts the episode's ending, to omit a scene in which both main characters are seen consuming alcohol.
|5||50 (1, unreleased)||1998|
List of episodes
|N°||Year of production||English Title||Czech Title
(Slovak in 1979-1985)
produced in the Barrandov animation studios (Krátký Film), Prague
|... a je to!|
produced in the Barrandov animation studios (Krátký Film), Prague for Czechoslovak Television, Bratislava
|2||1979||Tapestry (Wallpaper)||Tapety||Lubomír Beneš|
|5||1979||Rocking Chair||Hojdacie kreslo||Lubomír Beneš|
|8||1979||Light (The Light)||Svetlo||Lubomír Beneš|
|9||1981||Record Player (Gramophone)||Gramofón||Lubomír Beneš|
|11||1982||Removal (Moving Day)||Sťahovanie||Lubomír Beneš|
|14||1982||Painting Job||Maľovanie||Lubomír Beneš|
|16||1982||Crossword (Crossword Puzzle)||Krížovka||Lubomír Beneš|
|17||1983||Bird Feeder (Birdhouse)||Búdka||Lubomír Beneš|
|18||1983||Big Laundry (Laundry Day)||Veľké pranie||Lubomír Beneš|
|20||1983||Breakfast (Breakfast in Grass)||Raňajky v tráve||Lubomír Beneš|
|21||1983||Washing Machine||Práčka||Lubomír Beneš|
|23||1984||Excursion (Trip)||Výlet||Lubomír Beneš|
|24||1984||Winegrowers (Winemakers)||Vinári||Lubomír Beneš|
|28||1985||Defect (Malfunction)||Porucha||Lubomír Beneš|
|Pat & Mat|
produced in the Barrandov animation studios (Krátký Film), Prague
|30||1989||Key (The Key)||Klíč||Lubomír Beneš|
|32||1990||Mowing Machine (Lawnmower)||Sekačka||Lubomír Beneš|
|33||1990||Big Cleanup||Generální úklid||Lubomír Beneš|
|Pat & Mat|
produced in the authors' aiF Studio, Prague
|37||1992||Garage Door||Vrata||Lubomír Beneš|
|39||1992||Paving Bricks (Tiles)||Dlaždice||Lubomír Beneš|
|40||1992||Parquetry (Parquet)||Parkety||Lubomír Beneš|
|41||1992||Gutter Pipe||Okap||Marek Beneš|
|43||1994||Flat Tire (Accident)||Nehoda||Lubomír Beneš|
|45||1994||Quickset Hedge (Hedgerow)||Živý plot||Lubomír Beneš|
|46||1994||Safe (The Safe)||Trezor||Lubomír Beneš|
|47||1994||Mudguard (Fender)||Blatník||Lubomír Beneš|
|48||1994||Model Builders||Modeláři||Lubomír Beneš|
|episode not released for distribution |
(produced by part of Lubomír Beneš's former team without his heirs' consent)
|50||1998||Playing Cards||Karty||František Váša|
|Pat a Mat, Pat a Mat se vracejí (Pat & Mat return)|
(followers, with Marek Beneš or his consent)
produced by Ateliery Bonton Zlín
|52||2003||Roasted Sausages||Opékají špekáčky||Ladislav Pálka|
|53||2003||Roof Repair||Opravují střechu||Ladislav Pálka|
|54||2003||Black Box||Černá bedýnka||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|55||2003||Furniture on wheels||Kolečka||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|56||2003||Dog House||Psí bouda||Milan Šebesta|
|57||2003||Lacquering the Floor||Natírají podlahu||Ladislav Pálka|
|58||2003||The Greenhouse||Skleník||Marek Beneš|
|59||2003||The Swing||Houpačka||Marek Beneš|
|60||2003||Unwanted Guest||Nezvaný návštěvník||Marek Beneš|
|62||2003||Painting The Windows||Natírají okna||Marek Beneš|
|63||2003||Easter Egg||Velikonoční vajíčko||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|64||2003||Slim Figure||Štíhlá linie||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|65||2003||Vending Machine||Automat||Marek Beneš|
|69||2003||Hang Glider||Rogalo||Ladislav Pálka|
|70||2003||Christmas Cake||Vánočka||Milan Šebesta|
|72||2003||Fax Machine||Fax||Josef Lamka|
|74||2004||Playing Golf||Hrají golf||Ladislav Pálka|
|75||2004||Bottle Cap||Někam to zapadlo||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|76||2004||Swimming Pool||Kopají bazén||Marek Beneš|
|77||2004||Hanging a Painting||Věší krajinu||Marek Beneš|
|78||2004||Christmas Tree||Vánoční stromeček||Marek Beneš|
|Pat a Mat na venkově (Pat & Mat in the Countryside)|
produced by Patmat film, Prague
|80||2011||Water Supply||Vodovod||Marek Beneš|
|81||2011||Paper Plates||Papírový servis||Marek Beneš|
|83||2012||Vacuum Cleaner||Vysavač||Marek Beneš|
|84||2012||The Pool||Bazén||Marek Beneš|
|85||2012||The Floor||Podlaha||Marek Beneš|
|86||2013||Deadwood||Suchý strom||Marek Beneš|
|87||2014||Orange Juice||Pomerančová šťáva||Marek Beneš|
|90||2015||Bathroom Tiles||Obkladačky||Marek Beneš|
|91||2015||Sun Cover||Sluneční clona||Marek Beneš|
|Pat a Mat nás baví (Pat & Mat Entertain Us)|
produced by Patmat film, Prague
|93||2018||(Solar) Lawnmower||Sekačka||Marek Beneš|
|96||2018||Clogged Chimney||Ucpaný komín||Marek Beneš|
|97||2018||Power Station||Elektrárna||Marek Beneš|
|98||2018||Rock Garden||Skalka||Marek Beneš|
|Pat a Mat v zimě (Pat & Mat in Winter)|
produced by Patmat film, Prague
|106||2018||Christmas Lights||Vánoční světýlka||Marek Beneš|
|108||2018||Nativity Scene||Betlém||Marek Beneš|
|111||2018||New Year||Silvestr||Marek Beneš|
|112||2019||Christmas Card||Novoroční přání||Marek Beneš|
|113||2019||Potato Salad||Bramborový salát||Marek Beneš|
|115||2019||Gingerbread House||Perníková chaloupka||Marek Beneš|
|116||2019||Glazed Frost||Ledovka||Marek Beneš|
|Pat a Mat kutí (Pat & Mat Adventures)|
produced by Patmat film, Prague
|119||2019||Flying Machine||Létající stroj||Marek Beneš|
|122||2019||Car Wash||Automyčka||Marek Beneš|
|126||2020||Tube Post||Potrubní pošta||Marek Beneš|
|127||2020||Ice Making||Výroba ledu||Marek Beneš|
|129||2020||Bread||Pečou chleba||Marek Beneš|
|130||2020||Garage Door||Garážová vrata||Marek Beneš|
|Year||Czech title||English title|
|2016||Pat a Mat ve filmu||Pat & Mat in a Movie|
|2018||Pat a Mat znovu v akci||Pat & Mat Back in Action|
|2018||Pat a Mat: Zimní radovánky||Pat & Mat: Winter Fun|
|2019||Pat a Mat: Kutilské trampoty||Pat & Mat: DIY Troubles|
|Czech Republic||ČST, ČT, ČT :D||1979–1992, 1992–present, 2013-present|
|Slovakia||Jednotka, TV JOJ||1979–1992, 2016|
After being released on VHS for ten years, the first 35 episodes were released on DVD in the early 2000s, with the 28 new episodes featuring in the last release in 2005. Shorts from the AIF era were initially unavailable because of copyright issues, but appeared on DVD for the first time in 2007.
In 1999, AIF Asia located in South Korea dubbed Pat & Mat episodes in English for educational purposes. The dub, covering episodes 1 to 49, was originally released on 10 VHS tapes, and re-released in 2003 for 10 DVD discs.
At least two books with the series' characters have been published:
- Michl, Jiří (1994). Pat & Mat : ...a je to!. Czech Republic: Egmont.
- Sýkora, Pavel; Jiránek, Vladimír; Beneš, Lubomír (2010). Pat a Mat dokážou všechno [Pat and Mat can do anything] (3rd ed.). Albatros. ISBN 9788000025933.
On 1 August 2007 a Czech computer development company, Centauri Production, announced via their website that they had secured the rights to create a Pat & Mat video game. The game was released in the Czech Republic on 1 October 2009, and other EU countries in 2010. The game was taken down from Steam in July 2020.
There is a wide range of Pat & Mat merchandise available, including games, dolls, key rings, office material, posters and T-shirts. In Dutch supermarkets Pat & Mat food is also available.
- "Pat a Mat spolu kutí už 40 let a stále se nevzdávají. Za socialismu je chtěli zakázat, za kapitalismu málem zkrachovali". extrastory.cz. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Blanka Kubíčková. "Lubomír Beneš interview (1994)". ajetology.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Paula Bobanović. "Marek Beneš interview (2017)". ajetology.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- "Pat & Mat/...and that's it! series - More About". Patandmat.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Detail filmu | Pat a Mat na venkově: Postele | 54. ZLÍN FILM FESTIVAL 2014 - Mezinárodní festival pro děti a mládež". Zlinfest.cz. Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
-  (in Dutch)
- "Mráz kutily nespálí. Pat a Mat si v kinech užívají Zimní radovánky". Czech Television. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Citia (2013-06-15). "> About > Archives > 1999 > Official Selection > Film Index". Annecy. Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- Marin Pažanin. "Unreleased episode Karty and the dissolution of aiF Studio". ajetology.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- "Pat & Mat/...and that's it! series - About". Patandmat.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Animation technologies". 23 December 2013. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013.
- "Video of the 50th episode". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Jürg Schaeppi. "Pat & Mat | Fansite". Schaeppi.tv. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Pat a Mat speciál ... A je to! (2007) [TV seriál] - režie: Lubomír Beneš, Marek Beneš". Fdb.cz. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Save 50% on Pat & Mat on Steam". Store.steampowered.com. 2013-07-17. Retrieved 2013-12-24.