Pat & Mat
|Pat & Mat|
Pat (left) and Mat (right)
|Also known as||'A je to!, Pat a Mat'|
|Genre||Animated television series|
|Created by||Lubomír Beneš
|Written by||Lubomír Beneš
|Directed by||Lubomír Beneš
|Theme music composer||Petr Skoumal|
|Composer(s)||Luboš Fišer (ep. 1)
Petr Skoumal (ep. 2-91)
|Country of origin||Czechoslovakia
|No. of episodes||91|
|Running time||6 - 9 min.|
|Production company(s)||Krátký Film Praha
Patmat film s.r.o.
|Picture format||4:3 (ep. 1-49, 51-78)
16:9 (ep. 50, 79-91)
|Original release||1976 – present|
Pat & Mat (Slovak: A je to!, Pat a Mat) is a Czechoslovak stop-motion animated series created by Lubomír Beneš and Vladimír Jiránek, which first appeared in 1976. The main characters of the series are two handymen, Pat and Mat, who are inventive but extremely clumsy. As of 2015[update], 91 episodes of the show have been produced, and it has been syndicated in a large number of countries due to its lack of dialogue.
The names "Pat" and "Mat" are Czech and Slovak words meaning "stalemate" and "checkmate" respectively. These words are taken from the Persian chess terms: pāt (Persian: پات) and māt (Persian: مات).
Each episode typically features the two characters facing mostly self-made problems, and trying to solve them using a range of possible and impossible tools and construction gadgets. Their solutions appear to work, before everything suddenly goes wrong, leading to even more problems than before. However, Pat and Mat invariably find a solution in the end, usually via a surprising or innovative method. They then shake hands, before making their trademark hand gesture with a bent hand and closed fist.
According to the authors, it is manual ineptitude that inspires the stories. Alongside the humour, another motif of the show is the importance of an optimistic approach towards life. The two characters always get into problematic situations, but they never give up until they solve the problem in imaginative ways.
The two characters first appeared in a 1976 short film entitled Kuťáci (Fitters). Later, the characters appeared in more shorts, making their own series on Slovak TV entitled ... A je to! (... And that's it!), where they got their final look. The two handymen got their names Pat and Mat in 1989, and this became the name of the show.
While creating the two characters, the authors had in mind especially entertainment for adults, but the show became popular with all audiences. However, in former Czechoslovakia, the first 29 episodes of the series could be produced as children's television only, in a short film format of 7–9 minutes.
As a result of its lack of dialogue, the show was syndicated around the world, being broadcast in countries including Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic and Slovakia), Sweden, Syria, Iraq, Poland, the former Yugoslavia, Iceland, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Austria, Switzerland, Brazil, Finland, Japan, Norway, Spain, Iran, Hungary, Jordan, South Africa, and South Korea. In the Netherlands, the characters are given dubbed dialogue, voiced by Kees Prins and Siem van Leeuwen. In Australia the show aired as part of a weekly, half-hour collection of animated shorts on the SBS show Kaleidoscope.
In 1990, after the collapse of the communist regime, Lubomír Beneš founded his own AIF Studio in Prague (production) and Zürich (marketing, sales, financing), where he and his team produced 14 more episodes, and released all 49 of them to the international market.
In 1998, three years after Beneš's death, his studio went into bankruptcy, leading to a copyright dispute over the characters and the 50th episode, which was therefore never released. Beneš's son Marek founded his own studio, Patmat Film. Production of episodes was resumed in 2002 by Ateliéry Bonton Zlín, resulting in 28 episodes being produced by three studios (Ateliéry Bonton, Anima and Patmat) in just three years. Many crew members were veterans who had worked on the original TV series.
The characters were revived once again in 2011 by Beneš for a new series, Pat a Mat na venkově (Pat & Mat in the Country). The pilot, Postele (Beds), produced in 2009, premiered at the 50th Zlín Film Festival in 2010. Twelve more episodes followed from 2011 to 2015, produced at Patmat Film and filmed in 16:9. Beneš directed and wrote all 13 episodes. The episodes were released on DVD in 2013 and received their TV premiere on the Dutch channel VPRO on 9 June 2013.
To celebrate the show's 40th anniversary, seven new episodes were shown in cinemas in 2016 in several countries, including the Netherlands. Gusto Entertainment announced in December 2015 that a full-length feature film would be released in cinemas in 2016.[needs update]
Several Pat & Mat episodes have received prizes and awards at international animation festivals.
The 38th episode The Cyclists, directed by Lubomír Beneš and animated by Alfons Mensdorff-Pouilly, participated in the "Annecy '93" (Annecy, France) animation festival competition, and was invited to a number of other world festivals. The episode was also included in the selection "The Best of Annecy '93" by Cinémathèque Québécoise (Montreal), Museum of Fine Arts (Boston), Pacific Film Archive (Berkeley), Museum of Modern Art (New York City) and presented by these institutions in their autumn 1993 show.
The 44th episode The Billiards, animated by František Váša, was selected for the "Annecy '95" competition, and invited to many other international film festivals. The episode was awarded two prizes at the World Animation Celebration in Agoura, California in March 1997:
- 1st prize - best animation for a daytime TV series
- 2nd prize - best stop motion professional animation.
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In socialist Czechoslovakia, the authors had to explain their "subversive" characters and stories to the Communist regime's watch-dogs in Prague, and were once asked whether they had chosen the shirt colours, red and yellow, to make fun of the Soviet-Chinese tensions. However, their explanations were "unsatisfactory", and so the "ideological impurity" remained and further production of Pat & Mat was banned. To get around the ban, their Czechoslovak Television colleagues in Bratislava assigned them production means so the show could continue in the same studio in Prague where Lubomír Beneš and his crew worked, under the cover of the Slovak studio, an arrangement which lasted for 28 episodes from 1979–1985. Mat's shirt was changed from red to a neutral grey until 1989, at which point the Communist regime collapsed and it was safe to make Mat's shirt red again.
In Switzerland, the children's television programmers of the German-language station Schweizer Fernsehen banned some of the episodes because they contained high amounts of slapstick violence, which they deemed "too dangerous". The French- and Italian-language channels broadcast the offending episodes as normal.
List of episodes
|N/e||Year of production||English Title||Czech Title
(Slovak in 1979-1985)
produced in the Barrandov animation studios (Krátký Film), Prague
|...A je to!
produced in the Barrandov animation studios (Krátký Film), Prague, courtesy of Czechoslovak Television, Bratislava
|2||1979||Tapestry (Wallpaper)||Tapety||Lubomír Beneš|
|5||1979||Rocking Chair||Hojdacie kreslo||Lubomír Beneš|
|8||1979||The Light||Svetlo||Lubomír Beneš|
|9||1981||Record Player (Gramophone)||Gramofón||Lubomír Beneš|
|11||1982||Moving Day||Sťahovanie||Lubomír Beneš|
|14||1982||Painting Job||Maľovanie||Lubomír Beneš|
|15||1982||Crosswords (Crossword Puzzle)||Krížovka||Lubomír Beneš|
|16||1982||Jumpers (Aerials)||Skokani||Lubomír Beneš|
|17||1983||Bird Feeder (Birdhouse)||Búdka||Lubomír Beneš|
|18||1983||Big Laundry (Laundry Day)||Veľké pranie||Lubomír Beneš|
|19||1983||Breakfast (Breakfast in Grass)||Raňajky v tráve||Lubomír Beneš|
|20||1983||Washing Machine||Práčka||Lubomír Beneš|
|24||1984||Winegrowers (Winemakers)||Vinári||Lubomír Beneš|
|28||1985||Defect (Malfunction)||Porucha||Lubomír Beneš|
|Pat & Mat
produced in the Barrandov animation studios (Krátký Film), Prague
|30||1989||The Key||Klíč||Lubomír Beneš|
|33||1990||Cleaning Day||Generální úklid||Lubomír Beneš|
|Pat & Mat
produced in the authors' AIF Studio, Prague
|37||1992||Garage Door||Vrata||Lubomír Beneš|
|41||1992||Gutter Pipe||Okap||Marek Beneš|
|45||1994||Hedgerow||Živý plot||Lubomír Beneš|
|46||1994||The Safe||Trezor||Lubomír Beneš|
|48||1994||Model Builders||Modeláři||Lubomír Beneš|
|episode not released for distribution
(produced by part of the former Lubomír Beneš's team without his heirs' consent)
|50||1998||The Cards||Karty||František Váša|
|Pat a Mat, Pat a Mat se vracejí
(followers, with Marek Beneš or his consent)
produced by Ateliery Bonton, Zlín
|52||2003||Roasted Sausages||Opékají špekáčky||Ladislav Pálka|
|53||2003||Roof Repair||Opravují střechu||Ladislav Pálka|
|54||2003||Black Box||Černá bedýnka||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|56||2003||Dog House||Psí bouda||Milan Šebesta|
|57||2003||Lacquering the Floor||Natírají podlahu||Ladislav Pálka|
|58||2003||The Greenhouse||Skleník||Marek Beneš|
|59||2003||The Swing||Houpačka||Marek Beneš|
|60||2003||Unwanted Guest||Nezvaný návštěvník||Marek Beneš|
|62||2003||Painting The Windows||Natírají okna||Marek Beneš|
|63||2003||Easter Egg||Velikonoční vajíčko||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|64||2003||Slim Figure||Štíhlá linie||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|65||2003||Vending Machine||Automat||Marek Beneš|
|69||2003||Hang Glider||Rogalo||Ladislav Pálka|
|70||2003||Christmas Cake||Vánočka||Milan Šebesta|
|72||2003||Fax Machine||Fax||Josef Lamka|
|74||2004||Playing Golf||Hrají golf||Ladislav Pálka|
|75||2004||Bottle Cap||Někam to zapadlo||Vlasta Pospíšilová|
|76||2004||Swimming Pool||Kopají bazén||Marek Beneš|
|77||2004||Hanging A Painting||Věší krajinu||Marek Beneš|
|78||2004||Christmas Tree||Vánoční stromeček||Marek Beneš|
|Pat a Mat na venkově
produced by Patmat film, Prague
|80||2011||Paper Plates||Papírový servis||Marek Beneš|
|81||2011||Water Supply||Vodovod||Marek Beneš|
|83||2012||Vacuum Cleaner||Vysavač||Marek Beneš|
|84||2012||The Floor||Podlaha||Marek Beneš|
|85||2012||The Pool||Bazén||Marek Beneš|
|86||2013||Deadwood||Suchý strom||Marek Beneš|
|87||2014||Orange juice||Pomerančová šťáva||Marek Beneš|
|90||2015||Bathroom tiles||Obkladačky||Marek Beneš|
|91||2015||Cover||Sluneční clona||Marek Beneš|
The 50th episode The Cards (Czech: Karty) completed in 1998 by some members of the original AIF Studio and originally prepared with Lubomir Beneš, was to be the beginning of a new format of the show. It was directed, animated and written by František Váša, and unlike earlier episodes it was filmed in widescreen format (16:9) and slightly longer (lasting 11 minutes), with dialogue, a new soundtrack and new opening and closing sequences. The characters were voiced by Czech actor David Nykl.
Beneš and Jiránek's original plan was to make further episodes of the new series, and possibly also half-hour episodes and a feature film. However, these projects were never realised due to a breakdown of relations between the creators of the episode and the management team from the Prague AIF Studio after Lubomir Beneš's death. Eventually the Prague AIF Studio declared bankruptcy, and as a result the 50th episode has never been released or distributed. The only trace from the episode was a screenshot posted on the AIF Studio Pat & Mat website. The former management set up a new studio called Animation People and posted more screenshots on their website, which were taken down in September 2010. The studio later uploaded a small clip of the episode onto the website. The episode was eventually uploaded to YouTube, taken from a Korean VHS.
Titles in other languages
- Czech Republic, Slovakia, Czechoslovakia: Kuťáci, A je to!, Pat a Mat
followers: Pat a Mat se vracejí
- Other languages (in alphabetic order)
- Arabic: زينغو و رينغو
- Croatian: A je to! (I to je to!) Pat i Mat
- Catalan: En Pat i en Mat
- Danish: Naboerne Per & Mads (The Neighbors Per & Mads)
- Dutch*: Buurman en Buurman (Neighbour and Neighbour), Formerly: De twee stuntels (The two klutzes)
- English: ...and that's it!, Pat and Mat
- Estonian: "Meistrimehed Pat ja Mat" (Handymen Pat and Mat)
- Finnish: Hupsis!, Pat ja Mat (Oops!, Pat and Mat)
- German: ...und fertig!, Peter und Paul, Pat und Mat, Sepp und Heiri
- Hungarian: Kétbalkezesek (Fumblers) (literally "2 Left Handers"), Pat és Mat
- Icelandic: Klaufabárðarnir (The clumsy guys)
- Japanese: パットとマット
- Korean: 패트와 매트
- Macedonian: Пат и Мат
- Norwegian: To gode naboer (Two Good Neighbours)
- Persian: !همینه (That's it!) also "پت و مت" (Pat & Mat)
- Polish: Sąsiedzi (Neighbours), Pat i Mat
- Portuguese: Zeca e Joca
- Russian: Тяпа и Ляпа, Пат и Мат, Соседи (Neighbours)
- Slovenian: A je to! Pat in Mat
- South-Africa: "Hans en Mans"
- Spanish: "Los Chapuceros", Pat y Mat
- Swedish: Två snubbar (Two dudes)
- Welsh: Now a Ned
After being released on VHS for ten years, the first 35 episodes were released on DVD in the early 2000s, with the 28 new episodes featuring in the last release in 2005. Shorts from the AIF era were initially unavailable because of copyright issues, but appeared on DVD for the first time in 2007.
At least two books with the series' characters have been published:
- Michl, Jiří (1994). Pat & Mat : …a je to!. Czech Republic: Egmont.
- Sýkora, Pavel; Jiránek, Vladimír; Beneš, Lubomír (2010). Pat a Mat dokážou všechno [Pat and Mat can do anything] (3rd ed.). Albatros. ISBN 9788000025933.
On 1 August 2007 a Czech computer development company, Centauri Production, announced via their website that they had secured the rights to create a Pat & Mat video game. The game was released in the Czech Republic on 1 October 2009, and other EU countries in 2010. The game is available in English and Czech, and is also available for purchase via Steam and Desura.
There is a wide range of Pat & Mat merchandise available, including games, dolls, key rings, office material, posters and T-shirts. In Dutch supermarkets Pat & Mat food is also available.
- "Pat & Mat/...and that's it! series - More About". Patandmat.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Detail filmu | Pat a Mat na venkově: Postele | 54. ZLÍN FILM FESTIVAL 2014 - Mezinárodní festival pro děti a mládež". Zlinfest.cz. Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
-  (in Dutch)
- © Citia (2013-06-15). "> About > Archives > 1999 > Official Selection > Film Index". Annecy. Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Pat & Mat/...and that's it! series - About". Patandmat.com. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- (original) website
- "Animation technologies". Animation.cz. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Video of the 50th episode". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- Jürg Schaeppi. "Pat & Mat | Fansite". Schaeppi.tv. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Pat a Mat speciál ... A je to! (2007) [TV seriál] - režie: Lubomír Beneš, Marek Beneš". Fdb.cz. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Save 50% on Pat & Mat on Steam". Store.steampowered.com. 2013-07-17. Retrieved 2013-12-24.
- "Pat & Mat Windows game". Desura. 2011-08-31. Retrieved 2013-12-24.