Pietro Torri

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Pietro Torri (Peschiera del Garda, c. 1665 or earlier[1] – Munich, 6 July 1737) was an Italian Baroque composer.[2]

Life[edit]

Portrait of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (1662–1726) by Joseph Vivien.

From 1684 to 1688, Torri served as the organist and choirmaster of the Margrave of Bayreuth, and later entered into the service of the Elector of Bavaria Maximilian II Emanuel. In 1692 he followed the prince with some gentlemen of the court orchestra to the Spanish Netherlands and later settled with them in Brussels where Torri married the daughter of the ballet master François Rodier.[2][3][4][5]

Over the following years he lived in Mons, Namur, Lille, Compiegne, and Valenciennes; where his compositions were performed.[1][4]

In 1715 he returned to Munich, where he occasionally composed cantatas; and an opera annually. In 1726 Maximilian died, and his son Charles Albert succeeded him to the throne of Bavaria. For this occasion, Torri composed a musical tribute to the new ruler: the allegorical cantata Bavaria. This work alluded to an early Bavarian claim to the throne of the Holy Roman Empire. On the death of Giuseppe Antonio Bernabei in 1732, he was finally officially appointed as choirmaster at the court of Bavaria. Charles Albert was elected emperor in 1726 as Charles VII Albert and Torri became a musician at the imperial court.[2][4]

Compositions[edit]

Along with about 50 operas, Torri wrote serenades, oratorios, cantatas, psalms, and a recorder sonata in C major.[citation needed] His most famous works for voices and orchestra include his Magnificat (for some time erroneously attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach and Antonio Lotti),[6][7] Le Triomphe de la paix, a cantata celebrating the Treaty of Rastatt (1714),[1] and a Te Deum for Maximilian II Emanuel.[citation needed] The rediscovery of Torri and revival of his works is largely due to the German composer Christoph Hammer, a musicologist and performer of early music.[citation needed]

Dramatic works[edit]

Dramatic works by Pietro Torri
Title Genre Libretto Date Place Occasion
L'innocente giustificato dramma per musica Pisani [it] 1688 Bayreuth Birthday of Margravine [de].[9]
Fetonte cantata 1689-10/-11 Munich Name day of Elector.[9][10][11]
Gli oracoli di Pallade e di Nemesi serenata (tourney) 1690-02-06 Munich Tournament.[4][9][12][13]
L'ambizione fulminata opera buffa 1691 Munich [2][14]
I Preggi della primavera serenata Orlandi 1691-05(c.) Leuchtenberg For Electress Palatine.[2][9][15][16][17]
Gli amori di Titone e d'Aurora dramatic work 1691-07 Munich [9][18]
Le Peripezze della Fortuna opera 1695-01(?) Brussels? Marriage of Elector & Electress?[9][19][20][21]
Il Giorno festivo (attr.) cantata (tourney) 1695-10 Brussels Birthday of Electoral Prince.[9][22][23]
S. Vinceslao oratorio teatrale 1692–1701 Brussels? [24]
Santo Landelino oratorio teatrale 1692–1701 Brussels? [25][26][27]
Briseide (attr.) dramma per musica Palmieri 1696-02(c.) Hanover Carnival.[9][28][29][30]
Torneo ("Figli de' monti") cantata (tourney) 1702-01-30 Munich [9][31][32]
Le Martir des Maccabées dramatic oratorio 1707–1714 [33][34][35]
L'Homme endormis prologue 1712-05-17 Namur [9][36]
L'innocenza difesa dai Numi opera 1712 Valenciennes [9][37]
Enone pastorale 1713-09? Dinant? For Elector of Cologne?[9][38][39][40]
Le Réciproque divertissement 1714-05(c.) Valenciennes [9][41]
Le Triomphe de la Paix dramatic cantata 1714(c.) Celebrating Treaty of Rastatt.[1][9][42][43]
La reggia dell'armonia pasticcio (+Steffani) Orlandi 1715-08 Munich 18th birthday of Electoral Prince.[9][44]
Ismène (=L'innocenza difesa dai Numi) opera 1715-10? Munich [9]
Introduzione a balli cantata 1715–1716 Munich [9][45]
La Baviera serenata 1716-08-29 Munich Return of Electoral Prince.[9][46][47][48][49]
Astianatte dramma per musica Salvi 1716-10-12 Munich Name day of Elector.[9][50]
Andromaca (rev. of Astianatte) dramma per musica Salvi 1717-02(c.) Munich [9][51][52]
Torneo ("Già dall'Iser ameno") cantata (tourney) 1718-05-06 Leuchtenberg [9][53][54]
Epitalamio cantata (wedding) 1719-02-17 Munich Marriage of Ferdinand Maria and Maria Anna.[9][55]
La Merope dramma per musica Zeno 1719-10-12 Munich Name day of Elector.[9][56][57][58]
Eumene (attr.) dramma per musica Zeno/Salvi 1720-07-11 Munich Birthday of Elector.[9][59][60]
Lucio Vero (attr.) dramma per musica Zeno 1720-10-12 Munich Name day of Elector.[8][9][61][62]
Per l'anniversario della nascità de S. A. E. Massimiliano Emanuele cantata 1721-07-17 Munich Birthday of Elector.[9][63][64]
Gli dei festeggianti dramatic cantata 1721-08-06 Munich Birthday of Electoral Prince.[9][65][66]
L'amor d'amico vince ogni altro amore dramma per musica Morselli 1721-10-12 Munich Name day of Elector.[9][67][68]
Adelaide dramma per musica Salvi 1722-10-18 Munich Marriage of Electoral Prince and Archduchess.[2][9][69][70]
La publica felicità cantata (tourney) Pariati 1722-10-22 Munich Marriage of Electoral Prince and Archduchess.[2][9][71][72]
Lucio Vero (rev.) dramma per musica Zeno 1723-01-03 Munich [2][9]
Merope (=La Merope) dramma per musica Zeno 1723-01-24 Munich Carnival.[9][73]
Griselda (attr.) dramma per musica Zeno 1723-10-12 Munich Name day of Elector.[9][74][75]
Amadis di Grecia dramma per musica Perozzi [scores] 1724-10 Munich Birth of Princess.[2][9][76][77]
Venceslao (attr.) dramma per musica Zeno 1725-10-12 Munich Name day of Elector.[2][9][78][79]
Egloga pastorale pastorale 1726-09-06 Name day of Electoral Prince.[80][49]
L'Epaminonda dramma per musica Lalli 1727-05-11 Munich Birth of Prince.[2][9][81][82][83]
Nicomede dramma per musica Lalli 1728-10 Munich Visit of Count Palatine.[2][9][81][84][85]
Edippo tragedia per musica Lalli 1729-10-22 Munich Birthday of Electress.[9][81][86][87][88]
L' Ippolito tragedia per musica Lalli 1731-10-22 Munich Name day of Electress.[9][89][90][91]
Ciro (attr.) dramma per musica Villati [wikidata] 1733 Munich Visit of Archbishop-Elector.[9][92][93]
Griselda (rev.) dramma per musica Zeno 1735-02(c.) Munich Carnival.[2][94]
Catone in Utica tragedia per musica Metastasio 1736 Munich [9][95][96][97]

Sacred music[edit]

Magnificat[edit]

Torri likely composed his Magnificat in C major for double choir and orchesta in the 1690s.[98] The work is scored for double SATB choir, two trumpets, bassoon, strings (two violin parts and two viola parts) and basso continuo/organ.[1][99][100]

The Magnificat in C major, BWV Anh. 30, is Johann Sebastian Bach's arrangement of Torri's Magnificat.[98][101] In Bach's version[102][103] of the work there are an additional trumpet and timpani.[104][105]

Masses[edit]

Oratorios[edit]

Torri wrote more oratorios than any composer before George Frideric Handel (see also several dramatic oratorios mentioned above among Torri's dramatic works):[110]

  • Abelle (Brussels 1692–1701; Munich 1734).[111]
  • San Gaetano (Brussels 4 April 1705).[38]
  • La vanità del mondo (Brussels 5, 12 and 19 March 1706), libretto by Carlo Francesco Melchiori.[38][110]
  • Giacobbe, also known as Rebecca (Brussels, Mons or Namur 1705–1714).[112]
  • Genesio (Brussels, Mons or Namur 1705–1714).[113]
  • Elia (Munich, Spring 1730), libretto by Leopoldo di Villati [wikisource:it; scores].[114]
  • Abramo (Munich, Spring 1731), libretto by Domenico Lalli.[115][116]
  • Gionata (Munich c. 1733), libretto by Apostolo Zeno.[117]

Other[edit]

The Mus.ms. 30299 manuscript of the Berlin State Library not only contains a copy of Torri's Magnificat, but also following sacred music, from the same composer:[118][119]

Chamber music[edit]

Trastulli[edit]

The Trastulli (trifles) is a collection of 60 short vocal works surviving in a four-volume autograph, written between 1692 and 1701. The first of these volumes contains 14 chamber cantatas, each consisting exclusively of a recitative and a da capo aria. The other volumes contain such arias without recitative. The Trastulli are, at least in part, extracted from larger vocal works:[136][137]

  • The first volume contains 14 Recitative and Aria pairs:
  1. Con insoliti fregi (aria: "Non si scorge più dipinto"; S, vdg)[138][139]
  2. Dalle spine da i Numi (aria: "Le rose odorose"; S, b, fl)[140][141]
  3. Non v'è nube importuna (aria: "Di Vulcan nelle prigioni"; B, b, 2fl/2vl)[142][143]
  4. Volano d'ogni intorno (aria: "I molli zeffiretti con le fronde"; S, b, ob)[144][145]
  5. Passan di ramo in ramo (aria: "Dal petto canoro"; S, b, fl/ob)[146][147]
  6. Con dolci melodie (aria: "Ciò che vegeta"; S, b, vdg/ob)[148][149]
  7. Le ninfe più vezzose (aria: "Con placido incanto"; B, b, fl, fld)[150][151]
  8. Le Castalide suore (aria: "Qui soggiorna un vago nume"; S, b, vdg)[152][153]
  9. Bella diva (aria: "Per te sola sorge l'alba"; S, b, vdg/fl)[154][155]
  10. Seguono i tuoi vestigi (aria: "Quante pompe ha la bellezza"; B, b, fl)[156][157]
  11. Del Latio antico e delle Greche scole (aria: "Ben traluce nell'aspetto"; S, b, vdg/ob)[158][159]
  12. Or va con tanta luce (aria: "Due seni più felici"; S, b, vdg/ob)[160][161]
  13. L'opre nostre e i pensieri (aria: "Voi sarete con"; S, b, fl)[162][163]
  14. Vi piova il ciel benigno (aria: "L'aureo stame vital"; S, b, fl)[164][165]
  • The second volume contains 17 arias, ten of which are excerpted from the Briseide dramma per musica:
  1. From Briseide act 3 scene 8: "Godi giubila alma mia" (S, ob/vl, b)[166][167]
  2. From Briseide act 1 scene 9: "Vieni o cara amata sposa al mio cor" (S, b, fl, ob)[168][169]
  3. From Briseide act 1 scene 4: "Agitati miei pensieri" (S, b, ob)[170][171]
  4. From Briseide act 2 scene 5: "Onde chiare imparate a non amare" (S, b, fl/vl, ob/vl)[172][173]
  5. From Briseide act 2 scene 2: "Dolce auretta che sì grata" (S, b, fld)[174][175]
  6. From Briseide act 2 scene 10: "Un core o pianti o sassi" (S, b, fld)[176][177]
  7. "Luci serene se per voi moro" (S, b, fld)[178][179]
  8. "Di pastorella oh quanto è bella" (S, b, fl)[180][181]
  9. "Spero sì dagli aspri marmi" (S, b, fl)[182][183]
  10. "Fra gli orrori di notte più ombrosa" (S, b, fl)[184][185]
  11. "Se dar voglio al mio crudo tormento" (S, vl, b)[186][187]
  12. "Vivo in pene e di consiglio non ho speme" (S, b, vdg)[188][189]
  13. From Briseide act 1 scene 7: "Rendetemi al mio ben fati inclementi" (S, b, 2fl)[190][191]
  14. "Cresce il foco a poco" (S, b, vdg)[192][193]
  15. From Briseide act 3 scene 8: "Nel mio fiero penar" (S, b, vdg)[194][195]
  16. From Briseide: "Quando venne nel mio core" (S, b, fl)[196][197]
  17. From Briseide act 1 scene 11: "Hai finito a tanti guai" (S, b, vdg)[198][199]
  • The third volume contains an aria for alto (No. 6), while all other Trastulli are either for soprano or bass:
  1. "Son di foco e son di ghiaccio" (S, vl, b)[200][201]
  2. "Il sospiro è una parola" (S, vl, b)[202][203]
  3. "All'or che vezzosa sul prato" (S, b, ob)[204][205]
  4. "Chi non gode di sua lode" (B, vl, b)[206][207]
  5. "Sei menzognera sei lusinghiera" (S, vl, b)[208][209]
  6. "Con tal voce il ciel richiama" (A, b, ob)[210][211]
  7. "Quanto dura omai ti rendi" (B, b, 2vdg)[212][213]
  8. "Il rispetto che mi rende" (S, b, ob)[214][215]
  9. "Già langue il seno e già vien meno" (B, b, 2vdg)[216][217]
  10. "Il pastorello s'en giace afflitto" (S, b, ob)[218][219]
  11. "Lascivoli il mio desio" (B, b, 2vdg; music similar to IV/6)[220][221]
  12. "Sorghin pur tempeste irate" (S, vl, b)[222][223]
  13. "Orror profondo la terra ingombra" (S, 2vl, b)[224][225]
  14. "Si vendicate o dei" (S, vl, b)[226][227]
  15. "Sonno amico de' mortali" (S, 2vl, b)[228][229]
  • The fourth volume contains one aria in French (No. 10), and one without text (No. 12) – all other Trastulli have an Italian text:
  1. "Traffitto ho il seno da un guardo ameno" (B, b, 2vdg)[230][231]
  2. "Aurette flebili che qui spirate" (S, b, 2vdg)[232][233]
  3. "Se un guardo girate pupille vezzose" (B, b, 2vdg)[234][235]
  4. "V'amo sì care luci adorate" (S, b, 2vdg)[236][237]
  5. "Ombre amene della notte deh calmate" (A, b, 2vdg)[238][239]
  6. "Deh volate o miei pensieri" (B, b, 2vdg; music similar to III/11)[240][241]
  7. "Deh volgi sereno quel guardo che ameno" (S, b, 2vdg)[242][243]
  8. From S Landelino: "Per dar sfogo al mio crudo" (B, b, 2vdg).[26][27]
  9. "Sei pur cruda a miei tormenti" (B, b, 2vdg)[244][245]
  10. "Triste remous funeste inquiétude" (B, b, 2vdg)[246][247]
  11. "Vuo cercando il mio ristoro" (B, b, 2vdg)[248][249]
  12. Aria without text (B, b, 2vdg)[250][251]
  13. "Come ahi lasso ti perdei" (T, b, 2vdg)[252][253]
  14. "Al languido seno" (S, b, 2vdg)[254][255]

Sonatas[edit]

Discography[edit]

  • Musik am Hofe des Kurfürsten Max Emanuel von Bayern is a 1970s LP recording (Musica Bavarica MB 904) of the Münchener Kammerorchester conducted by Hans Stadlmair, containing extracts of these works by Torri:[259]
  • Echoes of Love: Eighteenth-Century Italian Cantatas is a 1993 CD containing Torri's V'amo si, care luci, a three-movement cantata, consisting of a recitative preceded and followed by an aria (soprano Lia Serafini and Ensemble Barocco Sans Souci; Dynamic CDS106):[260]
  • Six arias of the Trastulli, sung by soprano Tania d'Altann, are included on a CD that was recorded in 1884 and released in 1998 (Arts 47399-2):[261][262]
The recording combines these arias by Torri with canzonettas from Biagio Marini's Op. 5. The Accademia Claudio Monteverdi is the accompanying orchestra, and Hans Ludwig Hirsch is the conductor on this recording.[261][262][263]
  • Torri's Missa pro Defunctis is included in Pro defunctis: Liturgy for the death of the baroque area, performed by Paul Dombrecht conducting Il Fondamento, Passacaille 933 (recorded 2000, released 2001).[107][263]
  • La Baviera performed by Christoph Hammer conducting the Neue Hofkapelle München, Ars Produktion 38 001 (recorded 2002, released 2003).[263] Other compositions by Torri contained on this SACD recording:[49]
    • La publica felicità (extracts)[49]
    • Egloga pastorale (extracts)[49]
  • Le Triomphe de la Paix performed by Christoph Hammer conducting the Neue Hofkapelle München, ORF CD 424 (2004 live recording, released 2005).[263] Other compositions by Torri contained on this SACD recording:[1]
  • Le martyre des Maccabées, Musique en Wallonie (2007 live recording, released 2009).[33][263]
  • Some recordings of "Son rosignolo" from L'innocenza difesa dai Numi, a.k.a. Ismène, were released in the 2010s:
    • 2011: performed by Collegium Flauto e Voce (Carus 83.344)[265]
    • 2014 (recorded 2013): sung by Friederike Holzhausen, accompanied by Susanne Ehrhardt (recorder) and Sabine Erdmann (Verlag Klaus-Jurgen Kamprad VKJK 1413)[266]
    • 2015: by Stefan Temmingh (recorder), Dorothee Mields (soprano) and the Gentleman's Band (Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 88875141202)[267]
  • La prima diva: Arie per Faustina Bordoni is a 2014 CD (recorded 2013) on with arias composed for Faustina Bordoni, among which "Se amori ascolterò" from Torri's Griselda, sung by Agata Bienkowska accompanied by Barockwerk Hamburg and Ira Hochman (Tactus TC 670003).[268]
  • Another aria from Griselda, "Vorresti col tuo pianto", is included in Xavier Sabata's Catharsis album (Armonia Atenea, George Petrou; recorded 2015, released 2017; Aparté Music AP 143).[269]
  • Terry Wey's 2017 Pace e guerra: Arias for Bernacchi album (recorded 2016; with Rubén Dubrovsky and the Bach Consort Wien; Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 88985410502) contains a few arias which Torri composed for the castrato singer Antonio Bernacchi:[270]
    • "Pace e guerra" from Lucio Vero (3:19)[270]
    • "La cara tua favella" from Amadis di Grecia (7:04)[270]
    • "Parto, non ho costanza" from Venceslao (10:06)[270]
  • La vanità del mondo performed by Reinhard Goebel conducting Barbara Schlick, Ingrid Schmithüsen, Derek Lee Ragin, Michael Schopper and Musica Antiqua Köln, Musique en Wallonie MEW 1890 (recorded 1988, released 2018).[110]
  • "Amorosa rondinella" from Nicomede, sung by Nuria Rial, accompanied by Kammerorchester Basel (conductor: Stefano Barneschi) is included in Baroque Twitter, an album recorded in 2017 and released in 2018 (Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 88985497582)[271]
  • Recitative ("La sua disperazione") and Aria ("Se a ammollire il crudo amante") from Amadis di Grecia, sung by soprano Mary Bevan accompanied by Bridget Cunningham conducting London Early Opera, is included in Handel’s Queens (Signum SIGCD579, 2019).[272]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Pietro Torri, Neue Hofkapelle München, Christoph Hammer (2) – Le Triomphe de la Paix at Discogs website.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Champlin 1888–90, III:489.
  3. ^ Gerber 1812–14, IV, columns 375–376.
  4. ^ a b c d Sadie 1998, p. 245.
  5. ^ Thielemann 2012, p. 218.
  6. ^ Wolff 1968.
  7. ^ Dürr & Kobayashi 1998, p. 460.
  8. ^ a b BSB Mus.ms. 155 (Torri's manuscript of Lucio Vero), and libretto prints Bavar. 4015-20,1/4#Cah.2 and Slg.Her 2208 at Bavarian State Library website.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao Torri, Pietro at www.operone.de.
  10. ^ RISM No. 456010800 and RISM No. 450022126.
  11. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 216 (composer's autograph of Fetonte) and BSB-Hss WINtj 52 (contemporary manuscript copy of Fetonte) at Bavarian State Library website.
  12. ^ RISM No. 456010804.
  13. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 221 (composer's autograph of Gli oracoli di Pallade e di Nemesi) and Gli Oracoli di Pallade e di Nemesi (libretto) at Bavarian State Library website.
  14. ^ Gerber 1812–14, IV, column 831.
  15. ^ RISM No. 450022127.
  16. ^ D-WINtj 53 (c.1700 manuscript copy of I Preggi della primavera) at Bavarian State Library website.
  17. ^ Austrian Academy 1899, p. 44.
  18. ^ Austrian Academy 1899, pp. 28–29.
  19. ^ Couvreur 2005, p. 17.
  20. ^ RISM No. 456010795.
  21. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 209 (composer's autograph of Le Peripezze della Fortuna) at Bavarian State Library website.
  22. ^ RISM No. 450022132.
  23. ^ D-WINtj 63 (contemporary manuscript copy of Il Giorno festivo) at Bavarian State Library website.
  24. ^ RISM No. 456010812.
  25. ^ RISM No. 456010816.
  26. ^ a b RISM No. 456010876.
  27. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, IV:30r-32v.
  28. ^ RISM No. 806042605, RISM No. 800256524, RISM No. 800256525, RISM No. 469095100, RISM No. 456010788 and RISM No. 456010822.
  29. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 172 (manuscript copy of Briseide) at Bavarian State Library website.
  30. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:1r-17v35r-36v39r-45v.
  31. ^ RISM No. 456010805.
  32. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 222 (composer's autograph of Torneo) at Bavarian State Library website.
  33. ^ a b Le martyre des Maccabées at www.pointculture.be.
  34. ^ RISM No. 456010808.
  35. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 229 (composer's autograph of Le Martir des Maccabées) at Bavarian State Library website.
  36. ^ RISM No. 456010818.
  37. ^ RISM No. 456010797.
  38. ^ a b c Couvreur 2005, p. 28.
  39. ^ RISM No. 456010789.
  40. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 173 (composer's autograph of Enone) at Bavarian State Library website.
  41. ^ RISM No. 456010819.
  42. ^ RISM No. 456010807.
  43. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 226 (composer's autograph of Le Triomphe de la paix) at Bavarian State Library website.
  44. ^ RISM No. 456010801.
  45. ^ RISM No. 456010802.
  46. ^ Zedler 2016.
  47. ^ RISM No. 456010790.
  48. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 175 (composer's autograph of La Baviera) at Bavarian State Library website.
  49. ^ a b c d e Pietro Torri: La Baviera at Muziekweb website.
  50. ^ Libretto: VD18 14794462 and Bavar. 4015-1,1/5#Cah.1 at Bavarian State Library website.
  51. ^ RISM No. 456010787.
  52. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 171 (composer's autograph of Andromaca) at Bavarian State Library website.
  53. ^ RISM No. 456010806.
  54. ^ Groote 2003, pp. 63–102.
  55. ^ RISM No. 456010820.
  56. ^ Champlin 1888–90, II:563, III:489.
  57. ^ RISM No. 456010821.
  58. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 206 (composer's autograph of La Merope) at Bavarian State Library website.
  59. ^ RISM No. 456010775.
  60. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 147 (Torri's manuscript of Eumene) and Eumene (libretto) at Bavarian State Library website.
  61. ^ Champlin 1888–90, II:491.
  62. ^ RISM No. 456010777.
  63. ^ RISM No. 456010791.
  64. ^ Mus.ms. 176 (composer's autograph of Per l'anniversario della nascità de S. A. E. Massimiliano Emanuele) at Bavarian State Library website.
  65. ^ RISM No. 456010792.
  66. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 177 (composer's autograph of Gli dei festeggianti) at Bavarian State Library website.
  67. ^ RISM No. 456010799.
  68. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 215 (composer's autograph of L'amor d'amico vince ogni altro amore) at Bavarian State Library website.
  69. ^ RISM No. 456010776.
  70. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 154 (composer's autograph of Adelaide), and libretto prints Bavar. 4015-1,1/5#Cah.3, Bavar. 4015-22,1/4#Cah.2 and VD18 14823764 at Bavarian State Library website.
  71. ^ RISM No. 456010803.
  72. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 220 (composer's autograph of La publica felicità) and La publica felicità (libretto) at Bavarian State Library website.
  73. ^ Libretto: VD18 15228304-003, Bavar. 4015-13,1/4#Cah.3 and L.eleg.m. 1170 m#Beibd.3 at Bavarian State Library website.
  74. ^ RISM No. 456010782.
  75. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 163 (Torri's manuscript of Griselda) at Bavarian State Library website.
  76. ^ RISM No. 456010783.
  77. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 164 (composer's autograph of Amadis di Grecia), and libretto (translated in German): 4 L.eleg.m. 8#Beibd.4, 4 Bavar. 2165,VII,19 and VD18 14786184-001, at Bavarian State Library website.
  78. ^ RISM No. 456010781.
  79. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 162 (Torri's manuscript of Venceslao) and 1731 version of the Venceslao libretto at Bavarian State Library website.
  80. ^ RISM No. 456011345.
  81. ^ a b c Basso, Alberto (1996). Musica in scena, Vol. 3, p. 40. UTET
  82. ^ RISM No. 456010786.
  83. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 170 (composer's autograph of L'Epaminonda) and L'Epaminonda (libretto) at Bavarian State Library website.
  84. ^ RISM No. 456010798.
  85. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 214 (composer's autograph of Nicomede) at Bavarian State Library website.
  86. ^ Champlin 1888–90, III:3536 and 489.
  87. ^ RISM No. 456010778.
  88. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 156 (composer's autograph of Edippo) and Edippo (libretto) at Bavarian State Library website.
  89. ^ Champlin 1888–90, II:275, III:489.
  90. ^ RISM No. 456010784.
  91. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 165 (composer's autograph of L' Ippolito) at Bavarian State Library website.
  92. ^ RISM No. 456010785.
  93. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 166 (Torri's manuscript of Ciro), and libretto (translated in German): Bavar. 4015-9,1/4 and VD18 14568225-001, at Bavarian State Library website.
  94. ^ Griselda: dramma per musica (libretto) at Library of Congress website.
  95. ^ Champlin 1888–90, I:284, III:489.
  96. ^ RISM No. 456010780.
  97. ^ BSB Mus.ms. 158 (composer's autograph of Catone in Utica) at Bavarian State Library website.
  98. ^ a b Thielemann 2012.
  99. ^ Magnificat; V (8), orch, org; C-Dur in Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  100. ^ RISM No. 455034485 and RISM No. 800252472.
  101. ^ Work 1338 at Bach Digital.
  102. ^ D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 195 at Bach Digital.
  103. ^ Mus.ms. Bach P 195 at Berlin State Library website.
  104. ^ Torri 2013, p. 4.
  105. ^ RISM No. 467019500.
  106. ^ RISM No. 703000570.
  107. ^ a b Pro defunctis: Liturgy for the death of the baroque area at Muziekweb website.
  108. ^ RISM No. 703000568.
  109. ^ RISM No. 450008341.
  110. ^ a b c Pietro Torri: La vanità del mondo at Muziekweb website.
  111. ^ RISM No. 456010815.
  112. ^ RISM No. 456010809.
  113. ^ RISM No. 456010817.
  114. ^ RISM No. 456010814.
  115. ^ RISM No. 212006760.
  116. ^ Mus.2140-D-1 (composer's autograph of Abramo) at Saxon State and University Library Dresden website.
  117. ^ RISM No. 456010810.
  118. ^ Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  119. ^ RISM No. 455034484.
  120. ^ Confitebor from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  121. ^ RISM No. 455034486.
  122. ^ Dominus illuminatio mea from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  123. ^ RISM No. 455034487.
  124. ^ In caelo stellato from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  125. ^ RISM No. 455034488.
  126. ^ In te Domine speravi from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  127. ^ RISM No. 455034489.
  128. ^ Laudate pueri from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  129. ^ RISM No. 455034490.
  130. ^ Lauda Jerusalem (1) and Lauda Jerusalem (2) from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  131. ^ RISM No. 455034491 and RISM No. 455034492.
  132. ^ Laetatus sum from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  133. ^ RISM No. 455034493.
  134. ^ a b Veniat dilectus meus from Mus.ms. 30299 at Berlin State Library website.
  135. ^ a b RISM No. 455034494.
  136. ^ RISM No. 456010822.
  137. ^ Torri 1692–1701.
  138. ^ RISM No. 456010823.
  139. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:1r-4r.
  140. ^ RISM No. 456010824.
  141. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:4v-7r.
  142. ^ RISM No. 456010825.
  143. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:7v-11r.
  144. ^ RISM No. 456010826.
  145. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:11v-15r.
  146. ^ a b RISM No. 456010827.
  147. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, I:15v-19r.
  148. ^ RISM No. 456010828.
  149. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:19v-22v.
  150. ^ RISM No. 456010829.
  151. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:16r-18r.
  152. ^ RISM No. 456010830.
  153. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:28r-31v.
  154. ^ RISM No. 456010831.
  155. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:32r-36r.
  156. ^ RISM No. 456010832.
  157. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:36v-38v.
  158. ^ RISM No. 456010833.
  159. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:39r-42r.
  160. ^ RISM No. 456010834.
  161. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:42v-46r.
  162. ^ RISM No. 456010835.
  163. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:46v-50v.
  164. ^ RISM No. 456010836.
  165. ^ Torri 1692–1701, I:51r-54v.
  166. ^ RISM No. 456010837.
  167. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:1r-3v.
  168. ^ RISM No. 456010838.
  169. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:4r-5v.
  170. ^ RISM No. 456010839.
  171. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:6r-9r.
  172. ^ RISM No. 456010840.
  173. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:9v-11v.
  174. ^ a b RISM No. 456010841.
  175. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, II:12r–15r.
  176. ^ a b RISM No. 456010842.
  177. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, II:15v-17v.
  178. ^ RISM No. 456010843.
  179. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:18r-20r.
  180. ^ a b RISM No. 456010844.
  181. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, II:20v-23r.
  182. ^ RISM No. 456010845.
  183. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:23v-25v.
  184. ^ a b RISM No. 456010846.
  185. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, II:26r-27v.
  186. ^ RISM No. 456010847.
  187. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:28r-32r.
  188. ^ RISM No. 456010848.
  189. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:32v-34v.
  190. ^ RISM No. 456010849.
  191. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:35r-36v.
  192. ^ RISM No. 456010850.
  193. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:37r-38v.
  194. ^ RISM No. 456010851.
  195. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:39r-40v.
  196. ^ RISM No. 456010852.
  197. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:41r-43v.
  198. ^ RISM No. 456010853.
  199. ^ Torri 1692–1701, II:44r-45v.
  200. ^ RISM No. 456010854.
  201. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:3r-6v.
  202. ^ RISM No. 456010855.
  203. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:7r-9v.
  204. ^ RISM No. 456010856.
  205. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:10r-13r.
  206. ^ RISM No. 456010857.
  207. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:14v-17r.
  208. ^ RISM No. 456010858.
  209. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:17v-20r.
  210. ^ RISM No. 456010859.
  211. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:21r-23r.
  212. ^ RISM No. 456010860.
  213. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:24r-25r.
  214. ^ RISM No. 456010861.
  215. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:25v-27v.
  216. ^ RISM No. 456010862.
  217. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:28r-29v.
  218. ^ RISM No. 456010863.
  219. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:30r-32v.
  220. ^ RISM No. 456010864.
  221. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:33r-35r.
  222. ^ a b RISM No. 456010865.
  223. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, III:35v-38v.
  224. ^ RISM No. 456010866.
  225. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:39r-42r.
  226. ^ RISM No. 456010867.
  227. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:42v-44v.
  228. ^ RISM No. 456010868.
  229. ^ Torri 1692–1701, III:45r-47r.
  230. ^ RISM No. 456010869.
  231. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:5r-6v.
  232. ^ RISM No. 456010870.
  233. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:8r-10r.
  234. ^ RISM No. 456010871.
  235. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:12r-14v.
  236. ^ a b RISM No. 456010872.
  237. ^ a b Torri 1692–1701, IV:16r-18r.
  238. ^ RISM No. 456010873.
  239. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:19r-21r.
  240. ^ RISM No. 456010874.
  241. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:22r-24v.
  242. ^ RISM No. 456010875.
  243. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:26r-28v.
  244. ^ RISM No. 456010877.
  245. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:34r-36r.
  246. ^ RISM No. 456010878.
  247. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:37r-42r.
  248. ^ RISM No. 456010879.
  249. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:44r-47r.
  250. ^ RISM No. 456010880.
  251. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:49r-51r.
  252. ^ RISM No. 456010881.
  253. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:52r-54r.
  254. ^ RISM No. 456010882.
  255. ^ Torri 1692–1701, IV:56r-58r.
  256. ^ Torri, Pietro (~1650–1737): Sonata C-Major at www.edition-walhall.de.
  257. ^ a b c d e RISM No. 703000480.
  258. ^ a b c d RISM No. 703000481.
  259. ^ a b c d Musik am Hofe des Kurfürsten Max Emanuel von Bayern. (1) at Stanford University website.
  260. ^ a b c d Italian Cantatas (Baroque) - CALDARA / SARRI, D. / LOTTI, A. / ALDROVANDINI, G.V.A. / MANCINI, F. / TORRI, P. (Echoes of Love) at www.naxos.com
  261. ^ a b c d e f g h B. Marini, P. Torri, Tania D'Althann, Gian Paolo Fagotto, Accademia Claudio Monteverdi, Hans Ludwig Hirsch – Canzonette - Trastulli at Discogs website.
  262. ^ a b c d e f g h Canzonette Biagio Marini at Muziekweb website.
  263. ^ a b c d e Wall 2015.
  264. ^ Thielemann 2012, pp. 217–218.
  265. ^ Du angenehme Nachtigall: Vogelarien und Liebeslieder des Barock at Muziekweb website.
  266. ^ Amor & rosignolo at Muziekweb website.
  267. ^ Birds at Muziekweb website.
  268. ^ La prima diva: Arie per Faustina Bordoni at Muziekweb website.
  269. ^ Catharsis at Muziekweb website.
  270. ^ a b c d Pace e guerra: Arias for Bernacchi at Muziekweb website.
  271. ^ Baroque Twitter at Muziekweb website.
  272. ^ Handel’s Queens at Signum Records website.

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]