Pietro Torri

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Pietro Torri (ca. 1650 in Peschiera del Garda – 6 July 1737) was an Italian Baroque composer.

Life[edit]

Portrait of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (1662–1726) by Joseph Vivien.

From 1684 to 1688, Torri served as the organist and choirmaster of the Margrave of Bayreuth, and later entered into the service of the Elector of Bavaria Maximilian II Emanuel. In 1692 he followed the prince with some gentlemen of the court orchestra to the Spanish Netherlands and later settled with them in Brussels where Torri married the daughter of the ballet master François Rodier.

Over the following years he lived in Mons, Namur, Lille, Compiegne, and Valenciennes; where his compositions were performed.

In 1715 he returned to Munich, where he occasionally composed cantatas; and an opera annually. In 1726 Maximilian died, and his son Charles Albert succeeded him to the throne of Bavaria. For this occasion, Torri composed a musical tribute to the new ruler: the allegorical cantata Bavaria. This work alluded to an early Bavarian claim to the throne of the Holy Roman Empire. On the death of Giuseppe Antonio Bernabei in 1732, he was finally officially appointed as choirmaster at the court of Bavaria. Charles Albert was elected emperor in 1726 as Charles VII Albert and Torri became a musician at the imperial court.

Works[edit]

Along with about 50 operas, Torri wrote serenades, oratorios, cantatas, psalms, and a recorder sonata in C major. His most famous oratorios include the Triomphe de la paix composed for the Treaty of Rastatt in 1715 and a Te Deum for Maximilian II Emanuel. The rediscovery of Torri and revival of his works is largely due to the German composer Christoph Hammer, a musicologist and performer of early music.

Some operas and oratorios[edit]

  • L'innocente giustificato (Bayreuth 1688)
  • Gli oracoli di Pallade e Nemesi (Munich 1690)
  • Briseide (Hannover 1696)
  • San Gaetano (Brussels 1705)
  • La vanità del mondo (Brussels 1706)
  • Ismene (Munich 1715)
  • La Merope (Munich 12 October 1719)
  • Lucio Vero (Munich 1720)
  • Adelaide (Munich 1722)
  • Griselda (Munich 1723)
  • Amadis di Grecia (Munich 1724)
  • Nicomede (Munich 1728)
  • Edippo (Munich 1729)
  • Le Martyre des Maccabees (~1712)

References[edit]

  • Groote, Inga Mai (2003). Pietro Torri, un musicista veronese alla corte di Baviera. Verona: Della Scala. p. 120. ISBN 8885099734. 

Discography[edit]

  • Le Martyre des Macchabees, Musique en Wallonie, 2009
  • Le Triomphe de la Paix, ORF Edition Alte Music, Neue Hofkapelle München, Christoph Hammer, 2005
  • La Baviera, Neue Hofkapelle München, Christoph Hammer, 2003
  • Pietro Torri & Alfonso d'Eve, De Profunctis, 2001
  • Biaggio Marini e Pietro Torri, Canzonette Trastulli, Hans Ludwig Hirsch, 1998
  • Music am Hofe des Kurfürsten Max Emanuel von Bayern, Musica Bavarica, Co-Produktion mit dem Bayerischen Rundfunk

External links[edit]