Polish parliamentary election, 2001

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Polish parliamentary election, 2001
Poland
1997 ←
23 September 2001 → 2005

All 460 seats in the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats in the Senate
Turnout 46.29%
  First party Second party Third party
  MylerPL5.JPG Maciej Płażyński 2.jpg ALepper na stacji benzynowej.jpg
Leader Leszek Miller Maciej Płażyński Andrzej Lepper
Party SLD PO SRP
Alliance SLD-UP
Leader since December 1997 24 January 2001 10 January 1992
Leader's seat 9 – Łódź 25 – Gdańsk 40 – Koszalin
Last election 164 seats, 27.1% Did not exist 0 seats, 0.1%
Seats won 216 65 53
Seat change Increase 52 Increase 65 Increase 53
Popular vote 5,342,519 1,651,099 1,327,624
Percentage 41.0% 12.7% 10.2%
Swing Increase 13.9% Increase 12.7% Increase 10.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Lech Kaczyński.jpg Kalinowski, Jaroslaw-2504.jpg
Leader Lech Kaczyński Jarosław Kalinowski Roman Giertych
Party PiS PSL LPR
Leader since 22 March 2001 11 October 1997 21 April 2001
Leader's seat 25 – Gdańsk 18 – Siedlce 20 – Warsaw II
Last election Did not exist 27 seats, 7.3% Did not exist
Seats won 44 42 38
Seat change Increase 44 Increase 15 Increase 38
Popular vote 1,236,787 1,168,659 1,025,148
Percentage 9.5% 9.0% 7.9%
Swing Increase 9.5% Increase 1.7% Increase 7.9%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  2010-07 Jerzy Buzek 1.jpg 2004.05.09. Bronislaw Geremek 02.jpg
Leader Jerzy Buzek Bronisław Geremek Henryk Kroll
Party AWS UW MN
Leader since 15 January 1999 18 December 2000 1991
Leader's seat 29 – Gliwice (defeated) 19 – Warsaw I (defeated) 21 – Opole
Last election 201 seats, 33.8% 60 seats, 13.4% 2 seats, 0.4%
Seats won 0 0 2
Seat change Decrease 201 Decrease 60 Steady
Popular vote 729,207 404,074 47,230
Percentage 5.6% 3.1% 0.4%
Swing Decrease 28.2% Decrease 10.3% Steady

Wybory sejm 2001.png

Powiats with party majority

– Democratic Left Alliance – Polish People's Party
– Civic Platform – Solidarity Electoral Action
– League of Polish Families – German Minority


Prime Minister before election

Jerzy Buzek
AWS

New Prime Minister

Leszek Miller
SLD

The 2001 Polish parliamentary election was held on 23 September 2001 to elect deputies to both houses of the National Assembly.[1] The election concluded with an overwhelming victory for the centre-left Democratic Left Alliance – Labor Union, the electoral coalition between both the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and the Labour Union (UP), which captured 41% of the vote in the crucial lower house Sejm. The 2001 election is recognized as marking the emergence of both Civic Platform (PO) and Law and Justice (PiS) as players in Polish politics, while also witnessing the outright collapse of the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) and its former coalition partner, the Freedom Union (UW).

Voter turnout for the 2001 election was 46.29%[2] For this election only, list seats were allocated using the Sainte-Laguë method instead of the d'Hondt method.

Background[edit]

At the end of its four-year term, the ruling AWS government of Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek faced bleak prospects for the September parliamentary election. In the previous presidential election in 2000, the SLD's Aleksander Kwaśniewski achieved a landslide reelection over AWS candidate Marian Krzaklewski. Economically, Polish consumer confidence dropped to its lowest since the mid-1990s, with unemployment rising above 16%.[3] Politically, the Buzek government faced a series of crises undermining its credibility. In May 2000, the AWS' junior coalition partner, the Freedom Union, walked out of the government regarding the party's objections to the slow pace of reform, forcing Buzek to set up a relatively weak minority government in its place.[4] Later in July 2001, Buzek's government was again hit by three further ministerial resignations over corruption charges, while the government's reform program for pensions and health care grounded to a halt in the Sejm.[3]

In light of Buzek's besieged administration, opposition parties took advantage of AWS' organisational and economic weaknesses. From the centre left, a political coalition between the Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) and the Labour Union (UP), headed by Leszek Miller, appeared as the ruling government's most formidable, united and vocal opposition. On the centre right, Solidarity's traditional spectrum of support increasingly became divided by the emergence of new political groups. Civic Platform (PO), composed of former AWS and UW members, repeated calls for a low flat-rate income tax and a culling of bureaucracy to attract investment.[3] Further down the right, the Law and Justice party (PiS), composed of AWS' more conservative and anti-communist adherents, campaigned on promises of tough anti-corruption and organised crime legislation.[3]

The campaign leading up to the September election was marred by voter antipathy due to the summer holidays, as well as being marginalized by the September 11 attacks in the United States.[5]

Opinion polls[edit]

Sejm[edit]

In the run up to the election, various organisations carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intention. The poll results are listed in the table below.

Date Polling firm AWS SLD UP UW PSL ROP SRP PO PiS LPR Others/
undecided
Lead
23 September 2001 Election results 5,6% 41% 3,1% 9% w. LPR 10,2% 12,7% 9,5% 7,9% 1% 28,3% over PO
19-20 September TNS OBOP 5% 46% 3% 11% - 9% 14% 7% 5% - 32% over PO
18 September TNS OBOP 4% 43% 4% 12% - 9% 15% 7% 5% 1% 28% over PO
17-18 September OBW 6% 45% 3% 10% - 7% 14% 9% 5% 1% 31% over PO
September PBS 8% 47% 5% 9% - 5% 14% 7% 4% 1% 33% over PO
14-16 September Pentor 4% 51% 3% 7% - 8% 13% 9% 4% 1% 38% over PO
13-16 September CBOS 5% 50% 3% 9% - 6% 13% 9% 5% 0% 37% over PO
13-14 September TNS OBOP 7% 48% 2% 11% - 5% 14% 8% 5% 0% 34% over PO
10-12 September OBW 8% 47% 3% 11% - 5% 13% 10% 3% 0% 34% over PO
8-11 September TNS OBOP 5% 52% 3% 10% - 5% 14% 7% 3% 1% 38% over PO
6-7 September TNS OBOP 7% 50% 4% 12% - 4% 12% 8% 3% 0% 38% over PO/PSL
4 September TNS OBOP 8% 52% 4% 9% - 2% 14% 8% 3% 0% 38% over PO
2-4 September OBW 7% 46% 4% 13% - 4% 13% 9% 3% 5% 33% over PO/PSL
1-2 September PBS 9% 50% 4% 11% w. LPR 4% 12% 7% 2% 1% 38% over PO
30 August TNS OBOP 8% 50% 4% 12% - 2% 12% 8% 3% 1% 38% over PO/PSL
19-22 August TNS OBOP 8% 47% 4% 12% - 2% 13% 8% 3% 3% 34% over PO
18-21 August OBW 6% 48% 4% 11% - 4% 12% 9% 3% 3% 36% over PO
15-16 August TNS OBOP 8% 47% 4% 12% - 3% 13% 6% 2% 5% 34% over PO
11-13 August Pentor 7% 52% 4% 13% - 3% 12% 6% 3% 3% 39% over PSL
10 August Demoskop 7% 56% 6% 9% - 3% 11% 6% 1% 1% 45% over PO
8 August PBBOUS 7,3% 39,6% 4,1% 7,3% - - 13,7% 10,2% - 11,9% 25,9% over PO
3-6 August PBS 12% 49% 3% 9% w. LPR 3% 12% 6% 2% 4% 37% over PO/AWS
3-6 August CBOS 5% 50% 4% 10% - 1% 14% 10% 1% 3% 36% over PO
2-5 August TNS OBOP 7% 47% 4% 14% - 2% 12% 7% 1% 7% 33% over PSL
August TNS OBOP 7% 46% 4% 12% 1% 1% 13% 7% 1% 9% 33% over PO
26-29 July TNS OBOP 7% 46% 4% 12% 1% 1% 13% 7% 1% 8% 33% over PO
26-28 July OBW 9% 46% 4% 11% - 3% 15% 9% 2% 1% 31% over PO
20-23 July PBS 12% 52% 4% 8% - 2% 12% 5% 2% 3% 40% over AWS/PO
19-22 July TNS OBOP 10% 47% 4% 13% - 2% 14% 6% 1% 3% 33% over PO
7-9 July TNS OBOP 6% 44% 5% 15% - 2% 16% 7% 1% 3% 28% over PO
6-9 July CBOS 6% 52% 4% 13% - 2% 13% 6% 2% 2% 39% over PO/PSL
6-9 July Demoskop 7% 51% 6% 10% - - 16% 7% - 3% 35% over PO
7-9 July OBW 7% 43% 3% 10% - - 17% 10% - 10% 26% over PO
6-9 July PBS 11% 53% 5% 7% w. AWS 1% 12% 5% 2% 4% 41% over PO
6-8 July Pentor 10% 50% 4% 12% - - 14% 5% - 5% 36% over PO
25 June Demoskop 9% 53% 5% 7% - - 14% 6% - 6% 39% over PO
23-25 June TNS OBOP 5% 45% 3% 11% - 4% 18% 8% - 6% 27% over PO
22-24 June Pentor 7% 47% 4% 14% - - 19% 5% - 8% 28% over PO
15-18 June OBW 8% 42% 4% 10% - 3% 16% 11% - 3% 26% over PO
10-11 June PBS 13% 50% 4% 10% w. AWS - 15% 5% - 3% 35% over PO
9-11 June TNS OBOP 6% 50% 4% 12% - 2% 13% 10% - 3% 37% over PO
1-4 June CBOS 10% 48% 2% 7% - 2% 13% 5% 0% 11% 35% over PO
May OBW 6% 39% 4% 11% - - 18% 11% - 11% 21% over PO
26-28 May TNS OBOP 8% 41% 4% 13% - 2% 18% 10% - 4% 23% over PO
25 May Demoskop 5% 44% 3% 9% 1% - 13% - - 4% 31% over PO
20 May OBW 10% 41% 5% 11% - - 18% - - 15% 23% over PO
12-14 May TNS OBOP 8% 38% 4% 14% 4% 4% 19% - - 8% 19% over PO
11-14 May CBOS 7% 46% 3% 9% 3% 2% 13% 5% - 18% 33% over PO
12-13 May PBS 11% 56% 5% 9% - - 15% - - 4% 41% over PO
10-12 May Pentor 9% 48% 3% 4% 12% - - 17% - - 7% 31% over PO
24 April Demoskop 9% 43% 5% 8% 2% 1% 12% - - 20% 31% over PO
21-23 April TNS OBOP 13% 43% 5% 13% 3% 3% 16% - - 4% 27% over PO
7-9 April TNS OBOP 10% 46% 5% 12% 5% 2% 14% - - 6% 32% over PO
6-9 April CBOS 9% 41% 5% 12% 1% 1% 11% - - 20% 29% over PSL
7-8 April PBS 13% 49% 6% 8% - - 17% - - 7% 32% over PO
24-26 March TNS OBOP 10% 42% 4% 12% 3% 3% 19% - - 6% 23% over PO
24-25 March PBS 17% 43% 5% 11% - - 17% - - 7% 26% over PO/AWS
20-23 March OBW 13% 43% 5% 12% - - 17% - - 10% 23% over PO
10-12 March TNS OBOP 9% 43% 4% 11% 3% 2% 18% - - 10% 25% over PO
9-12 March Demoskop 9% 36% 3% 5% 6% 1% 2% 15% - - 23% 33% over PO
10-11 March PBS 12% 54% 5% 9% - - 12% - - 8% 42% over PO/AWS
8-10 March Pentor 10% 49% 3% 5% 9% 2% 1% 16% - - 5% 33% over PO
2-5 March CBOS 9% 44% 6% 7% 2% 1% 12% - - 20% 32% over PO
10-12 February TNS OBOP 10% 40% 4% 12% 3% 3% 21% - - 8% 19% over PO
9-10 February Pentor 12% 45% 6% 8% 10% - - 14% - - 5% 31% over PO
2-6 February CBOS 9% 38% 4% 6% 11% 1% 0% 16% - - 16% 22% over PO
27-29 January TNS OBOP 13% 39% 3% 5% 9% 3% 3% 17% - - 7% 22% over PO
27-28 January PBS 14% 46% 5% 5% 10% - - 17% - - 3% 29% over PO
January Demoskop 8% 39% - 7% 10% - - - - - 36% 29% over PSL
13-15 January TNS OBOP 12% 45% 3% 7% 14% 5% 2% - - - 12% 31% over PSL
12-14 January Pentor 13% 50% 7% 10% 12% - - - - - 8% 37% over AWS
5-8 January CBOS 13% 41% 4% 8% 11% 2% 1% - - - 20% 28% over AWS
2001
2-4 December Pentor 16% 48% 4% 11% 10% - - - - - 9% 32% over AWS
1-4 December CBOS 13% 41% 4% 9% 10% 2% 1% - - - 21% 28% over AWS
25-26 November PBS 17% 49% 4% 11% 8% 2% - - - - 9% 32% over AWS
18-20 November TNS OBOP 16% 44% 2% 11% 12% 4% 3% - - - 8% 28% over AWS
10-13 November CBOS 14% 41% 5% 7% 10% 1% 1% - - - 21% 27% over AWS
10-12 November Pentor 14% 52% 5% 10% 9% - - - - - 10% 38% over AWS
11-12 November PBS 17% 51% 5% 10% 8% - - - - - 9% 34% over AWS
28-30 October TNS OBOP 14% 38% 3% 9% 13% 8% 3% - - - 12% 24% over AWS
13-16 October CBOS 15% 38% 4% 9% 8% 1% 1% - - - 25% 23% over AWS
14-15 October PBS 20% 46% 4% 10% 8% 3% - - - - 9% 26% over AWS
7-9 October Pentor 20% 46% 6% 9% 11% - - - - - 8% 26% over AWS
9-11 September Pentor 17% 50% 3% 7% 13% - - - - - 10% 33% over AWS
9-10 September PBS 20% 48% - 9% 7% - - - - - 16% 28% over AWS
1-4 September CBOS 19% 40% 3% 8% 7% 2% 1% - - - 21% 21% over AWS
19-21 August TNS OBOP 15% 40% 3% 13% 11% 6% 3% - - - 9% 25% over AWS
12-14 August Pentor 15% 49% 5% 7% 14% - - - - - 10% 34% over AWS
5-7 August TNS OBOP 14% 43% 3% 9% 12% 6% 3% - - - 10% 29% over AWS
4-7 August CBOS 16% 38% 4% 6% 9% 2% 1% - - - 23% 22% over AWS
5-6 August PBS 23% 44% 6% 7% 9% 3% - - - - 8% 21% over AWS
22-24 July TNS OBOP 17% 45% 2% 9% 10% 5% 4% - - - 8% 28% over AWS
8-10 July TNS OBOP 17% 41% 3% 9% 11% 4% 1% - - - 14% 24% over AWS
8-9 July Pentor 21% 47% 5% 10% 8% - - - - - 8% 26% over AWS
8-9 July PBS 21% 44% 6% 9% 10% 4% - - - - 6% 23% over AWS
29 June-4 July CBOS 13% 38% 5% 9% 7% 2% 1% - - - 24% 25% over AWS
15-20 June CBOS 15% 34% 5% 10% 8% 1% 1% - - - 26% 19% over AWS
10-12 June TNS OBOP 17% 42% 4% 8% 9% 7% 3% - - - 10% 25% over AWS
10-11 June PBS 19% 42% 7% 13% 9% 3% - - - - 7% 23% over AWS
1-6 June CBOS 15% 37% 4% 8% 6% 2% 2% - - - 27% 22% over AWS
3-4 June Pentor 13% 45% 6% 11% 13% - - - - - 12% 32% over AWS
27-29 May TNS OBOP 16% 43% 3% 13% 7% 4% 3% - - - 11% 27% over AWS
20-22 May TNS OBOP 15% 40% 3% 14% 10% 4% 4% - - - 10% 25% over AWS
11-16 May CBOS 14% 41% 5% 9% 7% 1% 2% - - - 22% 27% over AWS
14-15 May Pentor 16% 48% 4% 11% 10% - - - - - 11% 32% over AWS
13-15 May TNS OBOP 14% 40% 6% 9% 10% 5% 5% - - - 11% 26% over AWS
13-14 May PBS 16% 44% 6% 11% 12% - - - - - 11% 28% over AWS
15-17 April TNS OBOP 17% 38% 4% 11% 10% 7% 6% - - - 7% 21% over AWS
8-10 April Pentor 16% 46% 6% 13% 9% - - - - - 10% 30% over AWS
8-10 April TNS OBOP 15% 42% 6% 12% 9% 6% 5% - - - 8% 27% over AWS
8-9 April PBS 18% 41% 6% 14% 10% 3% - - - - 8% 23% over AWS
30 March-4 April CBOS 15% 38% 6% 7% 7% 3% 1% - - - 24% 23% over AWS
1-3 April TNS OBOP 18% 40% 3% 11% 10% 5% 4% - - - 9% 22% over AWS
19-21 March TNS OBOP 17% 42% 2% 12% 7% 3% 5% - - - 12% 25% over AWS
11-13 March Pentor 17% 47% 5% 12% 8% - - - - - 11% 30% over AWS
11-12 March PBS 18% 46% 6% 13% 8% 2% - - - - 7% 28% over AWS
4-6 March TNS OBOP 18% 37% 4% 11% 11% 5% 4% - - - 10% 19% over AWS
1-8 March CBOS 16% 37% 5% 7% 8% 2% 1% - - - 24% 21% over AWS
12-14 February Pentor 17% 45% 5% 12% 12% - - - - - 11% 28% over AWS
12-13 February PBS 19% 44% 6% 12% 9% 3% - - - - 7% 25% over AWS
3-8 February CBOS 16% 36% 5% 10% 10% 1% 1% - - - 21% 20% over AWS
29-31 January TNS OBOP 20% 42% 3% 9% 8% 4% 4% - - - 10% 22% over AWS
13-18 January CBOS 16% 35% 3% 11% 10% 2% 1% - - - 23% 19% over AWS
15-17 January Pentor 16% 42% 6% 14% 9% - - - - - 13% 26% over AWS
15-17 January TNS OBOP 19% 42% 4% 10% 8% 4% 4% - - - 9% 23% over AWS
15-16 January PBS 21% 40% 6% 12% 10% 2% - - - - 9% 19% over AWS
2000
11-13 December TNS OBOP 16% 43% 2% 12% 10% 5% 4% - - - 8% 27% over AWS
1-7 December CBOS 20% 38% 4% 8% 7% 2% 1% - - - 21% 18% over AWS
4-5 December PBS 20% 42% 6% 12% 9% 2% - - - - 9% 22% over AWS
27-29 November TNS OBOP 15% 39% 4% 11% 9% 5% 4% - - - 13% 24% over AWS
13-15 November TNS OBOP 23% 33% 4% 11% 11% 3% 2% - - - 13% 10% over AWS
10-15 November CBOS 20% 31% 4% 10% 9% 3% 1% - - - 23% 11% over AWS
6-7 November PBS 21% 43% 8% 10% 8% 2% - - - - 8% 22% over AWS
5-11 October CBOS 17% 35% 5% 10% 7% 3% 1% - - - 21% 18% over AWS
9-10 October PBS 21% 41% 7% 11% 9% 2% - - - - 9% 20% over AWS
2-4 October TNS OBOP 23% 32% 4% 10% 10% 3% 7% - - - 11% 9% over AWS
18-20 September TNS OBOP 20% 35% 5% 13% 7% 6% 4% - - - 10% 15% over AWS
8-14 September CBOS 17% 33% 6% 10% 8% 2% 2% - - - 22% 16% over AWS
11-12 September PBS 19% 40% 7% 12% 9% 4,2% - - - - 8,8% 21% over AWS
4-6 September TNS OBOP 20% 36% 4% 13% 7% 4% 2% - - - 14% 16% over AWS
14-15 August PBS 23% 36% 5% 11% 11% 4% - - - - 10% 13% over AWS
4-10 August CBOS 16% 34% 5% 9% 11% 2% 1% - - - 23% 18% over AWS
7-13 July CBOS 20% 33% 4% 7% 8% 3% 1% - - - 24% 13% over AWS
10-11 July PBS 23% 37% 6% 12% 9% 4% 0% - - - 9% 14% over AWS
16-22 June CBOS 24% 31% 6% 9% 9% 3% 2% - - - 18% 7% over AWS
June Demoskop 19% 34% 6% 15% 12% 4% - - - - 10% 15% over AWS
19-21 June TNS OBOP 25% 34% 4% 11% 8% 4% 3% - - - 11% 9% over AWS
12-13 June PBS 25% 37% 6% 13% 9% - - - - - 10% 12% over AWS
29-31 May TNS OBOP 22% 34% 3% 12% 8% 3% 3% - - - 15% 12% over AWS
6-12 May CBOS 22% 30% 4% 10% 8% 3% 2% - - - 22% 8% over AWS
8-9 May PBS 27% 38% 6% 11% 8% 3% 0% - - - 7% 11% over AWS
17-19 April TNS OBOP 25% 31% 3% 13% 8% 4% 3% - - - 13% 6% over AWS
8-13 April CBOS 23% 28% 3% 7% 11% 3% 2% - - - 22% 5% over AWS
10-11 April PBS 29% 36% 5% 10% 7% 3% 2% - - - 8% 7% over AWS
30-31 March TNS OBOP 24% 30% 6% 13% 6% 5% 4% - - - 12% 6% over AWS
13-14 March PBS 26% 35% 6% 12% 7% 3% 3% - - - 8% 9% over AWS
4-9 March CBOS 22% 28% 5% 9% 9% 4% 2% - - - 22% 6% over AWS
6-8 March TNS OBOP 20% 33% 3% 14% 11% 5% 4% - - - 10% 13% over AWS
20-22 February TNS OBOP 26% 29% 5% 10% 12% 3% 4% - - - 11% 3% over AWS
13-14 February PBS 30% 29% 6% 12% 9% - - - - - 14% 1% over SLD
4-9 February CBOS 22% 29% 7% 15% 11% 3% - - - - 14% 7% over AWS
6-8 February TNS OBOP 25% 27% 4% 14% 9% 6% - - - - 9% 2% over AWS
30-31 January PBS 29% 33% 5% 13% 8% 2% - - - - 10% 4% over AWS
23-26 January TNS OBOP 30% 29% 3% 15% 12% 3% - - - - 8% 1% over SLD
16-17 January PBS 30% 32% 4% 13% 9% 3% - - - - 9% 2% over AWS
6-12 January CBOS 28% 27% 7% 11% 9% 2% - - - - 17% 1% over SLD
8-11 January TNS OBOP 29% 28% 5% 14% 11% 3% - - - - 10% 1% over SLD
1999
12-13 December PBS 29% 31% 6% 14% 8% 2% - - - - 10% 2% over AWS
5-8 December TNS OBOP 31% 28% 5% 13% 10% 4% - - - - 9% 3% over SLD
3-8 December CBOS 29% 28% 6% 12% 9% 3% - - - - 12% 1% over SLD
21-22 November PBS 33% 32% 4% 13% 8% 2% - - - - 8% 1% over SLD
7-10 November TNS OBOP 34% 30% 3% 12% 9% 3% - - - - 9% 4% over SLD
5-9 November CBOS 28% 30% 3% 12% 8% 3% - - - - 16% 2% over AWS
15-20 October CBOS 38% 29% 4% 7% 8% 2% - - - - 11% 9% over SLD
17-18 October PBS 33% 32% 5% 12% 6% 2% - - - - 10% 1% over SLD
3-5 October TNS OBOP 31% 28% 4% 11% 9% 4% - - - - 13% 3% over SLD
17-22 September CBOS 23% 28% 8% 12% 8% 4% - - - - 16% 5% over AWS
19-20 September PBS 29% 29% 7% 12% 9% - - - - - 14% Tied
5-8 September TNS OBOP 27% 31% 5% 14% 7% 5% - - - - 11% 4% over AWS
14-19 August CBOS 25% 22% 6% 13% 10% 4% - - - - 19% 3% over SLD
8-17 August TNS OBOP 28% 28% 5% 14% 7% 5% - - - - 13% Tied
15-16 August PBS 29,1% 28,3% 7,1% 13,9% 5,7% 3,8% - - - - 12,5% 0,8% over SLD
16-21 July CBOS 20% 31% 9% 13% 6% 3% - - - - 18% 11% over AWS
18-19 July PBS 30% 27% 7% 15% 8% 3% - - - - 10% 3% over SLD
17-23 June CBOS 25% 24% 8% 15% 7% 3% - - - - 18% 1% over SLD
20-21 June PBS 33% 29% 6% 14% 5% 5% - - - - 8% 4% over SLD
6-9 June TNS OBOP 30% 24% 7% 13% 8% 6% - - - - 12% 6% over SLD
20-28 May CBOS 27% 27% 8% 12% 6% 4% - - - - 16% Tied
16-17 May PBS 31% 31% 6% 14% 3% - - - - - 9% Tied
8-11 May TNS OBOP 30% 24% 6% 13% 7% 6% - - - - 14% 6% over SLD
16-21 April CBOS 30% 24% 8% 14% 8% 3% - - - - 14% 6% over SLD
18-19 April PBS 30% 30% 9% 14% 6% - - - - - 11% Tied
4-7 April TNS OBOP 27% 28% 8% 12% 9% 5% - - - - 11% 1% over AWS
12-17 March CBOS 29% 21% 6% 14% 10% 5% - - - - 15% 8% over SLD
14-15 March PBS 32% 26% 8% 16% 8% 4% - - - - 6% 6% over SLD
7-10 March TNS OBOP 28% 28% 5% 15% 7% 4% - - - - 13% Tied
19-24 February CBOS 32% 25% 6% 15% 8% 5% - - - - 9% 7% over SLD
14-15 February PBS 29% 29% 8% 15% 6% 4% - - - - 4% Tied
7-10 February TNS OBOP 33% 26% 7% 11% 9% 4% - - - - 10% 7% over SLD
February Demoskop 28% 25% 8% 13% 6% 5% - - - - 15% 3% over SLD
16-20 January CBOS 28% 27% 8% 15% 7% 3% - - - - 11% 1% over SLD
10-13 January TNS OBOP 34% 25% 7% 14% 6% 4% - - - - 10% 9% over SLD
10-11 January PBS 32% 32% 7% 14% 6% 5% - - - - 4% Tied
1998
6-7 December PBS 32% 28% 7% 16% 5% 4% - - - - 8% 4% over SLD
December TNS OBOP 35% 24% 8% 13% 6% 4% - - - - 10% 11% over SLD
15-16 November PBS 36% 25% 6% 16% 5% 4% - - - - 8% 11% over SLD
November TNS OBOP 40% 20% 4% 15% 7% 4% - - - - 10% 20% over SLD
21 September 1997 Election results 33,8% 27,1% 4,7% 13,4% 7,3% 5,6% 0,1% - - - 8% 6,7% over SLD

Seat projections[edit]

Date Polling firm AWS SLD UP UW PSL ROP SRP PO PiS LPR MN Others
23 September 2001 Election results 0 216 0 42 2[a] 53 65 44 36[a] 2 0
19-20 September TNS OBOP 0 239 0 60 0 43 69 36 11 2 0
18 September TNS OBOP 0 220 0 64 0 44 79 40 11 2 0
13-14 September TNS OBOP 0 259 0 60 0 10 78 42 9 2 0
8-11 September TNS OBOP 0 279 0 49 0 19 70 41 0 2 0
4 September TNS OBOP 39 271 0 44 0 0 65 39 0 2 0
30 August TNS OBOP 43 250 0 63 0 0 61 41 0 2 0
19-22 August TNS OBOP 43 245 0 60 0 0 69 41 0 2 0
15-16 August TNS OBOP 43 249 0 61 0 0 78 27 0 2 0
2-5 August TNS OBOP 0 270 0 85 0 0 64 41 0 0 0
26-29 July TNS OBOP 0 275 0 64 0 0 80 41 0 0 0
19-22 July TNS OBOP 49 241 0 69 0 0 79 22 0 0 0
7-9 July TNS OBOP 0 229 20 84 0 0 90 37 0 0 0
23-25 June TNS OBOP 0 250 0 64 0 0 103 43 0 0 0
9-11 June TNS OBOP 0 278 0 64 0 0 69 49 0 0 0
26-28 May TNS OBOP 37 215 0 64 w. AWS 0 95 49 0 0 0
20 May OBW 56 234 13 57 0 0 96 0 0 2 0
12-14 May TNS OBOP 43 224 0 85 0 0 108 0 0 0 0
21-23 April TNS OBOP 67 231 12 66 0 0 84 0 0 0 0
24-26 March TNS OBOP 53 234 0 69 0 0 104 0 0 0 0
10-12 March TNS OBOP 44 239 0 63 0 0 102 0 0 0 12
10-12 February TNS OBOP 31 252 0 59 0 0 118 0 0 0 0
21 September 1997 Election results 201 164 0 60 27 6 0 0 0 0 2 0
  1. ^ a b The Movement for Reconstruction of Poland did not run lists in this election, but two of its members were elected from the League of Polish Families' lists.

Senate[edit]

Date Polling firm SLD UP Senate 2001 PSL SRP LPR Others Lead
23 September 2001 Election results 38,7% 24,3% 13,5% 4,3% 4,1% 15,1% 14,4% over Senate 2001
19-20 September TNS OBOP 43% 25% 12% 10% 7% 3% 18% over Senate 2001
18 September TNS OBOP 43% 25% 12% 8% 7% 5% 18% over Senate 2001
13-14 September TNS OBOP 46% 25% 12% 5% 7% 5% 21% over Senate 2001
8-11 September TNS OBOP 49% 24% 11% 5% 5% 6% 25% over Senate 2001
6-7 September TNS OBOP 46% 24% 15% 3% 6% 6% 22% over Senate 2001
4 September TNS OBOP 49% 22% 15% 2% 5% 7% 27% over Senate 2001

Results[edit]

The SLD triumphed in the final tally, receiving 41% percent of the vote, though shy of an outright parliamentary majority in the Sejm.[6] The party increased its representation by 52 seats, earning it 216 representatives, and returned to the Chancellery after a four-year period of sitting in opposition. Partly due to the fractious nature of its opponents, the SLD secured pluralities in all of Poland's voivodeships as well as in an overwhelming majority of the nation's powiats. On the centre right, Civic Platform entered parliament for the first time, coming in second place with nearly 13% of the vote.[6] The party stood relatively strong in Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Surprisingly, ultra-nationalist parties performed well in the election's final results. The left-wing nationalist Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (SRP) increased its vote 100-fold from the 1997 election, securing 53 seats and 10% of the vote, coming in third place. Headed by populist Andrzej Lepper, the party campaigned against Warsaw excess and Poland's ongoing negotiations to enter the European Union.[7] On the far right, the League of Polish Families also entered the Sejm for the first time, gaining 38 seats and 8% of the vote, who campaigned on a staunchly Catholic and anti-EU platform.[7]

Law and Justice (PiS), headed by Lech Kaczyński, a former Minister of Justice in the Buzek government, scored 44 seats and 9.5% of the vote, also securing his party's entrance into the Sejm for the first time. The Polish People's Party (PSL) won 42 seats, slightly reversing the party's devastating loses from 1997. The PSL would later enter into coalition with the SLD to achieve a parliamentary majority.

The election proved catastrophic for Solidarity Electoral Action and its former Freedom Union coalition partner. Both parties failed to secure the 8% threshold to enter the Sejm, with AWS and UW falling to 5.6% and 3.1%, respectively.[6] In the election's aftermath, Prime Minister Buzek tendered his resignation. Both the AWS and UW faced political extinction following the election's aftermath. The AWS dissolved itself by the end of 2001; the UW lingered until its own dissolution in 2005.

Sejm[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Left Alliance – Labor Union 5,342,519 41.0 216 +52
Civic Platform 1,651,099 12.7 65 New
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 1,327,624 10.2 53 +53
Law and Justice 1,236,787 9.5 44 New
Polish People's Party 1,168,659 9.0 42 +15
League of Polish Families 1,025,148 7.9 38 New
Solidarity Electoral Action 729,207 5.6 0 –201
Freedom Union 404,074 3.1 0 –60
Social Alternative Movement 54,266 0.4 0 New
German Minority 47,230 0.4 2 0
Polish Socialist Party 13,459 0.1 0 New
German Minority Upper Silesia 8,024 0.1 0 0
Polish Economic Union 7,189 0.1 0 New
Polska Wspólnota Narodowa 2,644 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 541,483
Total 13,559,412 100 460 0
Registered voters/turnout 29,364,455 46.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Left Alliance – Labor Union 10,476,677 38.7 75 +47
Senate 2001 6,582,224 24.3 15
Polish People's Party 3,631,234 13.5 4 +1
Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland 1,158,887 4.3 2
League of Polish Families 1,097,058 4.1 2 New
Real Politics Union 469,815 1.7 0 0
Local lists 3,624,697 13.4 2 –3
Invalid/blank votes 479,179
Total 13,590,426 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 29,364,455 46.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ "Wybory do Sejmu: ogólne dane statystyczne". Wybory do Sejmu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej i Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, 23 września 2001. Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "The end of Solidarity". The Economist. 16 August 2001. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Poland sets up minority government". BBC News. 6 June 2000. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Szczerbiak, Aleks (1 September 2002). "Poland's Unexpected Political Earthquake: The September 2001 Parliamentary Election". Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics 18 (3): 41–76. doi:10.1080/714003608. 
  6. ^ a b c "Left victorious in Poland". BBC News. 24 September 2001. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "The left is back—in the centre". The Economist. 27 September 2001. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  • Obwieszczenie Państwowej Komisji Wyborczej z dn. 26 IX 1997 r., Monitor Polski. Nr 109, poz. 1186
  • Obwieszczenie PKW z dn. 26 IX 2001 r., Dz.U. Nr 109, poz. 1187