Polish parliamentary election, 2007

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Polish parliamentary election, 2007
Poland
2005 ←
21 October 2007 → 2011

All 460 seats to the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats to the Senate of Poland
Turnout 53.88%
  First party Second party
  Donald Tusk 3.jpg Kaczynski Jaroslaw 1 067.JPG
Leader Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński
Party PO PiS
Leader since 1 June 2003 18 January 2003
Leader's seat 19 – Warsaw I 19 – Warsaw I
Last election 133 seats, 24.1% 155 seats, 27%
Seats before 131[1] 151[1]
Seats won 209 166
Seat change Increase 78 Increase 15
Popular vote 6,701,010 5,183,477
Percentage 41.5% 32.1%
Swing Increase 17.4% Increase 5.1%

  Third party Fourth party
  Aleksander Kwasniewski (cropped).jpg Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg
Leader Aleksander Kwaśniewski Waldemar Pawlak
Party LiD PSL
Leader since 9 September 2007 29 January 2005
Leader's seat Did not stand 16 – Płock
Last election 55 seats, 17.6%* 25 seats, 7%
Seats before 55[1] 27[1]
Seats won 53 31
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase 4
Popular vote 2,122,981 1,437,638
Percentage 13.2% 8.9%
Swing Decrease 4.4%* Increase 1.9%

Wybory2007wgPowiatow Barry Kent.png

Powiats won by

– Civic Platform – Law and Justice
– Polish People's Party – Left and Democrats

*As the sum of LiD's constituent parties, the Democratic Left Alliance, Labour United, Social Democracy of Poland, and the Democratic Party - demokraci.pl.


Prime Minister before election

Jarosław Kaczyński
PiS

Prime Minister-Elect

Donald Tusk
PO

Herb Polski.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Poland

Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 21 October 2007,[2] after the Sejm voted for its own dissolution on 7 September. The election took place two years before the maximum tenure of four years, with the previous elections having been in September 2005. The early elections were a result of serious allegations of massive corruption on the part of Andrzej Lepper, leader of the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland, whose party served as a junior coalition partner to the government of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński.[3] All 460 seats in the Sejm and all 100 seats in the Senate were up for election.

The election was won by the largest opposition group, Civic Platform (PO), which soundly defeated the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party and its allies. Throughout the campaign, polls showed conflicting results as to which of the two parties had the greater support, yet by the closing week the polls had swung in favour of Civic Platform. Three other political groups won election into the Sejm, the centre-left Left and Democrats coalition, the agrarian Polish People's Party, and the tiny German Minority group. Both of Law and Justice's former minor coalition partners, the League of Polish Families and the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland suffered an enormous voter backlash, failing to cross the 5% electoral threshold in order to enter the Sejm. Consequently, both parties lost all of their seats.

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, with Civic Platform leader Donald Tusk sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister on the following day. Civic Platform consequently formed a coalition majority government with the Polish People's Party.

The turnout for the elections was 53.8%, an increase of 13.2% from the 2005 elections, seeing the highest voter turnout in a Polish parliamentary election since the semi-free elections of 1989.

Contesting parties[edit]

Only seven parties contested all 41 electoral districts for the Sejm nationwide. They included:

Three other parties managed to register in at least one district:

On 26 September 2007, the leader of the National Party of Retirees and Pensioners, Tomasz Mamiński announced his party's withdrawal from the campaign, stating that Polish electoral law and media bias discriminate against smaller parties.[4]

Although only the ten parties mentioned above openly contested elections to the lower house Sejm, there were other groups which entered the race for the Sejm. It is common practice in Polish elections for many smaller parties to register their candidates on the electoral committee lists of the larger parties contesting the election. These included:

29 political groupings and independents contested the elections to the Senate.

The Greens registered in one district to the Senate (Katowice), receiving 4.55% of votes.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling firm PiS PO SLD UP SDPL PD PSL SRP LPR Others Undecided Lead
21 October 2007 Election results 32,1% 41,5% 13,1% 8,9% 1,5% 1,3% 1,5% - 9,4% over PiS
10-14 October CBOS 34% 39% 12% 8% 2% 3% 5% - 5% over PiS
9-11 October PBS DGA 39% 33% 13% 7% 3% 4% 1% - 6% over PO
18-19 September PGB 34% 33% 16% 4% 4% 7% 2% - 1% over PO
16 September TNS OBOP 34% 34% 12% 6% 4% 3% 7% - Tie
6-9 September TNS OBOP 29% 30% 14% 4% 4% 2% 3% 14% 1% over PiS
31 August-4 September CBOS 30% 28% 12% 5% 2% 2% 5% 14% 2% over PO
3-6 August CBOS 24% 30% 10% 3% 6%[a] 9% 17% 6% over PiS
2-6 August TNS OBOP 20% 33% 10% 4% 6% 3% 7% 17% 13% over PiS
5-9 July TNS OBOP 22% 30% 13% 3% 7% 5% 5% 15% 8% over PiS
29 June-2 July CBOS 25% 27% 12% 5% 6% 2% 6% 16% 2% over PiS
26 June PBS DGA 28% 32% 11% 2% 4% 3% - 18% 4% over PiS
10-11 June PBS DGA 27% 31% 12% 3% 6% 3% 3% 15% 4% over PiS
1-5 June TNS OBOP 26% 33% 11% 3% 9% 2% 4% 12% 7% over PiS
1-4 June CBOS 27% 29% 13% 3% 6% 2% 5% 15% 2% over PiS
30 May GfK Polonia 27% 28% 11% 3% 6% 2% 4% 19% 1% over PiS
11-14 May CBOS 23% 27% 12% 3% 6% 3% 8% 17% 4% over PiS
10-14 May TNS OBOP 24% 34% 12% 2% 6% 3% 6% 13% 10% over PiS
12-16 April TNS OBOP 22% 30% 15% 3% 4% 3% 6% 17% 8% over PiS
30 March-2 April CBOS 23% 29% 12% 5% 4% 3% 6% 19% 6% over PiS
2-5 March CBOS 24% 30% 12% 5% 5% 3% 7% 14% 6% over PiS
1-5 March TNS OBOP 22% 34% 11% 5% 5% 5% 8% 10% 12% over PiS
2-5 February CBOS 25% 30% 11% 4% 6% 5% 5% 14% 5% over PiS
1-5 February TNS OBOP 28% 31% 6% - 3% 1% 5% 7% 4% 4% 11% 3% over PO
12-15 January CBOS 26% 33% 8% 4% 6% 4% 4% 15% 7% over PiS
5-9 January TNS OBOP 27% 32% 6% - 2% 1% 4% 6% 4% 5% 13% 5% over PO
2007
16-17 December PBS DGA 27% 31% 11% 5% 8% 2% - 16% 4% over PiS
1-4 December CBOS 27% 30% 12% 5% 4% 2% 6% 14% 3% over PiS
1-4 December TNS OBOP 33% 29% 6% - 3% 1% 4% 5% 3% 3% 13% 4% over PO
18-19 November PBS DGA 26% 31% 12% 6% 5% 4% 2% 14% 5% over PiS
12 November 2006 Local elections 25,1% 27,2% 14,3% 13,2% 5,6% 4,7% 9,9% - 2,1% over PiS
November GfK Polonia 24% 30% 7% 5% 10% 3% - 21% 6% over PiS
3-6 November TNS OBOP 26% 32% 7% - 3% 0% 5% 5% 6% 5% 11% 6% over PiS
4-5 November PBS DGA 24% 32% 11% 4% 8% 3% 2% 16% 8% over PiS
2-5 November CBOS 26% 27% 5% 1% 1% 1% 6% 7% 6% 1% 18% 1% over PiS
20-24 October CBOS 26% 35% 5% 1% 1% 0% 3% 6% 3% 3% 16% 9% over PiS
21-22 October PBS DGA 25% 31% 12% 3% 8% 3% 2% 16% 6% over PiS
6-9 October CBOS 25% 38% 6% 1% 2% 1% 3% 7% 3% 4% 11% 13% over PiS
5-9 October TNS OBOP 22% 35% 8% - 3% 0% 4% 9% 4% 5% 10% 13% over PiS
7-8 October PBS DGA 23% 35% 7% - - - 2% 10% 3% 3% 17% 12% over PiS
16-17 September PBS DGA 26% 28% 7% - - - 3% 12% 4% 3% 17% 2% over PiS
8-11 September CBOS 26% 29% 6% 1% 1% 1% 2% 10% 3% 4% 16% 3% over PiS
7-11 September TNS OBOP 24% 30% 6% - 3% 3% 3% 8% 4% 3% 16% 6% over PiS
2-3 September PBS DGA 27% 29% 7% - - - 2% 7% 3% 6% 19% 2% over PiS
19-20 August PBS DGA 26% 28% 7% - - - 2% 11% 3% 3% 20% 2% over PiS
4-7 August CBOS 27% 31% 6% 1% 2% 1% 3% 10% 4% 4% 12% 5% over PiS
3-7 August TNS OBOP 29% 30% 6% - 3% 1% 6% 8% 3% 1% 13% 1% over PiS
5-6 August PBS DGA 31% 25% 8% - - - 3% 6% 4% 5% 18% 6% over PO
22-23 July PBS DGA 29% 27% 7% - - - 2% 10% 4% 3% 18% 2% over PO
6-10 July TNS OBOP 24% 32% 10% - 4% 0% 3% 7% 3% 2% 15% 8% over PiS
8-9 July PBS DGA 25% 28% 7% - - - 2% 11% 2% 4% 21% 3% over PiS
1-4 July CBOS 29% 27% 6% 1% 2% 1% 3% 10% 3% 4% 13% 2% over PO
24-25 June PBS DGA 31% 30% 6% - - - 2% 6% 4% 2% 19% 1% over PO
2-5 June CBOS 26% 31% 7% 0% 2% 1% 3% 7% 3% 5% 16% 5% over PiS
1-5 June TNS OBOP 21% 33% 6% - 3% 2% 3% 10% 4% 3% 15% 12% over PiS
3-4 June PBS DGA 26% 34% 8% - - - 2% 8% 2% 2% 18% 8% over PiS
20-21 May PBS DGA 28% 29% 10% - - - 2% 10% 2% 2% 17% 1% over PiS
12-15 May CBOS 24% 30% 7% 1% 3% 1% 3% 8% 3% 7% 14% 6% over PiS
11-15 May TNS OBOP 25% 33% 7% - 3% 2% 2% 12% 5% 4% 7% 8% over PiS
6-7 May PBS DGA 27% 29% 7% - - - 2% 10% 5% 4% 16% 2% over PiS
22-23 April PBS DGA 27% 33% 6% - - - 2% 10% 3% 2% 17% 6% over PiS
6-10 April TNS OBOP 27% 36% 11% - 3% 0% 2% 8% 3% 1% 9% 9% over PiS
1-4 April CBOS 30% 32% 9% 0% 0% 1% 1% 8% 2% 4% 14% 2% over PiS
1-2 April PBS DGA 29% 32% 8% - - - 2% 7% 4% 2% 16% 3% over PiS
18-19 March PBS DGA 32% 33% 7% - - - 2% 5% 3% 2% 16% 1% over PiS
9-13 March TNS OBOP 35% 31% 10% - 2% 2% 3% 6% 3% 2% 6% 4% over PO
3-6 March CBOS 33% 29% 7% 0% 2% 2% 2% 6% 6% 1% 11% 4% over PO
4-5 March PBS DGA 33% 35% 9% - - - 3% 9% 5% 6% - 2% over PiS
18-21 February CBOS 33% 31% 8% 0% 3% 1% 2% 8% 5% 0% 9% 2% over PO
18-19 February PBS DGA 38% 32% 9% 2% - 2% 10% 3% 4% - 6% over PO
3-6 February CBOS 34% 24% 7% 0% 1% 1% 4% 11% 5% 4% 9% 10% over PO
2-6 February TNS OBOP 32% 33% 6% - 3% 1% 1% 7% 6% 2% 9% 1% over PiS
4-5 February PBS DGA 37% 35% 10% 3% - 1% 7% 4% 3% - 2% over PO
25 January TNS OBOP 32% 33% 6% - 2% 1% 2% 7% 2% 1% 12% 1% over PiS
20-23 January CBOS[b] 35% 31% 7% 0% 2% 2% 1% 7% 5% 0% 10% 4% over PO
21-22 January PBS DGA 40% 35% 8% - - - 3% 7% 3% 4% - 5% over PO
6-9 January CBOS 39% 25% 5% 0% 1% 2% 4% 8% 5% 0% 10% 14% over PO
5-9 January TNS OBOP 35% 33% 6% - 2% 2% 2% 4% 5% 2% 9% 2% over PO
7-8 January PBS DGA 39% 29% 7% - - - 4% 9% 5% 7% - 10% over PO
2006
17-18 December PBS DGA 37% 29% 9% 4% - 4% 7% 5% 5% - 8% over PO
2-5 December CBOS 39% 30% 4% 0% 3% 1% 3% 8% 4% 3% 6% 9% over PO
1-5 December TNS OBOP 32% 31% 6% - 2% 1% 3% 8% 4% 5% 8% 1% over PO
3-4 December PBS DGA 36% 33% 8% 3% 2% 3% 10% 4% 1% - 3% over PO
12-14 November TNS OBOP 34% 32% 6% - 3% 1% 3% 7% 2% 4% 8% 2% over PO
11-14 November CBOS 43% 28% 5% 0% 1% 2% 2% 8% 5% 1% 5% 15% over PO
5-6 November PBS DGA 39% 32% 7% 2% 1% 3% 11% 3% 2% - 7% over PO
30 September-2 October PBS DGA 32% 26% 9% 4% 2% 6% 13% 6% 2% - 6% over PO
25 September 2005 Election results 27% 24,1% 11,3% 3,9% 2,5% 7% 11,4% 8% 4,9% - 2,9% over PO

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This poll referred to League and Self-Defense, a possible coalition between Self-Defence and the League of Polish Families, which ultimately never materialised.
  2. ^ In this poll, the sample were asked how they would vote in a possible snap election.

Results[edit]

Party Sejm Senate
Votes % Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
Civic Platform 6,701,010 41.5 209 +76 12,734,742 78.6 60 +26
Law and Justice 5,183,477 32.1 166 +11 10,208,412 63.0 39 –10
Left and Democrats 2,122,981 13.2 53 –2 4,751,281 29.3 0 0
Polish People's Party 1,437,638 8.9 31 +6 2,863,883 17.7 0 –2
Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland 247,335 1.5 0 –56 345,427 2.1 0 –3
League of Polish Families 209,171 1.3 0 –34 293,289 1.8 0 –7
Polish Labour Party 160,476 1.0 0 0
Women's Party 45,121 0.3 0 New
German Minority 32,462 0.2 1 –1
Patriotic Self-Defense 2,531 0.0 0 New
Local lists and independents 1,338,622 8.3 1 –4
Invalid/blank votes 335,532 284,868
Total 16,477,734 100 460 0 16,475,672 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 30,615,471 53.9 30,615,471 53.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Aftermath[edit]

Consecutive postponements of the electoral silence's termination (initially planned for 8 PM) by the National Electoral Committee was widely criticized. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Election Assessment Mission stated that the elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media.[6]

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, and PO leader, Donald Tusk, was sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister the following day. The Civic Platform formed a coalition majority government with the Polish People's Party.

References[edit]

External links[edit]