2007 Polish parliamentary election

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2007 Polish parliamentary election

← 2005 21 October 2007 2011 →

All 460 seats to the Sejm
231 seats were needed for a majority in the Sejm
All 100 seats to the Senate of Poland
  First party Second party
  Donald Tusk 3.jpg Kaczynski Jaroslaw 1 067.JPG
Leader Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński
Party PO PiS
Leader since 1 June 2003 18 January 2003
Leader's seat 19 – Warsaw I 19 – Warsaw I
Last election 133 seats, 24.1% 155 seats, 27%
Seats before 131[1] 151[1]
Seats won 209 166
Seat change Increase 78 Increase 15
Popular vote 6,701,010 5,183,477
Percentage 41.5% 32.1%
Swing Increase 17.4% Increase 5.1%

  Third party Fourth party
  Aleksander Kwasniewski (cropped).jpg Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg
Leader Aleksander Kwaśniewski Waldemar Pawlak
Party LiD PSL
Leader since 9 September 2007 29 January 2005
Leader's seat Did not stand 16 – Płock
Last election 55 seats, 17.6%* 25 seats, 7%
Seats before 55[1] 27[1]
Seats won 53 31
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase 4
Popular vote 2,122,981 1,437,638
Percentage 13.2% 8.9%
Swing Decrease 4.4%* Increase 1.9%

Wybory2007wgPowiatow Barry Kent.png
Powiats won by

– Civic Platform – Law and Justice
– Polish People's Party – Left and Democrats

*As the sum of LiD's constituent parties, the Democratic Left Alliance, Labour United, Social Democracy of Poland, and the Democratic Party - demokraci.pl.

Prime Minister before election

Jarosław Kaczyński

Prime Minister-Elect

Donald Tusk

Herb Polski.svg
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politics and government of

Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 21 October 2007,[2] after the Sejm voted for its own dissolution on 7 September. The election took place two years before the maximum tenure of four years, with the previous elections having been in September 2005. The early elections were a result of serious allegations of massive corruption on the part of Andrzej Lepper, leader of the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland, whose party served as a junior coalition partner to the government of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński.[3] All 460 seats in the Sejm and all 100 seats in the Senate were up for election.

The election was won by the largest opposition group, Civic Platform (PO), which soundly defeated the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party and its allies. Throughout the campaign, polls showed conflicting results as to which of the two parties had the greater support, yet by the closing week the polls had swung in favour of Civic Platform. Three other political groups won election into the Sejm, the centre-left Left and Democrats coalition, the agrarian Polish People's Party, and the tiny German Minority group. Both of Law and Justice's former minor coalition partners, the League of Polish Families and the Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland suffered an enormous voter backlash, failing to cross the 5% electoral threshold in order to enter the Sejm. Consequently, both parties lost all of their seats.

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, with Civic Platform leader Donald Tusk sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister on the following day. Civic Platform consequently formed a coalition majority government with the Polish People's Party.

The turnout for the elections was 53.8%, an increase of 13.2% from the 2005 elections, seeing the highest voter turnout in a Polish parliamentary election since the semi-free elections of 1989.

Contesting parties[edit]

Only seven parties contested all 41 electoral districts for the Sejm nationwide. They included:

Three other parties managed to register in at least one district:

On 26 September 2007, the leader of the National Party of Retirees and Pensioners, Tomasz Mamiński announced his party's withdrawal from the campaign, stating that Polish electoral law and media bias discriminate against smaller parties.[4]

Although only the ten parties mentioned above openly contested elections to the lower house Sejm, there were other groups which entered the race for the Sejm. It is common practice in Polish elections for many smaller parties to register their candidates on the electoral committee lists of the larger parties contesting the election. These included:

29 political groupings and independents contested the elections to the Senate.

The Greens registered in one district to the Senate (Katowice), receiving 4.55% of votes.

Opinion polls[edit]


Party Sejm Senate
Votes % Seats +/– Votes % Seats +/–
Civic Platform 6,701,010 41.5 209 +76 12,734,742 39.1 60 +26
Law and Justice 5,183,477 32.1 166 +11 10,208,412 31.4 39 –10
Left and Democrats 2,122,981 13.2 53 –2 4,751,281 14.6 0 0
Polish People's Party 1,437,638 8.9 31 +6 2,863,883 8.8 0 –2
Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland 247,335 1.5 0 –56 345,427 1.1 0 –3
League of Polish Families 209,171 1.3 0 –34 293,289 0.9 0 –7
Polish Labour Party 160,476 1.0 0 0
Women's Party 45,121 0.3 0 New
German Minority 32,462 0.2 1 –1 104,533 0.3 0
Patriotic Self-Defense 2,531 0.0 0 New 48,689 0.2 0 New
Local lists and independents 1,185,400 3.6 1 –4
Invalid/blank votes 335,532 284,868
Total 16,477,734 100 460 0 16,475,672 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 30,615,471 53.9 30,615,471 53.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote (Sejm)
Parliament seats (Sejm)


Consecutive postponements of the electoral silence's termination (initially planned for 8 PM) by the National Electoral Committee was widely criticized. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Election Assessment Mission stated that the elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media.[6]

Prime Minister and PiS leader Jarosław Kaczyński stepped down from office on 15 November, and PO leader, Donald Tusk, was sworn in as Poland's Prime Minister the following day. The Civic Platform formed a coalition majority government with the agrarian centrist Polish People's Party.


  1. ^ a b c d "Sejm parliamentary groups". Sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. ^ "Polish MPs choose early election". BBC News. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  4. ^ 21.06.2010. "Krajowa Partia Emerytów i Rencistów nie startuje w wyborach - Informacje - TVN24.pl - Portal informacyjny - 26.09.2007". TVN24.pl. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
  5. ^ "Elections 2007". Wybory2007.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
  6. ^ "Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights - Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights - Elections - Polish elections demonstrate a democratic and pluralistic process, but challenges remain in oversight of the public media, OSCE finds". Osce.org. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2010-06-21.

External links[edit]